9781319103446

The Making of the West, Combined Volume

by ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319103446

  • ISBN10:

    1319103448

  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2018-09-26
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

With a superior chronological organization, The Making of the West tells the story of the cross-cultural, global exchanges that have shaped western history. The book offers primary sources in each chapter, a full-color map and art program, and comprehensive supplement options, including LaunchPad and a free companion sourcebook. The Making of the West is an excellent value at an outstanding price.


Available for free when packaged with the print book, the popular digital assignment and assessment options for this text bring skill building and assessment to a more highly effective level. The greatest active learning options come in LaunchPad, which combines an accessible e-book with LearningCurve, an adaptive and automatically graded learning tool that—when assigned—helps ensure students read the book; the complete companion reader with comparative questions that help students build arguments from those sources; and many other study and assessment tools. For instructors who want the easiest and most affordable way to ensure students come to class prepared Achieve Read & Practice pairs LearningCurve, adaptive quizzing and our mobile, accessible Value Edition e-book, in one easy-to-use product.

Table of Contents

The Combined Volume includes all chapters.


Volume 1 includes Chapters 1-17.


Volume 2 includes Chapters 14-29.



NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading exercises, source feature quizzes, LearningCurve adaptive quizzes, summative quizzes, all of the documents from the companion reader – has been labeled on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, videos, key terms flashcards, map quizzes, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.


Preface


Versions and Supplements


Brief Contents


Contents


Maps and Figures


Features


?


1. Early Western Civilization, 400,000–1000 B.C.E.


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


From the Stone Age to Mesopotamian Civilization, 400,000-1000 B.C.E.


Life and Change in the Stone Age


The Emergence of Cities in Mesopotamia, 4000–2350 B.C.E.


Metals and Empire Making: The Akkadians and the Ur III Dynasty, c. 2350–c. 2000 B.C.E.


The Achievements of the Assyrians, the Babylonians, and the Canaanites, 2000–1000 B.C.E.


Egypt, the First Unified Nation, 3050–1000 B.C.E.


From the Unification of Egypt to the Old Kingdom, 3050–2190 B.C.E.


The Middle and New Kingdoms in Egypt, 2061–1081 B.C.E.


The Hittites, the Minoans, and the Mycenaeans, 2200–1000 B.C.E.


The Hittites, 1750–1200 B.C.E.


The Minoans, 2200–1400 B.C.E.


The Mycenaeans, 1800–1000 B.C.E.


The Violent End to Early Western Civilization, 1200–1000 B.C.E.


Mapping the West: The Violent End to Early Western Civilization, 1200–1000 B.C.E.?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 1 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Hammurabi’s Laws for Physicians


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: The Gains and the Losses of Life in Civilization vs. Life in Nature


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Civilization


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 1.1 Defining Humanity: Epic of Gilgamesh (c. 2000 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 1.1 LaunchPad


Document 1.2 Establishing Law and Justice: King Hammurabi, The Code of Hammurabi (Early Eighteenth Century B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 1.2 LaunchPad


Document 1.3 Praising the One God: Hymn to the Aten (Fourteenth Century B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 1.3 LaunchPad


Document 1.4 Sources in Conversation: Writing in Life and the Afterlife: Agricultural scenes, Tomb of Nakhut, (c. 1400-1390 B.C.E.) and Egyptian Scribal Exercise Book (Twelfth Century B.C.E.)
Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 1.5 Allying for Peace: The "Eternal Treaty" between the Egyptians and Hittites (c. 1259 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 1.5 LaunchPad



Chapter 2. Near East Empires and the Reemergence of Civilization in Greece, 1000–500 B.C.E.


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


From Dark Age to Empire in the Near East, 1000–500 B.C.E.


The New Empire of Assyria, 900–600 B.C.E.


The Neo-Babylonian Empire, 600–539 B.C.E.


The Persian Empire, 557–500 B.C.E.


The Israelites, Origins to 539 B.C.E.


The Reemergence of Greek Civilization, 1000–750 B.C.E.


The Greek Dark Age


The Values of the Olympic Games


Homer, Hesiod, and Divine Justice in Greek Myth


The Creation of the Greek City-State, 750–500 B.C.E.


The Physical Environment of the Greek City-State


Trade and "Colonization," 800–580 B.C.E.


Citizenship and Freedom in the Greek City-State


New Directions for the Greek City-State, 750–500 B.C.E.


Oligarchy in the City-State of Sparta, 700–500 B.C.E.


Tyranny in the City-State of Corinth, 657–585 B.C.E.


