Good Reasons With Contemporary Arguments

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-12-27
  • Publisher: Longman
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This popular rhetoric/reader combines a brief, accessible introduction to argument with an anthology of provocative readings on contemporary issues.

Table of Contents

PART 1           Reading and Discovering Arguments


Chapter 1: Making an Effective Argument

    What Exactly is an Argument?

    Writing Arguments in College

    Arguments as Turns in a Conversation

            A Case Study: The Microcredit Debate

    Think About Your Credibility


Chapter 2: Reading Arguments

    Explore Controversies

    Read Critically

    Recognize Fallacies

    Map and Summarize Arguments

    Sample Student Summary


Chapter 3: Finding Arguments

    Finding Arguments in Everyday Conversations

    Find A Topic

    Explore Your Topic

    Read About Your Topic

    Find Good Reasons

    Find Evidence to Support Good Reasons


Chapter 4: Drafting and Revising Arguments

    State and Evaluate Your Thesis

    Think About Your Readers

    Organize Your Argument

    Write an Engaging Title and Introduction

    Write a Strong Conclusion

    Evaluate Your Draft

    Respond to the Writing of Others

    Edit and Proofread Carefully


PART 2           Analyzing Arguments


Chapter 5: Analyzing Written Arguments

    What Is Rhetorical Analysis?

    Build a Rhetorical Analysis

    Analyze the Rhetorical Features

    Analyze the Rhetorical Context

    Write a Rhetorical Analysis

    Steps to Writing a Rhetorical Analysis  

    Barbara Jordan, Statement on the Articles of Impeachment

    Sample Student Rhetorical Analysis

        T. Jonathan Jackson, An Argument of Reason and Passion: Barbara Jordan’s “Statement on the Articles of Impeachment”


Chapter 6: Analyzing Visual and Multimedia Arguments

    What Is a Visual Argument?

    What Is a Multimedia Argument?

    Analyze Visual Evidence

    Build a Visual Analysis

    Write a Visual Analysis

    Sample Student Visual Analysis

        Chrissy Yao, "Use Only What You Need": The Denver Water Conservation Campaign


PART 3           Writing Arguments


Chapter 7: Putting Good Reasons into Action

    Find a Purpose for Writing an Argument

    Get Started Writing About Complex Issues


Chapter 8: Definition Arguments

    Understand How Definition Arguments Work

    Recognize Kinds of Definitions

    Build a Definition Argument

    Steps To Writing a Definition Argument

    Michael Pollan, Eat Food: Food Defined

    Sample Student Definition Argument

            Patrice Conley, Flagrant Foul: The NCAA's Policy on Compensation for Student Athletes


Chapter 9: Causal Arguments

    Understand How Causal Arguments Work

    Find Causes

    Build a Causal Argument

    Steps to Writing a Causal Argument

    Emily Raine, Why Should I Be Nice to You? Coffee Shops and the Politics of Good Service

    Sample Student Causal Argument

        Armadi Tansal, Modern Warfare: Video Games' Link to Real-World Violence


Chapter 10: Evaluation Arguments

    Understand How Evaluation Arguments Work

    Recognize Kinds of Evaluations

    Build an Evaluation Argument

    Steps To Writing an Evaluation Argument

    P.J. O'Rourke, The End of the Affair

    Sample Student Evaluation Argument

        Rashaun Giddens, Stop Loss or “Loss of Trust?”


