9781594515613

Japan's Outcaste Youth: Education for Liberation

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781594515613

  • ISBN10:

    1594515611

  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2008-06-30
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

Japan's attempt to project to the world an image of solid middle-class national identity is challenged by the Burakumin, an outcaste group of indigenous Japanese citizens who have been subjugated for centuries to political, economic, and religious discrimination. In the 1960s the efforts of this group and its supporters led to a 40-year national program of economic aid and educational programs designed to move these people out of poverty and increase life options. These programs, recently terminated, have left the Burakumin and other marginalized groups uncertain of their future. Based on ten years of ethnographic inquiry, Gordon's book explores the views of educators and activists caught in this period of transition after having their lives and careers shaped by the political demands of a liberation movement dedicated to achieving educational equity for the Burakumin and their disadvantaged neighbors. Gordon provides the context of the efforts to achieve the human rights of the Burakumin and the complexity of their identity in a Japanese society struggling with economic and demographic globalization.

Author Biography

June A. Gordon is an Associate Professor of international and comparative studies in the Department of Education at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. vii
The Burakuminp. 1
Who Are the Burakumin?p. 2
Taboo Researchp. 5
Hiroshima 1998p. 5
Questioning Existencep. 6
Marginalized Youth as a Starting Pointp. 7
The Research Processp. 8
History and Politics of Liberationp. 15
Historical Contextp. 16
Invisibility and Identityp. 18
Political Contextp. 20
Special Measures Legislationp. 23
The End of Special Measuresp. 24
Dowa Kyoiku: Education for Liberationp. 26
Teachers of Dowa Educationp. 28
The End of Dowa Educationp. 30
Access and Trustp. 34
Entering Ikeda's Networkp. 34
The Teachersp. 37
Schools as Historical Sites of Strugglep. 57
Matsubara High Schoolp. 57
Nunose Elementary Schoolp. 65
Educators for Liberationp. 69
The Asaka Communityp. 69
Mr. Maruyamap. 71
Dowa Teachersp. 73
Invisible and Silent: The Burakumin of Kantop. 79
East/West Dividep. 79
Gaining Access in Kantop. 80
A New Lens on Marginalizationp. 86
Return to Kansaip. 86
Abiko Minami Junior High Schoolp. 87
Immigrants in the Burakup. 94
Voices of Experiencep. 98
Diversity in the Burakup. 109
Official Visitsp. 109
Performing Diversityp. 111
Korean Japanese and the Burakup. 122
Shifting Prioritiesp. 122
A Zainichi Majority Schoolp. 123
Reflections of Educators for Human Rightsp. 128
The Effects of Changing Policiesp. 132
Return to Abikop. 132
Three Elementary Schoolsp. 133
Adapting to a New Erap. 137
Burakumin Educatorsp. 139
Corruptionp. 140
Privatizationp. 142
Conclusionp. 144
Referencesp. 149
About the Authorp. 160
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