Literature : An Introduction to Reading and Writing

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Introduction to Literature; Freshman Composition, second semester, where the focus is on writing about literature. This best-selling anthology of fiction, poetry, and drama was the first to interlock the processes of reading literature and writing about literature. In addition to carefully chosen literary selections, each chapter contains detailed information on and demonstrative essays for writing about literature and increased and updated coverage of research and MLA documentation.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Reading, Responding to, and Writing about Literature
What Is Literature, and Why do We Study It? Types of Literatures: The Genres
Reading Literature and Responding to It Actively
The Necklace
Reading and Responding in a Notebook or Computer File
Guidelines for Reading
Writing Essays on Literary Topics
The Goal of Writing: To Show a Process of Thought
Three Major Stages in Thinking and Writing: Discovering Ideas, Making Initial Drafts, and Completing the Essay
Discovering Ideas ("Brainstorming")
The Need to Present an Argument when Writing Essays about Literature
Assembling Materials and Beginning to Write
Drafting the Essay
Writing by Hand, Typewriter, or Word-Processor
Writing a First Draft
Using Verb Tenses in the Discussion of Literary Works
Developing an Outline
Using References and Quotations
Demonstrative Student Essay (First Draft): How Setting in "The Necklace" Is Related to the Character of Mathilde
Developing and Strengthening Essays through Revision
Checking Development and Organization
Using Exact, Comprehensive, and Forceful Language
Using the Names of Authors
Demonstrative Student Essay (Improved Draft): How Maupassant Uses Setting in "The Necklace" to Show the Character of Mathilde
Easy Commentaries
Specials Topics for Writing and Argument about the Writing Process
Reading and Writing about Fiction
Fiction an Overview
Modern Fiction
The Short Story
Elements of Fiction I: Verisimilitude and DonnFe
Elements of Fiction II: Character, Plot, Structure, and Idea or Theme
Elements of Fiction III: The Writer's Tools
Stories for Study:Raymond Carver, Neighbors
Night Talkers
A Rose for Emily
The Things They Carried
Everyday Use
Plot: The Motivation and Causation of Fiction
Writing about the Plot of a Story
Illustrative Student Essay: Plot in Faulkner's"A Rose for Emily"
Special Topics for Writing and Argument about Plot in Fiction
Structure: The Organization of Stories
The Structure of Fiction
Formal Categories of Structure
Formal and Actual Structure
Stories for Study:Laurie Colwin, An Old-Fashioned Story
Battle Royal
Katherine Mansfield
A Worn Path
Blue Winds Dancing
Writing about Structure in a Story
Illustrative Student Essay: The Structure of Eudora Welty's "A Worn Path."
Special Topics for Writing and Argument about Plot and Structure
Characters: The People in Fiction
Character Traits
How Authors Disclose Character in Literature
Types of Characters: Round and Flat
Reality and Probability: Verisimilitude
Stories for Study:Willa Cather, Paul's Case
Barn Burning
A Jury of Her Peers
Two Kinds
Writing about Character
Illustrative Student Essay: The Character of the Mother in Amy Tan's "Two Kinds"
Special Topics for Writing and Argument about Character
Point of View: The Position or Stance of the Narrator or Speaker
An Exercise in Point of View: Reporting an Accident
Conditions That Affect Point of View and Opinions
Determining a Work's Point of View
Mingling Points of View
Point of View and Verb Tense
Summary: Guidelines for Point of View
Stories for Study:Alice Adams The Last Lovely City
An Occurrence at OwlCreekBridge
The Song
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.


Like the earlier editions ofLiterature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing,the new seventh edition is in part a carefully chosen anthology. Most of the works here are by American, British, and Canadian authors, but there are also a number of ancient and medieval writers, along with writers who lived in or came from France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Ceylon, and Indonesia, together with authors who represent backgrounds of Latino, American Indian, and Chinese culture. In total, 304 authors are represented, including ten anonymous authors. One hundred eighty-four of the authors--roughly sixty percent--were born after 1900. Of the eighty writers born since 1935, forty-two are women, or fifty-two percent. If one counts only the number of authors born after the end of World War II (1945), the percentage of women goes up dramatically to seventy percent. The book includes a total of 505 separate works--sixty-two stories, 423 poems, and twenty plays and scenes. Each work is suitable for discussion either alone or in comparison. Ten stories, thirty-seven poems, and two dramas are new in this edition. For purposes of comparison, the works in two genres by a number of writers are included--specifically Atwood, Crane, Glaspell, Hughes, Poe, Shakespeare, Updike, and Walker. In addition, Faulkner and Munro are each represented by two stories, and Shakespeare and Ibsen are represented by two plays--Shakespeare in Chapters 27 and 28, and Ibsen in Chapter 31. There are four stories by Edith Wharton in Chapter 11, the chapter on the career in fiction. There are multiple selections of poems by many poets. A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE SEVENTH EDITION FLEXIBILITY.The seventh edition reaffirms a principle to whichLiterature: An Introduction to Reading and Writingis dedicated--flexibility. The earlier editions have been used for introduction-to-literature courses, genre courses, and both composition and composition-and-literature courses. Adaptability and flexibility have been the keys to this variety. Instructors can use the book for classroom discussions, panel discussions, essay or paragraph-length writing and study assignments, and special topics not covered in class. FICTION.The fiction section consists of ten chapters. Chapter 2 is a general introduction to fiction while Chapters 3-10--the "topical" chapters central to each section of the book--introduce students to such important topics as structure, character, point of view, and theme. Chapter 11 consists of four stories by Edith Wharton, and Chapter 12 contains seven stories for additional study and enjoyment. Readers will note that some of the new stories are classic--like those by Faulkner, Petronius, Chekhov, and Wharton--and some, such as those by Munro and Bradbury, are well on their way to becoming classic. The new stories complement the fifty-two stories, such as those by Carver, Crane, Glaspell, Gilman, Hawthorne, Joyce, Laurence, Porter, and Twain, that are retained from the sixth edition. POETRY.The thirteen poetry chapters are arranged similarly to the fiction chapters. Chapter 13 is introductory. Chapters 14-23 deal with topics such as diction, symbolism, imagery, tone, and myth. Chapter 24 is the poetic careers chapter, consisting of selections by Wordsworth, Dickinson, and Frost. Chapter 25 contains 129 poems for additional study and enjoyment. Brief biographies of the anthologized poets are included in Appendix II to make the poetry section parallel with the drama and fiction sections. Poetry selections are taken from poets of late medieval times to those of our own day, including poets such as the anonymous writer of "Sir Patrick Spens," Wyatt, Queen Elizabeth I, Shakespeare, Donne, Dryden, Pope, Gray, Wordsworth, Byron, Keats, Tennyson, Rossetti, Hopkins, Pound, Yeats, Eliot, Layton, Lowell, Brooks, Birney, and Clifton

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