The Little Brown Handbook

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  • Edition: 13th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2014-12-30
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyWritingLab™ does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyWritingLab, search for ISBN-10: 0134072928/ ISBN-13: 9780134072920. That package includes ISBN-10: 0321988272 / ISBN-13: 9780321988270 and ISBN-10: 0133954706 / ISBN-13: 9780133954708.
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For courses in English Composition. 

The gold standard of handbooks – unmatched in accuracy, currency, and reliability
The Little, Brown Handbook is an essential reference tool and classroom resource designed to help students find the answers they need quickly and easily. While keeping pace with rapid changes in writing and its teaching, it offers the most comprehensive research and documentation available–with grammar coverage that is second to none.
With detailed discussions of critical reading, media literacy, academic writing, and argument, as well as writing as a process, writing in the disciplines, and writing beyond the classroom, this handbook addresses writers of varying experience and in varying fields.

Also available with MyWritingLab™
This title is also available with MyWritingLab—an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to engage students and improve results. Within its structured environment, students practice what they learn, test their understanding, and pursue a personalized study plan that helps them better absorb course material and understand difficult concepts.

Table of Contents

Preface for Students: Using This Book   
Preface for Instructors     

PART 1: The Process of Writing    

1    dev
Assessing the Writing Situation    

    a. Understanding how writing happens      
    b. Analyzing the writing situation    
    c. Discovering and limiting a subject      
    d. Defining a purpose  
    e. Considering the audience
    f. Understanding genres        
2    dev
Discovering and Shaping Ideas   

    a. Discovering ideas   
    b. Developing a thesis   
    c. Organizing ideas   

3    dev
Drafting, Revising, and Editing   

    a. Writing the first draft   
    b. Revising a draft   
    c. Giving and receiving comments  
d. Examining a sample revision   
e. Editing the revised draft         
    f. Preparing and proofreading the final draft   
    h. Preparing a writing portfolio   

Writing and Revising Paragraphs  

    a. Relating paragraphs in the essay     
b. Maintaining paragraph unity   
    c. Achieving paragraph coherence   
    d. Developing the paragraph      
    e. Writing special kinds of paragraphs      
5    des
Presenting Writing   

    a. Formatting academic writing  
    b. Using visuals and other media in multimodal writing  
    c. Presenting writing on the Web  
                   SAMPLE WEB SITE 
    d. Making oral presentations   
                   SAMPLE POWERPOINT SLIDES   

PART 2: Reading and Writing in and out of College   

6    Writing in Academic Situations   
a. Determining purpose and audience
b. Using an academic genre
c. Choosing structure and content   
d. Using sources with integrity
e. Using academic language   
f. Communicating with instructors and classmates

7    crit
Critical Reading and Writing   

    a. Using techniques of critical reading
    b. Summarizing
    c. Developing a critical response   
    d. Viewing visuals critically  
e. Writing critically
f. Examining sample critical analyses

8    arg
Reading Arguments Critically   

    a. Recognizing the elements of argument   
    b. Testing claims       
    c. Weighing evidence   
    d. Discovering assumptions       
    e. Watching language, hearing tone        
    f. Judging reasonableness     
    g. Recognizing fallacies   
    h. Reading visual arguments  

9    arg
Writing an Argument   

    a. Finding a subject   
    b. Conceiving a thesis statement       
    c. Analyzing your purpose and your audience   
    d. Using reason       
    e. Using evidence       
f. Reaching your readers   
    g. Organizing your argument
    h. Revising your argument       

10   Taking Essay Exams   
             a. Preparing for an essay examination     
            b. Planning your time and your answer  
             c. Starting the essay       
              d. Developing the essay    
              e. Rereading the essay   

11    Public Writing   
          a. Writing on social media
b. Writing business letters and memos
c. Writing a job application
d. Writing business reports and proposals
e. Writing for community work   
PART 3: Grammatical Sentences  

12    gram
Understanding Sentence Grammar      

    a. Understanding the basic sentence  
    b. Expanding the basic sentence with single words      
    c. Expanding the basic sentence with word groups      
    d. Compounding words, phrases, and clauses      
    e. Changing the usual word order      
    f. Classifying sentences      

13      case
Case of Nouns and Pronouns      

    a. Compound subjects and complements       
    b. Compound objects  
    c. We or us with a noun      
    d. Appositives      
    e. Pronoun after than or as in a comparison  
    f. Subjects and objects of infinitives   
    g. Who vs. whom       
    h. Case before a gerund       

