Longman Anthology of British Literature, Volume 1, The: Middle Ages to The Restoration and the 18th Century

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  • Edition: 2nd
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  • Copyright: 2003-01-01
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The Longman Anthology of British Literatureis the most comprehensive and thoughtfully arranged book on the market. Approaching literature from a broad cultural perspective, the anthology offers a rich selection of fiction, drama, and poetry by major British authors.The second edition ofThe Longman Anthology of British Literatureincludes key major additions of important works, an expanded illustration program, and new translation ofBeowulf. Fresh and up-to-date introductions and notes are written by an editorial team whose members are all actively engaged in teaching and in current scholarship, and one hundred illustrations show both artistic and cultural developments from the medieval period through the 18th Century. Perspectives sections shed light on individual periods, but are also positioned to link with surrounding works. Companion readings provide additional context for and special insight into key readings.For avid readers of British Literature.

Table of Contents

(* means the selection is new to this edition.)


Before the Norman Conquest.


The Táin Bó Cuailnge.

The Pillow Talk.
The Táin Begins.
The Last Battle.

Early Irish Verse.

*To Crinog.
*Pangur the Cat.
*Writing in the Wood.
*The Viking Terror.
*The Old Woman of Beare.
*Findabair Remembers Fróech.
*A Grave Marked with Ogam.
*From The Voyage of Máel Dúin.


The Dream of the Rood.

Perspectives: Ethnic and Religious Encounters.
Bede. From An Ecclesiastical History of the English People.
Bishop Asser. From The Life of King Alfred.
King Alfred. Preface to St. Gregory's Pastoral Care.
Ohthere's Journeys.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Stamford Bridge and Hastings.


Urien Yrechwydd.
The Battle of Argoed Llwyfain.
The War-Band's Return.
Lament for Owain Son of Urien.

The Wanderer.

Wulf and Eadwacer and the Wife's Lament.


Three Anglo-Latin Riddles by Aldhelm.
Five Old English Riddles.

After the Norman Conquest.

Perspectives: Arthurian Myth in the History of Britain.
Geoffrey of Monmouth. From History of the Kings of Britain.
Gerald of Wales. From The Instruction of Princes.
Edward I. Letter to the Papal Court of Rome.

Companion Reading. A Report to Edward I.

Arthurian Romance.

Marie de France.


Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.

Sir Thomas Malory.

Morte Darthur.
From Caxton's Prologue.
The Miracle of Galahad.
The Poisoned Apple.
The Days of Destiny.

Geoffrey Chaucer.

The Parliament of Fowls.

The General Prologue.
The Miller's Tale.
The Introduction.
The Tale.

The Wife of Bath's Prologue.
The Wife of Bath's Tale.
*The Franklin's Tale.
*The Prologue.
*The Tale.

The Pardoner's Prologue.
The Pardoner's Tale.
The Nun's Priest's Tale.
The Parson's Tale.
The Introduction.
(The Remedy for the Sin of Lechery.)
Chaucer's Retraction.

To His Scribe Adam.
Complaint to His Purse.

William Langland.

Piers Plowman.
Passus 2.
from Passus 5.
Passus 6.
Passus 18.

“Piers Plowman” and Its Time: The Rising of 1381.
From The Anonimalle Chronicle Wat Tyler's Demands to Richard II and his death.
Three Poems on the Rising of 1381.
John Ball's First Letter.
John Ball's Second Letter.
The Course of Revolt.
John Gower. From The Voice of One Crying.

Mystical Writings

Julian of Norwich.

A Book of Showings.
(Three Graces. Illness. The First Revelation.)
*(Laughing at the Devil.)
(Christ Draws Julian in Through His Wound.)D>
(The Necessity of Sin, and of Hating Sin.)
(God as Father, Mother, Husband.)
*(The Soul as Christ's Citadel.)
(The Meaning of the Visions Is Love.)

Companion Readings.
Richard Rolle. From The Fire of Love
From The Cloud of Unknowing.

Medieval Cycle Dramas.

The Second Play of the Shepherds.

*The York Play of the Crucifixion.

*Vernacular Religion and Repression.

*The Wycliffite Bible.
*John 10:11-18.

*From A Wycliffite Sermon on John 10:11-18.
*John Mirk.
*From Festial.

*From The Statute “On Burning the Heretics,” 1401.
*Preaching and Teaching in the Vernacular.
*The Holy Prophet David Saith.
Six Points on Lay Reading of Scripture

Nicholas Love.
From The Mirror of the Blessed Life of Jesus.

