9780131951587

Later Life: The Realities of Aging

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780131951587

  • ISBN10:

    0131951580

  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-12-01
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

For anyone interest in Sociology of Aging or Gerontology taught primarily in departments of sociology. An interdisciplinary introduction to the aging process which uses symbolic interactionism as the main theoretical perspective. Accessible, interdisciplinary coverage with chapters covering a variety of subject matter areas from biology to psychology, from economics to sociology, from political science to religion. Utilizes symbolic interaction perspective to explain behavior problems and an individual's adaptations associated with the process of aging.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
PART I: Introduction
Emergence and Scope of Gerontology
1(21)
The Advent of Gerontology
1(2)
Demographic Trends
3(19)
Conclusion
17(1)
Key Terms
18(1)
Notes
19(1)
References
19(3)
Problems, Public Perception, and Stereotypes of Older Americans
22(16)
The Problems of Aging
22(5)
Public Perceptions of Older Persons
27(4)
Misconceptions
31(7)
Conclusion
34(1)
Key Terms
35(1)
Notes
35(1)
References
36(2)
Theoretical Perspectives on Aging
38(29)
Theory and Research
38(3)
Disengagement Theory
41(3)
Activity Theory
44(2)
Human Development Theories
46(4)
Continuity Theory
50(2)
Age Stratification Theory
52(1)
Older Americans as a Minority Group
53(1)
Aging as an Exchange
54(3)
The Symbolic Interaction Perspective
57(1)
Labeling Theory
58(2)
Evaluating Theories of Aging
60(7)
Conclusion
61(1)
Key Terms
62(1)
Notes
62(1)
References
63(4)
Historical and Cross-Cultural Comparisons of Aging
67(26)
Introduction
67(3)
Demographic Transition and the Aging of the World's Population
70(3)
Modernization and Aging
73(1)
Criticism of the Modernization Theory
74(2)
Critical Variables Determining the Status of the Aged
76(3)
Theoretical Views on the Changing Status of the Elderly
79(2)
Roles and Status of the Aged in Three Cultures
81(12)
Conclusion
89(1)
Key Terms
90(1)
Notes
90(1)
References
90(3)
PART II: The Individual and the Social System
Biological and Health Correlates of Aging
93(34)
Introduction
93(4)
Age-Related Changes in Human Physiology
97(1)
Major Causes of Illness and Death in Old Age
98(4)
Biological Theories of Aging
102(5)
Psychological and Sociological Aspects of Illness
107(6)
Holistic Health Care
113(2)
Exercise and Aging
115(12)
Conclusion
118(5)
Key Terms
123(1)
Notes
123(1)
References
124(3)
Psychological Changes in Later Life
127(28)
Introduction
127(1)
Psychological and Performance Changes
128(4)
Personality
132(2)
Stability and Change in Personality
134(4)
Self-Esteem
138(2)
Adjustment to Aging
140(2)
Stress
142(13)
Conclusion
149(1)
Key Terms
150(1)
Notes
150(1)
References
151(4)
Age Norms, Age Constraints, and Adult Socialization
155(20)
Life Space
157(1)
Role
158(3)
Age Synchronization
161(3)
Normative Constraints
164(1)
Attitudes toward Old Age
165(1)
Social Class and Adjustment to Old Age
166(2)
Age, Gender, and Longevity
168(7)
Conclusion
171(1)
Key Terms
172(1)
Notes
172(1)
References
173(2)
Aging Minority Group Members
175(23)
Demographic Characteristics
177(9)
Social Aspects of Aging
186(1)
Service Needs
187(1)
Subcultural and Value Disparities between the Dominant Group and Minority Groups
188(2)
The Asian American
190(2)
Native Americans
192(6)
Conclusion
193(1)
Key Terms
194(1)
Notes
195(1)
References
196(2)
PART III: Adjustment Patterns and Changing Lifestyles in Old Age
Family Patterns in Later Life
198(30)
Marital Status of Older Americans
199(1)
Changing Roles and the Aging Family
200(1)
Husband-Wife Relations
201(8)
Intergenerational Relations
209(2)
Grandparenthood
211(3)
Widowhood
214(3)
Alternative Lifestyles
217(2)
Second Marriages
219(9)
Conclusion
221(2)
Key Terms
223(1)
Notes
223(1)
References
223(5)
Work, Leisure, and Retirement Patterns
228(25)
Introduction
228(1)
Work
229(5)
Free Time
234(1)
Leisure
235(4)
Retirement
239(14)
Conclusion
248(1)
Key Terms
249(1)
Notes
249(1)
References
250(3)
Living Environments in Later Life
253(27)
Residential Segregation of the Aged
255(5)
Design and Environmental Factors in Senior Housing
260(3)
Housing and Community Choices of Older Americans
263(3)
Housing Costs
266(2)
Sociability
268(1)
Institutionalization
269(3)
The Eden Alternative
272(8)
Conclusion
273(2)
Key Terms
275(1)
Notes
275(1)
References
276(4)
Death and Dying
280(25)
The Impact of Death on Society
281(4)
Attitudes toward Death
285(2)
The Meaning of Death
287(2)
Critical Questions about Death
289(10)
Grief
299(6)
Conclusion
301(1)
Key Terms
301(1)
Notes
301(1)
References
302(3)
PART IV: Societal Issues Confronting Older Americans
The Economics of Aging
305(16)
Economic Needs of Older Americans
305(1)
Income
306(3)
Poverty
309(7)
Effects of Inflation
316(5)
Conclusion
318(1)
Key Terms
319(1)
Notes
319(1)
References
319(2)
Exploitation of the Aged: Crimes, Confidence Games, and Frauds
321(16)
Fear of Crime
321(1)
Victimization by Crime
322(4)
The Older Person's Response to Victimization
326(1)
Confidence Games and Frauds
327(3)
Abuse of the Elderly
330(7)
Conclusion
332(2)
Key Terms
334(1)
Notes
334(1)
References
335(2)
Politics of Aging
337(15)
Political Participation
338(6)
Intergenerational Conflict or Consensus
344(3)
Status Inconsistency
347(1)
Age and Political Conservatism
348(4)
Conclusion
348(1)
Key Terms
349(1)
Notes
350(1)
References
350(2)
Social Services for Older Americans
352(21)
Social Services for Older Americans
352(15)
Future Directions of Service Programs for the Aged
367(6)
Conclusion
370(1)
Key Terms
371(1)
Notes
372(1)
References
372(1)
Religion and Aging
373(17)
Introduction
373(1)
Church Attendance
374(2)
Belief in God
376(1)
Belief in Immortality
377(1)
Orthodox Religion
378(1)
Religious Ritualism and Private Devotionalism
379(2)
Religiosity and Life Satisfaction
381(2)
The Role of the Aged in the Church
383(7)
Conclusion
384(2)
Key Terms
386(1)
Notes
386(1)
References
387(3)
Aging and the Aged: Future Prospects and Issues
390(15)
Gerontology: The Future of the Discipline
391(1)
Theories of Aging
392(2)
Health
394(1)
Retirement Income
395(2)
Family
397(2)
Residential Location
399(1)
Postindustrial Society
399(1)
Values
400(1)
Work and Leisure
401(1)
Power
401(1)
Death
402(1)
Government Services
403(2)
Conclusion
403(1)
Key Terms
403(1)
Notes
404(1)
References
404(1)
Index 405

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