14   vb

    Verb Forms      
    a. Regular and irregular verbs      
    b. Sit and set; lie and lay; rise and raise      
    c. Omitted -s and -ed endings  
    d. Helping verbs        
    e. Verb plus gerund or infinitive      
    f. Verb plus participle      
    g. Appropriate tense for meaning      
    h. Sequence of tenses      
i. Subjunctive verb forms     
    j. Active vs. passive voice     

vb agr /pn agr Agreement     
    a. Agreement between subject and verb      
    b. Agreement between pronoun and antecedent  
16    ad
Adjectives and Adverbs      

    a. Adjectives only with nouns and pronouns      
    b. Adjectives after linking verbs      
    c. Adjectives with objects; adverbs with verbs      
    d. Comparative and superlative forms  
     e. Double negatives  
    f. Overuse of nouns as modifiers       
    g. Present and past participles as adjectives      
    h. A, an, the, and other determiners      

PART 4: Clear Sentences  

17   frag   
Sentence Fragments      

    a. Tests for sentence completeness, revision of fragments 
    b. Subordinate clause      
    c. Verbal or prepositional phrase      
    d. Other fragments      
    e. Acceptable uses of incomplete sentences      

18    cs / fs
Comma Splices and Fused Sentences          

a. Main clauses not joined by coordinating conjunction  
    b. Main clauses related by a conjunctive adverb or transitional expression  
c. Main clauses with no conjunction or punctuation      

19     ref
Pronoun Reference      

    a. Clear reference to one antecedent  
    b. Clear placement of pronoun and antecedent  
    c. Reference to specific antecedent  
    d. Indefinite use of you      
    e. Clear use of it      
    f. Appropriate who, which, that   

20    shift

    a. Person and number      
    b. Tense and mood      
    c. Subject and voice  
    d. Indirect and direct quotations and questions      

21   mm / dm
Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers          

a. Clear placement of modifiers      
    b. Limiting modifiers       
    c. Squinting modifiers      
    d. Separation of subjects, verbs, and objects      
    e. Separation of parts of infinitives or verb phrases      
    f. Position of adverbs      
    g. Order of adjectives      
    h. Dangling modifiers      

22    mixed / inc
Mixed and Incomplete Sentences      

    Mixed Sentences      
a. Mixed grammar      
    b. Mixed meaning (faulty predication)  
    c. Compound constructions      
    d. Comparisons  
    e. Careless omissions      

PART 5: Effective Sentences      
23     emph
Emphasizing Ideas     

    a. Using subjects and verbs effectively  
    b. Using sentence beginnings and endings     
    c. Arranging parallel elements effectively     
    d. Repeating ideas     
    e. Separating ideas 
    f. Being concise     

24   coord / sub
Using Coordination and Subordination        

    a. Coordinating to relate equal ideas      
    b. Subordinating to distinguish main ideas      
    c. Choosing clear connectors            

25    /  /
Using Parallelism      

    a. Using parallelism for coordinate elements     
    b. Using parallelism to increase coherence      

26   var
Achieving Variety      

    a. Varying sentence length and structure     
    b. Varying sentence beginnings      
    c. Inverting the normal word order    
    d. Mixing types of sentences  

PART 6: Punctuation  

27    .  ?  !
End Punctuation      
    a. The period  
    b. The question mark  
c. The exclamation point         

28      ,
The Comma 
    a. Main clauses linked by coordinating conjunctions  
    b. Introductory elements      
    c. Nonessential elements      
    d. Absolute phrases  
    e. Phrases expressing contrast  
    f. Series and coordinate adjectives      
    g. Dates, addresses, place names, long numbers  
    h. With quotations  
    i. To prevent misreading      
    j. Misuse and overuse      

29    ;
The Semicolon      

    a. Main clauses not joined by a coordinating conjunction  
    b. Main clauses related by a conjunctive adverb or transitional expression      
    c. Main clauses that are too long or contain commas  
    d. Series items that are long or contain commas 
    e. Misuse and overuse      

30    ‘
The Apostrophe 
    a. Possession      
    b. Misuses with noun plurals, verbs, and personal pronouns     
    c. Contractions     
    d. Plurals of abbreviations, dates, and words or characters named as words 

31    “  ”
Quotation Marks   
    a. Direct quotations 
    b. Quotation within a quotation     
    c. Dialog 
    d. Titles of songs, short stories, etc.      
    e. Words used in a special sense     
    f. Overuse 
    g. Placement with other punctuation marks     
32    :  ---  ( )  [ ]  .  .  .  /
Other Punctuation Marks    
    a. The colon     
    b. The dash 
    c. Parentheses     
    d. Brackets 
    e. The ellipsis mark     
    f. The slash 
PART 7: Mechanics      

