9781587785177

Law, Science And Medicine

by ; ; ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781587785177

  • ISBN10:

    158778517X

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-03-01
  • Publisher: Foundation Pr
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Summary

Areen, King, Goldberg, Gostin, and Capron?s casebook provides detailed information on law, science, and medicine and the tools for fast, easy, on-point research. Part of the University Casebook Series?, it includes selected cases designed to illustrate the development of a body of law on a particular subject. Text and explanatory materials designed for law study accompany the cases.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition v
Acknowledgments ix
Table of Cases
xxxv
PART ONE The Evolving Relationship of Science and Medicine to the Law
1(214)
The Human Genome: Pathways to Health
2(99)
Scientific Discovery and Advancement
2(12)
Mendel and How Genetics Began
2(1)
More than 50 Years after Watson and Crick
3(1)
A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid
4(1)
J.D. Watson
F.H.C. Crick
DNA's Family Tree
5(1)
Tom Clarke
Decoding the Structure of Life: Mapping the Human Genome
6(1)
Timeline and Accomplishments
6(1)
New Goals for the U.S. Human Genome Project: 1998--2003
6(1)
Francis S. Collins
Human Genome: Reaching Their Goal Early, Sequencing Labs Celebrate
7(2)
Elizabeth Pennisi
The HapMap Project
9(1)
Researchers Try to Unlock Human Genome Potential
9(2)
Xavier Bosch
From Genomics to Proteomics
11(1)
Proteomics: Biology in the Post--Genomic Era
11(2)
Vicki Brower
Public--Private Group Maps Out Initiatives
13(1)
Jocelyn Kaiser
The Role of Genomics in Understanding Health and Disease
14(32)
Genetic Testing and Screening
15(1)
Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Genetic Testing and Genetic Screening
15(6)
BRCA1 and BRCA2 Gene Mutations: Decision--Making Dilemmas Concerning Testing and Management
21(4)
Sozos J. Fasouliotis
Joseph G. Schenker
Katskee v. Blue Cross/Blue Shield
25(4)
Pharmacogenomics
29(1)
Pharmacogenetics and the Practice of Medicine
29(1)
Allen D. Roses
Ethical and Legal Implications of Pharmacogenomics
30(3)
Mark A. Rothstein
Phyllis Griffin Epps
Gene Therapy: Germline v. Somatic Cell Interventions
33(1)
Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Scope Note 24: Human Gene Therapy
33(6)
Genetic Enhancement: Selection of Desired Traits
39(1)
The President's Council on Bioethics, Screening and Selection for Genetic Conditions and Traits
39(3)
Genetic Enhancement in Humans
42(4)
Jon W. Gordon
Science Policy and Regulation: Competition or Control?
46(20)
Body Bazaar: The Market for Human Tissue in the Biotechnology Age
46(1)
Lori Andrews
Dorothy Nelkin
The Problem of Patenting: Who Owns DNA?
47(1)
Festo Corp v. Shoketsu Kinzoku Kogyo Kabushiki Co.
48(3)
The Problem of Commercialization: Mining and Harvesting DNA
51(1)
Commercialization of Genetic Research and Public Policy
52(3)
Bartha Maria Knoppers
Regulating Science and Medicine
55(1)
International Guidelines
55(1)
Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights
56(4)
Regulatory Initiatives in the United States
60(1)
Secretary's Advisory Committee on Genetic Testing, Enhancing the Oversight of Genetic Tests: Recommendations of the SACGT
61(4)
Coming Soon to the ``Genetic Supermarket'' Near You
65(1)
Curtis A. Kin
Genetics and Society: Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications
66(34)
Genetics Exceptionalism
66(1)
Genetic Exceptionalism in Medicine: Clarifying the Differences between Genetic and Nongenetic Tests
67(4)
Michael J. Green
Jeffrey R. Botkin
Genetic Privacy and the Disclosure of Genetic Information
71(1)
Genetic Privacy
71(1)
Genetic Privacy: Emerging Concepts and Values in Genetic Secrets
71(2)
Anita L. Allen
The ``Duty to Warn'' and the ``Right to Know''
73(1)
The ``Duty to Warn'' a Patient's Family Members About Hereditary Disease Risks
73(7)
Kenneth Offit
Molloy v. Meier
80(3)
Human Genetic Research Databases: The Promise of Trans--National Biobanks
