Making Literature Matter with 2009 MLA Update : An Anthology for Readers and Writers

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-07-12
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Prepared by editors whose scholarship fuses literary and composition studies,Making Literature Mattercombines a comprehensive writing text with a uniquely organized anthology for introductory literature courses that emphasize critical and academic writing.What makes literature matter?Writing about it argumentatively.The writing text helps students learn to analyze literature and develop responsible and persuasive claims about it making it matter to them as it hasn't before.Reading it when it explores issues that matter.The stories, poems, plays and essays in the anthology are uniquely organized into thematic clusters focusing on life issues that speak to students and evoke their engaged response.

Author Biography

JOHN SCHILB (Ph.D., State University of New York — Binghamton) is a professor of English at Indiana University, Bloomington, where he holds the Culbertson Chair in Writing. He has co-edited Contending with Words: Composition and Rhetoric in a Postmodern Age and, with John Clifford, Writing Theory and Critical Theory. He is author of Between the Lines: Relating Composition Theory and Literary Theory and Rhetorical Refusals: Defying Audiences’ Expectations.

JOHN CLIFFORD (Ph.D., New York University) is a professor of English at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Editor of The Experience of Reading: Louis Rosenblatt and Reader-Response Theory, he has published numerous scholarly articles on pedagogy, critical theory and composition theory, most recently in College English, in Relations, Locations, Positions: Composition Theory for Writing Teachers and in The Norton Book of Composition Studies.

Table of Contents

Preface for Instructors

Contents by Genre

Part One: Working with Literature

1. What Is Literature? How and Why Does It Matter?

James Wright, "Lying in a Hammock at William Duffy’s Farm in Pine Island, Minnesota" (poem)

How Have People Defined Literature?

*Why Study Literature in a College Writing Course?

What Can You Do to Make Literature Matter to Others?

*J. Robert Lennon, When I married, I became an old woman. . . . (story)

  • How to Read Closely

    Strategies for Close Reading

    *Close Readings of a Poem

    *Sharon Olds, "Summer Solstice, New York City" (poem)

    Using Topics of Literary Studies to Get Ideas

    Lynda Hull, Night Waitress (poem)

  • How to Make Arguments about Literature

    Daniel Orozco
    , Orientation (story)

    Jamaica Kincaid, Girl (story)

    Strategies for Making Arguments about Literature

    Looking at Literature as Argument

    John Milton, "When I Consider How My Light Is Spent" (poem)

    W. H. Auden, "The Unknown Citizen" (poem)

    *Robert Frost, "Mending Wall" (poem)

    4. The Writing Process

    William Wordsworth
    , "The Solitary Reaper" (poem)

    Strategies for Exploring

    Strategies for Planning

    Strategies for Composing

    First Draft of a Student Paper

    Abby Hazelton, The Passage of Time in "The Solitary Reaper"

    Strategies for Revising

    Revised Draft of a Student Paper

    Abby Hazelton, The Passage of Time in "The Solitary Reaper"

    Strategies for Writing a Comparative Paper

    Ted Kooser, "Four Secretaries" (poem)

    A Student Comparative Paper

    Marla Tracy, When Singing Is Not Singing

    A Writing Exercise

    *C. K. Williams, The Singing (poem)

    5. How to Write about Stories

    Eudora Welty
    , A Visit of Charity

    William Carlos Williams, The Use of Force

    *Anton Chekhov, Sleepy

    Students’ Personal Responses to the Stories

    The Elements of Short Fiction

    Final Draft of a Student Paper

    Alison Caldwell, Forms of Blindness in "The Use of Force"

    6. How to Write about Poems

    Rosanna Warren, In Creve Coeur, Missouri

    Charles Fort, We Did Not Fear the Father

    Philip Levine, What Work Is

    Mary Oliver, Singapore

    Yusef Komunyakaa, Blackberries

    Edwin Arlington Robinson, The Mill

    Jimmy Santiago Baca, So Mexicans Are Taking Jobs Away from Americans

    Louise Erdrich, The Lady in the Pink Mustang

    *Marge Piercy, The Secretary Chant

    A Student’s Personal Responses to the Poems

    Michaela Fiorruci, Boundaries in Robinson, Komunyakaa, and Oliver

    The Elements of Poetry

    Revised Draft of a Student Paper

    Michaela Fiorruci, Negotiating Boundaries

    7. How to Write about Plays

    Tennessee Williams, From The Glass Menagerie (scene)

    Marsha Norman, from ‘night Mother (scene)

    The Elements of Drama

    Final Draft of a Student Paper

    Tim Kerwin, The Significance of What Jessie "Thinks"

