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9780521603973

A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521603973

  • ISBN10:

    0521603978

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-04-13
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

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Summary

The Kingdom of Portugal was created as a by-product of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. With no geographical raison d'ĂȘtre and no obvious political roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it for long remained a small, struggling realm on Europe's outer fringe. Then, in the early fifteenth century, this unlikely springboard for Western expansion suddenly began to accumulate an empire of its own, eventually extending more than halfway around the globe. The History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, drawing particularly on historical scholarship postdating the 1974 Portuguese Revolution, offers readers a comprehensive overview and reinterpretation of how all this happened - the first such account to appear in English for more than a generation. Volume I concerns the history of Portugal itself from pre-Roman times to the climactic French invasion of 1807, and Volume II traces the history of the Portuguese overseas empire.

Author Biography

A. R. Disney was educated at Oxford and Harvard universities and has taught history at Melbourne and La Trobe universities. His publications include Twilight of the Pepper Empire (1978) and numerous articles, papers, and essays, published variously in the Economic History Review, Studia, Indica, Mare Liberum, Anais de Historia de Alem-mar, and other journals and proceedings.

Table of Contents

Contents for Volume 2p. ix
Abbreviationsp. xiii
List of mapsp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
Mapsp. xxiii
Introduction: The Geographical Settingp. 1
Hunter-Gatherers to Iron Age Farmersp. 5
The early hunter-gatherersp. 5
The Neolithic revolutionp. 7
The metallurgical culturesp. 8
The coming of the Celtsp. 13
Orientalisationp. 16
The Roman Experiencep. 20
The Roman conquestp. 20
Towns and roadsp. 23
Villas and minesp. 26
Free and slavep. 28
Roman administration and the idea of Portugalp. 30
The godsp. 32
The Germanic Kingdomsp. 34
The barbarian invasionsp. 34
The Suevic kingdomp. 37
The Visigothsp. 40
Society and economyp. 42
Church, faith and phobiasp. 46
Gharb al-Andalusp. 51
The Muslim conquestp. 51
Islamic rulep. 53
Social and economic fabricp. 57
Muslim faith and culturep. 61
Christians and Jews under Islamp. 62
The Christian Reconquest of the Northp. 65
The Medieval Kingdomp. 70
The condado Portucalensep. 70
Afonso Henriques and the founding of the kingdomp. 74
Expanding southp. 77
The fates of the conqueredp. 82
Settling and developingp. 83
Castles, churches and religious institutionsp. 86
Crown, seigneurs and ecclesiastical rightsp. 90
Afonso III and King Dinisp. 93
The Fourteenth Centuryp. 95
Becoming a nationp. 95
The economic basep. 97
Towns and the beginnings of commercial capitalismp. 100
The ordering of society: theory and practicep. 102
The Black Death and its aftermathp. 107
Afonso IV and Pedro Ip. 111
Fernando and the Castilian warsp. 113
Dynastic crisis: a Castilian usurper or a Portuguese bastard?p. 117
Aljubarrotap. 120
The Making of Avis Portugalp. 122
The coming of Joao I: a bourgeois revolution?p. 122
Settling the dynasty: war, peace and royal marriagesp. 124
Change and continuity in the noble estatep. 126
King Duarte and the regency of Prince Pedrop. 128
Regression under Afonso Vp. 131
Joao II, noble conspiracies and royal powerp. 133
Joao II: the later yearsp. 136
Law and taxesp. 137
The changing art of warp. 140
The Golden Agep. 143
The character and contradictions of the Golden Agep. 143
The Golden Age economyp. 145
The court and the king's majestyp. 149
The Castilian connection and the Jewsp. 151
Elite society, government and bureaucracyp. 154
Church reform without a Reformationp. 159
Social welfare and the Misericordiap. 162
The Portuguese literary Renaissancep. 163
The Artsp. 166
The Tarnished Agep. 172
Joao III and his fated familyp. 172
Sebastiao and Henriquep. 173
A faltering economy?p. 176
The coming of the Inquisitionp. 180
The Inquisition in actionp. 182
Portugal, the Council of Trent and the Jesuitsp. 186
The fate of Letters and the Artsp. 189
The crisis of 1580 and the succession of Filipe Ip. 192
Habsburg Portugalp. 198
Filipe I in Lisbonp. 198
Institutional change, marginalisation and ambiguous autonomyp. 200
The Habsburg economyp. 204
The union of crowns and foreign relationsp. 209
The reform program of Olivaresp. 212
The defection of the Portuguese nobilityp. 215
The revolt of 1640p. 218
Restoration and Reconstructionp. 221
The Restorationp. 221
Joao IV, war and diplomacyp. 225
Afonso VI and national survivalp. 228
Pedro II and the stabilising of the Braganca monarchyp. 232
The internal balance of powerp. 235
The seventeenth-century cortesp. 240
Restoration Portugal in the international economyp. 243
The Age of Gold and Baroque Splendourp. 249
Setting the scenep. 249
Gold, diamonds and Joao Vp. 252
Population and agriculturep. 256
The wine industry and the patterns of overseas tradep. 259
Eighteenth-century Joanine absolutismp. 264
Baroque culture and the royal courtp. 268
The Enlightenment and the Portuguese publicp. 274
The Age of Pombalp. 280
Pombal and Pombalismp. 280
The 1755 earthquakep. 283
Pombal and Portuguese tradep. 286
Pombaline industrial and agrarian reformp. 289
The cowing of the higher nobilityp. 292
Pombaline regalism and the expulsion of the Jesuitsp. 298
Defence and educationp. 305
The Late Eighteenth Century: Finale of the Old Regimep. 311
Maria I and the viradeirap. 311
The Marian economy and the Marian Enlightenmentp. 314
Subversion, police and internal securityp. 319
Prince Joao and a world in turmoilp. 322
1807: the ano tormentosop. 328
Glossaryp. 334
Bibliographyp. 341
Indexp. 356
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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