Democracy in the City-State of Athens, 632–500 B.C.E.


New Ways of Thought and Expression in Greece, 630–500 B.C.E.


Mapping the West: Mediterranean Civilizations, c. 500 B.C.E.


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 2 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Zaleucus’s Law Code for a Greek City-State in Seventh-Century B.C.E. Italy


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Persians Debate The Best Form of Government


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: The State


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 2.1 Empires and Divine Right: Inscription Honoring Cyrus, King of Persia (r. c. 557–530 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 2.1 LaunchPad


Document 2.2 Monotheism and Mosaic Law: The Book of Exodus, Chapters 19–20 (c. Tenth–Sixth Centuries B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 2.2 LaunchPad


Document 2.3 Concepts of Civilization: Homer, The Odyssey (Eighth Century B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 2.3 LaunchPad


Document 2.4 Sources in Conversation: Two Visions of the City-State: Tyrtaeus of Sparta and Solon of Athens, Poems (Seventh–Sixth Centuries B.C.E.)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 2.5 Representations of Difference: Greek Janiform Flask (c. 520-510 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 2.5 LaunchPad


Document 2.6 Economics and the Expansion of Slavery: Xenophon, Revenues (Fourth Century B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 2.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 3. The Greek Golden Age, c. 500–c. 400 B.C.E.


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


Wars between Persia and Greece, 499–479 B.C.E.


From the Ionian Revolt to the Battle of Marathon, 499–490 B.C.E.


The Great Persian Invasion, 480–479 B.C.E.


Athenian Confidence in the Golden Age, 478–431 B.C.E.


The Establishment of the Athenian Empire


Radical Democracy and Pericles’ Leadership, 461–431 B.C.E.


The Urban Landscape in Athens


Tradition and Innovation in Athens’s Golden Age


Religious Tradition in a Period of Change


Women, Slaves, and Metics


Innovative Ideas in Education, Philosophy, History, and Medicine


The Development of Greek Tragedy


The Development of Greek Comedy


The End of Athens’s Golden Age, 431–403 B.C.E.


The Peloponnesian War, 431–404 B.C.E.


Athens Defeated: Tyranny and Civil War, 404–403 B.C.E.


Mapping the West: Greece, Europe, and the Mediterranean, 400 B.C.E.?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 3 Review


Primary Source Analysis: How to Argue Both Sides of a Case


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: The Nature of Women and Marriage


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Democracy


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 3.1 The Golden Age of Athens: Thucydides, The Funeral Oration of Pericles (429 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 3.1 LaunchPad


Document 3.2 Sources in Conversation: Movement in Stone: Myron of Eleutherai, Discus Thrower (c. 450 B.C.E.) and Atalanta (c. 300-200 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 3.3 The Emergence of Philosophy: Plato, The Apology of Socrates (399 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 3.3 LaunchPad


Document 3.4 The Advance of Science: Hippocrates of Cos, On the Sacred Disease (400 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 3.4 LaunchPad


Document 3.5 Human Commodities: Auction of confiscated slaves (c. 414 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 3.5 LaunchPad


Document 3.6 Domestic Boundaries: Euphiletus, A Husband Speaks in His Own Defense (c. 400 B.C.E.) and Overhead Views of a House on the North Slope of the Areopagus (Fifth Century B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 3.6 LaunchPad


Document 3.7 Protesting War, Performing Satire: Aristophanes, Lysistrata (411 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 3.7 LaunchPad



Chapter 4. From the Classical to the Hellenistic World, 400–30 B.C.E.


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


Classical Greece after the Peloponnesian War, 400–350 B.C.E.


Athens’s Recovery after the Peloponnesian War


The Execution of Socrates, 399 B.C.E.


The Philosophy of Plato


Aristotle, Scientist and Philosopher


Greek Political Disunity


The Rise of Macedonia, 359–323 B.C.E.


Macedonian Power and Philip II, 359–336 B.C.E.


The Rule of Alexander the Great, 336–323 B.C.E.


The Hellenistic Kingdoms, 323–30 B.C.E.


Creating New Kingdoms


The Layers of Hellenistic Society


The End of the Hellenistic Kingdoms


Hellenistic Culture


The Arts under Royal Support


Philosophy for a New Age


Scientific Innovation


Cultural and Religious Transformations


Mapping the West: Roman Takeover of the Hellenistic World, to 30 B.C.E.


