9781319105976

Going to the Source, Volume I: To 1877 The Bedford Reader in American History

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319105976

  • ISBN10:

    1319105971

  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2019-09-20
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

Many document readers offer lots of sources, but only Going to the Source combines a rich selection of primary sources with in-depth instructions for how to use each type of source. Mirroring the chronology of the U.S. history survey, each chapter familiarizes students with a single type of source while focusing on an intriguing historical episode such as the Cherokee Removal or the 1894 Pullman Strike. Students practice working with a diverse range of source types including photographs, diaries, oral histories, speeches, advertisements, political cartoons, and more. A capstone chapter in each volume prompts students to synthesize information on a single topic from a variety of source types. The wide range of topics and sources across 28 chapters provides students with all they need to become fully engaged with America’s history.

Table of Contents

Preface


Introduction: Historians and Their Sources




1 Monsters and Marvels: Images of Animals from the New World


Using the Source: Images of Animals


What Can Images of Animals Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Images


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Images of Animals from the New World



1. Succarath


2. Hoga [Manatee]


3. Whale


4. Alligator


5. Llama


6. Birds and Fish of New England


7. Animals of the Carolinas


8. Beaver


9. The Vampire, or Spectre of Guiana [?Vampire Bat]


10. The Aboma Snake [Anaconda]


Analyzing Images of Animals


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




2 Tales of Captivity and Redemption: North American Captivity Narratives


Using the Source: Captivity Narratives


What Can Captivity Narratives Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Captivity Narratives


Source Analysis Table


The Source: North American Captivity Narratives



1. Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca, 1542


2. Father Isaac Jogues, S.J., 1647


3. Mary Rowlandson, 1682


Analyzing Captivity Narratives


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




3 Colonial America’s Most Wanted: Runaway Advertisements in Colonial Newspapers 00


Using the Source: Runaway Advertisements


What Can Runaway Advertisements Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Print Advertisements


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Runaway Advertisements in Colonial Newspapers, 1747–1770


NEW ENGLAND



1. Boston Evening-Post, August 1, 1748


2. Boston Evening-Post, May 19, 1755


3. Boston Evening-Post, March 29, 1762


MIDDLE COLONIES



4. Pennsylvania Gazette, November 26, 1747


5. Pennsylvania Gazette, July 8, 1756


6. Pennsylvania Gazette, July 22, 1756


7. Pennsylvania Gazette, August 11, 1757


8. Pennsylvania Gazette, November 29, 1764


CHESAPEAKE



9. Virginia Gazette, April 11, 1766


10. Virginia Gazette, April 25, 1766


11. Virginia Gazette, August 10, 1769


12. Virginia Gazette, May 31, 1770


LOWER SOUTH



13. Georgia Gazette, May 26, 1763


14. Georgia Gazette, March 7, 1765


15. Georgia Gazette, January 14, 1767


16. Georgia Gazette, August 31, 1768


Analyzing Runaway Advertisements


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




4 Experiencing the New Birth: Diaries, Journals, and Memoirs from the Great Awakening


Using the Source: Diaries, Journals, and Memoirs


What Can Diaries, Journals, and Memoirs Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Diaries, Journals, and Memoirs


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Diaries, Journals, and Memoirs from The Great Awakening, 1742–1785



1. Nathan Cole’s Memoir, 1765


2. Hannah Heatons’ Diary, 1750s


3. John Marrant’s Memoir, 1785


4. Nicholas Gilman’s Diary, 1742


5. Joseph Fish’s Diary, 1773


6. Charles Woodmason’s Journal, 1768


Analyzing Diaries, Journals, and Memoirs


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




5 The Sound of Rebellion: Songs in Revolutionary America


Using the Source: Songs


What Can Songs Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Songs


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Songs in Revolutionary America, 1767–1781



1. "To the Ladies"


2. "The Liberty Song"


3. "The Parody"


4. "The Rebels"


5. "The New Recruit / Fare Thee Well, Ye Sweethearts"


6. "How Stands the Glass Around"


7. "The Epilogue"


8. "Volunteer Boys"


9. "To the Traitor Arnold"


10. "The Dance"


Analyzing Songs


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




6 Debating the Constitution: Speeches from the New York Ratification Convention


Using the Source: The Ratification Debates


What Can the Ratification Debates Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Political Debates


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Speeches Debating the Constitution from the New York Ratification Convention, June 21–28, 1788