Chapter 11: Narrative Arguments

    Understand How Narrative Arguments Work

    Recognize Kinds of Narrative Arguments

    Build a Narrative Argument

    Steps To Writing a Narrative Argument

    Leslie Marmon Silko, The Border Patrol State


Chapter 12: Rebuttal Arguments

    Understand How Rebuttal Arguments Work

    Recognize Kinds of Rebuttal Arguments

    Build a Rebuttal Argument

    Steps To Writing a Rebuttal Argument

    Dan Stein, Crossing the Line

    Gregory Rodriguez, Illegal Immigrants—They’re Money

    Sample Student Rebuttal Argument

        Marta Ramos, Oversimplifying the Locavore Ethic


Chapter 13: Proposal Arguments

    Understand How Proposal Arguments Work

    Recognize Components of Proposal Arguments

    Build a Proposal Argument

    Steps to Writing a Proposal Argument

    Glenn Loury, A Nation of Jailers

    Sample Student Proposal Argument

        Kim Lee, Let’s Make It a Real Melting Pot with Presidential Hopes for All


PART 4           Designing and Presenting Arguments


Chapter 14: Designing Multimedia Arguments

    Think About Which Media Will Reach Your Audience

    Know When to Use Visual Evidence

    Design Arguments for Print

    Design Multimedia Arguments


Chapter 15: Presenting Arguments

    Plan a Presentation

    Design Visuals for a Presentation

    Deliver an Effective Presentation



PART 5           Researching Arguments


Chapter 16: Planning Research

    Analyze the Research Task

    Find a Subject

    Ask a Research Question

    Gather Information About the Subject

    Draft a Working Thesis


Chapter 17: Finding Sources

    Develop Strategies for Finding Sources

    Find Sources in Databases

    Find Sources on the Web

    Find Multimedia Sources

    Find Print Sources


Chapter 18: Evaluating and Recording Sources

    Determine the Relevance of Sources

    Determine the Quality of Sources

    Evaluate Database and Print Sources

    Evaluate Web Sources

    Keep Track of Sources


Chapter 19: Writing the Research Project

    Review Your Goals and Plan Your Organization

    Avoid Plagiarism

    Avoid Plagiarism When Quoting Sources

    Avoid Plagiarism When Summarizing and Paraphrasing

    Decide When to Quote and When to Paraphrase

    Write a Draft


Chapter 20: Documenting Sources in MLA Style

    Elements of MLA Documentation

    MLA In-Text Citations

    MLA Works-Cited List: Books

    MLA Works-Cited List: Periodicals

    MLA Works-Cited List: Library Database Sources

    MLA Works-Cited List: Online Sources

    MLA Works-Cited List: Other Sources

    Sample MLA Paper

        Brian Witkowski, Need a Cure for Tribe Fever? How About a Dip in the Lake?


Chapter 21: Documenting Sources in APA Style

    Elements of APA Documentation

    APA In-Text Citations

    APA References List: Books

    APA References List: Periodicals

    APA References List: Library Database Sources

    APA References List: Online Sources

    APA References List: Other Sources



PART 6   Contemporary Arguments


Chapter 22: Negotiating the Environment 

    American Environmentalism

    Contemporary Arguments

        Rachel Carson, The Obligation to Endure

        Edward O. Wilson, The Conservation Ethic

        Sidebar: Aldo Leopold, from The Land Ethic 

        Chris Packham and Mark Wright, Should Pandas Be Left to Face Extinction? 

        Wendell Berry, Manifesto: Mad Farmer Liberation Front

    Issue in Focus: Climate Change

        Al Gore, What Is Global Warming?

        Al Gore, Ten Things to Do to Help Stop Global Warming

        Christopher C. Horner, Top Ten “Global-Warming” Myths

        Glen McCoy, And Looking at Our Extended Forecast… (cartoon)

        James MacLeod, …I Suggest We Do Nothing Drastic (cartoon)

        George Will, Dark Green Doomsayers

        Chris Mooney, Climate Change Myths and Facts

        James Murdock, Clean Energy That Conservatives Can Embrace

        Alex Williams, Buying into the Green Movement

        Sidebar: How “Green” Is Your T-Shirt? 

    From Reading to Writing 


Chapter 23: Confronting Sexual Difference

    Sexual Difference in American Culture

    Contemporary Arguments

        Carmen Vazquez, Appearances

        James Kirchick, Tripping Over a Leg Up

        Ann Lamont, What’s Wrong with Being Gay? Homosexual behavior versus the Bible

        Peter J. Gomes, Homophobic? Read Your Bible

        Ryan T. Anderson, Struggling Alone

        Andrew Sullivan, They Also Served

        David Horowitz, Why Gays Shouldn’t Serve

        Alexa Hackbarth, Vanity, Thy Name Is Metrosexual

        Heather Havrilesky, Meet the Smoothies

    Issue in Focus: Same-sex Marriage 

        Proposed Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

        Matt Davies, We’re Here to Defend A Sacred Institution (cartoon)

        House of Representatives, The Defense of Marriage Act

        Theodore Olson. The Conservative Case for Gay Marrriage

        Anna Quindlen, Evan’s Two Moms

        Michael Lindenberger, A Gay-Marriage Solution: End Marriage?

    From Reading to Writing


Chapter 24: Globalization: Importing and Exporting America

    America’s Place in the World–and the World’s Place in America

    Contemporary Arguments

        Aislin, Ain’t Globalization Grand? (cartoon)

        Todd Gitlin, Under the Sign of Mickey Mouse & Co.

        Laura Carlsen, Wal-Mart vs. Pyramids    

        Thomas Friedman, Why the World is Flat

        Sidebar: The 10 Great Levelers

        Robyn Meredith and Suzanne Hoppough, Why Globalization is Good

        Sadanand Dhume. Slumdog Paradox

     Issue in Focus: Immigration    

        Patrick J. Buchanan, To Reunite a Nation

        Henry Payne, The Bad News Is ¼ (cartoon)

        Mae M. Ngai, No Human Being Is Illegal

        Sidebar: Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus

        Sidebar: Thomas Bailey Aldrich, The Unguarded Gates 

        Sidebar: Phil Ochs, Bracero

        Lance Morrow, Cowboys and Immigrants

    From Reading to Writing    


Chapter 25: Science and Ethics

    The Ethics of Science and Technology

    Contemporary Arguments

        Doug Savage, At Last! (cartoon)

        Bill Joy, Why the Future Doesn’t Need Us

        Ralph C. Merkle, Nanotechnology: Designs for the Future

        Bill Gates, A Robot in Every Home

        Paul Marks, Armchair Warlords and Robot Hordes

        Sally Satel, Organs for Sale

        Ron Reagan, Speech at the Democratic National Convention, July 21, 2004

        Richard M. Doerflinger, Don’t Clone Ron Reagan’s Agenda

        Gary Varvel, I Died Waiting for Embryonic Stem Cell Research… (cartoon)

    Issue In Focus: Is Genetically Modified Food a Boon or a Risk?

