Major Problems in the Early Republic, 1787-1848

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-10-10
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing

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Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the Major Problems in American History series introduces students to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in U.S. history. This text serves as the primary anthology, even the textbook, for the course, covering the subject's entire chronological span. With nearly 50% new documents, the Second Edition places greater emphasis on diplomacy and foreign affairs, popular culture, religion, and the history of national and group identities. Documents in each chapter identify key issues and capture the passionate spirit and conviction of the historical actors. The essay selections highlight classic and current scholarship on the social and cultural history of the early republic.

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter concludes with "Further Reading."
Interpreting the Early Republic
The Market Revolution
Nationalism and American Identity in the Early Republic
Popular Political Culture in the Early Republic
Interests and Values: American Foreign Policy in the Early Republic
The Compromise of 1787 and the Federalist Ascendancy
Alexander Hamilton Addresses the Constitutional Convention, 1787
James Madison Defends the New Federal Constitution, 1788
Mercy Otis Warren Attacks the Constitution, 1788
Thomas Jefferson and James Madison Confront the Need for a Bill of Rights, 1787, 1788: Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, December 20, 1787
James Madison, Speech to Virginia Ratifying Convention, 1788
Congress Designs the Northwest Ordinance, 1787
Patrick Henry and Melancton Smith Offer Clashing Ideas About the Constitution, Slavery, and Democracy, 1788: Patrick Henry, Speech to Virginia Ratifying Convention, June 1788
Melancton Smith, Speech to New York Ratification Convention, 1788
Two Artists Portray Different Ideals of Women in the New Republic
Conflict, Compromise, and the Framing of the Constitution Paul Finkelman
A Triumph for Slavery Jan Lewis, The Republican Wife
The Political Crises of the 1790s
Alexander Hamilton Reports On the Public Credit, 1790
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton Debate the Constitutionality of the National Bank, 1791
The Democratic-Republican Societies Oppose Federal Policy, 1793, 1794: Minutes, Democratic Society of Pennsylvania, May 30, 1793-July 31, 1794
Circular, Democratic Society of the City of New York, May 28, 1794
President George Washington Attacks "Certain Self-Created Societies" over the Whiskey Rebellion, 1794
An Anonymous Poet Protests the Jay Treaty, 1795
Thomas Jefferson Describes the "Aristocratical Party," 1796
President Washington Bids Farewell to His Countrymen, 1796
A Cartoonist Attacks the Degenerate French Over the XYZ Affair
Congress Cracks Down on Dissent, 1798
The Kentucky Legislature Protests the Repression, 1798
A Federalist Newspaper Describes the Trial of David Brown, 1799
Thomas Jefferson's Supporters Sing of his Victory, ca. 1801
John Adams Accounts for His Defeat, 1801
David Waldstreicher, Public Celebrations, Print Culture, and American Nationalism James E. Lewis, Jr
Political Crisis and the "Revolution" of 1800 John Ashworth, Slavery, Democracy, and the Jeffersonians
The Republican Jefferson and the Jeffersonian Republic
President Thomas Jefferson Offers Different Views About Political Reconciliation, 1801, 1802: Jefferson, First Inaugural Address, 1801
Jefferson to Levi Lincoln, October 25, 1802
Wilson Cary Nicholas and Thomas Jefferson Discuss the Constitutionality of the Louisiana Purchase, 1803
Republicans and Federalists Struggle over the Courts, 1801, 1803: Jefferson to John Dickinson, December 19, 1801
John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison
Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and the Corps of Discovery Explore the West, 1804, 1805
The Federalists Plunge into Despair, 1804: George Cabot to Timothy Pickering, February 14, 1804
