9781319304065

A History of World Societies, Value Edition, Volume 1

by ; ; ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319304065

  • ISBN10:

    1319304060

  • Edition: 12th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2020-09-24
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

A History of World Societies provides a concise overview of world history by sharing the cultural stories of global people -- all through a regional lens.

Table of Contents

NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading exercises, quizzes for sources and features, LearningCurve adaptive quizzes, summative quizzes, all of the documents from the companion reader Sources for World Societies, and quizzes for each of the documents in the companion reader – has been labeled on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, key terms flashcards, map quizzes, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.



Contents


Preface


Versions and Supplements


Maps, Figures, and Tables




1


The Earliest Human Societies


to 2500 b.c.e.



Evolution and Migration


Understanding the Early Human Past • Hominin Evolution • Homo Sapiens, "Thinking Humans" • Migration and Differentiation



Later Paleolithic Society, ca. 200,000–9000 b.c.e.


Foraging for Food • Family and Kinship Relationships • Cultural Creations and Spirituality



The Development of Agriculture in the Neolithic Era, ca. 9000 b.c.e.


Plant Domestication and the Development of Horticulture • Animal Domestication and the Rise of Pastoralism • Plow Agriculture



Neolithic Society


Social Hierarchies and Slavery • Gender Hierarchies and Inheritance • Trade and Cross-Cultural Connections



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 1 REVIEW






2


Complex Societies in Southwest Asia and the Nile Valley


3800–500 b.c.e.



Writing, Cities, and States


Written Sources and the Human Past • Cities and the Idea of Civilization • The Rise of States, Laws, and Social Hierarchies



Mesopotamia from Sumer to Babylon


Environmental Challenges, Irrigation, and Religion • Sumerian Politics and Society • Writing, Mathematics, and Poetry • Empires in Mesopotamia • Life Under Hammurabi



The Egyptians


The Nile and the God-King • Egyptian Society and Work • Migrations, Revivals, and Collapse • Iron and the Emergence of New States



The Hebrews


The Hebrew State • The Jewish Religion • Hebrew Family and Society



The Assyrians and Persians


Assyria, the Military Monarchy • The Rise and Expansion of the Persian Empire • The Religion of Zoroaster



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 2 REVIEW





3


The Foundation of Indian Society


to 300 c.e.



The Land and Its First Settlers, ca. 3000–1500 b.c.e.



The Aryans During the Vedic Age, ca. 1500–500 b.c.e.


Aryan Dominance in North India • Life in Early India • Brahmanism



India’s Great Religions


Jainism • Siddhartha Gautama and Buddhism • Hinduism



Western Contact and the Mauryan Unification of North India, ca. 513–185 b.c.e.


Encounters with the West • Chandragupta and the Founding of the Mauryan Empire • The Reign of Ashoka, ca. 269–232 b.c.e.



Small States and Trading Networks, 185 b.c.e.–300 c.e.



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 3 REVIEW





4


China’s Classical Age


to 221 b.c.e.



The Emergence of Civilization in China


The Impact of Geography • Early Agricultural Societies of the Neolithic Age



The Shang Dynasty, ca. 1500–1050 b.c.e.


Shang Society • Bronze Metalworking • The Development of Writing



The Early Zhou Dynasty, ca. 1050–400 b.c.e.


Zhou Politics • Life During the Zhou Dynasty



The Warring States Period, 403–221 b.c.e.


New Technologies for War • The Victorious States



Confucius and His Followers


Confucius • The Spread of Confucian Ideas



Daoism, Legalism, and Other Schools of Thought


Daoism • Legalism • The Workings of Nature



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 4 REVIEW





5


The Greek Experience


3500–30 b.c.e.



Greece in the Bronze Age and the "Dark Age," ca. 3000–800 b.c.e.


The Minoans and Mycenaeans • The "Dark Age"



The Development of the Polis in the Archaic Age, ca. 800–500 b.c.e.


Organization of the Polis • Overseas Expansion and Trade • The Growth of Sparta • The Evolution of Athens



Turmoil and Culture in the Classical Period, 500–338 b.c.e.


The Deadly Conflicts, 499–404 b.c.e. • Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles • Social Hierarchies and Sexual Relations • Public and Personal Religion • The Development of Philosophy



Hellenistic Society, 323–30 b.c.e.


From Polis to Monarchy, 404–200 b.c.e. • Building a Hellenized Society • The Hellenistic Economy



Hellenistic Religion, Philosophy, and Science


Religion in the Hellenistic World • Philosophy and Its Guidance for Life • Hellenistic Science and Medicine



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 5 REVIEW





6


The World of Rome


ca. 1000 b.c.e.–400 c.e.



