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Purchase Benefits
What is included with this book?
Measurement | p. 1 |
What Is Physics? | p. 2 |
Measuring Things | p. 2 |
The International System of Units | p. 2 |
Changing Units | p. 3 |
Length | p. 4 |
Time | p. 5 |
Mass | p. 7 |
Review & Summary | p. 8 |
Problems | p. 8 |
Motion Along a Straight Line | p. 13 |
What Is Physics? | p. 14 |
Motion | p. 14 |
Position and Displacement | p. 14 |
Average Velocity and Average Speed | p. 15 |
Instantaneous Velocity and Speed | p. 17 |
Acceleration | p. 19 |
Constant Acceleration: A Special Case | p. 21 |
Another Look at Constant Acceleration | p. 24 |
Free-Fall Acceleration | p. 24 |
Graphical Integration in Motion Analysis | p. 27 |
Review & Summary | p. 28 |
Questions | p. 29 |
Problems | p. 30 |
Vector | p. 38 |
What Is Physics? | p. 39 |
Vectors and Scalars | p. 39 |
Adding Vectors Geometrically | p. 39 |
Components of Vectors | p. 40 |
Unit Vectors | p. 44 |
Adding Vectors by Components | p. 45 |
Vectors and the Laws of Physics | p. 48 |
Multiplying Vectors | p. 48 |
Review & Summary | p. 52 |
Questions | p. 52 |
Problems | p. 53 |
Motion in Two and Three Dimensions | p. 58 |
What Is Physics? | p. 59 |
Position and Displacement | p. 59 |
Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocity | p. 61 |
Average Acceleration and Instantaneous Acceleration | p. 63 |
Projectile Motion | p. 65 |
Projectile Motion Analyzed | p. 66 |
Uniform Circular Motion | p. 70 |
Relative Motion in One Dimension | p. 72 |
Relative Motion in Two Dimensions | p. 73 |
Review & Summary | p. 75 |
Questions | p. 76 |
Problems | p. 77 |
Force and Motion - I | p. 87 |
What Is Physics? | p. 88 |
Newtonian Mechanics | p. 88 |
Newton's First Law | p. 88 |
Force | p. 89 |
Mass | p. 90 |
Newton's Second Law | p. 91 |
Some Particular Forces | p. 94 |
Newton's Third Law | p. 99 |
Applying Newton's Laws | p. 99 |
Review & Summary | p. 105 |
Questions | p. 106 |
Problems | p. 108 |
Force and Motion - II | p. 116 |
What Is Physics? | p. 117 |
Friction | p. 117 |
Properties of Friction | p. 118 |
The Drag Force and Terminal Speed | p. 122 |
Uniform Circular Motion | p. 124 |
Review & Summary | p. 129 |
Questions | p. 130 |
Problems | p. 131 |
Kinetic Energy and Work | p. 140 |
What Is Physics? | p. 141 |
What Is Energy? | p. 141 |
Kinetic Energy | p. 141 |
Work | p. 142 |
Work and Kinetic Energy | p. 143 |
Work Done by the Gravitational Force | p. 146 |
Work Done by a Spring Force | p. 149 |
Work Done by a General Variable Force | p. 152 |
Power | p. 155 |
Review & Summary | p. 157 |
Questions | p. 158 |
Problems | p. 159 |
Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy | p. 166 |
What Is Physics? | p. 167 |
Work and Potential Energy | p. 167 |
Path Independence of Conservative Forces | p. 168 |
Determining Potential Energy Values | p. 170 |
Conservation of Mechanical Energy | p. 173 |
Reading a Potential Energy Curve | p. 175 |
Work Done on a System by an External Force | p. 179 |
Conservation of Energy | p. 182 |
Review & Summary | p. 186 |
Questions | p. 187 |
Problems | p. 189 |
Center of Mass and Linear Momentum | p. 201 |
What Is Physics? | p. 202 |
The Center of Mass | p. 202 |
Newton's Second Law for a System of Particles | p. 206 |
Linear Momentum | p. 209 |
The Linear Momentum of a System of Particles | p. 210 |
Collision and Impulse | p. 210 |
Conservation of Linear Momentum | p. 214 |
Momentum and Kinetic Energy in Collisions | p. 217 |
Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension | p. 218 |
Elastic Collisions in One Dimension | p. 221 |
Collisions in Two Dimensions | p. 224 |
Systems with Varying Mass: A Rocket | p. 224 |
Review & Summary | p. 226 |
Questions | p. 228 |
Problems | p. 229 |
Rotation | p. 241 |
What Is Physics? | p. 242 |
The Rotational Variables | p. 242 |
Are Angular Quantities Vectors? | p. 246 |
Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration | p. 247 |
Relating the Linear and Angular Variables | p. 249 |
Kinetic Energy of Rotation | p. 252 |
Calculating the Rotational Inertia | p. 253 |
Torque | p. 256 |
Newton's Second Law for Rotation | p. 257 |
Work and Rotational Kinetic Energy | p. 260 |
Review & Summary | p. 263 |
Questions | p. 265 |
Problems | p. 266 |
Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentum | p. 275 |
What Is Physics? | p. 276 |
Rolling as Translation and Rotation Combined | p. 276 |
The Kinetic Energy of Rolling | p. 277 |
The Forces of Rolling | p. 278 |
The Yo-Yo | p. 281 |
Torque Revisited | p. 281 |
Angular Momentum | p. 283 |
Newton's Second Law in Angular Form | p. 285 |
The Angular Momentum of a System of Particles | p. 287 |
The Angular Momentum of a Rigid Body Rotating About a Fixed Axis | p. 287 |
Conservation of Angular Momentum | p. 290 |
Precession of a Gyroscope | p. 293 |
Review & Summary | p. 295 |
