Ideas As Weapons: Influence and Perception in Modern Warfare

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-01-21
  • Publisher: Univ of Nebraska Pr

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The United States has struggled to define its approach to what has been called the "information battlefield" since the information era began. Yet with the outbreak of the war on terror, the United States has been violently challenged to take a position and react to the militants' use of emerging information technology. Ideological demigods operating against the United States now have unprecedented channels by which to disseminate their message to those targets who are uncertain, sympathetic, or actively supportive of their philosophy. From the caves of southeastern Afghanistan to the streets of Baghdad, "the message" has dominated the thinking of those who perpetrate horrific acts of violence, whether in the name of ideology, ethnic and sectarian partisanship, or religion. This anthology is divided into four sections: geopolitical, strategic, operational, and tactical. The geopolitical perspective covers world politics, diplomacy, and the elements of national power, excluding military force. The strategic view examines where the violence has begun and the military element of power. The operational perspective handles the campaigns to accomplish a specific purpose on the world stage-for example, as in the Iraq campaign. The tactical level takes the individual's role into account. Because the nexus of information conflict is most easily seen in the world's contemporary violent confrontations, this anthology reflects the experience and lessons learned by military personnel who have managed these difficult issues. With a foreword by Colonel H. R. McMaster, U.S. Army, the author of Dereliction of Duty: Johnson, McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies That Led to Vietnam.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. ix
Forewordp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
U.S. Military Ranksp. xv
Introductionp. 1
Exploiting Structural Weaknesses in Terrorist Networks: Information Blitzkrieg and Related Strategiesp. 7
The Limits of Military Information Strategiesp. 13
Defining the War on Terrorp. 17
Information Warfarep. 27
The Power of Weaknessp. 35
Strategic Communication: A Mandate for the United Statesp. 39
Reflections on Psychological Operations: The Imperative of Engaging a Conflicted Populationp. 49
New Tools, New Rules: International Law and Information Operationsp. 59
Learning Counterinsurgency: Observations from Soldering in Iraqp. 75
Thoughts on Journalism and the Militaryp. 87
Strategic Innovation: Integrating National Power to Win in Iraqp. 93
Maneuvering Against the Mindp. 99
Clausewitz's Theory of War and Information Operationsp. 111
Information (in) Operations: More Than Technologyp. 123
Winning on the Information Battlefield: Is the Story Getting Out?p. 133
In Defense of Military Public Affairs Doctrinep. 137
Waging an Effective Strategic Communications Campaign in the War on Terrorp. 145
Marketing: An Overlooked Aspect of Information Operationsp. 163
Religion in Information Operations: More Than a "War of Ideas,"p. 171
Telling the Afghan Military Story... Their Wayp. 187
Army IO Is PSYOPS: Influencing More with Lessp. 195
Estimates, Execution, and Error: Losing the War of Perception in Vietnam, 1960-1973p. 207
Iraq and a Singular, Enduring Information Failurep. 221
Between War and Peace: Low-Intensity Conflict Doctrine and the Iraqi Scenariop. 227
Are We Outsmarting Ourselves?p. 235
Marines Are from Mars, Iraqis Are from Venusp. 241
Clouding the Issue: Intelligence Collection, Analysis, and Dissemination during Operation Iraqi Freedomp. 251
Massing Effects in the Information Domain: A Case Study in Aggressive Information Operationsp. 263
Getting Inside the Cultural Context and Achieving Intelligence Success: Strategic Debriefing in the Iraq Survey Groupp. 275
Insights from Colombia's "Prolonged War,"p. 289
Winning in the Pacific: The Special Operations Forces' Indirect Approachp. 297
Tactical Information Operations in West Rashid: An Iraqi National Police Battalion and Its Assigned U.S. Transition Teamp. 307
"But How Do I Do It?" Tactical Information Operations and the Planning Processp. 323
Operation Iraqi Freedom II: Information and Influence in South-Central Iraqp. 337
The Massacre That Wasn'tp. 341
"Census Operations" and Information Managementp. 351
Frustrationp. 357
Getting Out the Word: Information Operations on the Ground in Iraqp. 363
Fighting for Perceptions: Tactical IO in 2004 Iraqp. 367
By Other Meansp. 373
Patrolling Ar Ramadip. 379
The Privatization of Victoryp. 383
"Twenty-Eight Articles": Fundamentals of Company-Level Counterinsurgencyp. 389
Conclusion: Information in Conflictp. 403
Notesp. 407
Indexp. 439
About the Editors and Contributorsp. 449
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