The Romans in Italy


The Etruscans • The Founding of Rome • The Roman Conquest of Italy • The Roman State • Social Conflict in Rome



Roman Expansion and Its Repercussions


Overseas Conquests and the Punic Wars, 264–133 b.c.e. • New Influences and Old Values in Roman Culture • The Late Republic and the Rise of Augustus, 133–27 b.c.e. • The Successes of Augustus



Rome and the Provinces


Political and Military Changes in the Empire • Life in Imperial Rome • Prosperity and Problems in the Roman Provinces • Eastward Expansion and Contacts Between Rome and China



The Coming of Christianity


Factors Behind the Rise of Christianity • The Life and Teachings of Jesus • The Spread of Christianity • The Growing Acceptance and Evolution of Christianity



Turmoil and Reform


Political Measures • Economic Issues • The Acceptance of Christianity



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 6 REVIEW





7


East Asia and the Spread of Buddhism


221 b.c.e.–845 c.e.



The Age of Empire in China: The Qin and Han Dynasties


The Qin Unification, 221–206 b.c.e. • The Han Dynasty, 206 b.c.e.–220 c.e. • Han Intellectual and Cultural Life • Inner Asia and the Silk Road • Life in Han China • China and Rome • The Fall of the Han and the Age of Division



The Spread of Buddhism Out of India


Buddhism’s Path Through Central Asia • The Appeal and Impact of Buddhism in China



The Chinese Empire Re-created: The Sui and Tang Dynasties


The Sui Dynasty, 581–618 • The Tang Dynasty, 618–907 • Tang Culture



The East Asian Cultural Sphere


Vietnam • Korea • Japan



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 7 REVIEW





8


Continuity and Change in Europe and Western Asia


250–850



The Byzantine Empire


Sources of Byzantine Strength • The Sassanid Empire and Conflicts with Byzantium • Justinian’s Code of Law • Byzantine Learning and Science • Life in Constantinople



The Growth of the Christian Church


The Evolution of Church Leadership and Orthodoxy • The Western Church and the Eastern Church • Christian Monasticism



Christian Ideas and Practices


Christianity and Classical Culture • Saint Augustine on Sin, Grace, and Redemption • The Iconoclastic Controversy



Migrating Peoples


Movement Patterns • Economic and Social Structures • Tribes, Warriors, and Laws



Christian Missionaries and Conversion


Missionaries’ Actions • The Process of Conversion



Frankish Rulers and Their Territories


The Merovingians and Carolingians • The Warrior-Ruler Charlemagne



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 8 REVIEW







9


The Islamic World


600–1400



The Origins of Islam


Society and Culture in the Arabian Peninsula • Muhammad’s Rise as a Religious and Political Leader • The Teachings of Islam



The Expansion of Islam


Islam’s Spread Beyond Arabia • The Shi’a/Sunni Split and the Umayyad Caliphate • The Abbasid Caliphate • The Environmental Impact of Islamic Expansion



Fragmentation and Military Challenges, 900–1400


Breakaway Territories and Shi’a Gains • The Ascendancy of the Turks • The Mongol Invasions



Muslim Society


The Social Hierarchy • Slavery • Women in Islamic Society • Sexuality and Marriage



Cultural Developments


The Cultural Centers of Baghdad and Córdoba • Education • Cultural and Intellectual Life • The Mystical Tradition of Sufism



Trade and Cross-cultural Interactions


Trade and Commerce • Muslim-Christian Encounters



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 9 REVIEW





10


African Societies and Kingdoms


1000 b.c.e.–1500 c.e.



The Land and Peoples of Africa



Early African Societies


Agriculture and Its Impact • Bantu Migrations • Life in the Kingdoms of the Western Sudan, ca. 1000 b.c.e.–800 c.e.



The Trans-Saharan Trade


The Berbers of North Africa • Effects of Trade on West African Society • The Spread of Islam in Africa



African Kingdoms and Empires, ca. 800–1500


The Kingdom of Ghana, ca. 900–1100 • The Kingdom of Mali, ca. 1200–1450 • Ethiopia: The Christian Kingdom of Aksum • The East African City-States • Southern Africa and Great Zimbabwe



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 10 REVIEW






11


The Americas


To 1500 c.e.



