Major Problems in American History, Volume 2: Since 1865

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-10-20
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the Major Problems in American History series introduces students to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in U.S. history. This collection serves as the primary anthology for the introductory survey course, covering the subject's entire chronological span. Comprehensive topical coverage includes politics, economics, labor, gender, culture, and social trends. The Second Edition features integrated coverage of women in Volume I, as well as a streamlined chronology in Volume II. Key pedagogical elements of the Major Problems format have been retained: 14 to 15 chapters per volume, chapter introductions, headnotes, and suggested readings.

Table of Contents

Reconstruction, 1865-1877
African Americans Recall
Personal Experiences of Newfound Freedom, c. 1865
Louisiana Black Codes Reinstate Provisions of the Slave Era, 1865
President Andrew Johnson Denounces
Changes in His Program of Reconstruction, 1867
Congressman Thaddeus Stevens
Demands a Radical Reconstruction, 1867
Representative Benjamin Butler Argues
That President Andrew Johnson Be Impeached, 1868
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Questions Abolitionist
Support for Female Enfranchisement, 1868
The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments
Grant Citizenship and Due Process of Law to African Americans and Suffrage to African American Men, 1868, 1870
Elias Hill, an African American Man, Recounts a Nighttime Visit from the Ku Klux Klan, 1871
Confederate General Jubal Early Memorializes the "Lost Cause," 1894
Continuing the War: White and Black Violence During Reconstruction David W. Blight,
Ending the War: The Push for National Reconciliation
Western Settlement and the Frontier
The Governor of Missouri Orders the Militia to Exterminate Mormons, 1838
The Homestead Act Provides Free Land to Settlers, 1862
Pioneer Mary Barnard Aguirre Marries into the Spanish West, 1863
The Federal Government Punishes Confederate Indians, 1865
Katie Bighead (Cheyenne) Remembers
Custer and the Battle of Little Big Horn, 1876
Chief Joseph (Nez Perc?) Surrenders, 1877
Southern Freedmen Resolve to Move West, 1879
Wyoming Gunfight: An Attack on Chinatown, 1885
Historian Frederick Jackson Turner
Articulates the "Frontier Thesis," 1893
Ray Allen Billington, The Frontier as a Cradle of Liberty
Patricia Nelson Limerick, The Frontier as a Place of Conquest and Conflict
Industrialization, Workers, and the New Immigration
Chinese Immigrant Lee Chew Denounces Prejudice in America, 1882
Poet Emma Lazurus Praises The New Colossus, 1883
Immigrant Thomas O'Donnell Describes the Worker's Plight, 1883
Steel Magnate Andrew Carnegie Preaches a Gospel of Wealth, 1889
Unionist Samuel Gompers Asks "What Does the Working Man Want?" 1890
Jurgis Rudkus Discovers Drink in The Jungle, 1905
A Slovenian Boy Recounts Tales of the Golden Country, 1909
Engineer Frederick Winslow
Taylor Manufactures the Ideal Worker, 1910
Oscar Handlin, Uprooted and Trapped
The One-Way Route to Modernity Mark Wyman, Coming and Going
Round Trip to America
Imperialism and World Power
President William McKinley Asks for War to Liberate Cuba, 1898
Governor Theodore Roosevelt Praises the Manly Virtues of Imperialism, 1899
Filipino Leader Emilio Aguinaldo Rallies His People to Arms, 1899
The American Anti-Imperialist League Denounces U.S. Policy, 1899
Mark Twain Satirizes "The Battle Hymn of the Republic," 1900
A Soldier Criticizes American Racism in the Philippines, 1902
The Roosevelt Corollary Makes the U.S. the Police of Latin America, 1904
President Woodrow Wilson Disavows
Territorial Conquest, 1913
Gail Bederman, Gendering Imperialism
Theodore Roosevelt's Quest for Manhood and Empire
Anders Stephanson, Global Competition and Manifest
Destiny on the Cusp of the Twentieth Century
The Progressive Movement
W.C.T.U. Blasts Drinking and Smoking, and Demands the Power to Protect, 1893
Philosopher John Dewey Advocates Democracy Through Education, 1899