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 4 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Epigrams by Women Poets


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Roman Attitudes Toward Cleopatra VII, The Last Hellenistic Queen


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Hellenistic


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 4.1 The Conquest of New Lands: Arrian, The Campaigns of Alexander the Great (Fourth Century B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 4.1 LaunchPad


Document 4.2 Imperial Bureaucracy: Zeno, Egyptian Official, Records (259–250 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 4.2 LaunchPad


Document 4.3 Everyday Life: Funerary Inscriptions and Epitaphs (Fifth–First Centuries B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 4.3 LaunchPad


Document 4.4 Sources in Conversation: Modelling Femininity: Terracotta figurines (Second to Third Century B.C.E.)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 4.5 In Pursuit of Happiness: Epicurus, Letter to a Friend (Late Third Century B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 4.5 LaunchPad


Document 4.6 Exacting Science: Archimedes, Letter to Eratosthenes (Third Century B.C.E.) and Marcus Vitruvius Pollio, Archimedes’ "Eureka!" Moment (c. 30–20 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 4.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 5. The Rise of Rome and Its Republic, 753–44 B.C.E.


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


Roman Social and Religious Traditions


Roman Moral Values


The Patron-Client System


The Roman Family


Education for Public Life


Public and Private Religion


From Monarchy to Republic


Roman Society under the Kings, 753–509 B.C.E.


The Early Roman Republic, 509–287 B.C.E.


Roman Imperialism and Its Consequences


Expansion in Italy, 500–220 B.C.E.


Wars with Carthage and in the East, 264–121 B.C.E.


Greek Influence on Roman Literature and the Arts


Stresses on Society from Imperialism


Civil War and the Destruction of the Republic


The Gracchus Brothers and Violence in Politics, 133–121 B.C.E.


Marius and the Origin of Client Armies, 107–100 B.C.E.


Sulla and Civil War, 91–78 B.C.E.


Julius Caesar and the Collapse of the Republic, 83–44 B.C.E.


Mapping the West: The Roman World at the End of the Republic, 44 B.C.E.


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 5 Review


Primary Source Analysis: The Rape and Suicide of Lucretia


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: What Was Julius Caesar Like?


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Republic


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 5.1 Formalizing Roman Law: The Twelve Tables (451–449 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 5.1 LaunchPad


Document 5.2 Sources in Conversation: Artistic Influences: Etruscan Statuette of a Rider (c. 434–400 B.C.E.) and Roman Bust of Lucius Junius Brutus (c. 300 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 5.3 Status and Discrimination: Roman Women Demonstrate against the Oppian Law (195 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 5.3 LaunchPad


Document 5.4 "Cultivating Humanity": Cicero, In Defense of Archias ?(62 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 5.4 LaunchPad


Document 5.5 Failure and Factionalism: The Gracchan Reforms (133 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 5.5 LaunchPad


Document 5.6 Toward Empire: Julius Caesar, The Gallic War (52 B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 5.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 6. The Creation of the Roman Empire, 44 B.C.E.–284 C.E.


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


From Republic to Empire, 44 B.C.E.–14 C.E.


Civil War, 44–27 B.C.E.


The Creation of the Principate, 27 B.C.E.–14 C.E.


Daily Life in the Rome of Augustus


Changes in Education, Literature, and Art in Augustus’s Rome


Politics and Society in the Early Roman Empire


The Perpetuation of the Principate after Augustus, 14–180 C.E.


Life in the Roman Golden Age, 96–180 C.E.


The Emergence of Christianity in the Early Roman Empire


Jesus and His Teachings


Growth of a New Religion


Competing Religious Beliefs


From Stability to Crisis in the Third Century C.E.


Threats to the Northern and Eastern Frontiers of the Early Roman Empire


Uncontrolled Spending, Natural Disasters, and Political Crisis, 193–284 C.E.


Mapping the West: The Roman Empire in Crisis, 284 C.E.?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 6 Review


Primary Source Analysis: A Roman Stoic Philosopher on the Capabilities of Women


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad ?


Contrasting Views: Christians in the Empire: Conspirators or Faithful Subjects?


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Empire


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 6.1 An Empire Foretold: Virgil, The Aeneid (First Century B.C.E.)


Quiz for Document 6.1 LaunchPad


Document 6.2 An Urban Empire: Notices and Graffiti Describe Life in Pompeii (First Century C.E.)


Quiz for Document 6.2 LaunchPad


Document 6.3 New Influences to the North: Tacitus, Germania (c. 98 C.E.)