Timothy Pickering to Rufus King, March 4, 1804
Thomas Jefferson Describes Indians, Slavery, and Blacks, 1787
President Jefferson Displays Machiavellian Benevolence Toward the Indians, 1803
A Shawnee Chief Offers A Parable of Resistance, 1803
A Jeffersonian Newspaper Supports the Embargo, 1807
A Maine Town's Petition Protests the Embargo, 1809
Liberal Democrat Forrest McDonald
Reactionary Ideologue Annette Gordon-Reed, Blacks and Jefferson
The War of 1812: National Honor and Aggressive Expansion
A Republican Newspaper Protests British Impressment, 1811
Felix Grundy Gives the War Hawks' Battle Cry, 1811
John Quincy Adams Argues Necessity for War, 1812
Federalist Daniel Webster Criticizes the War, 1812
Tecumseh Confronts Governor William Henry Harrison, 1810
Governor William Henry Harrison Describes Tecumseh and the Indian Threat, 1811
A Newspaper Reports on the Burning of Washington, D.C., 1814
Francis Scott Key Immortalizes the American Victory in Baltimore, 1814
The Hartford Convention Lists Its Grievances, 1814
A Hero Is Born, Undated
Essays Reginald Horsman
The Improbable American Success Gregory Evans Dowd
The Indian Resistance Crushed
Religious Revivals and the Second Great Awakening
Thomas Jefferson Codifies Religious Freedom, 1777, 1786
A Participant Describes a Kentucky Camp Meeting, 1801
A Diarist Recalls a Religious Awakening at Yale, 1802
Charles Grandison Finney Sermonizes on Sin and Redemption, 1836
A "Fanny Wright Mechanic" Attacks Religious Reform, 1831
Richard Allen Founds the African Methodist Episcopal Church, 1793
A.J Graves Gives a Scriptural Justification for Women's Domesticity
Joseph Smith Recounts his First Visitation, 1832
Northern Revivalism Elizabeth B. Clark, Religion, Cruelty, and Sympathy in Antebellum America Mitchell Snay
The Southern Clergy and the Sanctification of Slavery
The Rise of Northern Capitalism
Mary Graham Describes Life on a Commercializing Farm, 1835-1844
A Self-Made Man Explains His Success, 1843
Alexis de Tocqueville Reports on American Acquisitiveness, 1840
"Susan" Describes Conditions in the Lowell Mills, 1844
Lowell's Female Workers Give Voice to Protest, 1845
A British Cabinetmaker Describes His Life in New York City, 1846
A Newspaper Exposes Conditions among New York Tradesmen, 1845
Thomas Skidmore Urges Redistribution with "The Rights of Man to Property," 1829
Philadelphia Workers Declare Themselves "Wage Slaves," 1836
Alonzo Potter Justifies Wage Labor, 1840
Christopher Clark, Northern Capitalism: Creation and Costs Christine Stansell
Working Class Youth: The Gals and Boys of the Bowery
The Slaveholders' Regime
A Louisiana Planter Instructs His Son, 1841
J.H. Hammond Instructs His Overseer, 1840-1850
Kidnap Victim Solomon Northup Recalls Life under Slavery, 1853
Overseer George Skipwith Writes His Absentee Master, 1847
Lizzie Williams Looks Back on the Days of Slavery, 1937
Messrs. Brooke and Hubbard Announce a Slave Auction, 1823
Free Blacks Petition the Virginia State Legislature, 1838
Slave Rebel Nat Turner Confesses, 1831
The Virginia Legislature Debates Ending Slavery, 1832
Thomas Roderick Dew Defends Slavery, 1832
The Chattel Principle Stephanie McCurry, Gender and Proslavery in Antebellum South Carolina
Struggles for the West
The Cherokee Design a Nation, 1827
Congress Votes to Remove "Civilized Tribes," 1830
Andrew Jackson Endorses Removal, 1830
Theodore Frelinghuysen Attacks the Indian Removal Bill, 1830
Citizens of Rock River, Illinois, Petition for Protection from Sac and Fox, 1831
Black Hawk Surrenders, 1832
A Mexican General Describes the Borderland, 1828, 1829
A Texas Settler Sounds the Alarm, 1836
Lieutenant-Colonel Jose Enriqu? de la Pe?a Recalls the Battle of the Alamo, 1836
An Emigrant Reaches the Sacramento Valley, 1846
James H. Carson Describes Life in the Gold Mines, 1848
The Transformation of a Rural Community William Cronon
A Prairie Landscape
The Era of Bad Feelings
John Jacob Astor and an English Traveler Explain the Origins and Impact of the Panic of 1819: 1818, 1820
Thomas Jefferson Hears "A Fire Bell in the Night" during the Missouri Crisis, 1820
