Geography : History and Concepts

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-10-08
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd
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This now standard student reference has been totally revised and updated. It remains the definitive introduction to the history, philosophy, and methodology of human geography.The book is organized into five sections:- an historical overview of the discipline and an explanation of its organization; with more on the growth of spatial sciences, GIS and ways of representing the world- an examination of geography from Antiquity to the early modern period- an analysis of paradigm shifts in geography, the philosophy of science, and the quantitative revolution- a critical discussion of positivism, empiricism, structuration theory and realism, as well as an introduction to core themes and concepts in current geographical thought including space, place, and post-modernism- a review of global processes and local responses, from economic globalization to global environmental change.Extensively revised to take account of new developments in geographical thought and methods, the text explores complex ideas in an intelligible and accessible style. Illustrated throughout with summaries, notes for further reading and a concept glossary, this is the essential student companion to the discipline: it will be an invaluable resource for undergraduate students.

Author Biography

Arild Holt-Jensen is Professor Emeritus, Department of Geography, University of Bergen, Norway.

Table of Contents

What is Geography?
Exploration and the cosmographic tradition
A science of synthesis
A modeloriented approach
Local responses to global processes; deviations from the models in focus
An organizational plan of geography
A new synthesis?
Homo geographicus
Specialization and pluralism
The Foundation of Geography
Geography in the ancient world
Middle Ages and the Renaissance
The philosopher, Immanuel Kant
The 'classical' period
From cosmography to an institutionalized discipline
The social anarchists
Geomorphology and physiography provide academic respect
Environmental determinism and possibilism
The French school of regional geography
Landscapes and regions
Regional studies in Britain
Geography 1950S-1980S; 30 Years of Progress
Changing job market
The development of applied geography
A discipline ripe for change
The growth of 'spatial science'
Critics of the spatial science school
The achievements of spatial science
Paradigms and Revolutions
Kuhn's paradigms
Critics of Kuhn
Induction, deduction and abduction
Changing paradigms in geography?
An idiographic or nomothetic science?
Absolute and relative space
What kind of revolution?
A 'critical' revolution?
Rerolution or evolution?
Positivism and its Critics
Positivism and critical theory
The development of positivism
Principles in positivism
Criticisms of positivism
Dialectics, Hegel and Marx; breaking down binaries
Science as a force transforming society
Practical consequences for research
Geography and empiricism
The positivism of spatial science
Humanistic approaches
Behavioural and welfare geography
New Trends and Ideas Developed in the Last Decades
Structuration theory
Agency, structures and actor-network theory
Gender and feminist geography
New tools in geographical research; satellite photos and GIS
To unite a vernacular and an academic definition of geography
References and Bibliography
Author and Personality Index
Glossary and Subject Index
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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