83(4)
Stratification, Justice, and Opportunity
87(1)
The Historical Lessons of Eugenics
88(1)
Two Models for Genetic Intervention
89(2)
Allen Buchanan
Genetic Stratification Based on Race and Ethnicity
91(1)
Race and Genomics
91(5)
Richard S. Cooper
The Risks of Stratification: Genetic Discrimination
96(4)
Conclusion
100(1)
The Formation of the Modern Scientific Establishment: The Role of Nuclear Energy
101(114)
The Scientific Basis and Historic Impact of Nuclear Weapons
101(43)
The Scientific Basis of Nuclear Energy
101(1)
Albert Einstein
101(9)
Banesh Hoffmann
The Republic of Science
110(1)
Michael Polanyi
Developing and Using the Atomic Bomb
111(1)
Brighter Than a Thousand Suns
111(1)
Robert Jungk
Lawrence and Oppenheimer
112(2)
Nuel Pharr Davis
The Atomic Bomb
114(1)
Barton J. Bernstein
Apocalypse
114(3)
Louis Beres
Thinking About the Unthinkable
117(2)
Herman Kahn
Protecting the Secret of the Hydrogen Bomb
119(1)
The Oppenheimer Case: Security on Trial
120(5)
Philip M. Stern
Comparing Scientific and Legal Reasoning
125(1)
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
125(3)
Thomas S. Kuhn
Social Theory and Social Structure
128(3)
Robert K. Merton
The Two Cultures
131(2)
C.P. Snow
An Introduction to Legal Reasoning
133(1)
Edward H. Levi
The Paradoxes of Legal Science
134(2)
Benjamin N. Cardozo
Nuclear Weapons After the Cold War
136(1)
Speech by Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld at the AUSA Air, Space, and Missile Defense Symposium
137(1)
Floor Debate on Consideration of H.R. 4200, National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005
138(1)
United States Bishops, Pastoral Letter on War and Peace, the Challenge of Peace: God's Promise and Our Response
139(5)
The Social Consequences of Civilian Nuclear Power
144(43)
Government Regulation of Nuclear Reactors: Operating Safety and Waste Disposal
144(1)
The Atom for Progress and Peace
144(1)
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corp. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.
144(9)
Baltimore Gas and Electric Co. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.
153(8)
Duke Power Co. v. Carolina Environmental Study Group, Inc.
161(9)
Report of the President's Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island
170(5)
In re Three Mile Island Alert, Inc., et al.
175(7)
The Decline of Nuclear Energy and the Prospects for Rebirth
182(1)
Kansas Gas and Electric Co. v. State Corporation Commission
182(5)
Alternative Means of Electricity Generation: The Question of Scale
187(28)
Photovoltaic Energy Systems
187(1)
Solar Energy
188(1)
Jimmy Carter
Hearing on the Administration's Views on the Role That Renewable Energy Technologies Can Play in Sustainable Electricity Generation, Before the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
188(3)
Fontainebleau Hotel Corp. v. Forty--Five Twenty--Five, Inc.
191(2)
Solar Law
193(1)
Sandy F. Kraemer
Photovoltaic Energy Systems---Continued
Prah v. Maretti
194(8)
Tenn v. 889 Associates, Ltd.
202(5)
Hydrogen Fuel Cells and the Soft Path Debate
207(1)
Energy Strategy: The Road Not Taken?
208(2)
Amory Lovins
Prepared Testimony
210(1)
Amory Lovins
Soft Path Leads to a New Dark Age
211(2)
Aden B. Meinel
Marjorie P. Meinel
Small Is Beautiful
213(2)
E.F. Schumacher
PART TWO Controlling Science and Medicine: The Roles of Individuals, Groups and the State
215(404)
Private Control of Science and Medicine
216(88)
Professionals and Their Organizations and Institutions
216(18)
What Is a Profession?
216(1)
Newmark v. Gimbel's, Inc.
216(5)
Establishing Norms and Standards of Conduct
221(1)
Fineman v. New Jersey Department of Human Services
221(12)
American Medical Association, Principles of Medical Ethics
233(1)
Patients, Subjects and Citizens
234(70)
What Control Can Individuals Exercise?
234(1)
The Role of Assent or Refusal
234(1)
Schloendorff v. Society of New York Hospital
234(3)
On Liberty
237(3)
John Stuart Mill
The Role of Disclosure
240(1)
Canterbury v. Spence
240(19)
What Limitations Should Be Placed on Individual Choice?
