9780190497682

Honest Work A Business Ethics Reader

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  • ISBN13:

    9780190497682

  • ISBN10:

    0190497688

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2018-07-02
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Designed for undergraduate, graduate, and executive business ethics courses, Honest Work: A Business Ethics Reader, Fourth Edition, demonstrates that business ethics is primarily about the ethics of individuals. With a unique focus on the personal dimension of ethics, it challenges students to consider the relationship between the ways in which people do business and the kind of lives they want to live. It features 105 brief articles and 70 real-life case studies and poses study questions at the end of each reading and chapter. In addition, a chapter on leadership explores the relationship between leadership and ethical behavior in business.

Author Biography


Joanne B. Ciulla is Professor of Leadership Ethics and Director of the Institute for Ethical Leadership at Rutgers Business School.

Clancy Martin is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, Professor of Business Ethics at the Bloch School of Management, and Professor of Philosophy at Ashoka University.

The late Robert C. Solomon was Quincy Lee Centennial Professor of Business and Philosophy and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin.

Table of Contents


*=New to this Edition
Each chapter opens with an Introduction.
Preface
Introduction: Getting to Work
Box: "Three Questions for Thinking About Ethics"
Robert Audi, "Some Approaches to Determining Ethical Obligations"
Plato, "Ring of Gyges"
Box: "Would You Rather Earn More or Just More than the Other Fellow?"
1. ON THE JOB: EVERYDAY ETHICS AT WORK
Box: "Sloth: The Noonday Demon"
Norman E. Bowie, "Respecting the Humanity in a Person"
Box: "W. D. Ross on Prima Facie Duties"
Arlie Hochshild, "Exploring the Managed Heart"
Box: "Robert C. Solomon, The Passions"
Bruce Barry, "The Cringing and the Craven: Freedom of Expression in the Workplace"
* Jerry Goodstein and Kenneth D. Butterfield, "Restorative Justice and the Aftermath of Unethical Behavior"
* Box: "The Most Common Types of Unethical Behavior at Work"
* Jobs with Justice Education Fund, "The Changing Nature of Work"
Harvard Law Review, "Facial Discrimination"
Box: John Stuart Mill on the Greatest Good and Expediency"
CASES
1.1: Sloan Wilson, "The Job Interview"
1.2: John R. Boatright, "A 'State of the Art' Termination
1.3: Joanne B. Ciulla, "Does Home Life Matter at Work?"
1.4: Joanne B. Ciulla, "The Best Person for the Job?"
Box: "Sexual Harassment Guidelines"
1.5: Joanne B. Ciulla, "Attraction or Business as Usual?"
2. "THE CHECK IS IN THE MAIL": HONESTY AND TRUST IN BUSINESS
Box: "Aristotle, Kant, and Mill on Honesty"
Albert Z. Carr, "Is Business Bluffing Ethical?"
Box: "Nietzsche on Honesty"
Sissela Bok, "Defining Secrecy--Some Crucial Distinctions"
Harry G. Frankfurt, "On Bullshit"
* Niccolo Machiavelli, "The Prince"
Paul Ekman and Mark G. Frank, "Lies That Fail"
Box: "Transparency International--USA Program"
Robert C. Solomon and Fernando Flores, "Building Trust"
Tamar Frankel, "Trust, Honesty and Ethics in Business"
CASES
* 2.1: D. Anthony Plath, "The Curious Loan Approval"
2.2 Robert C. Solomon, "Flying or Lying in Business Class"
2.3: Robert C. Solomon, "Willful Ignorance? Or Deception?"
2.4: Clancy Martin, "Blindsided by Bankruptcy"
2.5: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "Testing for Honesty"
3. MONEY, HOW WE GET IT, AND WHERE IT GOES: ACCOUNTING, FINANCE, AND INVESTMENT ETHICS
Box: "Accounting and Mergers"
Box: "Six Principles of Ethical Accounting"
* Edward J. Balleisen, "On Fraud"
Carol J. Loomis, "Lies, Damned Lies, and Managed Earnings"
ox: "Learning to Cheat?"
Box: "Ethical Decision Making"