Societies of the Americas in a Global Context


Trade and Technology • Settlement and Environment



Ancient Societies


Olmec Agriculture, Technology, and Religion • Hohokam, Hopewell, and Mississippian Societies • Climate Change and North American Societies • Kinship and Ancestors in the Andes



The Incas


The Inca Model of Empire • Inca Imperial Expansion • Imperial Needs and Obligations



The Maya and Teotihuacan


Maya Agriculture and Trade • Maya Science and Religion • Teotihuacan and the Toltecs



The Aztec Empire


The Mexica: From Vassals to Rulers • Life in the Aztec Empire • The Limits of the Aztec Empire



American Empires and the Encounter


The Last Day of the Aztecs • The Fall of the Incas



Chapter Summary



make Connections, look ahead


CHAPTER 11 REVIEW





12


States and Cultures in East Asia


800–1400



The Medieval Chinese Economic Revolution, 800–1100



China During the Song, Liao, and Jin Dynasties, 960–1232


The Song Dynasty and its Northern Rivals • The Scholar-Officials and Neo-Confucianism • Women’s Lives in Song Times • Environmental Crises



Korea Under the Goryeo Dynasty, 935–1392



Japan’s Heian Period, 794–1185


Fujiwara Rule • Aristocratic Culture



The Samurai and the Kamakura Shogunate, 1185–1333


Military Rule • Cultural and Economic Trends



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 12 REVIEW






13


Cultural Exchange in Central and Southern Asia


300–1400



Central Asian Nomads


Nomadic Society • The Turks • The Mongols



Chinggis Khan and the Mongol Empire


Chinggis Khan • Chinggis’s Successors • The Mongols as Rulers



East-West Communication During the Mongol Era


The Movement of Peoples • The Spread of Disease, Goods, and Ideas



India, Islam, and the Development of Regional Cultures, 300–1400


The Gupta Empire, ca. 320–480 • India’s Medieval Age and the First Encounter with Islam • The Delhi Sultanate • Life in Medieval India



Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, and the Growth of Maritime Trade


State Formation and Indian Influences • The Srivijayan Maritime Trade Empire • The Spread of Indian Culture in Comparative Perspective • The Settlement of the Pacific Islands



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 13 REVIEW





14


Europe and Western Asia in the Middle Ages


800–1450



Political Developments


Invasions and Migrations • "Feudalism" and Serfdom • The Restoration of Order • Law and Justice



The Christian Church


Papal Reforms • Monastic Life • Popular Religion • The Expansion of Western and Eastern Christianity



The Crusades


Background and Motives • The Course of the Crusades • Consequences of the Crusades



The Life of the People


The Life and Work of Peasants • The Life and Work of Nobles • Towns, Cities, and the Growth of Commercial Interests • The Expansion of Trade and the Commercial Revolution



Learning and Culture


Universities and Scholasticism • Cathedrals and a New Architectural Style • Vernacular Literature and Drama



Crises of the Later Middle Ages


The Little Ice Age and the Black Death • The Hundred Years’ War • Challenges to the Christian Church • Peasant and Urban Revolts



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 14 REVIEW




15


Europe in the Renaissance and Reformation


1350–1600



Renaissance Culture


Wealth and Power in Renaissance Italy • The Rise of Humanism • Christian Humanism • Printing and Its Social Impact • Art and the Artist



Social Hierarchies


Race and Slavery • Wealth and the Nobility • Gender Roles



Politics and the State in the Renaissance


Warfare, Money, and Mining • France • England • Spain • The Habsburgs



The Protestant Reformation


Criticism of the Church • Martin Luther • Protestant Thought and Its Appeal • The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants’ War • Marriage and Women’s Roles • The Reformation and German Politics • England’s Shift Toward Protestantism • Calvinism and Its Moral Standards



The Catholic Reformation


Papal Reforms and the Council of Trent • New Religious Orders



Religious Violence


French Religious Wars • Civil Wars in the Netherlands • The Great European Witch-Hunt



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 15 REVIEW





16


The Acceleration of Global Contact


1450–1600



The Afro-Eurasian Trade World


The Trade World of the Indian Ocean • Peoples and Cultures of Southeast Asia • Muslim Influences and African Trade • Genoese and Venetian Middlemen



The European Voyages of Discovery


Causes of European Expansion • Technology and the Rise of Exploration • The Portuguese in Africa and Asia • Spain’s Voyages to the Americas • Spain "Discovers" the Pacific • Early Exploration by Northern European Powers



Conquest and Settlement


Spanish Conquest of the Aztec and Inca Empires • Portuguese Brazil • Colonial Administration • Economic Exploitation of the Indigenous Population • Patterns of Settlement



The Era of Global Contact


Population Loss and the Ecological Impacts of Contact • Sugar and Early Transatlantic Slavery • Spanish Silver and Its Economic Effects • The Birth of the Global Economy



Changing Attitudes and Beliefs


Religious Conversion • European Debates About Indigenous Peoples • New Ideas About Race



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 16 REVIEW




Supplemental Materials

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