REPRESENTATION IN CONGRESS



1. Melancton Smith, June 21, 1788


2. Alexander Hamilton, June 21, 1788


3. Melancton Smith, June 21, 1788


SOURCES OF CORRUPTION



4. Robert R. Livingston, June 23, 1788


5. Melancton Smith, June 23, 1788


THE CONSTITUTION’S EFFECT ON THE STATES



6. Melancton Smith, June 27, 1788


7. Alexander Hamilton, June 28, 1788


Analyzing the Ratification Debates


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




7 The Question of Female Citizenship: Court Records from the New Nation


Using the Source: Court Records


What Can Court Records Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Court Records


Source Analysis Table


The Source: James Martin (Plaintiff in Error) v. The Commonwealth and William Bosson and Other Ter-tenants, 1805


THE LAWYERS’ ARGUMENTS



1. The Fourth Error Identified by James Martin’s Attorneys in Their Appeal


2. George Blake, Attorney for James Martin


3. Daniel Davis, Solicitor General for Massachusetts


4. James Sullivan, Attorney General for Massachusetts


5. Theophilus Parsons, Attorney for James Martin


THE JUSTICES’ OPINIONS



6. Justice Theodore Sedgwick


7. Justice Simeon Strong


8. Chief Justice Francis Dana


Analyzing Court Records


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




8 Family Values: Advice Literature for Parents and Children in the Early Republic 000


Using the Source: Advice Literature for Parents and Children


What Can Advice Literature Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Advice Literature


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Advice Literature on Child Rearing and Children’s Literature, 1807–1833


ADVICE LITERATURE ON CHILD REARING



1. The Mother at Home by John S. C. Abbott, 1833


2. The Mother’s Book by Lydia Maria Child, 1831


CHILDREN’S LITERATURE



3. The New-England Primer, 1807


4. The Busy Bee, 1831


5. The Life of George Washington, 1832


Analyzing Advice Literature


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




9 The Meaning of Cherokee Civilization: Newspaper Editorials about Indian Removal


Using the Source: Newspaper Editorials


What Can Newspaper Editorials Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Newspaper Editorials


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Newspaper Editorials about Indian Removal


ELIAS BOUDINOT, EDITORIALS FROM THE CHEROKEE PHOENIX (1828–1831) 000



1. February 21, 1828


2. January 21, 1829


3. January 28, 1829


4. February 18, 1829


5. April 21, 1830


6. November 12, 1831


JEREMIAH EVARTS, "WILLIAM PENN LETTERS" (1829)



7. From Letter I


8. From Letter II


9. From Letter V


10. From Letter XV


11. From Letter XXIV


Analyzing Newspaper Editorials about Indian Removal


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




10 Challenging the "Peculiar Institution": Slave Narratives from the Antebellum South


Using the Source: Slave Narratives


What Can Slave Narratives Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Slave Narratives


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Antebellum Slave Narratives



1. Henry Bibb, Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, An American Slave, Written by Himself, 1849


2. Solomon Northup, Twelve Years A Slave, 1853


3. Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Written by Herself, 1861


Analyzing Slave Narratives


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




11 Martyr or Madman? Biographies of John Brown


Using the Source: Biographies of John Brown


What Can Biographies Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Biographies


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Biographies of John Brown



1. John Brown by W. E. B. Du Bois, 1909


2. John Brown by Robert Penn Warren, 1929


3. John Brown, Abolitionist by David S. Reynolds, 2005


Analyzing Biographies


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




12 The Illustrated Civil War: Photography on the Battlefield


Using the Source: Civil War Photographs


What Can Civil War Photographs Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Photographs


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Photographs of Civil War Battlefields and Military Life, 1861–1866


MILITARY PORTRAITS



1. "Lieut. Washington, a Confederate Prisoner, and Capt. Custer, U.S.A.," James F. Gibson, 1862


2. "Gen. Robert B. Potter and Staff of Seven, Recognized Capt. Gilbert H. McKibben, Capt. Wright, A.A.G. Also Mr. Brady, Photographer," Mathew Brady, c. 1863


3. "Portrait of a Soldier Group," photographer unknown, c. 1861–1865


4. "President Lincoln on Battle-Field of Antietam," Alexander Gardner, 1862


BATTLEFIELD LANDSCAPES AND CITYSCAPES



5. "Pennsylvania, Gettysburg 07?/?1863," Timothy O’Sullivan, 1863


6. "Ruins of Charleston, S.C.," George P. Barnard, 1866


AFRICAN AMERICANS IN MILITARY LIFE



7. "Portrait of Brig. Gen. Napoleon B. McLaughlin, Officer of the Federal Army, and Staff, Vicinity of Washington, D.C.," Mathew Brady, 1861