    8. How to Write about Essays

  • June Jordan, Many Rivers to Cross

  • Alice Walker, In Search of Our Mother’s Gardens

    A Student’s Personal Response

    The Elements of Essays

    Final Draft of a Student Paper

    Isla Bravo, Resisting Women’s Roles

    9. How to Write a Research Paper

    Strategies for Identifying an Issue and a Tentative Claim

    Strategies for Finding and Using Secondary Sources

    Strategies for Working with Sources

    Strategies for Integrating Sources

    Strategies for Documenting Sources (MLA Format)

    Three Annotated Student Research Papers

    *Katie Johnson, The Meaning of the Husband’s Fainting in "The Yellow Wall-Paper"

    *Brittany Thomas, Substitution in Mitchell’s "The Evolution of the Rest Treatment" and Gilman’s "The Yellow Wall-Paper"

    *Keith Alexander, What the Argument between Tom Cruise and Brooke Shields Demonstrated about the Media

    Part Two: Literature and Its Issues

    10. Families

    Memories of Family: Essays

    Brent Staples, The Runaway Son

    Rick Moody, Demonology

    *Paule Marshall, Poets in the Kitchen

    *José Raul Bernardo, Happy Blue Crabs

    Reconciling with Fathers: Poems

    Lucille Clifton, forgiving my father

    Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays

    Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz

    *Li-Young Lee, My Father, in Heaven, Is Reading Out Loud

    Louise Gluck, Terminal Resemblance

    Exorcising the Dead: Critical Commentaries on a Poem

    Sylvia Plath, Daddy

    Critical Commentaries:

    Mary Lynn Broe, From Protean Poetic: The Poetry of Sylvia Plath

    Lynda K. Bundtzen, From Plath's Incarnations

    Steven Gould Axelrod, From Sylvia Plath: The Wound and the Cure of Words

    Tim Kendall, from Sylvia Plath: A Critical Study

    Mothers and Daughters: Stories

    Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing

    Amy Tan, Two Kinds

    Alice Walker, Everyday Use

    Siblings in Conflict: Stories

    Tobias Wolff, The Rich Brother

    James Baldwin, Sonny’s Blues

    Family Dramas: Re-Visions of a Play

    Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie

    Christopher Durang, For Whom the Southern Belle Tolls

    Grandparents and Legacies: Poems

    Elizabeth Cook-Lynn, Grandfather at the Indian Health Clinic

    Nikki Giovanni, Legacies

    Linda Hogan, Heritage

    Gary Soto, Behind Grandma's House

    Alberto Rios, Mi Abuelo

    Yvonne V. Sapia, Grandmother, a Caribbean Indian, Described by My Father

    *Judith Ortiz Cofer, Claims

    Family Bonds: A Collection of Essays by bell hooks

    bell hooks, Inspired Eccentricity

    bell hooks, Talking Back

    bell hooks, Spirit

    A Family’s Dreams: Cultural Contexts for a Play

    Lorraine Hansberry, A Raisin in the Sun

    Cultural Contexts:

    The Crisis, The Hansberrys of Chicago: They Join Business Acumen with Social Vision

    Lorraine Hansberry, April 23, 1964, Letter to the *York Times

    Alan Ehrenhalt, From The Lost City: Discovering the Forgotten Virtues of Community in the Chicago of the 1950s

    Sidney Poitier, from The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography

    Parental Crisis: Stories

    Ernest Hemingway, Hills Like White Elephants

    T. Coraghessan Boyle, The Love of My Life

    Kate Braverman, Pagan Night

    Gays and Lesbians in Families: Poems

    Essex Hemphill, Commitments

    Kitty Tsui, A Chinese Banquet

    Minnie Bruce Pratt, Two Small-Sized Girls

    *Rane Arroyo, My Transvestite Uncle Is Missing

    The Family as Prison: A Story and Images

    *Art Spiegelman, Prisoner on the Hell Planet

    *Images from Maus

    11. Love

    True Love: Poems

    William Shakespeare, Let me not to the marriage of true minds

    Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband

    e. e. cummings, somewhere i have never travelled

    Wislawa Szymborska, True Love

    Sharon Olds, True Love

    Michael S. Harper, Discovery

    *Emily Dickinson, Wild Nights — Wild Nights!

    *Wendy Rose, Julia

    Romantic Dreams: Stories

    Leslie Marmon Silko, Yellow Woman

    James Joyce, Araby

    John Updike, A & P

    *Sherwood Anderson, Adventure

    Love and Myth: Essays

    Diane Ackerman, Orpheus and Eurydice

    Carol Gilligan, Psyche and Cupid

    A Seductive Argument: Re-Visions of a Poem

    Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress

    Peter De Vries, To His Importunate Mistress

    To Love or Not to Love: Critical Commentaries on a Poem

    T.S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

    Critical Commentaries:

    Charles Child Walcutt, Eliot’s "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"

    Bruce Hayman, How Old is Prufrock? Does He Want to Get Married?

