Latin America and Its People, Volume 2 (1800 to Present)

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-01-01
  • Publisher: Longman
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Offering a balance of social, political, environmental, and cultural history,Latin America and Its Peoplelooks at the whole of Latin America in a thematic rather than country-by-country approach. This engaging textbook emphasizes the stories of the diverse people of Latin America, their everyday lives, and the issues that affected them. Written by two of the leading scholars in the field, Cheryl Martin and Mark Wasserman,Latin America and Its Peoplepresents a fresh interpretative survey of Latin American history from pre-Columbian times to the beginning of the Twenty-First Century. It examines the many institutions that Latin Americans have built and rebuilt - families, governments, churches, political parties, labor unions, schools, and armies - and it does so through the lives of the people who forged these institutions and later altered them to meet the changing circumstances. Emphasizes the story of the diverse people of Latin America, their everyday lives, and the issues and forces that affect them. Latin American History Latin American History

Table of Contents

List of Featuresp. vii
List of Maps and Color Platesp. viii
Map of National Capitalsp. ix
Prefacep. x
About the Authorsp. xvi
The New Nations of Latin Americap. 245
Spanish America and the Crisis of 1808p. 246
Spain and the Napoleonic Invasionp. 247
Representative Government in Spain and America, 1808-1814p. 247
The "American Question"p. 251
Spanish American Grievances and the Crisis of 1808p. 252
Mexicop. 253
Venezuelap. 255
Argentinap. 255
Spanish American Independencep. 256
The Final Campaignsp. 256
Regional Conflicts in the Spanish American Struggle for Independencep. 262
The Independence of Brazilp. 264
The Portuguese Monarchy in Brazilp. 264
Popular Unrest in Brazilp. 265
The Culmination of Brazilian Independencep. 266
The Meaning of Independencep. 267
Conclusionp. 271
Learning More About Latin Americansp. 272
How Historians Understand: Were the Wars of Independence the Turning Point?p. 248
Latin American Lives: Jose Antonio Aponte, Sculptor of Havanap. 258
Slice of Life: The 16th of September: Independence Day in Mexicop. 268
Regionalism, War, and Reconstruction: Politics and Economics, 1821-1880p. 274
Dilemmas of Nationhoodp. 275
Who Governs and What Form of Government?p. 275
Federalism/Centralism and Liberalism/Conservatismp. 277
The Challenge of Regionalismp. 278
Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, and Central Americap. 279
Brazil and Chilep. 284
A Century of Warp. 285
Wars of Political Consolidationp. 285
Intra-Regional Warsp. 287
Foreign Warsp. 288
Civil Warsp. 289
The Impact of Warp. 292
Popular Participationp. 295
Caudillosp. 298
The Challenge of Economic Recoveryp. 303
Obstacles to Developmentp. 303
Export Economiesp. 304
Conclusionp. 306
Learning More About Latin Americansp. 308
How Historians Understand: Benito Juarez: The Making of a Mythp. 280
Latin American Lives: Dr. Franciap. 300
Slice of Life: The Parian Riot: Mexico City, 1828p. 296
Everyday Life in an Uncertain Age, 1821-1880p. 309
The Peoplep. 310
The Large Estates: Haciendas, Estancias, Plantations, Fazendasp. 311
Work Lifep. 312
Domestic Lifep. 317
Plantations and Slaveryp. 319
Villages and Small Holdersp. 323
Religionp. 326
Urban Life and Societal Transformationp. 326
The Citiesp. 327
Transformationsp. 329
Food, Clothing, Shelter, and Entertainmentp. 332
Foodp. 332
Clothingp. 333
Shelterp. 334
Entertainmentp. 336
Conclusionp. 338
Learning More About Latin Americansp. 338
