A History of Western Society, Volume B

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  • Edition: 12th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2016-09-07
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Praised by instructors and students alike for its readability and attention to everyday life, the twelfth edition of A History of Western Society includes many tools to engage today's students and save instructors time. This edition features a comprehensive primary source program, five chapters devoted to the lives of ordinary people that make the past real and relevant, and the best and latest scholarship throughout. Enhanced with a wealth of digital content in LaunchPad, the twelfth edition provides easily assignable options for instructors and novel ways for students to master the content. Integrated with LearningCurve, an adaptive online resource that helps students retain the material and come to class prepared.

Author Biography

John P. McKay (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor emeritus at the University of Illinois. He has written or edited numerous works, including the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize-winning book Pioneers for Profit: Foreign Entrepreneurship and Russian Industrialization, 1885-1913.

Clare Haru Crowston (Ph.D., Cornell University) teaches at the University of Illinois, where she is currently associate professor of history. She is the author of Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791, which won the Berkshire and Hagley Prizes. She edited two special issues of the Journal of Women's History, has published numerous journal articles and reviews, and is a past president of the Society for French Historical Studies.

Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) taught first at Augustana College in Illinois, and since 1985 at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where she is currently UWM Distinguished Professor in the department of history. She is the coeditor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of more than twenty books, most recently The Marvelous Hairy Girls: The Gonzales Sisters and Their Worlds and Gender in History. She is the former Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.

Joe Perry (Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) is Associate Professor of modern German and European history at Georgia State University. He has published numerous articles and is author of Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History (2010). His current research interests focus on issues of consumption, gender, and popular culture in West Germany and Western Europe after World War II.

Table of Contents

 Please note:
The Combined Volume includes all chapters.
Volume 1 includes Chapters 1-16.
Volume 2 includes Chapters 14-30.
Volume A includes Chapters 1-12.
Volume B includes Chapters 11-19.
Volume C includes Chapters 19-30.
Since 1300 includes Chapters 11-30. NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading exercises, author features, LearningCurve adaptive quizzes, and summative quizzes– has been indicated on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, videos, key terms flashcards, map quizzes, timeline activities, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.

Versions and Supplements
Maps, Figures, and Tables
Special Features

11 The Later Middle Ages 1300–1450
Guided Reading Exercise
Prelude to Disaster
Climate Change and Famine
Social Consequences
The Black Death
Spread of the Disease
Care of the Sick
Economic, Religious, and Cultural Effects
Evaluating the Evidence 11.1: Dance of Death
The Hundred Years’ War
English Successes
Joan of Arc and France’s Victory
Evaluating the Evidence 11.2: The Trial of Joan of Arc
Challenges to the Church
The Babylonian Captivity and Great Schism
Critiques, Divisions, and Councils
Lay Piety and Mysticism
Social Unrest in a Changing Society
Peasant Revolts
Urban Conflicts
Sex in the City
Fur-Collar Crime
Ethnic Tensions and Restrictions
Literacy and Vernacular Literature
Evaluating the Evidence 11.3: Christine de Pizan, Advice to the Wives of Artisans
Review & Explore
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Mapping the Past: The Course of the Black Death in Fourteenth-Century Europe
Living in the Past: Treating the Plague
Individuals in Society: Meister Eckhart
Thinking Like a Historian: Popular Revolts in the Late Middle Ages
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

11. Documents from Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 11 LaunchPad
Document 11-1: Giovanni Boccaccio, The Decameron: The Plague Hits Florence (ca. 1350)
Document 11-2: Angelo di Tura, Sienese Chronicle (1348–1351)
Document 11-3: The Anonimalle Chronicle: The English Peasants’ Revolt (1381)
Document 11-4: Petrarca-Meister, The Social Order (ca. 1515)
Document 11-5: Catherine of Siena, Letter to Gregory XI (1372)
Document 11-6: The Debate Over Joan of Arc’s Clothes (1429)
Quiz for Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 11

12 European Society in the Age of the Renaissance 1350–1550
Guided Reading Exercise
Wealth and Power in Renaissance Italy
Trade and Prosperity
Communes and Republics of Northern Italy
City-States and the Balance of Power
Evaluating the Evidence 12.1: A Sermon of Savonarola
Intellectual Change
Political Thought
Christian Humanism
The Printed Word
Evaluating the Evidence 12.2: Thomas More, Utopia
Art and the Artist
Patronage and Power
Changing Artistic Style
The Renaissance Artist
Social Hierarchies
Race and Slavery
Wealth and the Nobility
Gender Roles
Politics and the State in Western Europe
Evaluating the Evidence 12.3: A Gold Coin of Ferdinand and Isabella
Review & Explore
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Thinking Like a Historian: Humanist Learning
Mapping the Past: The Growth of Printing in Europe, 1448–1552
Individuals in Society: Leonardo da Vinci
Living in the Past: Male Clothing and Masculinity
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