    Leon Waldoff, Prufrock’s Defenses and Our Response

    Heather Brown, The Ambiguity of Romance in "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"

    Melinda Hollis, Prufrock’s Road to Love Is Paved with Irony

    The Appearance of Love: A Collection of Stories by Kate Chopin

    Kate Chopin, The Storm

    Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour

    Kate Chopin, Désirée's Baby

    Is This Love?: Stories

    William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily

    Raymond Carver, What We Talk About When We Talk About Love

    Zora Neale Hurston, The Gilded Six-Bits

    *William Trevor, The Room

    Jealous Love: A Play and Images

    William Shakespeare, Othello


    Eugene Delacroix, Desdemona Cursed by Her Father (painting)

    Eugene Delacroix, Othello and Desdemona (painting)

    The Need for Romantic Illusions: Cultural Contexts for a Story

    Tim O’Brien, The Things They Carried

    Cultural Contexts

    *Sullivan Ballou, "My very dear Sarah"

    *Brian Sullivan, Letter to Tobie

    *Tyrone Parnell, Letter to Tracy

    Looking Back on Past Love: Stories

    Edith Wharton, Roman Fever

    Alice Elliott Dark, The Secret Spot

    Love as a Have? Poems

    Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach

    *Susan Minot, My Husband’s Back

    12. Freedom and Confinement

    Freedom for Animals: Poems

    Maxine Kumin, Woodchucks

    D. H. Lawrence, Snake

    Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish

    *Thomas Lux, To Help the Monkey Cross the River

    Can Tradition Be a Trap?: Critical Commentaries on a Story

    *Shirley Jackson, The Lottery

    Critical Commentaries

    *Nick Crawford, Learning from "The Lottery": How Jackson’s Story Might Help Us Rethink Tradition

    *Joe Romano, Sacrifice, Solidarity, and Senselessness

    *Jon Schneiderman, Tradition, Justice, and Bloodlust in American Society

    *Aimee Wilson, Under the Guise of Tradition: "The Lottery" and Female Circumcision

    The Marriage Trap: Plays

    Henrik Ibsen, A Doll House

    Susan Glaspell, Trifles

    Confined for Her Own Good: Cultural Contexts for a Story

    Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper

    Cultural Contexts

    Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Why I Wrote "The Yellow Wallpaper"

    S. Weir Mitchell, From The Evolution of the Rest Treatment

    John Harvey Kellogg, From The Ladies’ Guide in Health and Disease

    Hobbled by Language: Essays

    Richard Rodriguez, Aria

    Tomas Rivera, On Richard Rodriguez’s Hunger of Memory

    Victor Villaneuva, Jr., Reflecting on Richard Rodriguez

    Trapped in Stereotypes: Poems

    Chrystos, Today Was s Good Day Like TB

    Louise Erdrich, Dear John Wayne

    Dwight Okita, In Response to Executive Order 9066

    David Hernandez, Pigeons

    Sonia Sanchez, Song No. 3

    *Pat Mora, Legal Alien

    *Naomi Shihab Nye, Blood

    A Torturous Confinement: Re-Visions of a Story

    *Franz Kafka, In the Penal Colony

    *R. Crumb, In the Penal Colony

    Remembering the Death Camps: Poems

    Pastor Martin Niemoller, "First They Came for the Jews"

    Nelly Sachs, "A Dead Child Speaks"

    Yevgeny Yevtuchenko, "Babii Yar"

    Karen Gershon, "Race"

    Anne Sexton, "After Auschwitz"

    Prisoners of War: Stories

    Frank O'Connor, Guests of the Nation

    Haruki Murakami, Another Way to Die

    A Letter from Jail: An Essay and Images

    Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail


    Protesting Desegregation in Montgomery, Alabama (photograph)

    The Arrest of Martin Luther King, Jr. (photograph)

    Martin Luther King, Jr. in Birmingham Jail (photograph)