259(1)
Based on Concern for Others
259(1)
Jacobson v. Massachusetts
259(1)
Bradshaw v. Daniel
260(4)
Based on Concern for the Individual
264(1)
United States v. Cannabis Cultivator's Club
264(4)
Based on Concern for Those Who Cannot Decide for Themselves
268(1)
Rains v. Belshe
268(10)
In re Seiferth
278(4)
Sell v. United States
282(10)
What Matters Require Collective Action---and How?
292(1)
The Institutional Review Board and Beyond: Future Challenges to the Ethics of Human Experimentation
292(4)
Harold Edgar
David J. Rothman
In re Brooklyn Navy Yard Asbestos Litigation
296(5)
Bioethics After Two Decades
301(3)
Robert S. Morison
Public Control of Science and Medicine
304(136)
Limits on Government Control of Science and Medicine: The First Amendment Framework
304(39)
Free Speech
304(1)
United States v. The Progressive, Inc.
304(8)
Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union
312(21)
Science and Religion: Can the Government Choose Sides?
333(1)
Edwards v. Aguillard
333(10)
Government Support for Science and Medicine
343(40)
The Historical Background: The Framers and Science
343(1)
God, Galileo, and Government: Toward Constitutional Protection for Scientific Inquiry
343(3)
Richard Delgado
Government Spending for Science and Medicine: The Federal Budget Process
346(1)
Presidential Control of Agency Budget Requests
346(1)
The National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976
346(1)
Excerpts From House Report on Pub. L. No. 94--282
347(3)
The Congressional Budget Process
350(1)
Technical Advice for Congress: Past Trends and Present Obstacles
351(7)
Bruce L. R. Smith
Spending the Money: Who Gets It and What Strings Are Attached
358(1)
Grassetti v. Weinberger
358(15)
State Spending for Science and Medicine
373(1)
State Support for Health Research: An Assessment for the Mary Woodard Lasker Charitable Trust and Funding First
373(2)
Michael McGreary
Indirect Support for Research and Development: Patent, Trade Secret, Copyright, and Other Incentives
375(1)
State Street Bank & Trust Co. v. Signature Financial Group, Inc.
375(8)
Government Regulation of Science and Medicine
383(25)
Federal Regulation: The Central Role of the Administrative Agency
383(2)
Occupational Exposure to Cotton Dust
385(7)
American Textile Manufacturers Institute, Inc. v. Donovan
392(5)
The Reluctant Embrace: Law and Science in America
397(3)
Steven Goldberg
State and Local Regulation
400(1)
Wisconsin Public Intervenor v. Mortier
400(8)
Trial Court Use of Scientific and Medical Evidence
408(32)
Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals
408(12)
General Electric Company v. Joiner
420(8)
Kuhmo Tire Co. v. Carmichael
428(12)
The Public Health System: Law and the Population's Health
440(179)
Public Health Law: The Foundations
440(24)
Defining Concepts
440(1)
The State's Powers, Duties, and Limits
440(1)
The Health of Populations
441(1)
The Role of Communities and Civic Responsibility
441(1)
Defining Concepts---Continued
The Salience of Prevention
442(1)
The Mission, Functions, and Services of Public Health
442(1)
The Public Health System
443(1)
Institute of Medicine, The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century
443(7)
The Population Focus
450(1)
Actual Causes of Death in the United States, 2000
450(8)
Ali H. Mokdad
Sick Individuals and Sick Populations
458(6)
Geoffrey Rose
The Legitimate Scope of Public Health
464(18)
Socioeconomic Status
465(1)
Policy Implications of the Gradient of Health and Wealth
465(8)
Angus Deaton
Is Income Inequality a Determinant of Population Health? Part 1: A Systematic Review
473(2)
John Lynch
The ``Built'' Environment
475(1)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Creating A Healthy Environment: The Impact of the Built Environment on Public Health
475(7)
Richard J. Jackson
Chris Kochtitzky
State Police Powers: Protecting Health, Safety, and Morals
482(9)
Jacobson v. Massachusetts
482(9)
Surveillance and Public Health Research
491(8)
Reporting Injuries or Diseases
491(1)
Whalen v. Roe
491(4)
Public Health Research
495(1)
Ethics and the Conduct of Public Health Surveillance
496(3)
Amy L. Fairchild
Ronald Bayer
Health Promotion, Persuasion, and Free Expression
499(26)
Health Communication Campaigns: Government Speech
499(1)
Regulation of Commercial Speech: Advertising Restrictions
500(1)
Lorillard Tobacco Co. v. Reilly
501(9)
Pearson v. Shalala
510(11)
Compelled Commercial Speech: The Public's ``Right to Know''
521(1)
International Dairy Foods Association v. Amestoy
522(3)
Control of Infectious Diseases: Naturally Occurring Epidemics and Bioterrorism
525(59)
Ethical and Legal Challenges Posed by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
526(10)
Lawrence O. Gostin
Restrictions of the Person: Isolation and Quarantine
536(1)
Jew Ho v. Williamson
537(2)
City of New York v. Antoinette R.