Congress Debates the Missouri Crisis, 1819, 1820: Rufus King Opposes the Introduction of Slavery into Missouri, 1819
Timothy Fuller Attacks Slavery as Unrepublican, 1819
William Smith Defends Slavery, 1820
President John Quincy Adams Describes His View of Liberty and Power, 1825
Philadelphia Craft Workers Organize a Union
Martin Van Buren Proposes a New Opposition Party, 1827
John C. Calhoun Theorizes About States' Rights, 1828
John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson Battle for the Presidency, 1828
The Missouri Crisis, Slavery, and the Rise of the Jacksonians Sean Wilentz
Jeffersonian Anti-Slavery and the Missouri Crisis Matthew H. Crocker
The Missouri Compromise, the Monroe Doctrine, and the Southern Strategy
Jacksonians, Whigs, and the Politics of the 1830s
President Jackson and Henry Clay Fight Over Internal Improvements: Jackson's Veto Message, May 27, 1830
Henry Clay Responds, 1830
Henry Clay Defends the American System, 1832
Andrew Jackson Vetoes the Bank, 1832: Jackson's Veto Message, July 10, 1832
Daniel Webster's Reply, July 11, 1832
South Carolina Proclaims Nullification, 1832: Governor Robert Y. Hayne, Inaugural Address, December 13, 1832
Andrew Jackson, Proclamation on Nullification, December 10, 1832
The Whigs Attack President Jackson, 1834
William Leggett Describes the Conflict Between the Rich and the Poor, 1834
Philip Hone Complains About Democratic Party, 1834
Congress Debates the Gag Rule, 1837
The Whigs Take to the Woods, 1840
Calvin Colton Outlines Whig Ideals, 1844
Culture Wars and the Election of 1828 Charles Sellers
The Jacksonians' Democratic Assault on the Bank Daniel Walker Howe
The Party of Moral Discipline: Whig Values
Perfecting the Nation and the World
Lyman Beecher Preaches Temperance, 1826
Women Declare Equality with Men at Seneca Falls, 1848
Samuel F. B. Morse Expounds on the Popish Plot, 1835
A Nativist Mob Destroys a Massachusetts Convent, 1834
Horace Mann Proposes Public Schooling, 1846
Dorothea Dix Petitions New Jersey Legislature on Asylum Reform, 1845
Sylvester Graham Urges Restraint on Sexuality, 1833
George Henry Evans Touts Land Reform, 1846
Middle-Class Women and Moral Reform Paul E. Johnson, Declaring and Defying Perfection
Abolitionism, Antiabolitionism, and Proslavery
David Walker Appeals to the Colored Citizens of the World, 1829
William Lloyd Garrison Demands Immediate Abolition, 1831
The New England Anti-Slavery Society Urges on Immediatism, 1833
William Jay Mocks and Dismisses the Proslavery Argument, 1836
Angelina Grimk?
Appeals to the Christian Women of the South, 1836
T.R. Sullivan Attacks Immediate Abolition, 1835
The Anti-Abolitionists Ridicule Anti-Slavery Radicals, 1839
J.H. Hammond Defends Slavery, 1836
A Christian Justifies Slavery, 1845
Henry Highland Garnet Calls for Slaves to Resist, 1843
Northern Women and Abolitionism Eugene D. Genovese
The Proslavery Argument
Toward an American Culture
Timothy Dwight Describes "The Destruction of the Pequods," 1794
John Trumbull Imagines the Nation's Founding, 1820
Davy Crockett Hunts a Bear, 1834
Ralph Waldo Emerson Addresses "The American Scholar," 1837
Sarah Josepha Hale Celebrates the Family Romance, 1835
The Knickerbocker Base-Ball Club Codifies the Game's Rules, 1845
A Democratic Culture?
Robert M. Lewis, Organized Baseball and American Culture
Manifest Destiny, Slavery, and the Politics of Expansion
John L. O'Sullivan Celebrates Manifest Destiny, 1845
President James K. Polk Urges War with Mexico, 1846
A Mexican Assesses the War, 1848
Antislavery Congressmen Concoct the Wilmot Proviso to Halt Slavery's Advance, 1846
Free Soil Democrat Walt Whitman Justifies the War, 1846, 1847
Abolitionist Frederick Douglass Decries the War, 1846
James Russell Lowell Satirizes the Mexican War, 1848
Northern Whig Charles Sumner Protests the War, 1846
Senator John C. Calhoun Offers a Southern Perspective on the War's Outcome, 1847
The Political System Fractures: Party Platforms, 1848
The Anxieties of Manifest Destiny Robert W. Johannsen
Young America and the War with Mexico Jonathan Earle
Jacksonian Antislavery and the Roots of Free Soil
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