Ed Cohen, "Arthur Andersen Refugees Reflect on What Went Wrong"
Box: "Before the Whistle Blew . . . "
Robert E. Frederick and W. Michael Hoffman, "The Individual Investor in Securities Markets: An Ethical Analysis"
John R. Boatright: "Finance Ethics"
Box: "The Wake-Up Call"
Jennifer Moore, "What Is Really Unethical about Insider Trading?"
Box: Roel C. Campos, "Ethics Matter"
Frank Partnoy, "F.I.A.S.C.O."
Box: "Aristotle on Money"
Paul B. Farrell, "Derivatives, the New 'Ticking Bomb'"
Duff McDonald, "The Running of the Hedgehogs"
Niall Ferguson, "Wall Street Lays Another Egg"
CASES
3.1: The Democratic Policy Committee, "A Modern History of 'Creative' Accounting"
3.2: Lisa H. Newton and David P. Schmidt, "Merger Mania"
3.3: Ron Duska, "Annuities to Seniors"
3.4: William F. Black, "The Fraud Recipe for CEO's, Why Banks Hate Free Markets and Love Crony Capitalism"
3.5: Richard F. DeMong, "SNB Annual Conference"
3.6: D. Anthony Plath, "The Accidental Bank Robbery"
3.7: Kimberly Amadeo, "The Stock Market Crash of 2008"
4. WHO GETS WHAT AND WHY?: FAIRNESS AND JUSTICE
Box: "Plato and Aristotle on Justice"
Adam Smith, "On Human Exchange and Human Differences"
Latin Trade, "A Latin Viewpoint: The Bentonville Menace"
Joanne B. Ciulla, "Exploitation of Need"
Box: "Marx on Alienated Labor"
John Rawls, "Justice as Fairness"
* Michael Walzer, "Tyranny and Complex Equality"
Robert Nozick, "Anarchy, State, and Utopia"
Irving Kristol, "A Capitalist Conception of Justice"
Box: Annie Lowrey, "Occupy Wall Street"
Friedrich von Hayek, "Justice Ruins the Market"
Eduard Gracia, "The Winner-Take-All Game"
Gerald W. McEntee, "Comparable Worth: A Matter of Simple Justice"
Greg Breining, "The 1 Percent: How Lucky They Are"
CASES
4.1: Naomi Klein, "Revolution without Ideology"
4.2: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "Poverty in America"
4.3: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "Burger Beefs"
5. IS "THE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF BUSINESS . . . TO INCREASE ITS PROFITS"?: SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND STAKEHOLDER THEORY
Milton Friedman, "The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits"
Christopher D. Stone, "Why Shouldn't Corporations Be Socially Responsible?"
Peter A. French, "Corporate Moral Agency"
Kenneth J. Arrow, "Social Responsibility and Economic Efficiency"
Richard Parker , "Corporate Social Responsibility and Crisis"
Alexei M. Marcoux, "Business Ethics Gone Wrong"
* Paul A. Argenti, "Corporate Ethics in the Era of Millennials"
CASES
5.1: Ana G. Johnson and William F. Whyte, "Mondragon Cooperatives"
5.2: Rogene A. Buchholz, "The Social Audit"
5.3: Kelley MacDougall, Tom L. Beauchamp, and John Cuddihy, "The NYSEG Corporate Responsibility Case"
5.4: Thomas I. White, "Beech-Nut's Imitation Apple Juice"
5.5: Thomas I. White, "Sentencing a Corporation to Prison"
5.6: Brian Grow, Steve Hamm, and Louise Lee, "The Debate over Doing Good"
5.7: Jagdish Bhagwati, "Blame Bangladesh, Not the Brands"
6. WHEN INNOVATION BYTES BACK: ETHICS AND TECHNOLOGY
Box: Locke on Property
Box: Richard De George, "Seven Theses for Business Ethics and the Information Age"
Box: Foucault and the Panopticon"
Elizabeth A. Buchanan, "Information Ethics in a Worldwide Context"
Victoria Groom and Clifford Nass, "Can Robots Be Teammates?"
Box: C. Kluckhorn, "An Internet Culture?"
Clive Thompson, "The Next Civil Rights Battle Will Be over the Mind"
* Zeynep Tufekci, "Failing the Third Machine Age: When Robots Come for Grandma"
Bill Joy, "Why The Future Doesn't Need Us"
CASES
6.1: Joel Rudinow and Anthony Graybosch, "The Digital Divide"
6.2: Joel Rudinow and Anthony Graybosch, "Hacking into the Space Program"
6.3: Joel Rudinow and Anthony Graybosch, "The I Love You Virus"
6.4: Aarti Shahani, "Who Could Be Watching You Watching Your Figure? Your Boss"
6.5: James Losey, "The Internet's Intolerable Acts"