How Historians Understand: The Construction of Racismp. 320
Latin American Lives: The Gauchop. 314
Slice of Life: Urban Slavesp. 318
Economic Modernization, Society, and Politics, 1880-1920p. 340
Economic Modernizationp. 342
Exportsp. 342
The Downside of Export-Led Modernizationp. 344
Railroadsp. 346
Modernization and Social Changep. 347
Population Increasep. 347
New Classes, New Voicesp. 348
Rural Discontentp. 352
Mass Movements of Peoplep. 353
Politics in the Age of Modernizationp. 354
A Modernized Militaryp. 355
The Rule of the Ranchers and Planters: Argentina and Brazilp. 356
Democracy in Chilep. 358
The Aristocratic Republic: Perup. 359
Dictatorship: Mexicop. 361
Modernization and Resistancep. 363
Indigenous Peoplesp. 364
Resistance in the Countrysidep. 364
The Mexican Revolutionp. 365
Conclusionp. 368
Learning More About Latin Americansp. 369
How Historians Understand: Why Do People Rebel?p. 366
Latin American Lives: Luis Terrazas, Cattle Baron of Chihuahua, Mexicop. 360
Slice of Life: A Chilean Mining Campp. 350
Between Revolutions: The New Politics of Class and the Economies of Import Substitution Industrialization, 1920-1959p. 370
Three Crises and the Beginnings of Intensified Government Involvement in the Economy, 1920-1945p. 372
The Aftermath of World War Ip. 372
The Great Depressionp. 373
World War IIp. 377
Peacetime Economiesp. 377
Dictators and Populistsp. 379
The 1920sp. 380
Depression and Warp. 387
Peacetime Politicsp. 392
Failure of the Left and Rightp. 393
Women's Suffragep. 395
Conclusionp. 396
Learning More About Latin Americansp. 398
How Historians Understand: Reconstructing the Semana Tragica (Tragic Week) in Argentine Historyp. 382
Latin American Lives: Elvia and Felipe Carrillo Puertop. 386
Slice of Life: Colombian Coffee Farm in 1925p. 374
People and Progress, 1910-1959p. 399
Socialization in the Factory and the Mine: Proletarianization and Patriarchyp. 401
A Miner's Day at El Tenientep. 408
Urbanization and Social Changep. 410
The Citiesp. 410
Life on the Edge: The Middle Classp. 411
La Chica Modernap. 415
Popular and High Culturep. 417
Conclusionp. 423
Learning More About Latin Americansp. 423
How Historians Understand: The Voice of the Lower Classesp. 412
Latin American Lives: Frida Kahlop. 421
Slice of Life: Village Life in Perup. 403
Revolution, Reaction, Democracy, and the New Global Economy. 1959 to the Presentp. 425
The Revolutions: Cuba, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Peru, and Colombiap. 427
Cubap. 427
Nicaraguap. 430
El Salvadorp. 432
Guatemalap. 433
Perup. 433
Colombiap. 436
The Tyrannies: Brazil, Argentina, and Chilep. 436
Brazilp. 438
Argentinap. 440
Chilep. 444
The Exception: Mexicop. 448
Resurgent Democracy and the "Pink Tide"p. 449
The Struggle for Control of Everyday Lifep. 452
The New Global Economyp. 453
Conclusionp. 457
Learning More About Latin Americansp. 457
How Historians Understand: Theories of Economic Development and Historyp. 454
Latin American Lives: An Argentine Military Officerp. 445
Slice of Life: On the Streets of Neuvo Laredop. 441
Everyday Life: 1959 to the Presentp. 458
The Reign of Terrorp. 459
The Quality of Lifep. 462
What Does It Mean to Be Poor?p. 463
Informal Economyp. 468
The Great Migrationsp. 472
The Citiesp. 473
To Be Poor in the Citiesp. 476
An Urban Migrant's Storyp. 477
The Environmentp. 477
The Globalization of Culturep. 478
Artp. 481
Conclusionp. 481
Learning More About Latin Americansp. 483
How Historians Understand: From the Countryside to the Cityp. 474
Latin American Lives: Women Rebelsp. 460
Slice of Life: The Barrio/Favelap. 471
Glossaryp. 485
Creditsp. 487
Indexp. 489
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