        Mark Anslow, Ten Reasons Why GM Won’t Feed the World

        James Freeman, You’re Eating Genetically Modified Food

       Sidebar: A Conversation with Nina V. Fedoroff

        Jeffrey Smith, Another Reason for Schools to Ban Genetically Engineered Foods

        Ben Burkett, Green Revolution a Failure in Africa    

        Gregory Jaffe, Lessen the Fear of Genetically Engineered Crops

    From Reading to Writing


Chapter 26: Privacy

    New Challenges to Personal Privacy

    Contemporary Arguments

        Adam Penenberg, The Surveillance Society

        John McPherson, It’s Part of the Government’s New Emphasis… (cartoon)

        Robert X. Cringely, Facebook Puts Your Privacy on Parade

        Jonathan Locker, OnStar: Big Brother’s Eye in the Sky

        Dahlia Lithwick, Teens, Nude Photos and the Law

        Jay Stanley, ACLU Opposes Body Cavity Searches for Airline Passengers

        Adam Cohen, A Casualty of the Technology Revolution: “Locational Privacy”

    Issue in Focus: Biometrics: Measuring the Body for Identity

        Steven C. Bennett, Privacy Implications of Biometrics

        Paul Saffo, A Trail of DNA and Data

        FBI, Using Technology to Catch Criminals

        Sidebar: Voice Verification for Transactions

        Ben Goldacre, Now for ID Cards–and the Biometric Blues

From Reading to Writing


Chapter 27: Regulating Substances, Regulating Bodies

    Private Bodies, Public Controls

    Contemporary Arguments

        Joe Klein, Why Legalizing Marijuana Makes Sense

        Bernadine Healy, Legalize Marijuana? Obama Was Right to Say No

        Bill James, Cooperstown and the ‘Roids

        Terrence Rafferty, Kate Winslet, Please Save Us!

        Unilever Corporation, She Thinks She’s Fat

        Rebecca Traister, “Real Beauty”–Or Really Smart Marketing?

        Consumer Freedom, Obesity Ads

        David Edelstien, Up in Smoke: Give Movies with Tobacco an Automatic “R”

        Tony Newman, Criminalizing Smoking Is Not the Answer: Bans on Cloves and Outdoor Smoking will Backfire!

        Outdoor Smoking will Backfire!

        American Legacy Foundation, Antismoking Ad

        Garry Trudeau, Doonesbury: The Sin Lobby Gins Up for Another Year (cartoon)

        Pippa Wysong, Modified

        Ed Lewis, The Subtext of All Tattoos (cartoon)

    Issue in Focus: Drinking on College Campuses    

        Jeff Keacher, Accomplishments As…(cartoon)

        John McCardell, A Drinking Age of 21 Doesn’t Work

        Morris E. Chafetz, The 21-Year-Old Drinking Age: I Voted for It; It Doesn’t Work

        Toben F. Nelson, Traci L. Toomey, and co-authors, The Drinking Age of 21 Saves Lives

        Hallie Busta, Keep the Drinking Age the Same–It Saves Lives

        James Hibberd, Barhopping with the Bud Girls 

        Mothers Against Drunk Driving, Like Father, Like Son Ad

    From Reading to Writing


Chapter 28: New Media

    Personal Space in Cyberspace

    Contemporary Arguments

        Andrew Keen, Is Google’s Data Grinder Dangerous?

        Sidebar: John Perry Barlow, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace 

        John Seigenthaler, A False Wikipedia “Biography”

        Walt Handelsman, Information Superhighway (cartoon)

        Michael Gerson, Where the Avatars Roam

        Mohammad Yahia, The Future of Virtual Worlds: At the Crossroads Between Real and Sci-Fi

        Daniel Okrent, The Death of Print?

        David Carr, Why Twitter Will Endure

    Issue in Focus: Are Videogames Good For You?    

        John C. Beck and Mitchell Wade, How the Gamer Revolution Is Reshaping Business Forever

        James Paul Gee, Games, Not Schools, Are Teaching Kids to Think

        Chris Kohler, Diary: One Week of Playing Wii Fit

        Kevin Moss, The Enemy of Irony Is My Friend

        Clay Shirky, Gin, Television, and Social Surplus

    From Reading to Writing    




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