7. THE ART OF SEDUCTION: THE ETHICS OF ADVERTISING, MARKETING, AND SALES
* Thorstein Veblen, "Conspicuous Consumption"
Box: Plato on the Danger of Believing Bad Arguments
Friedrich von Hayek, "The Non Sequitur of the 'Dependence Effect' "
Alan Goldman, "The Justification of Advertising in a Market Economy"
* Box: Alexandra Gibbs and Nancy Hungerford, Marketing to Millennials CNBC
Leslie Savan, "The Bribed Soul"
Box: "Conspicuous Consumption"
Box: "Ask Me no Questions . . . "
CASES
7.1: Rogene A. Buchholz, "Advertising at Better Foods"
7.2: Joseph R. Desjardins and John J. McCall, "Advertising's Image of Women"
7.3: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "Hucksters in the Classroom"
7.4: Scott Croker, "Energy Drinks, Do They Really Work?"
8. THINGS FALL APART: PRODUCT LIABILITY AND CONSUMERS
Peter Huber, "Liability"
John Nesmith, "Calculating Risks: It's Easier Said Than Done"
Box: "What's Risky? Chances of Death?"
Stanley J. Modic, "How We Got into This Mess"
Henry Fairlie, Fear of Living
Warren E. Burger, "Too Many Lawyers, Too Many Suits"
Mark Dowie, "Pinto Madness"
Judith Jarvis Thomson, "Remarks on Causation and Liability"
Bob Sullivan, "Annoying Fine Print May Not Even Be Legal"
* Adam Thierer, "When the Trial Lawyers Come for the Robot Cars"
CASES
8.1: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "The Skateboard Scare"
8.2: Joseph R. Desjardins and John J. McCall, "Children and Reasonably Safe Products"
8.3: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "Living and Dying with Asbestos"
8.4: Kenneth B. Moll and Associates, "Merck and Vioxx"
8.5: Claude Wyle, "The Top 10 Most Dangerous Toys of All Time"
8.6: Jack Bouboushian, "Ten More Deaths Blamed on Plavix"
9. "YOU KNOW HOW TO WHISTLE, DON'T YOU?": WHISTLE-BLOWING, COMPANY LOYALTY, AND EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITY
Box: "Martin Luther King on Silence"
* Frederick Bruce Bird, "Moral Muteness and Moral Blindness"
Sissela Bok, "Whistleblowing and Leaking"
Box: "Ralph Nader on Whistle-Blowing"
Ronald Duska, "Whistleblowing and Employee Loyalty"
* Box: "How Some Employers Buy Loyalty"
Box: Jim Yardley, "The Upside of Whistle-Blowing"
David E. Soles, "Four Concepts of Loyalty"
Box: Robert C. Solomon and Clancy Martin, "Blind to Earned Loyalty"
Kim Zetter, "Why We Cheat"
CASES
9.1: Pat L. Burr, "Would You Blow the Whistle on Yourself?"
9.2: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "Changing Jobs and Changing Loyalties"
9.3: Larry Margasak, "The Greenhouse Effect: Putting the Heat on Halliburton"
10. THINK LOCAL, ACT GLOBAL: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
Anthony Kwame Appiah, "Global Villages"
Box: "Isaiah Berlin on Values"
Thomas Donaldson, "Values in Tension: Ethics Away from Home"
Box: "What Do These Values Have in Common?"
John T. Noonan, Jr., "A Quick Look at the History of Bribes"
Box: "The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act"
Florian Wettstein, "Silence and Complicity: Elements of a Corporate Duty to Speak Out Against the Violation of Human Rights"
Box: "The Global Compact"
* Denis G. Arnold and Norman E. Bowie, "Sweatshops and Respect for Persons"
* Box: A Defense of Sweatshops
Daryl Koehn, "Confucian Trustworthiness"
CASES
10.1: Joanne B. Ciulla, "The Oil Rig"
10.2: Thomas Dunfee and Diana Robertson, "Foreign Assignment"
10.3: Karen Marquiss and Joanne B. Ciulla, "The Quandry at PureDrug"
10.4: Judith Schrempf-Stirling and Guido Palazzo, "IBM's Business with Hitler: An Inconvenient Past"
10.5: Emily Black and Miriam Eapen, "Suicides at Foxconn"
Box: "Interns at Foxconn"
10.6: Motorola University, "Personal Luxury or Family Loyalty?"
11. WORKING WITH MOTHER NATURE: ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS AND BUSINESS ECOLOGY
Box: "Native American Proverb"
Aldo Leopold
William F. Baxter
Norman Bowie
Box: "Who Owns the Earth?"
