The Learning Brain Memory and Brain Development in Children

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-11-02
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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All learning takes place in the brain, and the key to a child's development is how its brain matures. But how can we take the step from knowledge of neurons to education? What is the cause of inattention, dyslexia, or dyscalculia? How does brain maturation affect teenage behavior? These are all important questions to ask as many statistics suggest that levels of knowledge in children have stagnated and in some cases receded. The USA, Sweden, and several European countries are losing ground against Asian nations. International assessments of children's reading and mathematical skills are conducted at regular intervals, and in one such study, the United States ranked 15th in reading, math, and science, below all participating Asian countries. It's not surprising, then, if decision-makers have started to seek new solutions, and if their gazes have turned to neuroscience. Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the link between neuroscience and pedagogy, learning, and memory. The subject has been discussed in scientific papers and debate articles, at congresses and conferences the world over. Organizations, research centers, and journals have been created to deal exclusively with this issue. New methods now enable us to study how the infant brain develops and what occurs there during the learning process, and to identify the problems that cause learning difficulties. Drawing fom his and others research, and, in certain cases, stories and examples, Torkel Klingberg, a leading cognitive neuroscientist, shows how the brain is affected by genes, stress, physical exercise, and parental relationships. The result of his research,The Learning Brain,demonstrates how we can give our children and teenagers the best opportunities to learn and develop.

Author Biography

Torkel Klingberg, MD, PhD, is Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at the Stockholm Brain Institute, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. His work on child development and brain training is at the international front line. Klingberg leads a major Swedish project on child development, lectures regularly at international conferences, is the recipient of several prizes, and a member of the Nobel Assembly. He is the author of The Overflowing Brain: Information Overload and the Limits of Working Memory (OUP).

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Being Unlucky When You Think: The Importance of Working Memoryp. 1
Remembering What to Concentrate onp. 2
Why Do Students Daydream?p. 3
The Working Memories of the Nynäshamn Childrenp. 5
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Children with Low Working Memoriesp. 8
The Growing Brain: How the Brain Develops and Maturesp. 13
The Development of the Brainp. 15
The Brain Maturesp. 17
Genes and the Brainp. 20
The White Matterp. 22
Through the Pyrenees by Motorbike: The Risk-Taking Teenage Brainp. 25
Risks and Rewardsp. 26
Neuroscience and the Lawp. 29
Now I Am Really Awake for the First Time Ever: Long-Term Memoryp. 33
Children's Long-Term Memoryp. 34
The Key to the Memoryp. 36
Improving the Long-Term Memoryp. 43
Mathematics, Memory, and Spacep. 49
Counting Babiesp. 53
Retaining Numbers in Working Memoryp. 56
The Mnemonic Mapp. 58
Mathematical Areasp. 61
Mathematics and Genderp. 63
Dyscalculia-Does It Exist?p. 65
Premature Birth and Dyscalculiap. 68
Training Programsp. 70
Reading, Dyslexia, and Problematic Relationshipsp. 73
Learning to Readp. 74
Reading Areas of the Brain and Dyslexiap. 76
Dyslexia: Genetics and Displaced Cellsp. 78
Why the Problems Are Interconnectedp. 80
Dyslexia Training and Neuroscientific Predictionsp. 83
The Early Environment and Brain Development: The Importance of Stimulation and Engaged Parentsp. 87
Stimulating Environments and Brain Developmentp. 91
The Role of Parents in Memory and Stressp. 94
Skydiving and Expectations: What Acute and Chronic Stress Do to Usp. 99
Stress Hormones and Nerve Cellsp. 101
Social Stressp. 103
Chronic Stressp. 106
Cognitive Training, Memory Techniques, and Musicp. 111
The Dream of the Perfect Memoryp. 112
The Brain of a Memory Championp. 114
Working Memory Trainingp. 116
The Art of Trainingp. 120
Can Everything Be Trained?p. 124
Musicp. 126
Body and Soulp. 131
Jogging and the Brainp. 132
Intelligence and Infectionsp. 137
This Will Change Everythingp. 141
Five Themesp. 142
A Schoolgirl of the Futurep. 145
Notesp. 149
Bibliographyp. 161
Indexp. 173
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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