From The Confession of Hawisia Moone of Loddon.

Margery Kempe.

The Book of Margery Kempe.
The Preface.
(Early Life and Temptations, Revelation, Desire for Foreign Pilgrimage.)
*(Meeting with Bishop of Lincoln and Archbishop of Canterbury.)
(Visit with Julian of Norwich.)
(Pilgrimage to Jerusalem.)
*(Arrest by Duke of Bedford's Men; Meeting with Archbishop of York.)

Middle English Lyrics.

The Cuckoo Song (“Sumer is icumen in” ).
Spring (“Lenten is come with love to toune” ).
Alisoun (“Bitwene Mersh and Averil” ).
I Have a Noble Cock.
My Lefe Is Faren in a Lond.
Fowles in the Frith.
Abuse of Women (“In every place ye may well see” ).
The Irish Dancer (“Gode sire, pray ich thee” ).
A Forsaken Maiden's Lament (“I lovede a child of this cuntree” ).
The Wily Clerk (“This enther day I mete a clerke” ).
Jolly Jankin (“As I went on Yol Day in our procession” ).
Adam Lay Ibounden.
I Sing of a Maiden.
In Praise of Mary (“Edi be thu, Hevene Quene” ).
Mary Is With Child (“Under a tree” ).
Sweet Jesus, King of Bliss.
Now Goeth Sun under Wood.
Jesus, My Sweet Lover (“Jesu Christ, my lemmon swete” ).
Contempt of the World (“Where beth they biforen us weren?” ).

The Tale of Taliesin.

Dafydd Ap Gwilym.

One Saving Place.
The Girls of Llanbadarn.
Tale of a Wayside Inn.
The Hateful Husband.
The Winter.
The Ruin.

Middle Scots Poets.

William Dunbar.

Lament for the Makars.
Done is a Battell.
In Secreit Place This Hyndir Nycht.

Robert Henryson.

Robyne and Makyne.

*Late Medieval Allegory.

*John Lydgate.

*From Pilgrimage of the Life of Man.


*Christine de Pisan.

*From Book of the City of Ladies.


*John Skelton.

*Womanhood, Wanton.
*Knolege, Aquayntance.
*Manerly Margery Mylk and Ale.
*Garland of Laurel.
*To Maystres Jane Blennerhasset.
*To Maystres Isabell Pennell.
*To Maystres Margaret Hussey.

Sir Thomas Wyatt.

The Long Love, That in My Thought Doth Harbor.

Companion Reading.
Petrarch; Sonnet 140.

Whoso List to Hunt.

Companion Reading.
Petrarch; Sonnet 190.

My Galley.
They Flee from Me.
Some Time I Fled the Fire.
My Lute, Awake!
Tagus, Farewell.
Forget Not Yet.
Blame Not My Lute.
Lucks, My Fair Falcon, and Your Fellows All.
Stand Whoso List.
Mine Own John Poyns.

Henry Howard, Earl Of Surrey.

Love That Doth Reign and Live within My Thought.
Th'Assyrians' King, in Peace with Foul Desire.
Set Me Whereas the Sun Doth Parch the Green.
The Soote Season.
Alas, So All Things Now Do Hold Their Peace.

Companion Reading.
Petrarch; Sonnet 164.

So Cruel Prison.
London, Hast Thou Accused Me.
Wyatt Resteth Here.
My Radcliffe, When Thy Reckless Youth Offends.

Sir Thomas More.


Perspectives: Government and Self-Government.
William Tyndale. From The Obedience of a Christian Man.
Juan Luis Vives. From Instruction of a Christian Woman.
Sir Thomas Elyot. From The Book Named the Governor.
Sir Thomas Elyot. From The Defence of Good Women.
John Ponet. From A Short Treatise of Political Power.
John Foxe. From The Book of Martyrs.
Richard Hooker. From The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity.
James I (James VI of Scotland). From The True Law of Free Monarchies.
Baldassare Castiglione. From The Book of the Courtier.
Roger Ascham. From The Schoolmaster.
Richard Mulcaster. From The First Part of the Elementary

George Gascoigne.

Seven Sonnets to Alexander Neville.

Edmund Spenser.

The Shepheardes Calender.

The Faerie Queene.
A Letter of the Authors.
The First Booke of the Fairie Queene.
The Second Booke of the Fairie Queene.
Canto 12.