Quiz for Document 6.3 LaunchPad


Document 6.4 Sources in Conversation: The Making of a New Religion: The Gospel According to Matthew: The Sermon on the Mount (28 C.E.) and Paul of Tarsus, Letter to the Galatians (c. 50-60 C.E.)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 6.5 Deadly Beliefs: The Martyrdom of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas (203 C.E.)


Quiz for Document 6.5 LaunchPad


Document 6.6 Private Piety: Household shrine, Pompeii (first century C.E.)


Quiz for Document 6.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 7. The Transformation of the Roman Empire, 284–600 C.E.


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


From Principate to Dominate in the Late Roman Empire, 284–395


The Political Transformation and Division of the Roman Empire


The Social Consequences of Financial Pressures


From the Great Persecution to Religious Freedom


The Official Christianization of the Empire, 312–c. 540


Polytheism and Christianity in Competition


The Struggle for Clarification in Christian Belief


The Emergence of Christian Monks


Non-Roman Kingdoms in the Western Roman Empire, c. 370–550s


Non-Roman Migrations into the Western Roman Empire


Social and Cultural Transformation in the Western Roman Empire


The Roman Empire in the East, c. 500–565


Imperial Society in the Eastern Roman Empire


The Reign of Emperor Justinian, 527–565


The Preservation of Classical Traditions in the Late Roman Empire


Mapping the West: Western Europe and the Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empire, c. 600?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 7 Review


Primary Source Analysis: The Edict of Milan on Religious Freedom


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Debate: Did Romans or Huns Better Protect Life, Law, and Freedom?


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Barbarian


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 7.1 Sources in Conversation: The Establishment of Roman Christian Doctrine: Arius, Letter to Alexander, Bishop of Alexandria (c. 320 C.E.) and The Nicene Creed (325 C.E.)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 7.2 The Struggle of Conversion: Augustine of Hippo, Confessions (c. 397)


Quiz for Document 7.2 LaunchPad


Document 7.3 The Development of Monasticism: Benedict of Nursia, The Rule of Saint Benedict (c. 540)


Quiz for Document 7.3 LaunchPad


Document 7.4 Community Worship: The Torah niche, Dura-Europos synagogue (c. 244-245 C.E.)


Quiz for Document 7.4 LaunchPad


Document 7.5 Germanic Law in the Roman Empire: The Burgundian Code (c. 475–525 C.E.)


Quiz for Document 7.5 LaunchPad


Document 7.6 Emergence of Byzantium: Procopius, Secret History (550 C.E.)


Quiz for Document 7.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 8. The Heirs of Rome: Islam, Byzantium, and Europe, 600–750


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


Islam: A New Religion and a New Empire


Nomads and City Dwellers


The Prophet Muhammad and the Faith of Islam


Growth of Islam, c. 610–632


The Caliphs, Muhammad’s Successors, 632–750


Peace and Prosperity in Islamic Lands


Byzantium Besieged


Wars on the Frontiers, c. 570–750


From an Urban to a Rural Way of Life


New Military and Cultural Forms


Religion, Politics, and Iconoclasm


Western Europe: A Medley of Kingdoms


Frankish Kingdoms with Roman Roots


Economic Activity in a Peasant Society


The Powerful in Merovingian Society


Christianity and Classical Culture in the British Isles


Unity in Spain, Division in Italy


Political Tensions and the Power of the Pope


Mapping the West: Rome’s Heirs, c. 750


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 8 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Praising a Merovingian Queen


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Icons: Idols or Aids to Worship


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Medieval


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 8.1 The Foundations of Islam: Qur’an, Suras 1, 53, 98 (c. 610–632)


Quiz for Document 8.1 LaunchPad


Document 8.2 Jihad and Jizya: Islamic Terms of Peace (633–643)


Quiz for Document 8.2 LaunchPad


Document 8.3 Byzantine Life: The Life of St. Theodore of Sykeon (Early Seventh Century)


Quiz for Document 8.3 LaunchPad


Document 8.4 A Noblewoman’s Life: The Life of Lady Balthild, Queen of the Franks (Late Seventh Century)


Quiz for Document 8.4 LaunchPad


Document 8.5 Roman Christian Missions: Pope Gregory the Great, Letters (598–601)


Quiz for Document 8.5 LaunchPad


Document 8.6 Sources in Conversation: Warrior Kings: Helmet fragment from Sutton Hoo, (Early seventh century C.E.) and Beowulf (c. mid-seventh-late tenth century)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad



Chapter 9. From Centralization to Fragmentation, 750–1050


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Byzantine Emperor and Local Elites