Peter Singer sues"e Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Is
Box: Luther Standing Bear, "The Tame Land"
* PBS CASESuld We Grow GMO Crops?"
11.1: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "Made in the U.S.A.--and Dumped"
11.2: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "The Fordasaurus"
11.3: Denis G. Arnold, "Texaco in the Ecuadorean Amazon"
11.4: Cheryl Davenport, "The Broken 'Buy-One, Give-One' Model: 3 Ways to Save Toms Shoes"
11.5: Morgan Carroll and Rhonda Fields, "Protect Us from Fracking"
12. WHEN THE BUCK STOPS HERE: LEADERSHIP
Niccolo Machiavelli, "Is It Better to Be Loved Than Feared?"
Box: "Lao Tzu and Tao-Te-Ching
* Joanne B. Ciulla, "The Moral Pitfalls of Being a Leader"
* Box: "Messed Up Leaders"
Al Gini, "Moral Leadership and Business Ethics"
Joanne B. Ciulla, "Why Business Leaders' Values Matter"
Dean C. Ludwig and Clinton O. Longenecker, "The Bathsheba Syndrome: The Ethical Failure of Successful Leaders"
Box: "Plato on Why Ethical People Don't Want to Be Leaders"
Robert Greenleaf , "Servant Leadership: A Journal into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness"
CASES
12.1: George Orwell, "Shooting an Elephant"
* 12.2 Ruth Capriles, "Rags to Riches to Rags"
12.3: Mary Ann Glynn and Timothy J. Dowd, "Martha Stewart Focuses on Her Salad"
12.4: Joanne B. Ciulla, "Merck and Roy Vagelos: The Values of Leaders"
12.5: Katherine Burton and Saijel Kishan, "How Raj Rajaratnam Gave Galleon Group Its 'Edge' "
13. Who's Minding the Store?: The Ethics of Corporate Governance
Ralph Nader, Mark Green, and Joel Seligman, "Who Rules the Corporation?"
Irving S. Shapiro, "Power and Accountability: The Changing Role of the Corporate Board of Directors"
Box: Immanuel Kant, "Advice for Corporate Directors"
Box: "Corporate-Governance Reform"
Rebecca Reisner, "When Does the CEO Just Quit?"
Thomas W. Dunfee, "Corporate Governance in a Market with Morality"
John J. McCall, "Employee Voice in Corporate Governance: A Defense of Strong Participation Rights"
Box: Warren Buffett, "Advice to Outside Auditors"
* Eric Jackson "Why Corporate Governance is So Important to China"
CASES
13.1: Michael Lewis, "Selling Your Sole at Birkenstock"
13.2: Dennis Moberg and Edward Romar, "The Good Old Boys at WorldCom"
13.3: Robert Reich, "Corporate Governance and Democracy"
13.4: David Seltzer, "Pump It Up"
13.5: Lefteris Pitarakis, "Fight Corporate Crimes with More Than Fines"
14. IS EVERYTHING FOR SALE?: THE FUTURE OF THE FREE MARKET
Aristotle, "Two Kinds of Commerce"
Adam Smith, "The Benefits of Capitalism"
Karl Marx, "Commodity Fetishism"
Robert Heilbroner, "Reflections on the Triumph of Capitalism"
John Stuart Mill, "Laissez-Faire and Education"
John Maynard Keynes, "Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren" (1930)
E. F. Schumacher, "Buddhist Economics"
Amartya Sen, "The Economics of Poverty"
Daniel Bell, "The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism"
Thomas Frank, "Too Smart to Fail: Notes on an Age of Folly"
Robert Kuttner, "Everything for Sale"
* Dave Davies and Sheelah Kolhatkar, "Another Insider Trading Scandal . . ."
CASES
14.1: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "Blood for Sale"
14.2: Tom L. Beauchamp, Jeff Greene, and Sasha Lyuste, "Cocaine at the Fortune-500 Level"
14.3: Megan McArdle, "Right to Work"
15. THE GOOD LIFE
Robert C. Solomon, "Strategic Planning--For the Good Life"
Aristotle, "On the Good Life"
Box: "Adam Smith on Capitalism"
Joanne B. Ciulla, "Work and Values"
Epicurus, "On Pleasure"
* Box: Viktor Frankl, "Tragic Optimism"
Solomon Schimmel, "Greed"
* Joanne B. Ciulla, "Meaningful Work and Meaningful Lives"
Box: "Leisure and Business"
Bertrand Russell, "Impersonal Interests"
CASES
15.1: Bowen H. McCoy, "The Parable of the Sadhu"
Box: "A Happiness Box"
15.2: Arthur Miller, "A Life Badly Lived"
Index

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