1(“Happy ye leaves when as those lilly hands.” )
4(“New yeare forth looking out of Janus gate.” )
13(“In that proud port, which her so goodly graceth.” )
(“This holy season fit to fast and pray.” )
(“The weary yeare his race now having run.” )
(“The doubt which ye misdeeme, fayre love, is vaine.” )
(“To all those happy belssings which ye have.” )
(“Most glorious Lord of lyfe that on this day.” )
(“One day I wrote her name upon the strand.” )


Sir Philip Sidney.

The Apology for Poetry.

“The Apology” and Its Time: The Art of Poetry.
Stephen Gosson. From The School of Abuse.
George Puttenham. From The Art of English Poesie.
George Gascoigne.From Certain Notes of Instruction.
Samuel Daniel. From A Defense of Rhyme.

The Arcadia.
Book I.

Astrophil and Stella.
1 (“Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show.” )
*7 (“When Nature made her chiefs worke, Stellas eyes.” )
*9 (“Queene Vertues couyrt, which some call Stellas face.” )
31 (“With how sad steps, O Moon, thou climb'st the skies.” )
39 (“Come sleep, O sleep, the certain knot of peace.” )
45 (“Stella oft sees the very face of woe.” )
60 (“When my good Angel guides me to the place.” )
71 (“Who will in fairest book of Nature know.” )
Fourth song (“Only joy, now here you are.” )
Eighth song (“In a grove most rich of shade.” )
106 (“O absent presence, Stella is not here.” )
108 (“When sorrow (using mine own fire's might.)(“

Isabella Whitney.

I.W. To Her Unconstant Lover.
The Admonition by the Author.
A Careful Complaint by the Unfortunate Author.
The Manner of Her Will.

Mary Herbert, Countess of Pembroke.

Even Now That Care.
To Thee Pure Sprite.
Psalm 71: In Te Domini Speravi (“On thee my trust is grounded” ).

Companion Reading.
Miles Coverdale: Psalm 71.

Psalm 121: Levavi Oculos (“Unto the hills, I now will bend” ).
The Doleful Lay of Clorinda.

Elizabeth I.

Written with a Diamond on Her Window at Woodstock.
Written on a Wall at Woodstock.
The Doubt of Future Foes.
On Monsieur's Departure.
Psalm 13 (“Fools that true faith yet never had” ).
The Metres of Boethius's Consolation of Philosophy.
Book 1, No. 2 (“O in how headlong depth the drowned mind is dim.” )
Book 1, No. 7 (“Dim clouds.” )
Book 2, No. 3 (“In pool when Phoebus with reddy wain.” <03>

On Marriage.
On Mary, Queen of Scots.
On Mary's Execution.
To the English Troops at Tilbury, Facing the Spanish Armada.
The Golden Speech.

Aemilia Lanyer.

The Description of Cookham.
Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum.
To the Doubtful Reader.
To the Virtuous Reader.
(Against Beauty Without Virtue.)
(Pilate's Wife Apologizes for Eve.)

Richard Barnfield.

The Affectionate Shepherd.
Sonnets from Cynthia.
1 (“Sporting at fancy, setting light by love.” )
5 (“It is reported of fair Thetis' son.” )
9 (“Diana (on a time) walking the wood.” )
11 (“Sighing, and sadly sitting by my love.” )
13(“Speak, Echo, tell; how may I call my love?” )
19 (“Ah no; nor I myself: though my pure love.” )

Christopher Marlowe.

The Passionate Shepherd to His Love.

Companion Reading. Sir Walter Raleigh. The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd.

Hero and Leander.
The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus.

Sir Walter Raleigh.

Nature That Washed Her Hands in Milk.
To the Queen.
On the Life of Man.
The Author's Epitaph, Made by Himself.
As You Came from the Holy Land.
From The 21st and Last Book of the Ocean to Cynthia.
The Discovery of the Large, Rich and Beautiful Empire of Guiana.
From Epistle Dedicatory.
To the Reader.
(The Amazons.)
(The Orinoco.)
(The King of Aromaia.)
(The New World of Guiana.)

“The Discovery” and Its Time: Voyage Literature.
Arthur Barlow. From The First Vogage Made to the Coasts of America.
Thomas Hariot. From A Brief and True Report of the Newfound Land of Virginia.
René Laudonnière. From A Notable History Containing Four Voygages Made to Florida.

William Shakespeare.

