Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-06-16
  • Publisher: Wiley

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Wiley Survival Guide to Nanotechnology: Tiny Structure, Big Ideas and Grey Goo explains nanotechnology to an audience that does not necessarily have a scientific background. It covers all aspects, including the new areas of biomedical applications and the use of nanotechnology to probe the "quantum vacuum." After discussing the present state of the art in nanotechnology, the book makes estimates of where these technologies are going and what will be possible in the future.

Author Biography

CHRIS BINNS, PhD, is Professor of Nanoscience in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Leicester, United Kingdom. He spent two years working at Synchrotron Radiation Sources (SSRL, Stanford and NSLS, Brookhaven) in the USA. Professor Binns then obtained a permanent academic post at the University of Leicester and continued synchrotron radiation experiments. In the last decade his research has focused on magnetic nanoparticles, and at present is moving into the new areas of biomedical applications of nanoparticles and in Casimir force measurements using scanning probe microscopes.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Nanotechnology Time Linep. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Incremental Nanotechnologyp. 3
Evolutionary Nanotechnologyp. 4
Radical Nanotechnologyp. 6
Bottom-Up/Top-Down Nanotechnologyp. 8
Referencesp. 10
Size Mattersp. 11
The Fundamental Importance of Sizep. 11
The Magnetic Behavior of Nanoparticlesp. 14
The Mechanical Properties of Nanostructured Materialsp. 24
The Chemical Properties of Nanoparticlesp. 26
Nanoparticles Interacting with Living Systemsp. 28
Problemsp. 30
Referencesp. 31
Nanoparticles Everywherep. 33
Nanoparticles in the Atmospherep. 33
Atmospheric Nanoparticles and Healthp. 38
Nanoparticles and Climatep. 41
Marine Aerosolp. 45
Nanoparticles in Spacep. 46
Problemsp. 50
Referencesp. 51
Carbon Nanostructures: Bucky Balls and Nanotubesp. 53
Why Carbon?p. 53
Discovery of the First Fullerene: C60p. 55
Structural Symmetry of the Closed Fullerenesp. 58
Smaller Fullerenes and "Shrink-Wrapping" Atomsp. 60
Larger Fullerenesp. 63
Electronic Properties of Individual Fullerenesp. 66
Materials Produced by Assembling Fullerenes (Fullerites and Fullerides)p. 72
Discovery of Carbon Nanotubesp. 77
Structure of SWNTsp. 79
Electronic Properties of SWNTsp. 80
Electronic Transport in Carbon Nanotubesp. 83
Mechanical Properties of Nanotubesp. 86
Thermal Conductivity of Nanotubesp. 89
Carbon Nanohornsp. 90
Carbon Nanobuds and Pea Podsp. 90
Problemsp. 93
Referencesp. 94
The Nanotechnology Toolkitp. 96
Making Nanostructures Using Bottom-Up Methodsp. 96
Making Nanoparticles Using Supersaturated Vaporp. 96
Sources Producing Nanoparticle Beams in Vacuump. 99
Mass Selection of Charged Nanoparticle Beams in Vacuump. 103
Aerodynamic Lensing and Mass Selection of Neutral Nanoparticlesp. 110
Plasma, Spark, and Flame Metal Aerosol Sourcesp. 112
Size Selection of Nanoparticles in Aerosolsp. 114
Chemical Synthesis of Nanoparticles in Liquid Suspensionsp. 117
Biological Synthesis of Magnetic Nanoparticlesp. 120
Synthesis of Fullerenesp. 121
Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubesp. 122
Controlling the Growth of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubesp. 125
Making Nanostructures Using Top-Down Methodsp. 127
Electron Beam Lithography (EBL)p. 128
Manufacturing Nanostructures Using Focused Ion Beams (FIB)p. 132
Combining Bottom-Up and Top-Down Nanostructuresp. 138
Imaging, Probing, and Manipulating Nanostructuresp. 142
Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM)p. 142
Manipulating Atoms and Molecules with STMp. 149
Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy (STS)p. 153
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)p. 157
Dip-Pen Nanolithography (DPN)p. 162
Electron Microscopyp. 165
Problemsp. 170
Referencesp. 172
Single-Nanoparticles Devicesp. 176
Data Storage on Magnetic Nanoparticlesp. 176
Quantum Dotsp. 185
Nanoparticles as Transistorsp. 190
Carbon Nanoelectronicsp. 198
Problemsp. 202
Referencesp. 203
Magic Beacons and Magic Bullets: The Medical Applications of Functional Nanoparticlesp. 205
Nanoparticles Interacting with Living Organismsp. 206
Targeted Nanovectors for Therapy and Diagnosisp. 206
Types of Core Nanoparticle in Nanovectorsp. 210
Some Elementary Human Cell Biologyp. 211
Uptake of Nanomaterials by the Bodyp. 214
Biological Targetingp. 215
Magnetic Targetingp. 220
Treatment of Tumors by Hyperthermiap. 223
Biological Response to Heatingp. 223
Magnetic Nanoparticle Hyperthermiap. 229
Hyperthermia with Au Nanoparticlesp. 238
Hyperthermia with Carbon Nanotubesp. 244
Medical Diagnosis and "Theranostics" Using Nanomaterialsp. 247
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Contrast Enhancement Using Magnetic Nanoparticlesp. 247
Imaging Using Gold Nanoparticlesp. 252
Imaging Using Quantum Dotsp. 253
Problemsp. 259
Referencesp. 260
Radical Nanotechnologyp. 263
Locomotion for Nanobots and Nanofactoriesp. 264
On-Board Processing for Nanomachinesp. 273
Medical Nanobotsp. 274
Molecular Assemblyp. 277
Referencesp. 280
Prodding the Cosmic Fabricp. 281
Zero-Point Energy of Spacep. 281
The Casimir Forcep. 286
The Casimir Force in Nanomachinesp. 289
Referencesp. 292
Glossaryp. 295
Indexp. 297
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