Living Folklore

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2011-10-31
  • Publisher: Utah State Univ Pr

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This revised edition incorporates new examples, research, and theory along with added discussion of digital and online folklore. Living Folkloreis a comprehensive, straightforward introduction to folklore as it is lived, shared and practiced in contemporary settings. Drawing on examples from diverse American groups and experiences, this text gives the student a strong foundation-from the field's history and major terms to theories and interpretive approaches. Living Folkloremoves beyond genres and classifications, and encourages students who are new to the field to see the study of folklore as a unique approach to understanding people, communities, and day-to-day artistic communication.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Prefacep. xii
Folklorep. 1
What is Folklore?p. 1
A Working Definitionp. 1
Scholarly Definitions of Folklorep. 8
Genres of Folklorep. 12
Defining Folklore Beyond Genre Labels: Texts and Contextsp. 18
A Brief History of Folklore Studyp. 21
Conclusionp. 29
Groupsp. 30
What is a Folk Group?p. 31
Definitionsp. 34
How Folk Groups Formp. 38
Self-Identification and Group Membershipp. 42
Family, School, and Occupational Groupsp. 46
Familyp. 46
School Groupsp. 49
Occupational Groupsp. 52
Example: Folklore in Bounded Spacesp. 55
Groups and Beliefp. 61
Example: Belief and Contemporary Legendsp. 66
Conclusionp. 68
Traditionp. 69
What is Tradition?p. 69
Tradition is Both Lore and Processp. 70
Tradition Helps to Create and Confirm a Sense of Identityp. 71
Tradition is Identified as Tradition by the Communityp. 72
How do People Learn and Share Traditions?p. 73
Do Traditions Disappear?p. 79
Dynamic and Conservative Elements of Traditionp. 81
Inventing Traditionp. 87
The Question of Authenticityp. 89
Example: Traditions in Folk Artp. 98
Conclusionp. 97
Ritualp. 98
What is Ritual?p. 99
Low-Context and High-Context Rituals102
Invented Ritualp. 104
The Question of Belief in Sacred and Secular Ritualsp. 106
Liminality and Ritual Spacep. 109
Types of Ritualsp. 113
Rites of Passagep. 114
Coming-of-Age Ritualsp. 117
Initiation Ritualsp. 122
Naming Ritualsp. 124
Example: Rituals and Private and Public Identityp. 124
Conclusionp. 128
Performancep. 130
What is Performance?p. 131
Example: A Proverbial Performancep. 132
The Study of Performancep. 136
Performance Textsp. 137
Texturep. 138
Contextp. 139
Physical Contextp. 141
Social Contextp. 142
Recognizing Texts in Context: Performance Markers and Framingp. 144
Reflexivityp. 146
Emergencep. 148
Folklore That Pushes the Boundariesp. 153
Aestheticsp. 158
Critic versus Group Consensusp. 163
Traditionalityp. 164
Skillp. 164
Practicalityp. 168
The Nature of Aesthetic Responsep. 169
Personal Narrative in Performancep. 173
Example: A Personal Narrative Emergesp. 175
Conclusionp. 179
Approaches to Interpreting Folklorep. 180
Functions: Purposes, Roles, and Meaningsp. 181
Example: Multiple Meanings in Contextp. 183
Structure: Patterns, Themes, and Formal Relationshipsp. 184
Psychoanalytic Interpretations: Symbols and Metaphorsp. 192
Social Dimensions: Texts and Performances in Complex Contextsp. 198
Conclusionp. 205
Fieldwork and Ethnographyp. 206
Collecting Data: The Nuts and Bolts of Fieldworkp. 207
Finding Ideasp. 207
Getting Started on Fieldworkp. 209
Developing and Asking Good Questionsp. 212
Field Notesp. 215
Transcribing and Transcriptsp. 220
Returning from the Field: Follow-up Researchp. 222
The People Factor: Interpersonal and Ethical Concernsp. 222
Insider and Outsider Rolesp. 223
Observation and Participant-Observer Rolesp. 224
Rapport: Creating and Understanding Researcher-Consultant Relationshipsp. 225
Ethicsp. 227
Reciprocal Ethnographyp. 228
Example: Giving up the Last Wordp. 230
Conclusionp. 231
Examples of Folklore Projectsp. 232
One of the Guysp. 233
Gay Rituals: Outing, Biking, and Sewingp. 245
Roadside Memorials: Material Focus of Love, Devotion, and Remembrancep. 255
"Down on Main Street": The 152nd Beilville Street Fair and Homecomingp. 270
Food for Thought: Power and Food in Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching Godp. 276
The Hookah Folk: Understanding Hookah Smokers as a Folk Groupp. 285
Suggestions for Activities and Projectsp. 300
Group and Classroom Activitiesp. 301
Personal Reflectionp. 302
Library Researchp. 303
Fieldwork Projectsp. 304
Integrated Projects-Bringing It All Togetherp. 305
Traditional Behaviorp. 305
Changes in Groups and Traditionsp. 305
Verbal Expressionsp. 306
Legend Tripsp. 306
Foodwaysp. 307
Notesp. 309
Referencesp. 314
Indexp. 322
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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