1 (“From fairest creatures we desire increase” ).
12 (“When I do count the clock that tells the time” ).
15 (“When I consider every thing that grows” ).
18 (“Shall I compare thee to a summer's day” ).
20 (“A woman's face with Nature's own hand painted” ).
29 (“When, in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes” ).
*30 (“When to the sessions of sweet, silent thought” ).
31 (“Thy bosom is endearèd with all hearts” ).
33 (“Full many a glorious morning have I seen” ).
35 (“No more be grieved at that which thou hast done” ).
55 (“Not marble nor the gilded monuments” ).
60 (“Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore” ).
*71 (“No longer mourn for me when I am dead” ).
73 (“That time of year thou mayst in me behold” ).
80 (“O, how I faint when I of you do write” ).
86 (“Was it the proud full sail of his great verse” ).
87 (“Farewell! Thou art too dear for my possessing” ).
93 (“So shall I live, supposing thou art true” ).
*94 (“That they have pow'r to hurt, and will do none” ).
104 (“To me, fair friend, you never can be old” ).
106 (“When in the chronicle of wasted time” ).
107 (“Not mine own fears nor the prophetic soul” ).
116 (“Let me not to the marriage of true minds” ).
123 (“No, Time, thou shalt not boast that I do change” ).
124 (“If my dear love were but the child of state” ).
126 (“O thou, my lovely boy, who in thy power” ).
*128 (“How oft, when thou my music play'st” ).
*129 (“The expense of spirit is a waste of shame.” )
130 (“My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun” ).
138 (“When my love swears that she is made of truth” ).
144 (“Two loves I have, of comfort and despair” ).
152 (“In loving thee thou know'st I am forsworn” ).
*Twelfth Night; or, What You Will.
*The Tempest.
Companion Readings.
William Strachey: From A True Reportory of the Wrack and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Knight, upon and from the Islands of the Bermudas.
From Of Cannibals, Michel de Montaigne.

Perspectives: England in the New World.
*Michael Drayton.

*To the Virginian Voyage.
*John Smith.

*From General History of Virginia and the Summer Isles.
*Richard Ffrethorne.

*Letter to His Father and Mother, March 20, April 2-3, 16, 23.
*John Donne.

*From A Sermon Preached to the Honorable Company of the Virginia Plantation.
*William Bradford.

*From Of the Plymouth Plantation.
*Mary Rowlandson.

*From A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson.
*The Bay Psalm Book.

*Psalm 71.
*Psalm 121.
*James Revel.

*The Poor Unhappy Transported Felon's Sorrowful Account of His Fourteen Years Transportation at Virginia in America.

Thomas Dekker and Thomas Middleton.

The Roaring Girl; or, Moll Cut-Purse.

“The Roaring Girl” and Its Time: City Life.
Barnabe Riche. From My Lady's Looking Glass.
Robert Greene. From A Notable Discovery of Cosenage.
Thomas Dekker. From Lantern and Candlelight.
Thomas Deloney. From Thomas of Reading.
Thomas Nashe. From Pierce Penniless.
King James I. From A Counterblast to Tobacco.

Perspectives: Tracts on Women and Gender.

*Desiderius Erasmus.
*From In Laude and Praise of Matrimony.

*Barnabe Riche.
*From My Lady's Looking Glass.

*Margaret Tyler.
*From Preface to The First Part of the Mirror of Princely Deeds.

*Joseph Swetnam.
*From The Arraignment of Lewd, Idle, Froward, and Unconstant Women.

*Rachel Speght.
*From A Muzzle for Melastomus.

*Esther Sowernam.
*From Ester Hath Hanged Haman.

*Hic Mulier and Haec-Vir.
*From Hic-Mulier; or, The Man-Woman.
*From Haec-Vir; or, The Womanish Man.

*Thomas Campion.

*My sweetest Lesbia, let us live and love.
*There is a garden in her face.
*Rose-cheeked Laura come.
*When thou must home to shades of underground.
*Never weather-beaten sail more willing bent to shore.

*Michael Drayton.

*To the Reader.
*Sonnet 12. (“To nothing fitter can I thee compare.” )
*Sonnet 16. (“Since there's no help, come let us kiss and part.” )
*To His Coy Love, A Canzonet.

Ben Jonson.

*The Alchemist.
On Something, That Walks Somewhere.
On My First Daughter.
To John Donne.
On My First Son.
Inviting a Friend to Supper.
To Penshurst.
Song to Celia.
Queen and Huntress.
To the Memory of My Beloved, the Author, Mr. William Shakespeare, and What He Hath Left Us.
To the Immortal Memory, and Friendship of that Noble Pair, Sir Lucius Cary and Sir H. Morison.
Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue.