NAACP Founder W.E.B. DuBois Denounces Compromise on Negro Education and Civil Rights, 1903
Journalist Lincoln Steffens Exposes the Shame of Corruption, 1904
Political Boss George Washington Plunkitt Defends "Honest" Graft, 1905
Social Worker Jane Addams Advocates Civic Housekeeping, 1906
President Theodore Roosevelt Preaches Conservation and Efficiency, 1908
Sociologist William Graham Sumner Denounces Reformers' Fanaticism, 1913
Rewriting the Constitution
Amendments on Income Tax, Election of Senators, Prohibition, and the Vote for Women, 1913-1920
Daniel T. Rodgers, American
Progressivism in the Wider Atlantic
World Eric Rauchway, A Distinctive American
Progressivism: Women, Immigrants, and Education
America in World War I
President Woodrow Wilson Asks Congress to Declare War, 1917
Senator Robert M. LaFollette Passionately Dissents, 1917
A Union Organizer Testifies to Vigilante Attack, 1917
The U.S. Government Punishes War Protestors: The Espionage Act, 1918
Wilson Proposes a New World Order in the "Fourteen Points," 1918
Broadway Showman George M. Cohan Sings About Patriotism, 1918
An Ambulance Surgeon Describes What It Was Like "Over There," 1918
Publicist George Creel Recalls Selling the War, 1920
Cartoons for and Against the League of Nations, 1920
Walter McDougall, Woodrow Wilson
Egocentric Crusader Robert A. Pastor, Woodrow Wilson
Father of the Future
Crossing a Cultural Divide: The Twenties
The Governor of California Tells of the Japanese "Problem, "1920
Reverend Amzi Clarence Dixon Preaches on the Evils of Darwinism and Evolution, 1922
A Survey of the Morals of High School Students, 1924
Defense Attorney Clarence Darrow
Interrogates Prosecutor William Jennings
Bryan in the Monkey Trial, 1925
Novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald Reveals Attitudes
About Gender and Race in The Great Gatsby, 1925
The Ku Klux Klan Defines Americanism, 1926
The Automobile Comes to Middletown, U.S.A., 1929
Langston Hughes: Poet of the 1920s Harlem Renaissance
Paula S. Fass, Sex and Youth in the Jazz Age
Traditionalists Battle
Modernism (and Evolution) in the Roaring Twenties
The Depression, the New Deal, and Franklin D. Roosevelt
President Herbert Hoover Applauds Limited Government, 1931
The Nation Asks "Is It to Be Murder, Mr. Hoover?" 1932
Business Leader Henry Ford Advocates Self-Help, 1932
President Franklin Roosevelt Seeks Justice for "One-Third of a Nation," "1937
Nelson Rockefeller Lectures Standard Oil on Social Responsibility, 1937
Social Security Advisers Consider Male and Female Pensioners, 1938
A Union Man Gets His Job Back Under the New Labor Law, 1938
John Steinbeck Portrays the Outcast Poor in The Grapes of Wrath, 1939
Woody Guthrie Sings "This Land Is Your Land," 1940
Advocate for the American People
Opportunistic Architect of Big Government
The Ordeal of World War II
Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler Links Race and Nationality, 1927
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Asks Congress to Declare War, 1941
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill Reacts to Pearl Harbor, 1941
Roosevelt Identifies the "Four Freedoms" at Stake in the War, 1941
A Japanese American Recalls the Effect of Internment on Family Unity, 1942
Roosevelt and Soviet Premier Josef Stalin Plan the United Nations, 1943
An African American Soldier Notes the "Strange Paradox" of the War, 1944
An American Officer Worries About His Wife's Loyalty, 1944
Dwight Eisenhower Reports to General
George Marshall on the German Concentration Camps, 1945
John Morton Blum, G.I. Joe
Fighting for Home Alan Brinkley, American Liberals
Fighting for a Better World
The Cold War and the Nuclear Age
Diplomat George Kennan Advocates Containment, 1946
Secretary of Commerce
Questions the "Get Tough" Policy, 1946
Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Novikov
Sees a U.S. Bid for World Supremacy, 1946
The Truman Doctrine Calls for the United States to Become World's Police, 1947
The Marshall Plan Seeks to Rebuild Europe, 1948
Senator Joseph McCarthy Describes the Internal Communist Menace, 1950
