Liberal Modernity and Its Adversaries: Freedom, Liberalism and Anti-Liberalism in the Twenty-First Century

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-09-01
  • Publisher: Consortium Book Sales & Dist

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This is a book about modern liberal society and its adversaries. The book rehabilitates liberalism from its much-maligned status, especially in America, reclaiming it as the ideal system of liberty in contrast to various forms of anti-liberalism. The book reclaims liberal modernity as a free, equal, and just social system and time, one most compatible with the enhancement of human civilization at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It exposes anti-liberal adversaries, especially conservatism, as ideologies and systems destructive of civilization and incompatible with the contemporary world.

Author Biography

Milan Zafirovski is an associate professor of Sociology at University of North Texas. He has published several books, including Market and Society.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
Studying Liberal Society and Modernityp. 1
Liberal Modernity: Realization of the Perennial Quest for Libertyp. 7
Concept and Reality of Liberal Modernityp. 14
Dimensions of Liberal Modernityp. 15
Liberal Modernity and its Adversariesp. 17
Liberal Society and Contemporary Western Civilizationp. 23
Liberalism: Idealism and Institutionalism of Libertyp. 24
Ideal and Social System of Libertyp. 26
The Ideal and Social System of Liberty, Equality and Justicep. 29
Synthesis of Liberty and Equality: Freedom and Egalitarianismp. 29
Synthesis of Liberty and Justice: Freedom and Equityp. 39
Liberal Society and Modernity: Ideals and Institutions of Liberalismp. 45
General Considerationsp. 45
Integral Libertyp. 46
Integration of Economic and Social Libertyp. 48
Integration of Negative and Positive Freedomp. 50
Integration of Formal and Substantive Freedomp. 54
Integration of Individual and Public Libertyp. 55
Social Foundations of Libertyp. 57
Liberal Egalitarianism: Comprehensive Social Equality and Inclusionp. 61
Liberal Sociological-Economic Egalitarian Argumentsp. 62
Liberal and Other Egalitarianismp. 65
Integral Egalitarianismp. 73
Liberal Justice: Universal Social Equityp. 76
Liberal Sociological-Economic Justice Argumentsp. 80
Liberal Democracyp. 81
The Liberal System of Political Liberty, Equality and Justicep. 81
Modern Democracy, Liberalism and Anti-Liberalismp. 83
Societal Pluralismp. 89
Political Pluralismp. 91
Political Neutrality and Tolerancep. 92
Cultural Pluralism and Tolerancep. 104
Social Universalismp. 110
Universalism, Particularism and Pluralismp. 111
Individualismp. 116
Social vs. Atomistic Individualismp. 120
Individual Liberty, Universal Rights and Dignityp. 121
Other Principles and Institutions of Liberalismp. 126
Rationalism, Modernism, Progressivism and Optimismp. 126
Liberal Humanism and Secularismp. 130
Liberal Pacifismp. 136
Social Factors and Effects of Liberalismp. 147
The Sociological Constitution of Liberalismp. 147
The Class Structure of Liberalismp. 149
The Historical Conjuncture of Liberalismp. 156
Liberal Society's Genesis and Evolution - Social Origins and Development of Liberalismp. 166
The Enlightenment: The True Genesis of Liberalism and the Project of Liberal Societyp. 171
Modern Enlightenment versus Medieval Darknessp. 172
Elements of Liberal Modernity in the Enlightenmentp. 180
Enlightenment and the Conservative-Authoritarian Reactionp. 183
The Enlightenment-Conservative Antinomiesp. 188
The Enlightenment and Rationalismp. 192
The Enlightenment and Integral Libertyp. 198
The Enlightenment and Societal Modernismp. 205
The Enlightenment and Egalitarianismp. 211
The Enlightenment and Liberal Democracyp. 215
The "Neo-Enlightenment"p. 223
Strands and Instances of the Enlightenmentp. 231
The Enlightenment, the French/American Revolution and Modern Liberalismp. 237
Types of Liberalismp. 249
Classical Liberalismp. 249
British and Continental-European Original Liberalismp. 250
Liberty in Societyp. 253
A System of Liberty, Equality and Justicep. 258
Classical Sociological Liberalismp. 261
Critiques and Revisions of Classical Liberalismp. 264
Contemporary Liberalismp. 268
Modern American Liberalismp. 269
Economic Liberalismp. 284
Classical Economic Liberalismp. 289
Contemporary Economic Liberalismp. 297
Economic Liberalism and Historical Stages of Capitalismp. 301
Economic Liberalism and Sociological Types of Capitalismp. 304
Economic Liberalism and Comparative Capitalist Systemsp. 305
Social Liberalismp. 312
Political and Cultural Liberalismp. 312
Classical and Contemporary Social Liberalismp. 322
Neo-Liberalism: "New" Liberalism or Neo-Conservatism?p. 324
Liberalism and Libertarianismp. 332
Partial and Extreme Economic "Liberalism"p. 333
Economic Non-Liberalismp. 340
Social Non-Liberalismp. 344
Libertarianism versus Modernized Liberalismp. 349
Appendix: Other Classifications of Liberalismp. 352
Liberal Democracy: Political Liberalismp. 357
Liberalism and Democracyp. 357
Liberal Democracy and its Adversariesp. 358
The Liberal-Democratic Link and Its Detractorsp. 359
Liberalization and Democratizationp. 367
Liberal Democracy and Political Libertyp. 368
Formal and Substantive Political Libertyp. 369
Constitutional and Liberal Democracyp. 374
Positive and Negative Political Libertyp. 379
Individual and Collective Political Libertyp. 382
Liberal Democracy and Political Pluralismp. 384
Political Pluralism and Freedomp. 384
Formal and Substantive Political Pluralismp. 385
Liberal Democracy and Political Egalitarianismp. 395
Integral Political Equalityp. 395
Liberal Democracy and Justicep. 411
Political Egalitarianism and Justice in Liberal Democracyp. 411
Integral Political Justicep. 414
Liberal Democracy and Political Universalismp. 420
Liberal Political Universalism and Inclusion vs. Illiberal Particularism and Exclusionp. 420
Universalistic Political Culturep. 423
Modern Liberal and Illiberal Democracies and Universalismp. 424
Liberal Democracy and Secularismp. 432
Formal Secularism: A Secular Liberal Statep. 434
Substantive Secularism: Secular Liberal Societyp. 437
Liberal Democracy and Rationalismp. 443
Political Rationalism versus Economic Rationalityp. 444
Public Use of Reasonp. 445
Liberal Democracy and Humanismp. 449
Liberal Democracy and Human Liberties, Rights and Lifep. 452
Liberal Humanism and the Welfare Statep. 455
Political Liberalism and the Welfare Statep. 462
Liberal Civil Society and Culture: Socio-Cultural Liberalismp. 473
Liberalism and Civil Societyp. 473
Liberal Civil Society and Social Libertyp. 475
Economic and Non-Economic Libertiesp. 476
Individual and Group Liberties, Rights and Identitiesp. 480
The 'Dark Side' of Liberal Civil Society and Anti-Liberalismp. 484
Liberal Culturep. 487
Enlightenment Culturep. 487
Liberal Multiculturalismp. 493
Moral Liberalismp. 498
Liberal Morality: Moral Liberty and Individualismp. 498
Liberal Moral Virtuep. 504
Ethical Universalism and Humanismp. 506
Ethical Rationalismp. 510
Religious Liberalismp. 516
Liberal Religious Freedomp. 516
Secular Civil Society and Culturep. 533
Conclusionp. 545
Referencesp. 553
Indexp. 571
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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