John Donne.

The Good Morrow.
Song (“Go, and catch a falling star” ).
The Undertaking.
The Sun Rising.
The Indifferent.
The Canonization.
Air and Angels.
Break of Day.
A Valediction: of Weeping.
Love's Alchemy.
The Flea.
The Bait.
The Apparition.
A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning.
The Ecstasy.
The Funeral.
The Relic.
Elegy 19. To His Mistress Going to Bed.

1 (“As due by many titles I resign.” )
2 (“Oh my black soul! Now thou art summoned.” )
3 (“This is my play's last scene, here heavens appoint.” )
4 (“at the round earth's imagined corners, blow.” )
5 (“If poisonous minerals, and if that tree.” )
6 (“Death be not proud, though some have called thee.” )
7 (“Spit in my face ye Jews, and pierce my side.” )
8 (“Why are we by all creatures waited on?” )
9 (“What if this present were the world's last night?” )
10 (“Batter my heart, three-personed God; for, you.” )
11 (“Wilt thou love God, as he thee? Then digest.” )
12 (“Father, part of his double interest.” )
(Devotions upon Emergent Occasions.)
For Whom the Bell Tolls.

Lady Mary Wroth.

Pamphilia to Amphilanthus.
1 (“When night's black mantle could most darkness prove.” )
16 (“Am I thus conquered? Have I lost the powers.” )
17 (“Truly poor Night thou welcome art to me.” )
26 (“When everyone to pleasing pastime hies.” )
28 Song (“Sweetest love, return again.” )
39 (“Take heed mine eyes, how you your looks do cast.” )
40 (“False hope which feeds but to destroy, and spill.” )
48 (“If ever Love had force in human breast.” )
68 (“My pain, still smothered in my grieved breast?” )
74 Song (“Love a child is ever crying.” )
A Crown of Sonnets Dedicated to Love.
77 (“In this strange labyrinth how shall I turn?” )
83 (“How blessed be they then, who his favors prove.” )
103 (“My muse now happy, lay thyself to rest.” )

Robert Herrick.

The Argument of His Book.
*To His Book.
*Another (“To read my book the virgin shy” ).
*Another (“Who with thy leaves shall wipe at need” ).
*To the Sour Reader.
*When He Would Have His Verses Read.
Delight in Disorder.
Corinna's Going A-Maying.
To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time.
The Hock-Cart, or Harvest Home.
His Prayer to Ben Jonson.
Upon Julia's Clothes.
Upon His Spaniel Tracie.
*The Dream. (“Me thought (last night) love in an anger came.” )
*The Dream. (“By dream I saw one of the three.” )
*The Vine.
*The Vision.
*Discontents in Devon.
*To Dean-Bourne, a Rude River in Devon.
*Upon Scobble: Epigram.
*The Christian Militant.
*To His Tomb-Maker.
*Upon Himself Being Buried.
*His Last Request to Julia.
*The Pillar of Fame.

*His Noble Numbers.
*His Prayer for Absolution.
*To His Sweet Saviour.
*To God, on His Sickness.

George Herbert.

The Altar.
Easter Wings.
Affliction (1).
Prayer (1).
*Jordan (1).
Church Monuments.
The Windows.
Jordan (2).
The Collar.
The Pulley.
The Forerunners.
Love (3).

Perspectives: Emblem, Style, and Metaphor.
Geoffrey Whitney. The Phoenix.
Ben Jonson. From Timber, or Discoveries.
Giordano Bruno. From On the Composition of Images, Signs, and Ideas.
Conte Emmanuele Tesauro. From Through the Lens of Aristotle.
Richard Crashaw. To the Noblest and Best of Ladies, the Countess of Denbigh.

Richard Lovelace.

To Lucasta, Going to the Wars.
The Grasshopper.
To Althea, from Prison.
Love Made in the First Age: To Chloris.

Henry Vaughan.

The Retreat.
Silence, and Stealth of Days.
The World.
They Are All Gone into the World of Light!
The Night.

Andrew Marvell.

The Coronet.
The Nymph Complaining for the Death of Her Fawn.
To His Coy Mistress.
The Definition of Love.
The Mower Against Gardens.
The Mower's Song.
The Garden.
An Horatian Ode Upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland.