539(2)
Greene v. Edwards
541(3)
Compulsory Vaccination: Immunizing the Population Against Disease
544(2)
The Tragedy of the Commons
546(3)
Garrett Hardin
Brown v. Stone
549(2)
Boone v. Boozman
551(6)
Compulsory Treatment
557(1)
Directly Observed Therapy for Tuberculosis: History of an Idea
558(2)
Ronald Bayer
David Wilkinson
Bioterrorism: The Intentional Dispersal of Pathogens to Destabilize Political and Social Structures
560(1)
The Looming Threat of Bioterrorism
561(3)
Donald A. Henderson
Bioterror Countermeasures and Preparedness
564(3)
Civil Liberties in the Era of Bioterrorism
567(1)
Public Health Law in an Age of Terrorism: Rethinking Individual Rights and Common Goods
568(7)
Lawrence O. Gostin
Bioterrorism, Public Health, and Human Rights
575(3)
George J. Annas
Infectious Disease Law in Comparative and International Perspective
578(1)
The WHO's International Health Regulations
578(1)
International Infectious Disease Law: Revision of the World Health Organization's International Health Regulations
579(5)
Lawrence O. Gostin
Public Health Regulation of Property and the Professions: Restraint of Economic Interests
584(9)
Licensing Trades, Professions, and Institutions
585(1)
Dent v. West Virginia
585(2)
Inspecting for Violations of Health and Safety Standards
587(1)
Blue v. Koren
588(3)
Nuisance Abatement
591(1)
New York v. New St. Mark's Baths
591(2)
Tort Litigation for the Public's Health: Indirect Regulation
593(8)
Tort Law as a Prevention Strategy
593(1)
The New Public Health Litigation
593(5)
Wendy E. Parmet
Richard A. Daynard
Case Study in Tort Litigation: The Tobacco Wars
598(2)
Junk Science in the Courtroom: The Illustration of Vaccines and Autism
600(1)
Obesity: The Effect of Diet and Sedentary Lifestyle on Chronic Disease
601(18)
Institute of Medicine, The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century 76--79 (2002)
602(2)
Halting the Obesity Epidemic: A Public Health Policy Approach
604(5)
Marion Nestle
Michael F. Jacobson
Pelman v. McDonald's Corporation
609(7)
Is Obesity a Public Health Problem?
616(3)
Edward P. Richards III
PART THREE Exploring Problems at the Frontier
619(686)
Law and the American Healthcare System
620(200)
Overview and Background
620(21)
History
622(1)
The Eras of Health Care Delivery
622(1)
The Changing Institutional Setting of Health Care Delivery
623(4)
Competing Paradigms
627(1)
Health Care as a Competitive Market
627(4)
Professional Norms
631(2)
Social Justice
633(3)
Comparative Institutional Analysis
636(4)
Conclusion
640(1)
Competition Policy and the Organization of Health Care Delivery
641(60)
Introduction
641(1)
Framing the Competition Policy Debate
641(1)
Let's Put Consumers in Charge of Health Care
641(2)
Regina R. Herzlinger
Can Markets Give Us the Health System We Want?
