Introduction to Islam

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2010-01-11
  • Publisher: Routledge

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The author's extensive field work, experience, and scholarship combined with his engaging writing style and passion for the subject sets this text apart. An Introduction to Islam, Fourth Edition, provides students with a thorough and unified topical introduction to the global religious community of Islam. It places Islam within a cultural, political, social, and religious context and examines its connections with Judeo-Christian morals. The text's integration of the doctrinal and devotional elements of Islam enables students to see how Muslims think and liveengendering understanding and breaking down stereotypes.An Introduction to Islam, Fourth Editionalso reviews pre-Islamic history so students can see how Islam developed historically

Author Biography

Frederick Denny, Professor Emeritus (Ph.D., University of Chicago), is the editor of the University of South Carolina Press scholarly book series "Studies in Comparative Religion", which currently has ca. 35 titles published. He is the author of An Introduction to Islam (4th edition Prentice-Hall, 2010) and numerous articles on Islamic and Religious Studies topics. He co-authored (with John Corrigan, Carlos Eire, and Martin Jaffee) Jews, Christians, Muslims: A Comparative Introduction to Monotheistic Religions (Prentice-Hall: 1998). His long-term areas of interest have been Qur'anic recitation, comparative ritual, and Muslims and their communities in Egypt, Pakistan, Southeast Asia and North America. His recent and current research and writing have been principally on Islam and human rights, religion and ecology, religion-focused cartography, and Unitarian Universalist history and thought.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
A General Introduction to Islam's Basic Teachings and Practicesp. 1
Religion and Common Life in the Pre-Islamic Near Eastp. 5
Early Civilizations and the Origins of Judaism and Christianityp. 7
Egypt the Landp. 7
Mesopotamia the Landp. 11
The Origins of Judaismp. 15
Abrahamp. 15
Mosesp. 18
Later Religious Developmentp. 19
The Prophetsp. 20
From Ancient Israelite Religion to Judaismp. 22
Awaiting God's Messiahp. 23
Jesus of Nazarethp. 23
Paulp. 25
Christianityp. 26
Christianity and Judaismp. 27
Pre-Islamic Arabia: Beliefs, Values, Way of Lifep. 32
Pre-Islamic Arabiap. 32
Social Structure and Economyp. 34
Poetryp. 39
Pre-Islamic Religionp. 40
The Coming of Islam: The Prophet, His People, and God's Religionp. 47
Muhammad and the Early Muslim Communityp. 49
Before Muhammadp. 49
Muhammad the Personp. 50
Muhammad the Prophetp. 53
The Qur'anp. 55
The First Muslimsp. 56
The Development of Islamp. 57
The Qur'an's Divine Messagep. 61
The Hijrap. 63
Muhammad's Later Lifep. 69
Muhammad's Personal Lifep. 71
The Arab Conquests and Islamic Rule: The Struggle for a Unified Ummap. 74
Muhammad's Heirsp. 74
The Muslims' Foreign Conquestsp. 75
Early Muslim Governments and the Spread of the Ummap. 78
Two Approaches to Politics and Rulep. 83
The Spread of the Islamic Empirep. 84
The Abbasidsp. 87
Other Muslim Peoplesp. 90
Islam's Achievementsp. 94
The Islamic Religious Systemp. 97
The Basic Beliefs and Worship Practices of Islamp. 99
The Five Doctrines of Islamic Faithp. 99
The Five Acts of Worshipp. 105
Purificationp. 105
Ritual Impurityp. 107
The Pillars of Islamp. 110
The Nature and Function of the Qur'anp. 130
Language, Format, and Chronologyp. 130
Recitation and Ritual Observancesp. 134