8. "Culpeper, Va. ‘Contrabands,’?" Timothy O’Sullivan, 1863


9. "African American Soldiers with Their Teachers and Officers," photographer and date unknown


BATTLEFIELD DEAD



10. "Antietam, Md. Bodies of Dead Gathered for Burial," Alexander Gardner, 1862


11. "A Contrast. Federal Buried; Confederate Unburied, Where They Fell on the Battle Field of Antietam," Alexander Gardner, 1862


12. "He Sleeps His Last Sleep," Alexander Gardner, 1862


13. "Battlefield of Gettysburg?—?Body of a Soldier in ‘the Wheat Field,’ Evidently Killed by the Explosion of a Shell," James F. Gibson, 1863


14. "Field Where General Reynolds Fell, Gettysburg," Timothy O’Sullivan, 1863


15. " . . . View of the Covered Ways inside the Rebel Fort Mahone, Called by the Soldiers ‘Fort Damnation’ . . . Taken the Morning after the Storming of Petersburgh, Va. 1865," T. C. Roche, 1865


16. "Cold Harbor, Va. African Americans Collecting Bones of Soldiers Killed in Battle," John Reekie, 1865


Analyzing Civil War Photographs


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More




13 Political Terrorism during Reconstruction: Congressional Hearings and Reports on the Ku Klux Klan 000


Using the Source: Congressional Hearings and Reports


What Can Congressional Hearings and Reports Tell Us?


checklist: Interrogating Congressional Hearings and Reports


Source Analysis Table


The Source: Testimony and Reports from the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States


WITNESS TESTIMONY



1. Testimony of Samuel T. Poinier, Washington, D.C., June 7, 1871


2. Testimony of D. H. Chamberlain, Washington, D.C., June 10, 1871


3. Testimony of Elias Thomson, Spartanburg, South Carolina, July 7, 1871


4. Testimony of Lucy McMillan, Spartanburg, South Carolina, July 10, 1871


5. Testimony of Mervin Givens, Spartanburg, South Carolina, July 12, 1871


COMMITTEE REPORTS



6. Majority Report of the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States, February 19, 1872, Submitted by Luke P. Poland


7. Minority Report of the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States, February 19, 1872, Submitted by James B. Beck


Analyzing Congressional Hearings and Reports


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More



CAPSTONE Coming Together and Pulling Apart: Nineteenth-Century Fourth of July Observations


Using Multiple Source Types on Fourth of July Observations


What Can Multiple Source Types Tell Us?


Source Analysis Table


The Sources: Documents and Images Portraying Fourth of July Observations, 1819–1903



1. Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776, Painting. John Trumbull, 1819


2. Independence Day in Center Square, Painting. John Lewis Krimmel, 1819


3. "Adams and Jefferson," Speech. Daniel Webster, August 2, 1826


4. "Declaration of Rights of the Trades’ Union of Boston and Vicinity," 1834


5. Excerpt from Diary in America, with Remarks on Its Institutions, Memoir. Frederick Marryat, 1837


6. "Declaration of Sentiments," from the Woman’s Rights Convention, 1848


7. "What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?" Speech. Frederick Douglass, July 5, 1852


8. Speech, John Wannuaucon Quinney, July 4, 1854


9. Excerpts from A Philadelphia Perspective: The Diary of Sidney George Fisher Covering the Years 1834–1871, Diary. Sidney George Fisher, 1864, 1866


10. Excerpt from The Fire of Liberty in Their Hearts: The Diary of Jacob E. Yoder of the Freedman’s Bureau School, Lynchburg, Virginia, 1866–1870, Diary. Jacob E. Yoder, 1866


11. Fire-Works on the Night of the Fourth of July, Cartoon. Winslow Homer, 1868


12. The Fourth of July in the Country, Cartoon. Thomas Worth, 1868


13. The Freed Slave in Memorial Hall, Engraving. Fernando Miranda, 1876


15. 4. July. 1903, Drawing. Amos Bad Heart Bull, 1903


Analyzing Sources on Fourth of July Observations


The Rest of the Story


To Find Out More



APPENDIX I: Avoiding Plagiarism: Acknowledging the Source


APPENDIX II: Documenting the Source


INDEX


Rewards Program

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