Katherine Philips.

Friendship in Emblem, or the Seal.
Upon the Double Murder of King Charles.
On the Third of September, 1651.
To the Truly Noble, and Obliging Mrs. Anne Owen.
To Mrs. Awbrey at Parting.
To My Excellent Lucasia, on Our Friendship.
The World.

The Development of English Prose.

Francis Bacon.

Of Truth.
Of Marriage and Single Life.
Of Superstition.
Of Plantations.
Of Studies (version of 1597).
Of Studies (version of 1625).

The King James Bible.

Genesis 2-3.

Lady Mary Wroth.

From The Countess of Mountgomery's Urania.

Thomas Hobbes.

Chapter 13: Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning their Felicity, and Misery.

Sir Thomas Browne.

Religio Medici.
From Part I.

Robert Burton.

The Anatomy of Melancholy.
(The Utopia of Democritus.)
Division of the Body, Humors, Spirits.

Perspectives: The Civil War, or the Wars of Three Kingdoms.
John Gauden. From Eikon Basilike.
John Milton. From Eikonoklastes.
The Petition of Gentlewomen and Tradesmen's Wives.
John Lilburne. From England's New Chains Discovered.
Oliver Cromwell. From Letters from Ireland.
John O'Dwyer of the Glenn.
The Story Of Alexander Agnew; Or, Jock Of Broad Scotland.
Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon. From True Historical Narrative of the Rebellion.

John Milton.

Il Penseroso.
How Soon Hath Time.
On the New Forcers of Conscience Under the Long Parliament.
To the Lord General Cromwell.
On the Late Massacre in Piedmont.
When I Consider How My Light Is Spent.
Methought I Saw My Late Espoused Saint.
From Areopagitica.

Book 1.
Book 2.
From from Book 3.
From Book 4.
From Book 5.
From Book 6.
From Book 7.
From Book 8.
Book 9.
From Book 10.
From Book 11.
From Book 12.

Samson Agonistes.

Perspectives: Spiritual Self-Reckonings.
The Lady Falkland: Her Life. From The Lady Falkland: Her Life, by one of Her Daughters.
Anna Trapnel. From Anna Trapnel's Report and Plea.
Alice Thornton. From Book of Remembrances.
Ralph Josselin. From Diary.
Daniel Defoe. From The Life and Strange and Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner.
John Bunyan. From The Pilgrim's Progress.


Samuel Pepys.

The Diary.
(First Entries.)
(The Coronation of Charles II.)
(The Plague Year.)
(The Fire of London.)

Companion Reading.
John Evelyn: From Kalendarium.
The Royal Society.
Theater and Music.
Elizabeth Pepys and Deborah Willett.

Mary Carleton.

From The Case of Madam Mary Carleton.

Perspectives: The Royal Society and the New Science.
Thomas Sprat. From The History of the Royal Society of London.
Philosophical Transactions. From Philosophical Transactions.
Robert Hooke. From Micrographia.
John Aubrey. From Brief Lives.

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle.
Poems and Fancies.

The Poetress's Hasty Resolution.
The Poetress's Petition.
An Apology for Writing So Much upon This Book.
The Hunting of the Hare.

From A True Relation of My Birth, Breeding, and Life.
Observations upon Experimental Philosophy.
Of Micrography, and of Magnifying and Multiplying Glasses.

The Description of a New Blazing World.
From To the Reader.
(Creating Worlds.)
(Empress, Duchess, Duke.)

John Dryden.

Absalom and Achitophel: A Poem.

Companion Reading.
Charles II: His Majesty's Declaration.

Mac Flecknoe.
To the Memory of Mr. Oldham.
To the Pious Memory of the Accomplished Young Lady Mrs. Anne Killigrew.
Alexander's Feast.
Fables Ancient and Modern.
From Preface.

*The Secular Masque.

Aphra Behn.

The Disappointment.
To Lysander, on Some Verses He Writ.
To Lysander at the Music-Meeting.
A Letter to Mr. Creech at Oxford.
To the Fair Clarinda, Who Made Love to Me, Imagined More than Woman.
Aphra Behn and Her Time: Coterie Writing.
Mary, Lady Chudleigh. To the Ladies. To Almystrea.
Anne Finch, Countess of Winchelsea. The Introduction. Friendship Between Ephelia and Ardelia. A Ballad to Mrs. Catherine Fleming in London.
Mary Leapor. The Headache. To Aurelia. Advice to Sophronia. An Essay on Woman. The Epistle of Deborah Dough.