643(2)
Thomas Rice
Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care
645(3)
Kenneth J. Arrow
Governance
648(1)
Introduction
648(1)
Internal Governance
648(1)
In the Matter of Manhattan Eye, Ear & Throat Hospital v. Spitzer
649(4)
Antitrust
653(1)
Introduction
653(1)
Health Care as a (Big) Business: The Antitrust Response
654(1)
Clark C. Havighurst
The Changing Market for Health Care Services
655(1)
Federal Trade Commission v. Butterworth Health Corporation
655(8)
Hospital/Health Plan---Physician Relations
663(1)
Exclusive Contracting
663(1)
Minnesota Association of Nurse Anesthetists v. Unity Hospital
663(3)
Physician Group Contracting Practices (Collective Bargaining)
666(1)
In the Matter of California Pacific Medical Group, Inc., doing business as Brown and Toland Medical Group
666(3)
Staff Privileges
669(2)
Quality of Care
671(1)
California Dental Association v. Federal Trade Commission
671(2)
Tax Exemption
673(1)
Introduction
673(1)
Federal Tax Exemption
674(1)
IHC Health Plans, Inc. v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue
674(6)
Property Tax Exemption
680(1)
Marshfield Clinic v. City of Eau Claire
680(4)
Private Benefit/Private Inurement
684(1)
Physician Incentives and Recruitment
684(2)
Tax Exemption---Continued
Revenue Sharing Arrangements
686(1)
G.C.M. 39862, 1991 IRS GCM LEXIS 39
686(3)
Joint Ventures
689(1)
Tax Exemption
689(1)
Retaining Control
689(1)
St. David's Health Care System v. United States
689(5)
Generating Revenue
694(1)
G.C.M. 39862, 1991 IRS GCM LEXIS 39
694(1)
Unrelated Business Income Tax (UBIT)
695(1)
IRS Private Ruling 200218037, 2002 PLR Lexis 135
695(2)
Fraud and Abuse Laws
697(1)
General Framework
697(1)
Health Care Fraud and Abuse
697(2)
Paul E. Kalb
Physician Compensation Arrangements---Exceptions
699(1)
Antitrust
700(1)
Financing Health Services
701(61)
Introduction
701(1)
The Struggle for the Soul of Health Insurance
702(1)
Deborah A. Stone
The Uncertain Case for Market Pricing of Health Insurance
703(2)
Bryan Ford
Private and Public Insurance Arrangements
705(1)
Private Insurance
705(2)
Public Insurance
707(1)
Medicare
707(2)
Medicaid
709(1)
The Basics of Health Insurance
710(1)
The Mechanics of Insurance: Rate Setting
710(1)
Adverse Selection, Moral Hazard, and Risk--Adjustment
711(1)
Adverse Selection
711(1)
Moral Hazard
712(1)
Risk--Adjustment
713(1)
Pricing Health Care
714(1)
Regulating Health Insurance Markets
715(1)
State Regulation
715(1)
Federal Regulation
716(1)
ERISA Preemption
717(1)
ERISA's Conceptual Framework
717(1)
The Failed Jurisprudence of Managed Care, and How to Fix It: Reinterpreting ERISA Preemption
717(2)
Russell Korobkin
State Regulatory Oversight
719(1)
Kentucky Association of Health Plans, Inc. v. Miller
719(4)
Interpreting Private Health Insurance Contracts
723(1)
Medical Necessity
723(1)
Non--ERISA Utilization Review
724(1)
Hughes v. Blue Cross of Northern California
724(6)
Medical Necessity determinations Under ERISA
730(1)
Fay v. Oxford Health Plan
730(4)
Excluding Experimental Care
734(1)
Interpreting Private Health Insurance Contracts---Continued
Chambers v. Coventry Health Care of Louisiana, Inc.
734(5)
Excluding Preexisting Conditions
739(1)
Bullwinkel v. New England Mutual Life Insurance Co.
739(3)
Interpreting Federal And State Statutes
742(1)
Eligibility and Enrollment
742(1)
Pediatric Specialty Care, Inc. v. Arkansas Department of Human Services
742(3)
Coverage Decisions
745(1)
Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America v. Thompson
746(4)
Access to Health Care for the Uninsured
750(2)
The Hill--Burton Act
752(1)
State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)
752(1)
The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA)
753(1)
Correa v. Hospital San Francisco
754(3)
State Assistance to the Uninsured
757(1)
Harris v. Board of Supervisors of Los Angeles County
757(5)
Patient Safety: Liability
762(58)
Introduction
762(1)
What Practices Will Most Improve Safety? Evidence--Based Medicine Meets Patient Safety
762(5)
Lucian L. Leape
Medical Liability
767(1)
Physician Liability---The Professional Standard
767(1)
Hall v. Hilbun
767(8)
Physician Liability---Duty to Warn
775(1)
Physician Liability---Defenses
776(1)
Jones v. Chidester
777(2)
Physician Liability---Alternative Standards
779(1)
Helling v. Carey
779(5)
Institutional Liability
784(1)
Direct Liability
784(1)
Thompson v. Nason Hospital
784(4)
Vicarious Liability
788(1)
Petrovich v. Share Health Plan of Illinois, Inc.