Contents and Nature of the Qur'anp. 140
Interpretation of the Qur'anp. 142
The "Inimitability" of the Qur'anp. 146
The Prophet's Sunna as Preserved in the Hadithp. 150
Muhammad and Scripturep. 150
The Form of the Had?thp. 152
Major Collections of Had?thp. 156
The Prophet's and His Companions' Sunnasp. 159
Muhammad as an Ideal Humanp. 160
Muslim Creeds and Theologies: Their Purposes and Varietiesp. 164
Theologyp. 164
Islamic Theologyp. 166
Theological Issuesp. 167
The Place of Reasonp. 170
The Mu'tazilite Rationalistsp. 171
Mu'tazilite Thoughtp. 173
Three Muslim Creedsp. 180
Orthodox Kal?m and the Challenge of Philosophyp. 184
Law and the State in Classical Islamic Formulationsp. 187
Islam as a Way of Lifep. 187
The Shari'a and Fiqhp. 187
The Qur'an and the Lawp. 188
The Legal Scholarsp. 191
Schools of Lawp. 193
The Five Principlesp. 194
Sunni Law Schoolsp. 195
Shi'iLaw Schoolsp. 197
Islamic Political Institutions: Forms, Functions, and Theoriesp. 198
Islamic Law and the State in the Present Erap. 207
The Sufi Way of Mysticism and Fellowshipp. 209
Islamic Mysticism and the Disciplines of Esoteric Pietyp. 211
Sufismp. 211
Asceticism in Early Islamic Contextsp. 217
Sufi Symbolismp. 221
Sufism as an Esoteric Discipline: The Tariqa or Wayp. 223
Al-Junayd and Sober Sufismp. 225
Antinomian Sufismp. 227
Intoxicated Sufism; Al-Hallajp. 228
States and Stationsp. 231
Al-Ghazadli and the Reconciliation of Shari'aand Tariqap. 232
Masters and Disciples: The Forms and Functions of Sufi Ordersp. 238
The Rise of Sufi Ordersp. 238
Shaykhs and Faqirs: The Master-Disciple Relationshipp. 239
The Qadiri Order: Islam's Major International Sufi Brotherhoodp. 240
Other Classic Sufi Ordersp. 242
Jalal al-Din al-Rumi and the Mawlawisp. 246
Rumi's Poetryp. 248
The Silsila or Spiritual Lineagep. 251
Dhikr and Sama': Remembrance and the Spiritual Concertp. 252
Sufi Theosophy: The Thought of Ibn 'Arabip. 256
Patterns of Islamic Personal and Communal Lifep. 261
The Islamic Life Cycle and the Familyp. 263
Islamic Domestic Rites, Ceremonies, and Customsp. 263
Rites of Infancy and Childhoodp. 264
Marriage (Nikah)p. 268
Divorce (Talaq)p. 273
Inheritancep. 274
Propertyp. 275
Interestp. 275
Family Lifep. 276
Food and Eating Habitsp. 278
Clothing, Ornamentation, and Toiletp. 280
Death Ritualsp. 282
Mourning Customsp. 285
Ideals and Realities of Islamic Community Lifep. 289
The Closeness of the Communityp. 289
The Mosquep. 290
The Marketplacep. 293
Public Behaviorp. 294
Recreationp. 297
Official Islamp. 299
Popular Islamp. 301
The Veneration of Saintsp. 301
Distinctive Shi'i Ritual Practicesp. 307
Islam in the Modern Worldp. 313
Major Movements and Trends in Renewal and Reformp. 315
Three Phases of Islamic Historyp. 315
TheWahhabisp. 318
Other Reform Movementsp. 321
Some Modernist Thinkersp. 324
Islam and Nationalismp. 330
Three Forms of Islamic Revival: "Fundamentalism," Feminism, and Establishing the Umma in North Americap. 341
Fundamentalismp. 342
Islam and the Status of Womenp. 348
Islam and Muslims in North Americap. 352
Whither Islam and the Muslims? Progressive Muslims with a Vision of an "Islam without Borders"p. 365
Westoxicationp. 366
Modernity and Westernization in the Post 9/11 Worldp. 367
Progressive Muslimsp. 371
Progressive Assertivenessp. 373
An Iranian Shi'ite Muslim's Voice in Human Rights and Rational Discoursep. 374
Muslim Women Scholar-Activistsp. 377
Conclusionp. 380
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 383
Glossaryp. 402
Acknowledgmentsp. 410
Indexp. 412
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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