John Wilmot, Earl Of Rochester.

Against Constancy.
The Disabled Debauchee.
Song (“Love a woman? You're an ass!” )
The Imperfect Enjoyment.
Upon Nothing.
A Satyr Against Reason and Mankind.

*William Wycherley.

*The Country Wife.

Mary Astell.

From Some Reflections upon Marriage.

Daniel Defoe.

A True Relation of the Apparition of One Mrs. Veal.

Companion Readings.
L. Lukyn: Letter to her Aunt.
Stephen Gray: Letter to John Flamsteed.
An Interview with Mrs. Bargrave.

A Journal of the Plague Year.
(At the Burial Pit.)
(Encounter with a Waterman.)

Perspectives: Reading Papers.
News and Comment.
From Mercurius Publicus (Anniversary of the Regicide).
From The London Gazette (The Fire of London).
From Daily Courant No. 1 (Editorial Policy).
Daniel Defoe. From A Review of the State of the British Nation, Vol 4, No. 21 (The New Union).
From The Craftsman No. 307 (Vampires in Britain).

Periodical Personae.
Richard Steele. From Tatler No. 1 (Introducing Mr. Bickerstaff).
Joseph Addison. From Spectator No. 1 (Introducing Mr. Spectator).
From Female Spectator No. 1 (The Author's Intent).
Richard Steele. From Tatler No. 18 (The News Writers in Danger).
Joseph Addison. From Tatler No. 155 (The Political Upholsterer).
Joseph Addison. From Spectator No. 10 (The Spectator and Its Readers).

Getting, Spending, Speculating.
Joseph Addison. Spectator No. 69 (Royal Exchange).
Richard Steele. Spectator No. 11 (Inkle and Yarico).
Daniel Defoe. From A Review of the State of the British Nation, Vol 1, No. 43 (Weak Foundations).
Advertisements from the Spectator.

A Bubbler's Medley.
From Historical Register for the Year 1720.
Anne Finch. A Song on the South Sea.
Thomas D'Urfey. The Hubble Bubbles,
Thomas Read. From The Weekly Journal.
Nicholas Amhurst. From Craftsman No. 47 (Usbeck to Rica at Ispahan).

Women and Men, Manners and Marriage.
Richard Steele. From Tatler No. 25 (Duellists).
Daniel Defoe. From A Review of the State of the British Nation, Vol. 9, No 34, (A Duellist's Conscience.)
From The Athenian Mercury.
Richard Steele. From Tatler No. 104 (Jenny Distaff Newly Married).
Joseph Addison. Spectator No 128 (Variety of Temper).
Eliza Haywood. From The Female Spectator, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Seomanthe's Elopement).
Eliza Haywood. From The Female Spectator, Vol. 2, No. 10 (Women's Education).

Jonathan Swift.

A Description of the Morning.
A Description of a City Shower.
Stella's Birthday, 1719.
Stella's Birthday, 1727.
The Lady's Dressing Room.
Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, D. S. P. D.
Journal to Stella.
From Letter 10.

A Modest Proposal.

Companion Reading.
William Petty: From Political Arithmetic.

Alexander Pope.

An Essay on Criticism.
The Rape of the Lock.
The Iliad.
From Preface (On Translation.)
From Book 12 (Sarpedon's Speech.)

Eloisa to Abelard.
Epistle 4. To Richard Boyle, Earl of Burlington.
An Essay on Man.
Epistle 1.
To the Reader.
The Design.

An Epistle from Mr. Pope, to Dr. Arbuthnot.
The Dunciad.
Book the Fourth.
(The Goddess Coming in Her Majesty.)
(The Geniuses of the Schools.)
(Young Gentlemen Returned from Travel.)
(The Minute Philosophers and the Consummation of All.)

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu.

The Turkish Embassy Letters.
To Lady—(On the Turkish Baths.)
To Lady Mar (On Turkish Dress.)

Letter to Lady Bute (On Her Granddaughter).
Epistle from Mrs. Yonge to Her Husband.
The Lover: A Ballad.
The Reasons That Induced Dr. S. to write a Poem called The Lady's Dressing Room.

*John Gay.

*The Beggar's Opera.

