Genetic Justice

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-06-30
  • Publisher: Columbia Univ Pr

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National DNA databanks were initially established to catalogue the identities of violent criminals and sex offenders. However, since the mid-1990s, forensic DNA databanks have in some cases expanded to include people merely arrested, regardless of whether they've been charged or convicted of a crime. The public is largely unaware of these changes and the advances that biotechnology and forensic DNA science have made possible. Yet many citizens are beginning to realize that the unfettered collection of DNA profiles might compromise our basic freedoms and rights.Two leading authors on medical ethics, science policy, and civil liberties take a hard look at how the United States has balanced the use of DNA technology, particularly the use of DNA databanks in criminal justice, with the privacy rights of its citizenry. Krimsky and Simoncelli analyze the constitutional, ethical, and sociopolitical implications of expanded DNA collection in the United States and compare these findings to trends in the United Kingdom, Japan, Australia, Germany, and Italy. They explore many controversial topics, including the legal precedent for taking DNA from juveniles, the search for possible family members of suspects in DNA databases, the launch of "DNA dragnets" among local populations, and the warrantless acquisition by police of so-called abandoned DNA in the search for suspects. Most intriguing, Krimsky and Simoncelli explode the myth that DNA profiling is infallible, which has profound implications for criminal justice.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. vii
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. xiii
DNA in Law Enforcement: History, Applications, and Expansion
Forensic DNA Analysisp. 3
The Network of U.S. DNA Data Banksp. 28
Community DNA Dragnetsp. 46
Familial DNA Searchesp. 64
Forensic DNA Phenotypingp. 89
Surreptitious Biological Samplingp. 108
Exonerations: When the DNA Doesn't Matchp. 123
The Illusory Appeal of a Universal DNA Data Bankp. 143
Comparative Systems: Forensic DNA in Five Nations
The United Kingdom: Paving the Way in Forensic DNAp. 167
Japan's Forensic DNA Data Bank: A Call for Reformp. 186
Australia: A Quest for Uniformity in DNA Data Bankingp. 194
Germany: From Eugenics to Forensicsp. 205
Italy: A Data Bank in Search of a Lawp. 212
Critical Perspectives: Balancing Personal Liberty, Social Equity, and Security
Privacy and Genetic Surveillancep. 225
Racial Disparities in DNA Data Bankingp. 252
Fallibility in DNA Identificationp. 275
The Efficacy of DNA Data Banks: A Case of Diminishing Returnsp. 305
Toward a Vision of Justice: Principles for Responsible Uses of DNA in Law Enforcementp. 321
A Comparison of DNA Databases in Six Nationsp. 337
Notesp. 341
Selected Readingsp. 393
Indexp. 395
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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