Governance Networks in Public Administration and Public Policy

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-07-23
  • Publisher: Routledge
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What do public administrators and policy analysts have in common? Their work is undertaken within networks formed when different organizations align to accomplish some kind of policy function. To be effective, they must find ways to navigate complexity and generate effective results. Governance Networks in Public Administration and Public Policy describes a variety of trends and movements that have contributed to the complexity of these systems and the challenges that must be faced as a result.Providing a theoretical and empirical foundation in governance networks, the book offers a conceptual framework for describing governance networks and provides a holistic way to conceive their construction. The text details the skills and functions of public administrators in the context of networked relationships and presents the theoretical foundations to analyze governance networks. It identifies the reforms and trends in governing that led to governance networks, explains the roles that various actors take on through networked relationships, highlights the challenges involved in the failure of networked activities, and illustrates how policy tools are mobilized by these relationships.Be a part of building governance networks 2.0!The author's website contains support materials such as PowerPoint® presentations, writable case study templates, and other useful items related to building the field's capacity to describe, evaluate, and design governance networks using the framework of this book. You can post case studies of governance networks, draw on other's case study materials, and learn about research and educational opportunities.Based on research and real-life experience, the book highlights the interplay between public actors and policy tools. The authors demystify this complex topic of governance networks and explore the practical applications of the conceptual framework. Practical and accessible, the book presents concepts in such a way that readers can engage in these ideas, apply them, and deepen their understanding of the dynamics unfolding around them.

