Law and Ethics in the Business Environment

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1999-08-06
  • Publisher: South-Western College/West
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Supplemental Materials

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.


The unique flexibility of this text makes this an excellent supplement to any standard business law and legal environment text, or as the primary text for an advanced ethics or issues-oriented course. Introducing issues via specific legal cases, it provides balanced, in-depth coverage of controversial and timely topics in the areas of law and ethics within the business environment.

Author Biography

Elaine Ingulli, J.D., L.L.M., is Professor of Business, Richard Stockton College, Pomona, New Jersey.

Table of Contents

Law, Ethics, and Business: An Introduction
A Duty to Rescue?p. 1
Yania v. Bigan (Pennsylvania, 1959)p. 3
Hurley v. Eddingfield (Indiana, 1901)p. 4
Oath of Hippocratesp. 5
Justifying the "No Duty to Rescue" Rulep. 6
Exceptions to the Rulep. 7
Radical Change?p. 8
The Duty of Rescue, Steven J. Heymanp. 8
A Primer on Feminist Theory and Tort, Leslie Benderp. 11
Business Liability for Rescue and Protectionp. 14
Butler v. Acme Markets (New Jersey, 1981)p. 14
Law, Ethics, Promisesp. 16
Township of Ypsilanti v. General Motors (Michigan, 1993)p. 16
Contract Lawp. 24
Traditional Business Valuesp. 25
On Liberty, John Stuart Millp. 26
Making an Ethical Decisionp. 27
Consequences (Utilitarianism)p. 27
Rights and Duties (Deontology)p. 28
Virtue Ethicsp. 29
Stakeholder Analysisp. 30
Global Issuesp. 31
Nike in Indonesia, John R. Boatrightp. 31
Chapter Problemsp. 33
Chapter Project: Stakeholder Ethics Roleplay, Desperate Airp. 34
The Duty of Loyalty: Whistleblowingp. 35
Ran Ken, Inc. v. Cindy Schlapper (Texas, 1992)p. 35
Employment-At-Willp. 40
Exceptions to the Rulep. 41
Pierce v. Ortho Pharmaceutical Corp. (New Jersey, 1980)p. 44
Statistics on Whistleblowersp. 50
Survey of Whistleblowers Finds Retaliation but Few Regretsp. 51
Montana's Statute on Wrongful Dischargep. 52
The Question of Loyaltyp. 54
The "Common Enterprise"p. 54
NLRB v. Electrical Workers (United States, 1953)p. 55
Interview of Larry Ross, Studs Terkep. 15
Whistleblowing and Employee Loyalty, Ronald Duskap. 57
Global Issuesp. 59
Strategy and Structure of Japanese Enterprises, Toyohiro Konop. 60
Federal False Claims Actp. 61
United States v. General Electric (S.D. New York, 1992)p. 63
Communication Within the Corporationp. 66
Beech-Nut Corporation: Communication Breakdownp. 66
Beyond the Shut-Eyed Sentry, John C. Coffeep. 69
Johnson and Johnson's Credop. 70
Chapter Problemsp. 72
Chapter Project: Mock Trial: Cleary v. U.S. Steelp. 75
Privacy and Technology: Electronic Surveillancep. 77
Electronic Monitoringp. 77
Smyth v. The Pillsbury Company (D. Pennyslvania, 1996)p. 78
The Value of Privacyp. 82
The Functions of Privacy, Alan Westinp. 83
Industry Responses to Privacy Issuesp. 86
The Traditional Expectationp. 86
Lifestyle Controlp. 87
State of New York v. Wal-Mart Stores (New York 1995)p. 89
Testingp. 92
Soroka v. Dayton Hudson (California .Ct.App., 1991)p. 92
Testing Testing: Social Consequences of The Examined Life, F. Allan Hansonp. 96
Letters of Reference and Privacy: A Catch-22p. 100
Consumer Privacyp. 101
E-Commerce Privacy Data Surveyp. 102
Dwyer v. American Express Company (Illinois, 1995)p. 103
Global Issuesp. 105
The European Union Data Protection Directive, Information Privacy and the Public Interest, Fred. H. Catep. 106
Public Employees and the Constitutionp. 110
Reasonable Expectations of Privacyp. 110
Lowered Expectations of Privacyp. 110
Privacy in Medical Informationp. 112
Norman-Bloodsaw v. Lawrence Berkeley Lab (9th Cir. 1997)p. 112
Chapter Problemsp. 118
Chapter Project: Surfing the Netp. 119
