The Journey of Adulthood

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Using a conversational writing style. The Journey of Adulthood, Fifth Edition by Helen Bee and Barbara Bjorklund presents the best and most relevant theories of adulthood. Using current research findings from the fields of developmental psychology, social psychology, health psychology, sociology, and other related fields, and by using a writing style that will be understandable to today's college students, The Journey of Adulthood, Fifth Edition encourages readers to apply the concepts discussed in the text to their own lives and to their own journeys of adulthood. Book jacket.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Defining the Journey: Some Assumptions, Definitions, and Methodsp. 1
Explaining Development in Adulthoodp. 5
Explaining Stability in Adulthoodp. 11
Asking the Questions: Research Designs and Methodsp. 15
Finding the Answers: Collecting and Analyzing Datap. 21
Theories of Adult Developmentp. 31
Conceptual Organization of Theoriesp. 32
Theories of Developmental Progress With Stagesp. 33
Developmental Progress Without Stages: Vaillant's Theory of Adaptation to Lifep. 40
Theories of Developmental Change With Stagesp. 41
Theories of Developmental Change Without Stagesp. 50
Additional Theoretical Complexitiesp. 53
Some Shared Flaws and Weaknesses in the Theoriesp. 54
Physical Changesp. 59
Theories of Primary Agingp. 60
Longevity, Life Expectancy, and Life Spanp. 64
Physical Changes over Adulthoodp. 66
The Effects of Physical Aging on Behaviorp. 83
Pulling the Threads Together: An Overview of Physical Changes in Adulthoodp. 88
Some Recurring Themes and Remaining Questionsp. 89
Health and Health Habitsp. 101
Age-Related Patterns in Health and Diseasep. 101
Age Changes in Specific Diseasesp. 107
Age Changes in Mental Healthp. 113
Individual Differences in Health and Diseasep. 118
A Review of Age-Related Health Changesp. 126
Changes in Cognitive Abilitiesp. 133
Intelligencep. 133
Memoryp. 140
Real-World Cognitionp. 146
Individual Differences in Cognitive Changep. 153
Review of Age Changes and Search for Balancep. 160
Social Rolesp. 165
Social Role Transitionsp. 166
Gender Roles and Gender Stereotypesp. 167
Social Roles in Early Adulthoodp. 169
Social Roles in Middle Adulthoodp. 180
Social Roles in Late Adulthoodp. 187
Social Roles in Atypical Familiesp. 189
The Effect of Variations in Timingp. 192
Development of Relationshipsp. 199
Development of Adult Relationships: Some Theoriesp. 200
Intimate Partnerships in Adulthoodp. 205
Relationships with Other Family Membersp. 222
Friendships in Adulthoodp. 228
Review of Social Relationships in Adulthoodp. 230
Work and Retirementp. 239
Importance of Work in Adulthoodp. 240
Selecting a Careerp. 245
Age Trends in Work Experiencep. 250
Work and Personal Lifep. 254
Retirementp. 262
Effects of Retirementp. 267
A Concluding Notep. 273
Personality Stability and Changep. 279
Personality Trait Structuresp. 280
Personality Developmentp. 290
Personality Stability or Changep. 302
The Growth of Meaningp. 310
Why a Chapter on the Growth of Meaning?
How Can We Study Possible Age Changes in Meaning Systems?p. 311
Religious Participation over Adulthoodp. 312
The Development of Meaning Systems over Adulthoodp. 313
Integrating Meaning and Personality: A Preliminary Theoretical Synthesisp. 323
The Process of Transitionp. 326
Commentary and Conclusionsp. 328
Stress and Resistancep. 334
A Few Theories of Stressp. 336
Effects of Stress on Adult Functioningp. 340
Individual Differences in Stress Experience and Responsep. 343
Resistance Resourcesp. 347
Specific Types of Stressful Events in Adulthoodp. 352
Themes of Adult Developmentp. 363
Young Adulthood: From 18 to 25p. 365
Early Adulthood: From 25 to 40p. 366
Middle Adulthood: From 40 to 65p. 368
Late Adulthood: From 65 to 75p. 372
Late-Late Adulthood: From 75 Until Deathp. 374
Death and Dyingp. 381
The Meanings of Deathp. 381
Fear and Anxiety About Deathp. 382
Preparation for Deathp. 384
The Process of Dyingp. 384
Where Death Occursp. 389
Physician-Assisted Suicidep. 392
After Death: Rituals and Grievingp. 393
Living and Dying: A Final Wordp. 397
The Successful Journey: Individual Differences in Adult Developmentp. 401
Variations in Successful Adult Developmentp. 402
A Model of Adult Growth and Development: Trajectories and Pathwaysp. 409
A Last Look at the Modelp. 415
Referencesp. 419
Glossaryp. 453
Creditsp. 469
Author Indexp. 472
Subject Indexp. 477
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


AN OPENING NOTE FROM BARBARA BJORKLUND The Journey of Adulthoodis now in its fifth edition and it continues to capture the dynamic process of adult development, from young adulthood to old, old age. It continues to be based on large-scale research findings and theories of human development, but because diversity increases with age, I have also included more studies of smaller group differences such as gender, culture, race, and socialeconomic status. I have sought a similar balance in seeking out the latest research findings while retaining some of the classical studies by pioneers in the field. And I have accompanied this sometimes medicinal taste with a spoonful of honey--a little personal warmth and humor. After all, I am an adult in the middle years of this journey, following my parents who are in their 80s and looking back at my children in their 30s. The first three editions of this book were written by Helen Bee and although she has retired and is no longer involved in the 4th and 5th editions, the core of the book is still hers. She remains the author emeritus of this series and I maintain her focus and tone. I have also retained some of her comments and stories which I identify with her name; the comments and stories that use the first person "I," are mine. I hope there is no confusion. The first two chapters of this book contain the basics for the course--the definitions, methods, and grand theories of adult development. They lay the groundwork for the following chapters which present a topical overview of adult development. In each of these seven chapters, I cover a topic of adult development using recent research, classic studies, current theories, new directions, and practical applications. In the last five chapters I present some topics that are not as easily classified into traditional fields of study but instead draw upon a number of areas covered in the previous chapters, such as the growth of meaning, the stress encountered at different stages of adulthood, overall views of adult development, and coping with death. In these chapters, to use Helen Bee's terms, "I try to pull the threads together and tie up loose ends." NEW IN THIS EDITION The fifth edition reflects three types of changes--changes in the field of adult development, changes in the world around us, and changes in the academic settings in which this book is used. Changes in the Field of Adult Development The field of adult development has widened and this edition reflects this trend, including information from various medical and biological sciences, sociology and social psychology, women's studies, economics, educational and vocational psychology, anthropology, and clinical psychology, just to name a few, I have found common ground among these disciplines and when discrepancies appear, I have made judgments or suggested future research questions. Another change in the field that is reflected in this edition ofThe Journey of Adulthoodis the international flavor that most sciences are adopting. This book features many studies conducted by international scholars and information about populations outside the U.S. I have also done some fine tuning in terminology and definitions which aligns this book more closely to recent changes in child and adolescent development writings. Changes in the World Around Us The world around us has changed drastically since the last edition of this book. As I write this preface, we in the U.S. are at "level orange" on the homeland security scale. We have just ended a war with Iraq and have started to rebuild that country. The horror of September 11 th, 2001 is still fresh in our minds. The economy is in a slump all over the world and many older adults have seen their investments dwindle to a fraction of their value five years ago. Many middle-aged adults have abandoned plans for early retirement. Although I try to main

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