Table of Contents

List of Figuresp. xvii
List of Tablesp. xix
Prefacep. xxi
Introduction: Why Governance Networks?p. xxiii
About the Authorsp. xxxv
The Emergence of Governance Networks: Historical Context, Contemporary Trends, and Considerationsp. 1
Networks as an Inherent Property of the U.S. Governmentp. 2
Federalismp. 7
Networks as an Inherent Property of Intersector Relations in the United Statesp. 9
Government-Nonprofit Relationsp. 10
Government-Corporation Relationsp. 12
Contemporary Trends Shaping Innovation in Governance Networksp. 14
The Persistence of Wicked Problemsp. 14
The Move to Devolvep. 16
The Move to Privatizep. 17
The Move to Partnerp. 20
The Move to Regulate and Nationalizep. 22
Types of Networks Arising out of These Trendsp. 22
The States: Withering State or Democratic Anchorage?p. 24
Descriptive Considerationsp. 28
Administrative Considerationsp. 31
Accountability Considerationsp. 35
Performance Considerationsp. 37
Defining the Governance Networkp. 41
Fundamentals of Social Network Analysisp. 42
The Place of Interorganizational Networks in Public Administration, Policy, and Governance Studiesp. 44
The Networked Properties of Governance Processesp. 46
Discerning the Properties of Governance Networksp. 55
The Conceptual Architecture of the Bookp. 59
Summaryp. 60
Characteristics of Actors Participating within Governance Networksp. 67
Goal and Role Orientation of Network Actorsp. 68
Social Sectorp. 70
Geographic Scalep. 74
Scale of Social Nodesp. 77
Nodes as Organizations and Institutionsp. 79
Nodes as Groups of Individuals/Communities of Practicep. 79
Nodes as Individual Peoplep. 81
Spanning Social Scalesp. 82
Center, Periphery, and Trajectoriesp. 82
Variation in Actor Resources and Stock of Available Resources to/Provided by Actorsp. 84
Financial Capitalp. 86
Physical Capitalp. 86
Natural Capitalp. 86
Human Capitalp. 89
Social Capitalp. 89
Political Capitalp. 90
Cultural Capitalp. 91
Knowledge/Intellectual Capitalp. 92
Actor Characteristics: A Reviewp. 92
Characteristics of Ties between Actorsp. 95
Social Exchange Theoryp. 96
Resources Exchangedp. 99
Formality and the Coordination of Tiesp. 101
Strength of Tiesp. 102
Flow of Authority across Tiesp. 104
Command and Controlp. 107
Concession and Comprisep. 108
Cooperation and Collaborationp. 109
Competitionp. 111
Characteristics of Ties: A Reviewp. 112
Network-Wide Functionsp. 115
Network-Wide Functionsp. 116
Operating Functionsp. 117
Coordinating Actionp. 118
Mobilizing and Exchanging Resourcesp. 118
Diffusing and Sharing Informationp. 118
Building Capacityp. 119
Learning and Transferring Knowledgep. 119
Policy Stream Functionsp. 120
Defining and Framing Problemsp. 121
Designing and Planning Policyp. 122
Coordinating Policyp. 123
Implementing Policy through Regulationp. 123
Implementing Policy through Service Deliveryp. 124
Evaluating Policyp. 124
Bringing Political Alignmentp. 124
Policy Domain Functionsp. 125
Network Functions: A Reviewp. 127
Network-Wide Structuresp. 131
Policy Toolsp. 132
Macro-Level Network Governance Structurep. 137
Configurations of Governance Network Structurep. 140
Intergovernmental Relations (IGRs)p. 141
Intragovernmental Relationsp. 145
Interest Group Coalitions (IGCs)p. 145
Regulatory Subsystems (RSSs)p. 149
Grant and Contract Agreements (GCAs)p. 152
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs)p. 154
Regional and Geogovernance (GG)p. 158
Network Structures: A Reviewp. 159
Governance Networks as Complex Systems Dynamicsp. 163
Permeability and Openness of Boundaries and Bordersp. 166
System Boundariesp. 168
Input-Output Flowsp. 171
Inputsp. 172
Processesp. 172
Outputsp. 173
Outcomesp. 173
Feedbackp. 174
Negative Feedbackp. 175
Positive Feedbackp. 176
The Medium of Feedback in Governance Networksp. 177
Policy Tools and Feedbackp. 178
Representation and Interest Group Competition as Feedbackp. 179
Acts of Administration as Feedbackp. 180
Accountability as Feedbackp. 180
Performance Measurement as Feedbackp. 180
Network Governance as a Systems Constructp. 181
Governance Networks as Complex Adaptive Systemsp. 183
How are Governance Networks Managed?p. 189
The Convergence of Public Administration Paradigmsp. 190
The Contribution of Classical PA to a Network Administration Paradigmp. 190
The Contribution of New Public Management to a Network Administration Paradigmp. 192
The Contribution of Collaborative Public Management to a Network Administration Paradigmp. 194
A Governance Network Administration Paradigmp. 196
Governance Network Administration (GNA) Strategiesp. 199
Oversight and Mandatingp. 200
Providing Resourcesp. 202
Negotiating and Bargainingp. 202
Facilitationp. 205
Participatory Governancep. 207
Boundary Spanning and Brokeringp. 210
Systems Thinkingp. 211
Decision Architectures, Communities of Practice, and Administrative Discretionp. 214
How Does Governance Network Administration Differ across Social Sectors?p. 219
Summary Implications for the Role of Managing Mixed-Actor Governance Networksp. 222
The Hybridized Accountability Regimes of Governance Networksp. 225
Governance and Accountabilityp. 225
Modes of Sector Governancep. 227
Corporate Governancep. 230
Nonprofit Governancep. 234
Governance of Governmentsp. 236
Democratic Anchoragep. 240
Accountability in Terms of Relationships between Network Actorsp. 242
A Governance Network Accountability Frameworkp. 243
Democratic Framep. 246
Market Framep. 248
Administrative Framep. 249
Overlapping Accountability Framesp. 250
Implications of Sector Blurringp. 251
Nonprofit-Government Accountability Alignmentsp. 252
Corporation-Government Accountability Alignmentsp. 253
Hybridization of Accountability Regimesp. 258
Governance Network Performance Management and Measurementp. 261
Governance and Performancep. 262
The Performance Measurement Movementp. 263
Performance Management Systemsp. 265
Challenging the Performance Paradigmp. 269
Challenges for Performance Management Systems in Governance Networksp. 272
Using Data to Drive Decisions and Actionsp. 276
Performance Management and Network Accountabilityp. 278
Governance Networks Analysis: Implications for Practice, Education, and Researchp. 285
Deepening Our Situational Awareness of Governance Networksp. 286
Integration of Governance Network Analysis into Formal Education and Trainingp. 288
Case Study Analysisp. 291
Hypothesis Generation: Deductive Testing Leading to Generalizationp. 292
Modeling Complex Governance Networksp. 296
Utilizing Action Research and Modeling to Inform Planning Design and Practicep. 297
Governance Networks, 2.0p. 299
Conclusion: Smart (Democratic) Governance Systemsp. 301
Smart Systems as Ensuring Democratic Anchoragep. 302
Smart Systems as Governing Dynamic Networksp. 304
Bibliographyp. 307
Governance Network Taxonomyp. 331
Case Study Templatep. 337
Indexp. 343
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