788(9)
Setting the Institutional Legal Standard of Care in the Managed Care Era
797(1)
Strangers in the Night: Law and Medicine in the Managed Care Era
797(3)
Peter D. Jacobson
ERISA
800(1)
State Tort Litigation
800(1)
Aetna Health Inc. v. Davila
800(9)
Fiduciary Duty
809(1)
Horvath v. Keystone Health Plan East, Inc.
810(4)
ERISA's Enforcement Mechanism
814(1)
Rush Prudential HMO, Inc. v. Moran
814(6)
The Human Body
820(156)
Ownership of the Body
820(51)
Who Owns the Body and Its Parts?
820(1)
Moore v. Regents of the University of California
820(14)
The Body as Commodity: When Body Parts Are to Be Transplanted
834(1)
Newman v. Sathyavaglswaran
834(6)
McFall v. Shimp
840(4)
Brown v. Delaware Valley Transplant Program
844(11)
The Relationship Between Body and Human Being
855(1)
Leon R. Kass, Thinking About the Body
855(7)
Bonnichsen v. United States
862(9)
Humans as Research Subjects
871(105)
Overview
871(1)
Philosophical Reflections on Experimenting With Human Subjects
871(4)
Hans Jonas
Human Experimentation in Judaism
875(1)
Fred Rosner
A Confucian Justification of Experimenting with Human Subjects
876(1)
Xunwu Chen
Gifts of the Body: Human Experimentation
877(1)
Gilbert Meilaender
A History of Experimental Abuses
878(1)
The Nazi War Crimes Trials
878(1)
United States v. Karl Brandt
878(1)
Opening Statement by Telford Taylor, Brigadier General, for the Prosecution
878(4)
The Judgment of the Court and the Establishment of the Nuremberg Code
882(1)
The Proof as to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity
882(4)
Experimental Abuses in the United States
886(1)
A Physician Blows the Whistle
886(1)
Ethics and Clinical Research
886(4)
Henry Beecher
The Tuskegee Syphilis Study
890(1)
Testimony of Fred Gray, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Health of the Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare
890(4)
The Dangers of Difference, Revisited
894(4)
Patricia A. King
Evolution of Public Regulation of Human Experimentation
898(1)
The Adoption of Informed Consent to Protect Subjects
898(1)
The Common Law Standard
898(1)
Halushka v. University of Saskatchewan
898(6)
Governmental Regulations
904(1)
First Stage: Early Actions by Congress, FDA and NIH
904(2)
Second Stage: Current Regulations of the United States Department of Health and Human Services
906(1)
Department of Health and Human Services, Regulations on Protection of Human Subjects
907(7)
International Regulation
914(1)
International Trends in Research Regulations: Science as Negotiation
914(4)
Paul M. McNeill
Evolution of Public Regulation of Human Experimentation---Continued
International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects
918(6)
Assessment of Current Regulations
924(1)
Research or Innovative Therapy? The Scope of Current Regulations
924(1)
Karp v. Cooley
924(8)
Should We Rely on Informed Consent to Protect Subjects?
932(1)
Informed (But Uneducated) Consent
932(4)
Franz J. Ingelfinger
IRBs: Are They Working?
936(1)
Testimony of Ezekiel J. Emanuel M.D., Ph.D., Chief, Center for Clinical Bioethics, National Institutes of Health, Hearing Before the President's Council on Bioethics
936(4)
Protecting Research Subjects---The Crisis at Johns Hopkins
940(8)
Robert Steinbrook
Protecting the Most Vulnerable Subjects
948(1)
Philosophical Reflections on Experimenting With Human Subjects
948(3)
Hans Jonas
The Cancer Ward
951(3)
Alexander I. Solzhenitsyn
Mink v. University of Chicago
954(4)
Convenient and Captive Populations
958(3)
Jonathan D. Moreno
Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, Final Report
961(6)
Department of Health and Human Services, Additional Protections for Children Involved as Subjects in Research
967(4)
Testimony of Frank C. Conahan, Assistant Comptroller General, National Security and International Affairs Division, Hearing Before the Legislation and National Security Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations
971(5)
Death and Dying
976(139)
Defining Death
976(15)
State v. Guess
976(5)
Advancing the Definition of Death: A Philosophical Essay
981(10)
Karen Grandstrand Gervais
Dying With Dignity
991(124)
Dying in the Twenty--First Century
991(1)
Dying as Failure
991(4)
Lewis Thomas
United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative
995(6)
Is There a Constitutional Right to Die?