12. Documents from Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 12 LaunchPad
Document 12-1: Petrarch, Letter to Livy (1350)
Document 12-2: Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince (1513)
Document 12-3: Baldassare Castiglione, The Book of the Courtier (1528)
Document 12-4: Desiderius Erasmus, The Education of a Christian Prince (1404)
Document 12-5: Christine de Pizan, The Book of the City of Ladies: Against Those Men Who Claim It Is Not Good for Women to Be Educated (1404)
Document 12-6: Artemisia Gentileschi, Susannah and the Elders (1610)
Document 12-7: Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith and Holofernes (1610)
Quiz for Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 12

13 Reformations and Religious Wars 1500–1600
Guided Reading Exercise
The Early Reformation
The Christian Church in the Early Sixteenth Century
Martin Luther
Protestant Thought
The Appeal of Protestant Ideas
The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants’ War
Marriage, Sexuality, and the Role of Women
Evaluating the Evidence 13.1: Martin Luther, On Christian Liberty
Evaluating the Evidence 13.2: Domestic Scene
The Reformation and German Politics
The Rise of the Habsburg Dynasty
Religious Wars in Switzerland and Germany
The Spread of Protestant Ideas
Henry VIII and the Reformation in England
Upholding Protestantism in England
The Reformation in Eastern Europe
Evaluating the Evidence 13.3: Elizabethan Injunctions About Religion
The Catholic Reformation
Papal Reform and the Council of Trent
New and Reformed Religious Orders
Religious Violence
French Religious Wars
The Netherlands Under Charles V
The Great European Witch-Hunt
Review & Explore
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Living in the Past: Uses of Art in the Reformation
Individuals in Society: Anna Jansz of Rotterdam
Thinking Like a Historian: Social Discipline in the Reformation
Mapping the Past: Religious Divisions in Europe, ca. 1555
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

13. Documents from Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 13 LaunchPad
Document 13-1: Martin Luther, Ninety-five Theses on the Power of Indulgences (1517)
Document 13-2: Hans Holbein the Younger, Luther as the German Hercules (ca. 1519)
Document 13-3: Jean Bodin, On the Demon-Mania of Witches (1580)
Document 13-4: Elizabeth Fox Confesses to Witchcraft (1566)
Document 13-5: John Calvin, The Institutes of Christian Religion (1559)
Document 13-6: Ignatius of Loyola, Rules for Right Thinking (1548)
Quiz for Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 13

14 European Exploration and Conquest 1450–1650
Guided Reading Exercise
World Contacts Before Columbus
The Trade World of the Indian Ocean
The Trading States of Africa
The Ottoman and Persian Empires
Genoese and Venetian Middlemen
The European Voyages of Discovery
Causes of European Expansion
Technology and the Rise of Exploration
The Portuguese Overseas Empire
Spain’s Voyages to the Americas
Spain "Discovers" the Pacific
Early Exploration by Northern European Powers
Evaluating the Evidence 14.1: Columbus Describes His First Voyage
Conquest and Settlement
Spanish Conquest of the Aztec and Inca Empires
Portuguese Brazil
Colonial Empires of England and France
Colonial Administration
The Era of Global Contact
Indigenous Population Loss and Economic Exploitation
Life in the Colonies
The Columbian Exchange
Sugar and SlaverySpanish Silver and Its Economic Effects
The Birth of the Global Economy
Evaluating the Evidence 14.2: Interpreting the Spread of Disease Among Natives
Changing Attitudes and Beliefs
Religious Conversion
European Debates About Indigenous Peoples
New Ideas About Race
Michel de Montaigne and Cultural Curiosity
William Shakespeare and His Influence
Evaluating the Evidence 14.3: Tenochtitlan Leaders Respond to Spanish Missionaries
Review & Explore
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Mapping the Past: Overseas Exploration and Conquest in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries
Thinking Like a Historian: Who Was Doña Marina
Living in the Past: Foods of the Columbian Exchange
Individuals in Society: Juan de Pareja
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

14. Documents from Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 14 LaunchPad
Document 14-1: Christopher Columbus, Diario (1492)
Document 14-2: Hernando Cortés, Two Letters to Charles V: On the Conquest of the Aztecs (1521)
Document 14-3: Alvise da Ca' da Mosto, Description of Capo Bianco and the Islands Nearest to It: Fifteenth-Century Slave Trade in West Africa (1455–1456)
Document 14-4: King Nzinga Mbemba Affonso of Congo, Letters on the Slave Trade (1526)
Document 14-5: Saint Francis Xavier, Missionaries in Japan (1552)
Document 14-6: Michel de Montaigne, Of Cannibals (1580)
Quiz for Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 14