    A Dream of Freedom: A Collection of Poems by Langston Hughes

    Langston Hughes, Let America Be America Again

    Langston Hughes, Open Letter to the South

    Langston Hughes, Theme for English B

    Langston Hughes, Harlem

    The Cage of Socialization: Stories

    *Karen Russell, St. Lucy’s Home for Girls Raised by Wolves

    Steven Millhauser, Kaspar Hauser Speaks


    13. Doing Justice

    On Trial: Essays

    Scott Russell Sanders, Doing Time in the Thirteenth Chair

    *Kathleen Alcala, The Woman Who Loved Water

    *Slavenka Drakulic, He Would Never Hurt a Fly

    Maxine Hong Kingston, No Name Woman

    Discovering Injustice: Stories

    Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown

    Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson

    Punishments: Poems

    Carolyn Forché, The Colonel

    Seamus Heaney, Punishment

    Rita Dove, Parsley

    Sherman Alexie, Capital Punishment

    He Said/She Said: Re-Visions of a Poem

    Robert Browning, My Last Duchess

    Gabriel Spera, My Ex-Husband

    Avenging a Killing: Stories

    Andre Dubus, Killings

    Yiyun Li, Persimmons

    Issues of Guilt: A Collection of Stories by Edgar Allan Poe

    Edgar Allan Poe, The Cask of Amontillado

    Edgar Allan Poe, The Telltale Heart

    *Edgar Allan Poe, Hop-Frog

    Eyewitness Testimony: Cultural Contexts for a Play

    *Ida Fink, The Table

    Cultural Contexts

    *Wladyslaw Szpilman, The Umschleagplatz

    *Inga Clendinnen, Assessing Witness Testimony: Flilip Muller

    *Dori Laub and Shoshana Felman, Bearing Witness

    Misfit Justice: Critical Commentaries on a Story

    Flannery O’Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find

    Critical Commentaries

    Flannery O’Connor, from Mystery and Manners

    Martha Stephens, from The Question of Flannery O’Connor

    Madison Jones, from "A Good Man’s Predicament"

    Stephen Bandy, from "’One of My Babies’: The Misfit and the Grandmother"

    Conscience on Trial: A Play and Images

    Sophocles, Antigone


    Jose Domjan, Poster for a Production of Antigone

    Wieslaw Grzegorczyk, Poster for a Production of Antigone

    Moreland Theatre Company, Poster for a Production of Antigone

    Religious Justice: Stories

    Hanif Kureishi, My Son, The Fanatic

    *Rishi Reddi, Lord Krishna

    Racial Injustice: Poems

    Countee Cullen, Incident

    *Natasha Trethewey, Incident

    14. Journeys

    An Errand of Love? Critical Commentaries on a Story

    *Eudora Welty, A Worn Path

    Critical Commentaries:

    *Roland Bartel, Life and Death in Eudora Welty’s "A Worn Path"

    *Neil Isaacs, Life for Phoenix

    *Eudora Welty, Is Phoenix Jackson’s Grandson Really Dead?

    Dangerous Journeys: Stories

    *Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

    *Tim O’Brien, Sweetheart of the Song Tra Bong

    *Sherman Alexie, What You Pawn I Will Redeem


    Roads Taken: A Collection of Poems by Robert Frost

    *Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening

    *Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken

    *Robert Frost, Acquainted with the Night

    Journeys to the Past: Essays

    *Joan Didion, On Going Home

    *E. B. White, Once More to the Lake

    N. Scott Momaday, The Way to Rainy Mountain

    *Marianna De Marco Torgovnick, On Being White, Female, and Born in Bensonhurst

    Inner Journeys: Stories

    *Willa Cather, Wagner Matinee

    *Bobbie Ann Mason, Shiloh

    *John Cheever, The Swimmer

    A Journey’s Terrifying Beginning: Cultural Contexts for a Story

    Ralph Ellison, "Battle Royal"

    Cultural Contexts:

    Booker T. Washington, Atlanta Exposition Address

    W.E. B. DuBois, Of Mr. Booker T. Washington

    Gunnar Myrdal, Social Equality

    Journeys to a Dark Future: Stories

    *Octavia Butler, Human Evolution

    *Douglas Coupland, Shopping Is Not Creating

    *Ursula LeGuin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas

    *Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., Harrison Bergeron

    Accidental Journeys: Poems

    *William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark

    *John Burnside, Penitence

    *Robert Wrigley, Highway 12, Just East of Paradise, Idaho

    *James Tate, Thinking Ahead to Possible Options and the Worse Case Scenario

    *Loren Goodman, Traveling Through the Dark (2005)

    End of a Journey: A Play and Images

    Marsha Norman, ’night, Mother

    Images of Jessie and Thelma

    *Kathy Bates and Anne Pituiak (1983; photograph)

    *Edie Falco and Brenda Blethyn (2004; photograph)

    *Oracle Theatre Production (2006; photograph)

    A Journey to Death: Poems

    *Mary Oliver, When Death Comes

    John Donne, Death Be Not Proud

    Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night

    Wislawa Szymborska, On Death, without Exaggeration

    Journey to Experience: Re-Visions of a Story

    Charles Perrault, Little Red Riding Hood

    Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, Little Red Cap

    Angela Carter, The Company of Wolves

    Crossing the Waters: Poems

    *Katia Kapovich, The Ferry

    *Linda Pastan, Leaving the Island

    *Anne Sexton, Letter Written on a Ferry While Crossing Long Island Sound

    Mark Doty, Night Ferry

    Appendix: Critical Approaches to Literature

    Contemporary Schools of Criticism

    Working with the Critical Approaches

    James Joyce, Counterparts (story)

    Ann Petry, Like a Winding Sheet (story)

    Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines

    Index of Key Terms


    * new to this edition

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