Gender and Power: Sexual Harassmentp. 121
Sexual Harassment: Employers Must Actp. 121
Faraghar v. City of Boca Raton (United States, 1998)p. 122
Ellerth v. Burlington Industries (United States, 1998)p. 125
Legal Backgroundp. 126
The Experience of Sexual Harassmentp. 128
Statement of Anita F. Hillp. 128
Statement of Judge Clarence Thomasp. 129
Race, Gender and Liberal Fallacies, Orlando Pattersonp. 130
Hostile Environment: How Offensive Must It Be?p. 132
Rabidue v. Osceola Refining Company (6th Cir. 1986)p. 133
The Psychology of Sexual Harassmentp. 136
Sexual Stereotyping and Sexual Harassment: Testimony of Susan Fiske in Robinson v. Jacksonville Shipyardsp. 137
Unwelcomenessp. 139
Co-Worker Harassmentp. 140
Ellison v. Brady (9th Cir. 1991)p. 140
Harris v. Forklift Systems Inc. (U.S. 1993)p. 144
Office Romancep. 146
Dear Girlfriend (Pre-Relationship Agreements)p. 146
A Proposal: We Need Taboos on Sex at Work, Margaret Meadep. 148
Same-Sex Harassmentp. 151
Amici Curiae Brief, Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Catharine MacKinnonp. 152
Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Servicesp. 156
Global Issuesp. 157
Law, Culture, Harassment, Anita Bernsteinp. 157
In Japan, It's "See No Evil, Have No Harassment," Andrew Pollackp. 160
Chapter Problemsp. 162
Chapter Project: Negotiating Organizational Policies: Sexual Harassment Guidelinesp. 164
A Diverse Society: The Controversy Over Affirmative Actionp. 165
Johnson v. Transportation Agency, Santa Clara County (United States, 1987)p. 166
The Civil Rights Act of 1964p. 169
Equal Protectionp. 171
Hopwood v. State of Texas (5th Cir. 1996)p. 173
Monterey Mechanical Co. v. Wilson (9th Cir.1998)p. 176
Color at Century's End: Race in Law, Policy and Politics, Christopher Edley, Jr.p. 180
Affirmative Action, The Price of Preference, Shelby Steelep. 184
Comparable Worthp. 188
Family-Friendly Policiesp. 189
Legislating Family Leavep. 189
Family and Medical Leave Actp. 190
Business Initiativesp. 191
Global Issuesp. 192
Unbending Gender: Market Work and Family Worth in the 21st Century, Joan Williamsp. 193
It's About Time: Will Europe Solve The Work/Family Dilemma? Deborah M. Figart and Ellen Mutarip. 197
Reasonable Accommodation of Disabled Workersp. 200
Americans with Disabilities Actp. 200
Historical Look at Race, Gender and Jobsp. 201
Cleaning Up/Kept Down: A Historical Perspective on Racial Inequality in 'Women's Work,' Evelyn Nakano Glennp. 202
Chapter Problemsp. 207
Chapter Project: Mock Trial: Coke v. Hospitalp. 209
Government Regulation: Workplace Safetyp. 211
Fetal Protection or Discrimination?p. 212
International Union v. Johnson Controls (United States, 1991)p. 212
Risk in the Workplacep. 216
Statement of Member Shipbuilders Local 5 Quincy Massachusetts, Charley Richardsonp. 217
A Review of Some Normative and Conceptual Issues in Occupational Safety and Health, Mark McCarthyp. 218
Rivethead: Tales From the Assembly Line, Ben Hamperp. 219
Worker's Compensationp. 220
Silkwood v. Kerr-McGee (10th Cir. 1981)p. 222
Johns-Manville Corp. v. Contra Costa Superior Court, Reba Rudkin (California 1980)p. 225
Achieving Environmental Justice: The Role of Occupational Health, George Friedman-Jimenezp. 228
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)p. 230
Irving v. United States (1st Cir. 1998)p. 231
The New OSHA: Reinventing Worker Safety and Health, John Leonard Watsonp. 235
Corporate Criminal Liabilityp. 238
People of the State of Illinois v. Chicago Magnet Corp. (App. Ct. Ill. 1987)p. 239
People of the State of Illinois v. Chicago Magnet Corp. (Illinois, 1989)p. 240
Organizations and the Law, Michael B. Metzgerp. 242
Global Issuesp. 244
International Battle Against Sweatshop Laborp. 244
AIP Workplace Code of Conductp. 246
Dow Chemical Company v. Alfaro (Texas, 1990)p. 248
Exporting Hazards, Henry Shuep. 251
