Introduction to Philosophy Classical and Contemporary Readings

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-08-28
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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The "Rolls Royce" of introductory philosophy texts, this is the most comprehensive topically organized anthology of philosophical readings available, from the best and most influential works in philosophy.Introduction to Philosophy, Fifth Edition, is the most comprehensive topically organized collection of classical and contemporary philosophy available. It presents seventy selections from the best and most influential works in philosophy, offering a unique balance between classical and contemporarymaterial. Ideal for introductory philosophy courses, the text includes sections on the meaning of life, God and evil, knowledge and reality, the philosophy of science, the mind/body problem, freedom of will, consciousness, ethics, and philosophical puzzles and paradoxes.

Table of Contents

Introduction: On the Study of Philosophy
Logical Tool kit
Writing Philosophy Papers
The Value of Philosophy
Plato, Apology: Defence of Socrates
God And Evil
Why Believe?
The Ontological Argument
The Existence of God
Natural Theology
The Wager
Why I Am Not a Christian
The Problem of Evil
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
God, Evil and the Best of All Possible Worlds
A Dialogue on Good, Evil, and the Existence of God
Knowledge And Reality
Plato and the Concept of Knowledge
Plato, Thaetetus
Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?
Descartes and the Problems of Skepticism
Meditations on First Philosophy
Bad Dreams, Evil Demons, and the Experience Machine: Philosophy and The Matrix
Excerpt from Philosophical Explanations
Hume's Problems and Some Solutions
Of Scepticism with Regard to the Senses
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
The Problem of Induction
Minds, Bodies, And Persons
The Traditional Problem of Mind and Body
The Argument from Analogy for Other Minds
Descartes's Myth
The Nature of Mind
Intentional Systems
Eliminative Materialism
Minds, Brains, and Machines
Computing Machinery and Intelligence
Minds, Brains, and Programs
What Is It Like to Be a Bat?
What Mary Didn't Know
Knowing What It's Like
Personal Identity
A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality
The Self and the Future
Personal Identity
So It Goes
Where Am I?
Freedom, Determinism, and Responsibility
Human Freedom and the Self
The Powers of Rational Beings: Freedom of the Will
Of Liberty and Necessity
Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility
Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person
Thomas Nagel, Moral Luck
Ethics And Society
The Principle of Utility
Criticisms of Utilitarianism
Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism and Integrity
Famine, Affluence, and Morality
Kantian Ethics
Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals
A Brief Introduction to Kantian Ethics
Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems
War and Massacre
Aristotelian Ethics
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics
Aristotle on Eudaimonia
Justice and Equality
A Theory of Justice
Justice and Entitlement
Where the Action Is: On the Site of Distributive Justice
The Subjection of Women
Markets in Women's Reproductive Labor
Challenges to Morality
Morality and Self-Interest
Plato, The Republic
An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
Morality and Advantage
The Law of the Jungle: Moral Alternatives and Principles of Evolution
Subjectivism, Relativism, and Skepticism
The Subjectivity of Values
Ethics and Observation
Moral Explanations
Existential Issues
Moral Saints
The Absurd
The Myth of Sisyphus
The Meaning of Human Existence
The Meanings of Lives
Puzzles And Paradoxes
Zeno's Paradoxes
Achilles and the Tortoise
The Racecourse
The Argument Against Plurality
Metaphysical and Epistemological Puzzles and Paradoxes
The Paradox of Identity
The Paradox of the Heap
The Surprise Examination
Goodman's New Riddle of Induction
Puzzles of Rational Choice
The Prisoner's Dilemma
Newcomb's Problem
Kavka's Toxin Puzzle
Quinn's Puzzle of the Self-Torturer
Paradoxes of Logic, Set Theory, and Semantics
The Paradox of the Liar
Other Versions of the Liar
Russell's Paradox
Grelling's Paradox
Puzzles of Ethics
The Trolley Problem
Ducking Harm and Sacrificing Others
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