The Federal Loyalty-Security Program Expels a Postal Clerk, 1954
Life Magazine Reassures
Americans "We Won't All Be Dead" After Nuclear War, 1959
Walter LaFeber, Truman's Hard Line
Prompted the Cold War
John Lewis Gaddis, Stalin's Hard Line
Prompted a Defensive Response in the United States and Europe
The 1950s "Boom": Affluence and Anxiety
Congress Passes the G.I. Bill of Rights, 1944
A Young American Is "Born on the Fourth of July," 1946
Science News Letter Reports a Baby Boom, 1954
Parental Indulgence Is Criticized in Rebel Without a Cause, 1955
Governor Adlai Stevenson Tells College Women About Their Place in Life, 1955
Author Paul Goodman Describes Growing Up Absurd, 1956
Life Magazine Identifies the New Teen-age Market, 1959
Feminist Betty Friedan Describes the Problem That Has No Name, 1959
New Yorker Cartoon, 1963
John Patrick Diggins, A Decade to Make
One Proud Stephanie Coontz, Families in the Fifties
The Way We Never Were
Making the Great Society: Civil Rights
The United Nations Approves a Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
The Supreme Court Rules on Brown v. Board of Education, 1954
Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., Defends Seamstress Rosa Parks, 1955
Author Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Remembers Civil Rights on TV, 1957
Congress Outlaws Segregation with the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Black Muslim Malcolm X Warns: The Ballot or the Bullet, 1964
The National Organization for Women Calls for Equality, 1966
Mexican Americans Form La Raza Unida, 1968
A Proclamation from the Indians of All Tribes, Alcatraz Island, 1969
Congress Guarantees Rights of Americans with Disabilities, 1990
The Emergence of a Grassroots Leader
The Minority
Rights Revolution: Top Down and Bottom Up
The Sixties: Left, Right, and the Culture Wars
Young Americans for Freedom Draft a Conservative Manifesto, 1960
President John Kennedy Tells Americans to Ask "What You Can Do," 1961
Bill Moyers Remembers Kennedy's Effect on His Generation (1961), 1988
Students for a Democratic Society Advance a Reform Agenda, 1962
Folk Singer Malvina Reynolds Sees Young People in "Little Boxes," 1963
Alabama Governor George Wallace Denounces Top-Down Reform and Pledges "Segregation Forever," 1963
President Lyndon B. Johnson Declares a Federal War on Poverty, 1964
A Protestor at Columbia University Defends Long Hair and Revolution, 1969
Vice President Spiro Agnew Warns of the Threat to America, 1969
Psychologist Carl Rogers
Emphasizes Being "Real" in Encounter Groups, 1970
Kenneth Cmiel, Triumph of the Left
Sixties Revolution and the Revolution in Manners
Triumph of the Right
George Wallace, Richard Nixon, and the Critique of Federal Activism
Vietnam and the Downfall of Presidents
Independence Leader Ho Chi Minh Pleads with Harry Truman for Support, 1946
President Dwight Eisenhower Warns of Falling Dominoes, 1954
Defense Analyst John McNaughton Advises Robert McNamara on War Aims, 1965
Undersecretary of State George Ball Urges Withdrawal from Vietnam, 1965
A Marine Remembers His Idealism of 1965 (1977)
Students for a Democratic Society Oppose the War, 1965
White House Counsel
Presents the "Enemies List," 1971
on the Watergate Crimes, 1974
Cold War Mindsets and the "Mistake" of Vietnam
Anti-Democratic "Containment," No Mistake
End of the Cold War and New International Challenges: Globalization and Terrorism
President Ronald Regan Sees a Revitalized America, 1985
A Unionist Blasts the Export of Jobs, 1987
President George H. W. Bush Declares the Cold War Over, 1990
Campaign Adviser Condoleezza Rice Cautions Against
Humanitarian Interventions, 2000
Two Workers Flee the Inferno in the Twin Towers, 2001
A New York Immigrant Weeps as the Twin Towers Fall, 2001
Journalist David Brooks Sees Basic Unity
Between "Red" and "Blue" Americans, 2001
Senator Robert Byrd Condemns Post-9/11 Foreign Policy, 2003
President George W. Bush Ranks Freedom Above Stability, 2005
Clash of Civilizations
Clash of Economies
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