A History of African-American Leadership

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2012-04-26
  • Publisher: Routledge

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An updated and thoroughly revised account of black protest movements in America. The story of black emancipation is one of the most dramatic themes of American history, covering racism, murder, poverty and extreme heroism. Figures such as Malcolm X and Martin Luther King are the demigods of the freedom movements, both film and household figures. This major text explores the African-American experience of the twentieth century with particular reference to six outstanding race leaders. Their philosophies and strategies for racial advancement are compared and set against the historical framework and constraints within which they functioned. The book examines the 'grass roots' of black protest movements in America, paying particular attention to the major civil rights organizations as well as black separatist groups such as the Nation of Islam. An introductory chapter begins the story with a look at black protest and 'accommodation' during the slavery era.

Author Biography

Bruce J. Dierenfield is Professor of History, Director of the All-College Honors Program, and former Peter Canisius Distinguished Teaching Professor of the African-American Experience at Canisius College in Buffalo, New York. He is the award-winning author of four previous books, including The Civil Rights Movement (Pearson, rev. ed.).

John White, now retired, was Senior Lecturer in American History in the Department of American Studies at the University of Hull. He has also taught at the Universities of Michigan, Rochester, Rutgers, California State and Alabama.

Table of Contents

Preface to Third Editionp. viii
Acknowledgementsp. xii
List of Platesp. xvi
Introduction: African-American Leaders and Limited Optionsp. 1
Perspectives: Black protest and accommodation, 1800-1877p. 4
Prom Booker T. Washington to Barack Obamap. 16
Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegeep. 25
Perspectives: Separate and unequal: Southern race relations, 1865-1895p. 26
Booker T. Washington: Early lifep. 31
Tuskegeep. 34
The Atlanta Compromise addressp. 37
Up from Slaveryp. 41
Race leaderp. 43
A black Benedict Arnold?p. 47
Assessmentp. 50
W.E.B. Du Bois: Talented Propagandistp. 58
Perspectives: Northern blacks organize for protest, 1890-1910p. 58
W.E.B. Du Bois: Biographyp. 62
The Crisis editorp. 67
Pan-Africanismp. 75
A leader without followers, 1934-1963p. 78
Assessmentp. 82
Marcus Garvey: Black Mosesp. 88
Perspectives: The northern black ghetto, 1900-1920p. 88
Marcus Garvey: Black Jamaicanp. 92
The Universal Negro Improvement Associationp. 94
Garvey in Americap. 96
The Black Star Linep. 99
Garveyismp. 104
Garvey and his black criticsp. 106
Du Bois and Garveyp. 109
Assessmentp. 113
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Apostle of Nonviolencep. 121
Perspectives: A New Deal for African Americans? Civil rights and black protest, 1932-1954p. 122
Martin Luther King, Jr.: The making of a leaderp. 132
The Southern Christian Leadership Conferencep. 136
MLK and JFKp. 140
Albany, Birmingham, and the March on Washingtonp. 141
St. Augustine and Selmap. 145
Chicago, Black Power, and Vietnamp. 148
The Poor People's Campaign and the Memphis strikep. 151
Assessmentp. 154
Malcolm X: "The Angriest Negro in America"p. 164
Perspectives: Black nationalism after Garvey, the separatist impulse, 1930-1950p. 164
Malcolm Little to Malcolm Xp. 170
Malcolm X: Muslimp. 177
The Autobiography of Malcolm Xp. 182
Malcolm X and his black criticsp. 186
Assessmentp. 189
African-American Women: Heroines and Trailblazersp. 197
Perspectives: African-American women as leadersp. 197
Harriet Tubmanp. 201
Ida B. Wellsp. 205
Mary McLeod Bethunep. 211
Fannie Lou Hamerp. 217
Condoleezza Ricep. 223
Oprah Winfreyp. 230
Assessmentp. 236
Jesse Jackson: The Rainbow Manp. 244
Perspectives: From Black Power to political power, 1960sp. 244
Black Power: "Old Wine in New Bottles"?p. 246
Jesse Jackson: From A&T to Rainbow/PUSHp. 251
Presidential contenderp. 261
Assessmentp. 267
Barack Obama: America's First Black Presidentp. 272
Perspectives: The newest African-American leadersp. 272
Dreams from My Fatherp. 276
Black man headed to the White Housep. 283
Obama's presidencyp. 298
Assessmentp. 306
Conclusionp. 315
Selected Bibliographyp. 320
Indexp. 371
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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