From Natural to Artificial Neural Computation

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1995-05-24
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc
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This volume presents the proceedings of the International Workshop on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN '95, held in Torremolinos near Malaga, Spain in June 1995.The book contains 143 revised papers selected from a wealth of submissions and five invited contributions; it covers all current aspects of neural computation and presents the state of the art of ANN research and applications. The papers are organized in sections on neuroscience, computational models of neurons and neural nets, organization principles, learning, cognitive science and AI, neurosimulators, implementation, neural networks for perception, and neural networks for communication and control.

Table of Contents

Are There Universal Principles of Brain Computation?p. 1
Modeling Cortical Networksp. 7
Cooperative Organization of Connectivity Patterns and Receptive Fields in the Visual Pathway: Application to Adaptive Thresholdingp. 15
Neurobiological Inspiration for the Architecture and Functioning of Cooperating Neural Networksp. 24
Synaptic Modulation Based Artificial Neural Networksp. 31
Self-Organization of Cortical Receptive Fields and Columnar Structures in a Hebb Trained Neural Networkp. 37
An Analytical Solution of the Compartmental Model for Use in Local Learning in Artificial Neural Networksp. 45
Should ANN be ANGN?p. 53
Modeling Retinal High and Low Contrast Sensitivity Filtersp. 61
Neural Micro-Structures. Three Simple Modelsp. 69
Adaptive Hierarchical Structuresp. 76
Optimal Range of Input Resistance in the Oscillatory Behavior of the Pancreatic [beta]-Cellp. 85
A Computational Model of Periodic-Pattern-Selective Cellsp. 90
Modeling and Analysis of Some Neural Mechanisms for the Genesis and Control of Respiratory Patternp. 100
A Neural Network Model for Plasticity in Adult Striate Cortexp. 108
Regenerative-Type Neural Interfacep. 114
New Perspectives in Auditory Coding: Bases for a New Cochlear Behavioral Modelp. 121
Nervous System as a Closed Neural Network: Behavioural and Cognitive Consequencesp. 130
Local Accumulation of Persistent Activity at Synaptic Level: Application to Motion Analysisp. 137
High Order Boltzmann Machines with Continuous Units: Some Experimental Resultsp. 144
An Adaptive Control Model of a Locomotion by the Central Pattern Generatorp. 151
Self-Consistent Neural Receptive Fieldsp. 158
A Simple Probabilistic Neural Model Producing Multimodal ISHsp. 166
An Associative Neural Network to Model the Developing Mammalian Hippocampusp. 174
The Implementation of Propositional Logic in Random Neural Networksp. 180
A Learning Rule for Extracting Temporal Invariancesp. 189
The Influence of the Sigmoid Function Parameters on the Speed of Backpropagation Learningp. 195
General Transient Length Upper Bound for Recurrent Neural Networksp. 202
On Some Methods in Neuromathematicsp. 209
Logistic Networks With DNA-Like Encoding and Interactionsp. 216
A Review on the Stochastic Firing Behaviour of Real Neurons and How it can be Modelledp. 223
The BP-[lambda]L1 Algorithm: Non-Chaotic and Accelerated Learning in a MLP Networkp. 231
Analysis of Pruning in Backpropagation Networks for Artificial and Real World Mapping Problemsp. 239
Oscillatory Networks with Hebbian Matrix of Connectionsp. 246
A new Algorithm for Implementing a Recursive Neural Networkp. 252
Visual Information Processing from the Viewpoint of Symbolic Operationsp. 260
Dentritic Computation in the Brainp. 268
Stochastic Neuronal Models with Realistic Synaptic Inputs and Oscillatory Inputsp. 276
A Neural Paradigm for Controlling Autonomous Systems with Reflex Behaviour and Learning Capabilityp. 283
Fast Automatic Architecture Selection in RBF Networksp. 291
Collective Behaviour of a Chain of Hopfield Subnetworks Interconnected Unidirectionallyp. 298
A Comparative Study of Three Neural Networks that use Soft Competitionp. 308
Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms for the Attitude Control Problemp. 315
Self-Organising Artificial Neural Networksp. 322
A Distributed Classifier Based on Yprel Networks Cooperationp. 330
A Fractal, Selforganizing Map with Partially Chaotic Neuronsp. 338
Multiple Self-Organizing Maps for Supervised Learningp. 345
An Application of the Saturated Attractor Analysis to Three Typical Modelsp. 353
Learning in Evolutive Neural Architectures: An Ill-Posed Problem?p. 361
Automatic Scaling using Gamma Learning for Feedforward Neural Networksp. 374
Determining the Significance of Input Parameters using Sensitivity Analysisp. 382
Multi-Valued Neurons: Learning, Networks, Application to Image Recognition and Extrapolation of Temporal Seriesp. 389
Individual Evolutionary Algorithm and its Application to Learning of Nearest Neighbor Based MLPp. 396
A Practical View of Suboptimal Bayesian Classification with Radial Gaussian Kernelsp. 404
Schema Based Learning and Learning to Detourp. 412
Neurons with Continuous Varying Activation in Self-Organizing Mapsp. 419
Improving Back-Propagation: Epsilon-Back-Propagationp. 427
Finite State Automata and Connectionist Machines: A Surveyp. 433
Learning Transformed Prototypes (LTP) - A Statistical Pattern Classification Technique of Neural Networksp. 441
Fuzzy Function Estimators as Basis on Learning from Experiencep. 448
Connectionists and Statisticians, Friends or Foes?p. 454
Unsupervised Neural Networks for Speech Perception with Cochlear Implant Systems for the Profoundly Deafp. 462
Obstacle Avoidance by Means of an Operant Conditioning Modelp. 471
Qualitative Approach to Gradient Based Learning Algorithmsp. 478
Character Recognition with Neural Assembliesp. 486
Learning by Attentional Scanningp. 492
The Synthesis of the Ranked Neural Networks Applying Genetic Algorithm with the Dynamic Probability of Mutationp. 498
Global Versus Local Heuristic Terminal Attractorp. 505
Dynamic Learning of Radial Basis Functions for Fuzzy Clusteringp. 513
Incremental Learning with a Stopping Criterion - Experimental Resultsp. 519
Learning Algorithm with Gaussian Membership Function for Fuzzy RBF Neural Networksp. 527
Neural Network Initializationp. 535
Bidirectional Neural Networks Reduce Generalisation Errorp. 543
Balancing Bias and Variance: Network Topology and Pattern Set Reduction Techniquesp. 551
Priming an Artificial Neural Classifierp. 559
Artificial Neuroconsciousness an Updatep. 566
Physical and Linguistic problems in the Modelling of Consciousness by Neural Networksp. 584
A Neural Network Model for the Velocity Vector of an Object and its Consistency with Psychological Phenomenap. 589
Implementation and Evaluation of a Relevance Feedback Device Based on Neural Networksp. 597
Second-Order Recurrent Neural Networks Can Learn Regular Grammars from Noisy Stringsp. 605
Extracting DNF Rules From Artificial Neural Networksp. 611
Dynamic Symbol Grounding, State Construction and the Problem of Teleologyp. 619
Analysis of Industrial Economics by means of Neural Netsp. 627
Effects of Spatial Frecuency and Stimulus Size on the Orientation Sensitivity of Humansp. 634
Object Oriented Design of a Simulator for Large BP Neural Networksp. 642
Introducing XSim: A Neural Network Simulator that Incorporates Biological Parametersp. 650
NETTOOL A Hybrid Connectionist-Symbolic Development Environmentp. 658
EL-SIM: a Development Environment for Neuro-Fuzzy Intelligent Controllersp. 666
Packlib, an Interactive Environment to Develop Modular Software for Data Processingp. 673
NSL-Neural Simulation Languagep. 683
Low-Cost Accelerator for the Simulation of Cellular Neural Networksp. 689
A VLSI System for Neural Bayesian and LVQ Classificationp. 696
An Associative Processor Dedicated to Classification by Neural Methodsp. 704
Hardware-Oriented Models for VLSI Implementation of Self-Organizing Mapsp. 712
Hardware Requirements for Spike-Processing Neural Networksp. 720
A VLSI Approach to the Implementation of Additive and Shunting Neural Networksp. 728
A Low-Power Analog Implementation of Cellular Neural Networksp. 736
