Imperialism, Academe and Nationalism: Britain and University Education for Africans 1860-1960

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1997-04-01
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Of all the aspects of British 'cultural imperialism' the one which Africans found most seductive was formal western education. They were quick to realise that University education opened up prospects for economic advancement and would ultimately provide the keys to political power and self government. Using a wide range of papers from the British Colonial Office and colonial governments in Africa, the archives of several libraries and the writings of African nationalists, Dr Nwauwa examines the surprisingly long history of the demand for the establishment of universities in Colonial Africa, a demand to which the authorities finally agreed after the Second World War. Educated Africans first put forward requests for a university in South West Africa in the 1860's, but from the 1880's through to the 1930's British colonial regimes constantly shunned such aspirations. But starting in 1939 colonial reformers in Britain began to advocate the creation of universities in Africa and by 1943 the idea was takenup by the Colonial Office as a means of 'managing' African nationalism. The creation of university colleges became a reality in 1948, they were one of the most important colonial reforms which led to decolonisation.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements vii(2)
Abbreviations ix(2)
Introduction xi
1 African Initiatives for a West African University and their Frustration, 1862-90
2 Indirect Rule, Education for Intermediaries, and the Impact of Criticism: The Beginnings of a Policy Framework for Education, 1900-34
3 The Ice Begins to Melt: Initiatives from London and the Plan for an East African University, 1932-39
4 Seizing the Initiative: The Academic Lobby and the Planning of Post-war Universities, 1939-43
5 The Asquith and Elliot Commissions, 1943-46: Laying the Foundations for University `Imperialism'
6 Colonial Territorial `Nationalism' and the Implementation of the Asquith and Elliot Schemes, 1945-48
Conclusion 201(9)
Epilogue 210(11)
Bibliography 221(18)
Index 239

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