Questions | p. 296 |
Problems | p. 297 |
Equilibrium and Elasticity | p. 305 |
What Is Physics? | p. 306 |
Equilibrium | p. 306 |
The Requirements of Equilibrium | p. 307 |
The Center of Gravity | p. 308 |
Some Examples of Static Equilibrium | p. 310 |
Indeterminate Structures | p. 314 |
Elasticity | p. 315 |
Review & Summary | p. 319 |
Questions | p. 319 |
Problems | p. 321 |
Gravitation | p. 330 |
What Is Physics? | p. 331 |
Newton's Law of Gravitation | p. 331 |
Gravitation and the Principle of Superposition | p. 333 |
Gravitation Near Earth's Surface | p. 335 |
Gravitation Inside Earth | p. 337 |
Gravitation Potential Energy | p. 338 |
Planets and Satellites: Kepler's Laws | p. 342 |
Satellites: Orbits and Energy | p. 345 |
Einstein and Gravitation | p. 347 |
Review & Summary | p. 349 |
Questions | p. 350 |
Problems | p. 351 |
Fluids | p. 359 |
What Is Physics? | p. 360 |
What Is a Fluid? | p. 360 |
Density and Pressure | p. 360 |
Fluids at Rest | p. 362 |
Measuring Pressure | p. 365 |
Pascal's Principle | p. 366 |
Archimedes' Principle | p. 367 |
Ideal Fluids in Motion | p. 370 |
The Equation of Continuity | p. 371 |
Bernoulli's Equation | p. 373 |
Review & Summary | p. 377 |
Questions | p. 378 |
Problems | p. 379 |
Oscillations | p. 386 |
What Is Physics? | p. 387 |
Simple Harmonic Motion | p. 387 |
The Force Law for Simple Harmonic Motion | p. 390 |
Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion | p. 392 |
An Angular Simple Harmonic Oscillator | p. 394 |
Pendulums | p. 395 |
Simple Harmonic Motion and Uniform Circular Motion | p. 399 |
Damped Simple Harmonic Motion | p. 400 |
Forced Oscillations and Resonance | p. 402 |
Review & Summary | p. 403 |
Questions | p. 403 |
Problems | p. 405 |
Waves-I | p. 413 |
What Is Physics? | p. 414 |
Types of Waves | p. 414 |
Transverse and Longitudinal Waves | p. 414 |
Wavelength and Frequency | p. 416 |
The Speed of a Traveling Wave | p. 418 |
Wave Speed on a Stretched String | p. 412 |
Energy and Power of a Wave Traveling Along a String | p. 423 |
The Wave Equation | p. 425 |
The Principle of Superposition for Waves | p. 426 |
Interference of Waves | p. 427 |
Phasors | p. 429 |
Standing Waves | p. 431 |
Standing Waves and Resonance | p. 433 |
Review & Summary | p. 436 |
Questions | p. 436 |
Problems | p. 438 |
Waves-II | p. 445 |
What Is Physics? | p. 446 |
Sound Waves | p. 446 |
The Speed of Sound | p. 446 |
Traveling Sound Waves | p. 449 |
Interference | p. 451 |
Intensity and Sound Level | p. 453 |
Sources of Musical Sound | p. 457 |
Beats | p. 459 |
The Doppler Effect | p. 460 |
Supersonic Speeds, Shock Waves | p. 464 |
Review & Summary | p. 465 |
Questions | p. 466 |
Problems | p. 467 |
Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamics | p. 476 |
What Is Physics? | p. 477 |
Temperature | p. 477 |
The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics | p. 477 |
Measuring Temperature | p. 478 |
The Celsius and Fahrenheit Scales | p. 478 |
Thermal Expansion | p. 482 |
Temperature and Heat | p. 484 |
The Absorption of Heat by Solids and Liquids | p. 485 |
A Closer Look at Heat and Work | p. 488 |
The First Law of Thermodynamics | p. 490 |
Some Special Cases of the First Law of Thermodynamics | p. 491 |
Heat Transfer Mechanisms | p. 493 |
Review & Summary | p. 497 |
Questions | p. 498 |
Problems | p. 500 |
The Kinetic Theory of Gases | p. 507 |
What Is Physics? | p. 508 |
Avogadro's Number | p. 508 |
Ideal Gases | p. 509 |
Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed | p. 512 |
Translational Kinetic Energy | p. 514 |
Mean Free Path | p. 515 |
The Distribution of Molecular Speeds | p. 517 |
The Molar Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas | p. 520 |
Degrees of Freedom and Molar Specific Heats | p. 523 |
A Hint of Quantum Theory | p. 525 |
The Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas | p. 526 |
Review & Summary | p. 529 |
Questions | p. 530 |
Problems | p. 531 |
Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics | p. 536 |
What Is Physics? | p. 537 |
Irreversible Processes and Entropy | p. 537 |
Change in Entropy | p. 538 |
The Second Law of Thermodynamics | p. 542 |
Entropy in the Real World: Engines | p. 543 |
Entropy in the Real World: Refrigerators | p. 548 |
The Efficiencies of Real Engines | p. 549 |
A Statistical View of Entropy | p. 550 |
Review & Summary | p. 554 |
Questions | p. 555 |
Problems | p. 555 |
Appendices | p. A-1 |
The International System of Units (SI) | p. A-1 |
Some Fundamental Constants of Physics | p. A-3 |
Some Astronomical Data | p. A-4 |
Conversion Factors | p. A-5 |
Mathematical Formulas | p. A-9 |
Properties of the Elements | p. A-12 |
Periodic Table of the Elements | p. A-15 |
Answers to Checkpoints and Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems | p. AN-1 |
Index | p. I-1 |
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