Asynchronously Parallel Boltzmann Machines Mapped onto Distributed-Memory Multiprocessorsp. 744
A Coprocessor Card for Fast Neural Network Emulationp. 752
Digital Hardware Implementation of ROI Incremental Algorithmsp. 761
Comparing Implementations of Radial Basis Function Neural Networks on Three Parallel Machinesp. 771
Implementing Radial Basis Functions Neural Networks on the Systolic MANTRA Machinep. 781
A Mixed Parallel-Sequential SHNN for Large Networksp. 789
A Modular VLSI Architecture for Neural Networks Implementationp. 794
A Massively Parallel Neurocomputer with a Reconfigurable Arithmetical Unitp. 800
An All-Optical Forward Propagation Multilayer Neural Networkp. 807
A VLSI Current Mode Synapse Chipp. 815
Optimal Mapping of Neural Networks onto FPGA's - A New Constructive Algorithmp. 822
A CPWM Synapsis for Weighted Radial Basis Functionsp. 830
Test Pattern Generation for Analog Circuits Using Neural Networks and Evolutive Algorithmsp. 838
About Some Perception Problems in Neural Networksp. 845
Optimization Neural Networks for Image Segmentationp. 860
Segmentation of Range Images: A Neural Network Approachp. 868
A Neural Architecture for Preattentive Segmentation of Sewage Pipes Video Imagesp. 875
A CNN Model For Grey Scale Image Processingp. 882
Kohonen's Self Organizing Maps for Contour Segmentation of Gray Level and Color Imagesp. 890
A Geometrical Based Procedure for Source Separation Mapped to a Neural Networkp. 898
Quasi-Optimum Combination of Multilayer Perceptrons for Adaptive Multiclass Pattern Recognitionp. 906
A Text Recognition System Based on a Neural Network and on a Deformed Systemp. 913
Simultaneous Recognition of Multiple Objects Using the MEM Modelp. 919
On-line Handwritten Character Recognition by a Hybrid Method based on Neural Networks and Pattern Matchingp. 926
Analysis and Application of the STORE Neural Model in Recognizing Handwritten Symbolsp. 934
An Adaptive Orthogonal Associative Memory and its Application to Character Recognitionp. 942
Texture Classification on Real Time Using Semi-cover Vector and an Orthogonal Neural Networkp. 948
An Architecture for Texture Segmentation: from Energy Features to Region Detectionp. 956
A Lattice-Based Time-Delay Neural Network for Speech Processingp. 963
Acquisition of Internal Representation by Learning of Identity-mapping Using Overload Learningp. 971
A Multiacuity Connectionist Model for Local Speed Estimationp. 979
Using Artificial Neural Networks for Ultrasonic Signals Processing from Simple Geometric Shapesp. 987
A Hierarchical Neural Network for Mobile Visual Tracking with a Robot Headp. 993
Short Term Load Forecasting Using Neural Netsp. 1001
Image Compression Using Feedforward Neural Networks - Hierarchical Approachp. 1009
Neural Approaches to Robot Control Four Representative Applicationsp. 1016
On Line Identification of Causal Relationships Between Variables in the Feed Water System of a Nuclear Power Plantp. 1036
Dynamic Neural Units for Nonlinear Dynamic Systems Identificationp. 1045
Optimal Identification Using Feed-Forward Neural Networksp. 1052
Recurrent Neural Networks for Identification of Frictionp. 1060
Solving an End-Effector Positioning Problem by Hopfield Neural Networkp. 1068
Visuomotor Control using an Artificial Neural Networkp. 1076
Learning the Visuomotor Coordination of a Mobile Robot by Using the Invertible Kohonen Mapp. 1084
Neural Networks for Automatic Fuzzy Control System Designp. 1092
Supervised Classification With Variable Kernel Estimatorsp. 1099
Daily Electrical Power Curves: Classification and Forecasting Using a Kohonen Mapp. 1107
CMAC Real-Time Adaptive Control Implementation on a D.S.P. Based Cardp. 1114
Neural Networks in Digital Data Transmissionp. 1121
A New Neural Network Approach to the Floorplanning of Hierarchical VLSI Designsp. 1128
A Neural Network Approach to Quality Control Chartsp. 1135
Bankruptcy Prediction with Artificial Neural Networksp. 1142
Author Indexp. 1147
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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