1001(1)
Missouri Department of Health
1001(16)
Cruzan v. Director
Competent Patients
1017(1)
In General
1017(1)
McKay v. Bergstedt
1017(15)
The Nature of Suffering and the Goals of Medicine
1032(3)
Eric Cassel
Physician--Assisted Suicide
1035(1)
Washington v. Glucksberg
1035(9)
Competent Patients---Continued
Vacco v. Quill
1044(2)
Washington v. Glucksberg & Vacco v. Quill
1046(4)
State Initiatives
1050(1)
The Oregon Death With Dignity Act
1050(5)
Sixth Annual Report on Oregon's Death With Dignity Act March 10, 2004
1055(4)
Active and Passive Euthanasia
1059(3)
James Rachels
The Incompetent Patient
1062(1)
Decision-making in Anticipation of Incapacity
1062(1)
Uniform Health--Care Decisions Act
1062(10)
Surrogate Decisionmaking
1072(1)
Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health
1072(1)
In re Conroy
1072(9)
Wendland v. Wendland
1081(9)
The Special Case of Disabled Newborns
1090(1)
President's Commission, Deciding to Forego Life--Sustaining Treatment: A Report on the Ethical, Medical, and Legal Issues in Treatment Decisions
1090(4)
Miller v. Hospital Corp. of America (HCA) Inc.
1094(12)
Re A (Children)
1106(9)
Reproduction and the New Genetics
1115(146)
Defining Life
1115(19)
Davis v. Davis
1115(9)
Human Embryos: The Debate on Assisted Reproduction
1124(3)
C.R. Austin
Medicine and the Concept of the Person
1127(7)
H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.
Deciding Whether, When, or How to Reproduce
1134(127)
Who Decides?
1134(1)
Contraception
1134(1)
Griswold v. Connecticut
1134(5)
Abortion
1139(1)
Roe v. Wade
1139(4)
Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey
1143(18)
Sterilization
1161(1)
Buck v. Bell
1161(4)
Aiding Reproduction
1165(1)
Gamete Donation
1166(1)
People v. Sorensen
1166(2)
Jhordan C. v. Mary K.
1168(14)
In Vitro Fertilization
1182(1)
Davis v. Davis
1182(6)
Surrogacy
1188(1)
In re Baby M.
1188(10)
Johnson v. Calvert
1198(4)
Buzzanca v. Buzzanca
1202(11)
Human Cloning
1213(1)
The President's Council on Bioethics, Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry
1213(9)
Obligations to Fetuses and Future Children
1222(1)
Bonnie Steinbock & Ron McClamrock, When Is Birth Unfair to the Child?
1222(4)
Pregnancy
1226(1)
In re Baby Boy Doe, A Fetus
1226(10)
State v. McKnight
1236(7)
The Impact of Genetic Technology: Aiding Reproduction, Providing Therapy, or Perfecting Persons?
1243(1)
Genetic Screening of Carriers
1244(1)
Reflections on the New Biology
1244(3)
Linus Pauling
Screening Embryos and Fetuses
1247(1)
The Promise of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis
1247(4)
Laurie Goldberg Strongin
Reproductive Technology and Disability
1251(3)
Adrienne Asch
Greco v. United States
1254(7)
Artificial Intelligence, Human Values, and the Law
1261(44)
Computers and Privacy
1261(22)
Whalen v. Roe
1261(7)
Brief of Amici Curiae, Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) and Legal Scholars and Technical Experts
1268(5)
Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial District Court of Nevada, et al.
1273(10)
Computers and Legal Reasoning
1283(10)
Artificial Intelligence and Law: Stepping Stones to a Model of Legal Reasoning
1283(5)
Edwina L. Rissland
Of Artificial Intelligence and Legal Reasoning
1288(5)
Cass R. Sunstein
Computers, Rights and the Definition of Life
1293(12)
The Fourth Discontinuity
1293(8)
Bruce Mazlish
The Changing Face of Death: Computers, Consciousness, and Nancy Cruzan
1301(4)
Steven Goldberg
Index 1305

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