15 Absolutism and Constitutionalism ca. 1589–1725
Guided Reading Exercise
Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding
The Social Order and Peasant Life
Famine and Economic Crisis
The Thirty Years’ War
Achievements in State-Building
Warfare and the Growth of Army Size
Popular Political Action
Absolutism in France and Spain
The Foundations of French Absolutism
Louis XIV and Absolutism
Life at Versailles
The French Economic Policy of Mercantilism
Louis XIV’s Wars
The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century
Evaluating the Evidence 15.1: Letter from Versailles
Absolutism in Austria and Prussia
The Return of Serfdom in the East
The Austrian Habsburgs
Prussia in the Seventeenth Century
The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism
The Development of Russia and the Ottoman Empire
Mongol Rule in Russia and the Rise of Moscow
Building the Russian Empire
The Reforms of Peter the Great
The Ottoman Empire
Evaluating the Evidence 15.2: Peter the Great and Foreign Experts
Constitutional Rule in England and the Dutch Republic
Religious Divides and Civil War
The Puritan Protectorate
The Restoration of the English Monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy
The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century
Baroque Art and Music
Evaluating the Evidence 15.3: John Locke, Two Treatises of Government
Review & Explore
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Thinking Like a Historian: What Was Absolutism?
Mapping the Past: Europe After the Peace of Utrecht, 1715
Living in the Past: The Absolutist Palace
Individuals in Society: Hürrem
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

15. Documents from Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 15 LaunchPad
Document 15-1: Henry IV, Edict of Nantes (1598)
Document 15-2: Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture (1679)
Document 15-3: The Bill of Rights (1689)
Document 15-4: Peter the Great, Edicts and Decrees (1699–1723)
Document 15-5: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)
Document 15-6: John Locke, Second Treatise of Civil Government: Vindication for the Glorious Revolution (1690)
Quiz for Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 15

16 Toward a New Worldview 1540–1789
Guided Reading Exercise
The Scientific Revolution
Why Europe?
Scientific Thought to 1500
The Copernican Hypothesis
Brahe, Kepler, and Galileo: Proving Copernicus Right
Newton’s Synthesis
Natural History and Empire
Magic and Alchemy
Evaluating the Evidence 16.1: Galileo Galilei, The Sidereal Messenger
Important Changes in Scientific Thinking and Practice
The Methods of Science: Bacon and Descartes
Medicine, the Body, and Chemistry
Science and Religion
Science and Society
Evaluating the Evidence 16.2: "An Account of a Particular Species of Cocoon"
The Rise and Spread of Enlightenment Thought
The Early Enlightenment
The Influence of the Philosophes
Enlightenment Movements Across Europe
The Social Life of the Enlightenment
Global Contacts
Enlightenment Debates About Race
Women and the Enlightenment
Urban Culture and Life in the Public Sphere
Evaluating the Evidence 16.3: Denis Diderot, "Supplement to Bougainville’s Voyage"
Enlightened Absolutism
Frederick the Great of Prussia
Catherine the Great of Russia
The Austrian Habsburgs
Jewish Life and the Limits of Enlightened Absolutism
Review & Explore
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Thinking Like a Historian: The Enlightenment Debate on Religious Tolerance
Living in the Past: Coffeehouse Culture
Mapping the Past: The Partition of Poland, 1772–1795
Individuals in Society: Moses Mendelssohn and the Jewish Enlightenment
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

Documents from Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 16 LaunchPad
Document 16-1: Nicolaus Copernicus, On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (1542)
Document 16-2: Francis Bacon, On Superstition and the Virtue of Science (1620)
Document 16-3: Frederick the Great, Essay on the Forms of Government (ca. 1740)
Document 16-4: Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, From The Spirit of Laws: On the Separation of Governmental Powers (1748)
Document 16-5: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract: On Popular Sovereignty and the General Will (1762)
Document 16-6: Voltaire, A Treatise on Toleration (1763)
Quiz for Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 16

17 The Expansion of Europe 1650–1800
Guided Reading Exercise
Working the Land
The Legacy of the Open-Field System
New Methods of Agriculture
The Leadership of the Low Countries and England
Evaluating the Evidence 17.1: Arthur Young on the Benefits of Enclosure
The Beginning of the Population Explosion
Long-Standing Obstacles to Population Growth
The New Pattern of the Eighteenth Century
The Growth of Rural Industry
The Putting-Out System
The Lives of Rural Textile Workers
The Industrious Revolution
The Debate over Urban Guilds
Urban Guilds
Adam Smith and Economic Liberalism
Evaluating the Evidence 17.2: Adam Smith on the Division of Labor
The Atlantic World and Global Trade
Mercantilism and Colonial Competition
The Atlantic Economy
The Atlantic Slave Trade
Identities and Communities of the Atlantic World
The Atlantic Enlightenment
Trade and Empire in Asia and the Pacific
Evaluating the Evidence 17.3: Olaudah Equiano’s Economic Arguments for Ending Slavery
Review & Explore
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Mapping the Past:
Industry and Population in Eighteenth-Century Europe
Thinking Like a Historian: Rural Industry: Progress or Exploitation?
Living in the Past: The Remaking of London
Individuals in Society: Rebecca Protten
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