Chapter Problemsp. 254
Chapter Project: Roleplay: Corporate Criminal Responsibilityp. 255
Environmental Protection: Biodiversity and Property Rightsp. 257
Biodiversity vs. Property Rightsp. 258
Babbitt, Secretary of the Interior v. Sweet Home Chapter of Communities For a Great Oregon (United States, 1995)p. 259
Loggerhead Turtle, Green Turtle v. Volusia County, Florida (D. Florida, 1995)p. 265
Environmental Philosophyp. 269
On Property, John Lockep. 269
A Sand County Almanac, Aldo Leopoldp. 273
Why I Am Not An Environmentalist, Steven E. Landsburgp. 275
Environmental Protection: Changing Legal Responsep. 277
Common Law Approachp. 277
Boomer v. Atlantic Cement Co. (New York, 1970)p. 278
Statutory Lawp. 280
Regulatory Achievement and Regulatory Failure: New Approachesp. 281
Why We Have Failed, Barry Commonerp. 282
Regulatory Puzzlesp. 285
Private Property, Regulation and the Constitutionp. 285
Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council (United States, 1992)p. 287
Market-Based Incentivesp. 292
Life and Taxes, J. Andrew Hoernerp. 292
With Pollution-reduction Credits, Utility Buys Time to Clean Its Act, John J. Friedp. 294
Environmental Equityp. 296
Indigenous Environmental Perspectives, Winona LaDukep. 297
Global Issuesp. 299
International Environmental Law: North vs. Southp. 299
International Environmental Law: Boundaries, Landmarks and Realties, Laksham Guruswamyp. 300
Chapter Problemsp. 304
Chapter Project: Internet Environmental Activismp. 306
Marketing and Information: Advertisingp. 307
Commercial Speechp. 308
Hornell Brewing Co., Inc. v. Brady (D. New York, 1993)p. 309
Advertising and Economicsp. 314
The Dependence Effect, John Kenneth Galbraithp. 314
Delectable Materialism, Michael Schudsonp. 319
Federal Statutes Regulating Advertisingp. 322
FTC Actp. 322
FTC v. Silueta Distributors, Inc. and Stanley Klavir (D. Calif., 1995)p. 323
Targeting the Marketing of Violencep. 327
Lanham Actp. 328
White v. Samsung Deutsch Associates (9th Cir. 1995)p. 328
Self Regulationp. 334
AAAA Creative Codep. 334
The Power of Advertisingp. 336
The Want Makers, Eric Clarkp. 336
A Case Study in Market Manipulation: The Tobacco Industry, Jon D. Hanson and Douglas A. Kysarp. 341
Global Issuesp. 347
WHO looks to Ban Tobacco Advertising Worldwidep. 348
Selling Us Ourselvesp. 349
Putting on Appearances: Gender and Advertising, Diane Barthelp. 349
Chapter Problemsp. 353
Chapter Project: Stakeholder Ethics Roleplay: Needy and Companyp. 356
Risk Allocation: Products Liabilityp. 359
Unsafe Productsp. 360
ICI Americas v. Banks (Ct. Appeals, Georgia, 1994)p. 360
Breach of Warranty, Negligence and Strict Liability in Tortp. 362
Restatement of Torts, 2d., Section 402Ap. 364
Banks v. ICI Americas (Georgia, 1994)p. 365
Denny v. Ford Motor Company (New York, 1994)p. 367
The Uniform Commercial Code (U.C.C.)p. 370
Transport Corporation of America v. IBM (8th Cir. 1994)p. 371
The Debate Over Tort Reform: Punitive Damagesp. 374
Litigation Abuse is Destroying My Company, Glenn W. Baileyp. 375
The Future of Tort Litigation in California, Ralph Naderp. 377
Grimshaw v. Ford Motor Company (California Ct. App. 1981)p. 382
Consumer Demand for Dangerous Productsp. 387
Wilks v. American Tobacco Company (Mississippi Circuit C. 1993)p. 387
Manufacturer Liability for Consumer Usesp. 389
Richardson v. Holland (Missouri, 1987)p. 389
Legal Claims of Cities vs. Manufacturers of Handguns, David Kairysp. 391
Global Issuesp. 393
Products Liability Law in the European Community, Sandra N. Hurd and Frances E. Zollersp. 394
Chapter Problemsp. 396
Chapter Project: Mock Legislative Hearing: Gun Controlp. 397
Appendicesp. 401
Stakeholder Ethics Roleplayp. 401
Mock Trial Materialsp. 402
Introduction to Legal Researchp. 406
Evaluating Internet Informationp. 414
Glossaryp. 415
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