33      cap

    a. First word of a sentence 
    b. Titles of works 
    c. Pronoun I and interjection O    
    d. Proper nouns and adjectives  
    e. Titles before proper names  
    f. Misuses of capitals      
34      ital / und
Italics or Underlining  
    a. Titles of books and periodicals      
    b. Names of ships, aircraft, spacecraft, trains  
    c. Foreign words and phrases  
    d. Words, letters, and numbers named as words
    e. For emphasis  
    f. In online communication  

35    ab

    a. Titles before and after proper names  
    b. Familiar abbreviations and acronyms      
    c. BC, BCE, AD, CE, AM, PM, no., and $      
    d. Latin abbreviations  
    e. Inc., Bros., Co., and &      
    f. Misuse with units of measurement, geographical names, and so on      

36    num

    a. Numerals vs. words      
    b. For dates, addresses, etc.  
    c. Beginning sentences      

PART 8: Effective Words 

37    appr
Using Appropriate Language      

    a. Revising nonstandard dialect      
    b. Revising shortcuts of online communication  
    c. Using slang only when appropriate  
    d. Using colloquial language only when appropriate      
    e. Using regionalisms only when appropriate  
    f. Revising neologisms  
    g. Using technical words with care  
    h. Revising indirect or pretentious writing  
    i. Revising sexist and other biased language      

38    exact
Using Exact Language    
    a. Using a dictionary and a thesaurus  
    b. Using the right word for your meaning      
    c. Balancing the abstract and concrete, the general and specific  
    d. Using idioms  
    e. Using figurative language  
    f. Using fresh expressions  

39    w
Writing Concisely   
    a. Focusing on subject and verb      
    b. Cutting or shortening empty words and phrases     
    c. Cutting unnecessary repetition 
    d. Reducing clauses to phrases, phrases to single words 
    e. Revising there is, here is, and it is constructions     
    f. Combining sentences     
    g. Rewriting jargon 

40    sp
Spelling and the Hyphen     

    a. Recognizing typical spelling problems 
    b. Following spelling rules 
    c. Developing spelling skills 
    d. Using the hyphen to form or divide words 

PART 9: Research Writing     

41    Planning a Research Project         
a.    Starting out     
b.    Finding a researchable subject and question     
c.    Developing a research strategy     
d.    Making a working, annotated bibliography     

42    Finding Sources         
a.    Starting with your library’s Web site        
b.    Searching electronically       
c.    Finding reference works      
d.    Finding books            
e.    Finding periodicals          
f.    Finding sources on the Web       
g.    Finding sources using social media         
h.    Finding government publications         
i.    Finding visuals, audio, and video      
j.    Generating your own sources        

43    Working with Sources       

a. Evaluating sources      
b. Synthesizing sources     
c. Interacting with sources      
d. Using summary, paraphrase, and quotation     
e. Integrating sources into your text         

44    Avoiding Plagiarism      
a.    Avoiding both deliberate and careless plagiarism 
b.    Knowing what you need not acknowledge      
c.    Knowing what you must acknowledge        
d.    Obtaining permission when publishing your work          

45    Documenting Sources       
    a. Using discipline styles for documentation
    b. Using bibliography software

46     Writing the Paper  
a.    Developing a thesis statement       
b.    Creating a structure        
c.    Drafting the paper       
d.    Revising and editing the paper        
e.    Preparing and proofreading the final draft      

47    Using MLA Documentation and Format 
    a. Using MLA in-text citations
    b. Preparing the MLA list of works cited
    c. Using MLA document format

48    Two Research Papers in MLA Style  

PART 10: Writing in the Academic Disciplines     
49    Reading and Writing About Literature            
a.    Using the methods and evidence of literary analysis         
b.    Understanding writing assignments in literature      
c.    Using the tools and language of literary analysis  
d.    Citing sources and formatting documents in writing about literature        
e.    Drafting and revising a literary analysis  
f.    Writing about fiction, poetry, and drama         

50    Writing in Other Humanities          
a.    Using the methods and evidence of the humanities         
b.    Understanding writing assignments in the humanities             
c.    Using the tools and language of the humanities      
d.    Citing sources in Chicago style        
e.    Formatting documents in Chicago style  

51    Writing in the Social Sciences          
a.    Using the methods and evidence of the social sciences          
b.    Understanding writing assignments in the social sciences   
c.    Using the tools and language of the social sciences       
d.    Citing sources in APA style      
e.    Formatting documents in APA style         

52    Writing in the Natural and Applied Sciences          
a.    Using the methods and evidence of the sciences      
b.    Understanding writing assignments in the sciences        
c.    Using the tools and language of the sciences              
d.    Citing sources in CSE style      
e.    Formatting documents in CSE style   

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