17. Documents from Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 17 LaunchPad
Document 17-1: The Guild System in Germany (1704–1719)
Document 17-2: Thomas Mun, England’s Treasure by Foreign Trade (1664)
Document 17-3: Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations (1776)
Document 17-4: Olaudah Equiano, A Description of the Middle Passage (1789)
Document 17-5: Robert, First Baron Clive, Speech in the House of Commons on India (1772)
Quiz for Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 17

18 Life in the Era of Expansion 1650–1800
Guided Reading Exercise
Marriage and the Family
Late Marriage and Nuclear Families
Work Away from Home
Premarital Sex and Community Controls
New Patterns of Marriage and Illegitimacy
Sex on the Margins of Society
Children and Education
Child Care and Nursing
Foundlings and Infanticide
Attitudes Toward Children
The Spread of Elementary Schools
Evaluating the Evidence 18.1: Parisian Boyhood
Popular Culture and Consumerism
Popular Literature
Leisure and Recreation
New Foods and Appetites
Toward a Consumer Society
Evaluating the Evidence 18.2: A Day in the Life of Paris
Religious Authority and Beliefs
Church Hierarchy
Protestant Revival
Catholic Piety
Marginal Beliefs and Practices
Evaluating the Evidence 18.3: Advice to Methodists
Medical Practice
Faith Healing and General Practice
Improvements in Surgery
The Conquest of Smallpox
Review & Explore
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Mapping the Past: Literacy in France, ca. 1789
The Past Living Now: The Commercialization of Sports
Individuals in Society: Rose Bertin, "Minister of Fashion"
Thinking Like a Historian: A New Subjectivity
Living in the Past: Improvements in Childbirth
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

18. Documents from Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 18 LaunchPad
Document 18-1: Edmond Williamson, Births and Deaths in an English Gentry Family (1709–1720)
Document 18-2: Mary Wortley Montagu, On Smallpox Inoculations (ca. 1717)
Document 18-3: John Locke, Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Document 18-4: John Wesley, The Ground Rules for Methodism (1749)
Document 18-5: Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason (1794)
Quiz for Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 18

19 Revolutions in Politics 1775–1815
Guided Reading Exercise
Background to Revolution
Social Change
Growing Demands for Liberty and Equality
The Seven Years’ War
The American Revolutionary Era, 1775–1789
The Origins of the Revolution
Independence from Britain
Framing the Constitution
Limitations of Liberty and Equality
Evaluating the Evidence 19.1: Abigail Adams, "Remember the Ladies"
Revolution in France, 1789–1791
Breakdown of the Old Order
The Formation of the National Assembly
Popular Uprising and the Rights of Man
A Constitutional Monarchy and Its Challenges
Evaluating the Evidence 19.2: Abbé Sieyès, What Is the Third Estate?
World War and Republican France, 1791–1799
The International Response
The Second Revolution and the New Republic
Total War and the Terror
The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory
Evaluating the Evidence 19.3: Contrasting Visions of the Sans-Culottes
The Napoleonic Era, 1799–1815
Napoleon’s Rule of France
Napoleon’s Expansion in Europe
The Grand Empire and Its End
The Haitian Revolution, 1791–1804
Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue
The Outbreak of Revolt
The War of Haitian Independence
Review & Explore
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Thinking Like a Historian: The Rights of Which Men?
Living in the Past: A Revolution of Culture and Daily Life
Mapping the Past: Napoleonic Europe in 1812
Individuals in Society: Toussaint L’Ouverture
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

19. Documents from Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 19 LaunchPad
Document 19-1: Commissioners of the Third Estate of the Carcassonne, Notebooks of Grievances (1789)
Document 19-2: Abbé Sieyès, What Is the Third Estate? (1789)
Document 19-3: National Assembly of France, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789)
Document 19-4: The Law of 22 Prairial (1794)
Document 19-5: Napoleon Bonaparte, The Napoleonic Code (1804)
Document 19-6: Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)
Document 19-7: François Dominique Toussaint L’Ouverture, A Black Revolutionary Leader in Haiti (1797)
Quiz for Sources for A History of Western Society, Chapter 19

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