The Making of New World Slavery

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 2010-08-02
  • Publisher: VERSO

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The Making of New World Slavery argues that independent commerce, geared to burgeoning consumer markets, was the driving force behind the rise of plantation slavery. The baroque state sought'”successfully'”to feed upon this commerce and'”with markedly less success'”to regulate slavery and racial relations. To illustrate this thesis, Blackburn examines the deployment of slaves in the colonial possessions of the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch, the English and the French. Plantation slavery is shown to have emerged from the impulses of civil society, not from the strategies of individual states. Robin Blackburn argues that the organization of slave plantations placed the West on a destructive path to modernity and that greatly preferable alternatives were both proposed and rejected. Finally, he shows that the surge of Atlantic trade, predicated on the murderous toil of the plantations, made a decisive contribution to both the Industrial Revolution and the rise of the West. The Verso World History Series : This series provides attractive new editions of classic works of history, making landmark texts available to a new generation of readers. Covering a timespan stretching from Ancient Greece and Rome to the twentieth century, and with a global geographical range, the series will also include thematic volumes providing insights into such topics as the spread of print cultures and the history of money.

Author Biography

Robin Blackburn teaches at the Graduate Faculty of the New School University, New York, and in the Sociology Department of the University of Essex. He is the author of, among other titles, The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, 1776-1848.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgementsp. vi
Introduction: Slavery and Modernityp. 1
Civil Slavery and the Colonial Statep. 5
Shifting Identity and Racial Slaveryp. 12
From the Baroque to the Creolep. 20
The Selection of New World Slavery
The Old World Background to New World Slaveryp. 31
Rome and the Christian Embrace of Slaveryp. 34
Christian Resurgence and the Challenge of Islamp. 42
Feudal Expansion and Ideologies of Persecutionp. 44
Slavery in Iberia's Christian Kingdomsp. 49
Slavery and the Slavsp. 54
The Eclipse of Serfdom and the Rise of Agrarian Capitalismp. 56
The Bible, Slavery and the Nations of Manp. 64
The Mediterranean, the Atlantic and Black Bondagep. 76
Africans and the Islamic Slave Tradep. 79
Conclusionp. 83
The First Phase: Portugal and Africap. 95
Exploring the African Coastp. 99
The Beginnings of a Slave Tradep. 102
The Atlantic Islandsp. 108
African Slaves in the Peninsulap. 112
Imperial Portugal, Africa, and Atlantic Civilizationp. 114
Slavery and Spanish Americap. 127
False Start in the Caribbeanp. 137
Silver and Revenue: Exploitation without Enslavementp. 144
Slaveholding in a Baroque Empirep. 147
Projects and Argumentsp. 150
The Rise of Brazilian Sugarp. 161
La France Antarctiquep. 164
The Takeoff of the Sugar Economyp. 166
The Transatlantic Slave Trade and Africap. 174
Arguments over Slaveryp. 177
Slavery and the Looming Battle for the Americasp. 181
The Dutch War for Brazil and Africap. 185
The West India Companyp. 188
The Dutch in Brazil and Africap. 192
The Luso-Brazilian Recoilp. 198
Sources of Dutch Weaknessp. 201
The New Role of the Dutchp. 211
The Making of English Colonial Slaveryp. 217
The First Coloniesp. 223
Barbados and the Rise of Sugarp. 229
The Role of Captains and New Merchantsp. 232
Tobacco and Sugarp. 234
Plantation Labour, Slavery and Fear of Strange Womenp. 235
Civil War: Empire and Bondagep. 243
The Restoration and the Codification of Colonial Slaveryp. 250
Bacon's Rebellion and Virginian Slaveryp. 256
The New Slavery and the Caribbean Plantationp. 258
The Glorious Revolution and the Coloniesp. 261
The Construction of the French Colonial Systemp. 277
An Experiment in Mercantilismp. 281
The Testimony of Du Tertrep. 287
The Code Noirp. 290
Royal Ambitions and the Spirit of Colonial Autonomyp. 292
Dynastic Calculation, Baroque Spectacle and Colonial Developmentp. 298
Racial Slavery and the Rise of the Plantationp. 307
Planters, Merchants, Captainsp. 312
Plantation Labour: From Indenture to Slaveryp. 315
The Supply of Slaves and the Turn to Slaveryp. 326
The New Plantationp. 332
The Plantation Regime and the Question of Securityp. 344
Alternatives to Slavery?p. 350
Slavery and Accumulation
Colonial Slavery and the Eighteenth-Century Boomp. 371
Europe and the Atlanticp. 377
The Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 383
The Pattern of Trade and Shippingp. 395
The Sugar Islandsp. 401
Economics and Demography in the British Caribbeanp. 404
The French West Indiesp. 431
Anglo-French Patterns of Colonial Tradep. 444
The Brilliance of French Creole Societyp. 449
Slavery on the Mainlandp. 457
North America and the Reproduction of Slaveryp. 459
Slavery in Brazil's Golden Agep. 483
Slavery in Spanish Americap. 494
The Lesser Producers and the Logic of the Plantation Tradep. 500
New World Slavery, Primitive Accumulation and British Industrializationp. 509
Markets in Africa and the New Worldp. 518
Profits and Investmentp. 527
Sectors of Investment and New Financial Instrumentsp. 545
Raw Materialsp. 554
Plantation Products and the New World of Consumptionp. 558
War, Colonies and Industrializationp. 562
The Anglo-French Wars of 1793-1815: A Testp. 568
Epiloguep. 581
Indexp. 594
List of Maps and Illustrations
The Atlantic in the early colonial periodp. 2
Jacob Jordaens, Moses and Zipporahp. 32
Albert Eckourt, The Kongolese Envoy to Recifep. 186
Richard Ligon, A Map of Barbados, 1657p. 218
The Coffee-Manp. 278
Jamaican music, from Hans Sloane, Voyage to the Islandsp. 348
Scold's bridle and iron maskp. 325
Map of the Caribbean, c. 1770p. 372
Dam in Saint Dominguep. 402
Map of the Americas, c. 1770p. 458
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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