“The Beggar's Opera” and Its Time: Influences and Impact.
*Thomas D'Urfey: From Wit and Mirth; or, Pills to Purge Melacholy.
*Daniel Defoe: From The True and Genuine Account of the Life and Actions of the Late Jonathan Wild.
*Henry Fielding: From The Life of Mr. Jonathan Wild the Great.
*(Anonymous.) From A Narrative of All the Robberies, Escapes, &c. of John Sheppard.
*John Thurmond. From Harlequin Sheppard.
*Charlotte Charke. From A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Charlotte Charke.
*James Boswell. From London Journal (Entries on Macheath.)

William Hogarth.

A Rake's Progress.

Perspectives: Mind and God.
Isaac Newton.
From Letter to Richard Bentley.
John Locke.
From An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.
Isaac Watts.
A Prospect of Heaven Makes Death Easy.
The Hurry of the Spirits, in a Fever and Nervous Disorders.
Against Idleness and Mischief.
Man Frail, and God Eternal.
Miracles Attending Israel's Journey.
Joseph Addison.
Spectator No. 465.
George Berkeley.
From Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous.
David Hume.
From A Treatise of Human Nature.
From An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.
Christopher Smart.
From Jubilate Agno.
William Cowper.
Light Shining out of Darkness.
From The Task.
The Cast-away.

James Thomson.

Winter. A Poem.
(Autumn Evening and Night.)
(Winter Night.)

The Seasons.
From Autumn.

Rule, Britannia.

“The Seasons” and Its Time: Poems of Nightfall and Night.
Anne Finch: A Nocturnal Reverie.
Edward Young: From The Complaint.
William Collins: Ode to Evening. Ode Occasioned by the Death of Mr. Thomson.
William Cowper: From The Task.

Thomas Gray.

To Horace Walpole (16 April 1734).
To Richard West (December 1736).
To Horace Walpole (12 June 1750).
To Horace Walpole (11 February 1751).
From To Horace Walpole (20 February 1751).

Sonnet on the Death of Mr. Richard West.
Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College.
Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat, Drowned in a Tub of Gold Fishes.
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard.

Samuel Johnson.

The Vanity of Human Wishes.
A Short Song of Congratulation.
On the Death of Dr. Robert Levet.

The Rambler.
No. 4 (On Fiction).
No. 5 (On Spring).
No. 60 (On Biography).
No. 170 (On Misella, a Prostitute).
No. 171 (Misella Continues).
No. 207 (Beginnings, Middles, and Ends).

From A Review of Soame Jenyns' A Free Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Evil.

The Idler.
No. 31 (On Idleness).
No. 32 (On Sleep).
No. 84 (On Autobiography).
No. 97 (On Travel Writing).

A Dictionary of the English Language.
from Preface.
(Some Entries.)
From The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia.
Chapter 8. The History of Imlac.
Chapter 9. The History of Imlac Continued.
Chapter 10. Imlac's History Continued. A Dissertation upon Poetry.
Chapter 11. Imlac's Narrative Continued. A Hint on Pilgrimage.
Chapter 12. The Story of Imlac Continued.

The Plays of Shakespeare.

Preface. (“Just Representations of General Nature.” ) (Faults: The Unities.)
(Selected Notes on Othello.)

Travel Writing.
Letter to Hester Thrale (21 September 1773).
A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland.
The Highlands.
From Skye. Armidel.

Lives of the Poets.
From The Life of Milton.
From The Life of Pope.

From Annals (Infancy and Childhood.)
To Lord Chesterfield (7 February 1755).
To Hester Thrale (19 June 1783).
To Hester Thrale Piozzi (2 July 1784).
To Hester Thrale Piozzi (8 July 1784).

James Boswell.

London Journal.
(A Scot in London.)
(First Meeting with Johnson.)

An Account of My Last Interview with David Hume, Esq.
From A Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides with Dr. Samuel Johnson.
The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D.
(Introduction; Boswell's Method.)
(Conversations about Hume.)
(Dinner with Wilkes.)
(Conversations at Streatham and the Club.)

Hester Salusbury Thrale Piozzi.

The Family Book.
(On Her Daughter's Progress.)
(On the Death of Her Son.)
(On Her Marriage and Household.)

(First Entries.)
(The Death of Henry Thrale; Marriage to Gabriel Piozzi.)
(The Death of Johnson.)

Oliver Goldsmith.

The Deserted Village.

Companion Readings.
George Crabbe: From The Village.
George Crabbe: From The Parish Register.

*Richard Brinsley Sheridan.

*The School for Scandal.

Political and Religious Orders.

Money, Weights, and Measures.

Glossary of Literary and Cultural Terms.




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