Learning to Think Things Through : A Guide to Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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How important is critical thinking in all areas of the curriculum?#xA0; This short, inexpensive guide is designed to help students learn to think critically in anysubject-matter course. A combination of instruction and exercises shows them how to use critical thinking to more fully#xA0;appreciate the power of the discipline they are studying, to see its connections to other fields and to their day-to-day lives, to maintain an overview of the field so they can see the parts in terms of the whole, and to become active learnersrather than passive recipients of information. The model of critical thinking (used throughout the book) is in terms of theelements of reasoning,standards, andcritical thinking processes. This model is#xA0;well-suited#xA0;to thinking throughanyproblem or question.

Table of Contents

To the Instructorp. xi
To the Studentp. xxi
What Is Critical Thinking?p. 1
Some Definitions of Critical Thinkingp. 1
Some Prominent Features of Critical Thinkingp. 3
Three Parts of Critical Thinkingp. 5
What Critical Thinking Is Notp. 13
Impediments to Critical Thinkingp. 18
Deeper, More Pervasive Impediments to Critical Thinkingp. 23
How Deep Is Our Need for Critical Thinking?p. 28
The Experience of Learning to Think Things Throughp. 31
Getting Started: Clarifying with SEE-Ip. 33
An Overview of the Book That Lies Aheadp. 38
Some Outcomesp. 40
Chapter 1 Exercisesp. 42
The Elements of Reasoningp. 49
The Nuts and Bolts of Critical Thinkingp. 50
The Elements of Reasoningp. 50
Purposep. 52
Question at Issuep. 53
Assumptionsp. 54
Implications and Consequencesp. 56
Informationp. 57
Conceptsp. 58
Conclusions, Interpretationsp. 60
Point of Viewp. 61
Alternativesp. 64
Contextp. 66
A Visualizationp. 67
Three Additional Elements of Reasoningp. 68
How to Analyze a Piece of Reasoning Using the Elementsp. 71
Example: Thinking Through the Logic of Getting Marriedp. 75
Trusting the Processp. 79
Some Outcomesp. 80
Chapter 2 Exercisesp. 81
What Is Critical Thinking Within a Field or Discipline?p. 89
The Parts of Critical Thinking Within a Fieldp. 92
Thinking Biologically, Thinking Sociologically, Thinking Philosophically, Thinking Musically ...p. 95
The Logic of the Field or Disciplinep. 97
Box: An Analysis of the Logic of Earth Sciencesp. 100
Box: Logic of a Literature Coursep. 101
Learning the Vocabulary of the Disciplinep. 103
Fundamental and Powerful Conceptsp. 105
Box: Identifying Fundamental and Powerful Conceptsp. 108
Box: Short Essay: Using Fundamental and Powerful Concepts to Think Through a Central Question in an Introduction to Sociology Coursep. 115
The Point of View of the Disciplinep. 117
Impediments to Thinking Critically Within a Disciplinep. 119
Trusting the Disciplinep. 124
Box: A Casep. 126
Some Outcomesp. 129
Chapter 3 Exercisesp. 131
Standards of Critical Thinkingp. 139
Clearnessp. 140
Accuracyp. 145
Importance, Relevancep. 148
Sufficiencyp. 150
Depth and Breadthp. 154
Precisionp. 157
Understanding and Internalizing Critical-Thinking Standardsp. 159
Additional Critical-Thinking Standardsp. 160
Non-Critical-Thinking Standardsp. 160
Evaluating Around the Circlep. 162
Critical Readingp. 163
Box: Standards Checkp. 166
Some Outcomesp. 168
Chapter 4 Exercisesp. 169
Putting It All Together: Answering Critical-Thinking Questionsp. 175
The Core Process of Critical Thinkingp. 176
How Do You Fit into the Picture? Becoming a Critical Thinkerp. 181
Thinking Through Important Critical-Thinking Questionsp. 183
Box: Thinking Critically About Questionsp. 184
Critical Writing: Using the Core Process to Write a Paperp. 201
Some Outcomesp. 206
Chapter 5 Exercisesp. 207
Responses to Starred Exercisesp. 215
Notesp. 223
Indexp. 227
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