Imperial Power


The Macedonian Renaissance, c. 870–c. 1025


The Dynatoi: A New Landowning Elite


The Formation of Eastern Europe and Kievan Rus


The Rise and Fall of the Abbasid Caliphate


The Abbasid Caliphate, 750–936


Regional Diversity in Islamic Lands


Unity of Commerce and Language


The Islamic Renaissance, c. 790–c. 1050


The Carolingian Empire


The Rise of the Carolingians


Charlemagne and His Kingdom, 768–814


The Carolingian Renaissance, c. 790–c. 900


Charlemagne’s Successors, 814–911


Land and Power


Viking, Muslim, and Magyar Invasions, c. 790–955


After the Carolingians: The Emergence of Local Rule


Public Power and Private Relationships


Warriors and Warfare


Efforts to Contain Violence


Political Communities in Italy, England, and France


Emperors and Kings in Central and Eastern Europe


Mapping the West: Europe and the Mediterranean, c. 1050


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 9 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Ibn ‘Abd Rabbihi Celebrates a Military Campaign in Verse


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Charlemagne: Roman Emperor, Father of Europe, or the Chief Bishop?


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Feudalism


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 9.1 The Rule of Charlemagne: General Capitulary for the Missi (802)


Quiz for Document 9.1 LaunchPad


Document 9.2 Sources in Conversation: Conflicting Views of Byzantium: The Paris Psalter (c. 950) and Liutprand of Cremona, Report to Otto I (968)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 9.3 A New Islamic Dynasty: Ahmad al-Ya‘q?b?, Kit?b al-buld?n (Ninth Century)


Quiz for Document 9.3 LaunchPad


Document 9.4 Advances in Medicine: Ab? Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakar?y? Al-r?z?, A Treatise on the Small-Pox and Measles (c. 910)


Quiz for Document 9.4 LaunchPad


Document 9.5 The Faithful Vassal: Fulbert of Chartres, Letter to William of Aquitaine (1020)


Quiz for Document 9.5 LaunchPad



Chapter 10. Commercial Quickening and Religious Reform, 1050–1150


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Commercial Revolution


Fairs, Towns, and Cities


Organizing Crafts and Commerce


Communes: Self-Government for the Towns


The Commercial Revolution in the Countryside


Church Reform


Beginnings of Reform


The Gregorian Reform and the Investiture Conflict, 1075–1122


The Sweep of Reform


New Monastic Orders of Poverty


The Crusades


Calling the Crusade


The First Crusade


The Crusader States


The Disastrous Second Crusade


The Long-Term Impact of the Crusades


The Revival of Monarchies


Reconstructing the Empire at Byzantium


England under Norman Rule


Praising the King of France


Surviving as Emperor


Mapping the West: Europe and the Mediterranean, c. 1150


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 10 Review


Primary Source Analysis: The First Crusade from the Muslim Point of View


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Henry IV


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: The Commercial Revolution


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 10.1 Medieval Business: Commenda Contracts (Eleventh–Twelfth Centuries)


Quiz for Document 10.1 LaunchPad


Document 10.2 Sources in Conversation: Sources of the Investiture Conflict: Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII, Letter and Excommunication (1076)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 10.3 Calling the First Crusade: Fulcher of Chartres, Pope Urban II’s Speech at Clermont (1095)


Quiz for Document 10.3 LaunchPad


Document 10.4 Arab Response to the First Crusade: Ibn al-Ath?r, A Muslim Perspective (1097–1099)


Quiz for Document 10.4 LaunchPad


Document 10.5 The Power of William I: The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1085–1086) and Domesday Book (1086–1087)


Quiz for Document 10.5 LaunchPad


Document 10.6 Living Close to the Land: Labors of the Month, Zodiac Column, Souvigny Priory, mid twelfth century


Quiz for Document 10.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 11. The Flowering of the Middle Ages, 1150–1215


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


New Schools and Churches


The New Learning and the Rise of the University


Architectural Style: From Romanesque to Gothic


Governments as Institutions


England: Unity through Common Law


France: Consolidation and Conquest


Germany: The Revived Monarchy of Frederick Barbarossa


Eastern Europe and Byzantium: Fragmenting Realms


The Growth of a Vernacular High Culture


The Troubadours: Poets of Love and Play


The Birth of Epic and Romance Literature


Religious Fervor and Crusade


New Religious Orders in the Cities


Disastrous Crusades to the Holy Land


Victorious Crusades in Europe and on Its Frontiers


Mapping the West: Europe and Byzantium, c. 1215
Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 11 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Two Letters from Two Lovers


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Magna Carta


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Gothic


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 11.1 New Learning: Peter Abelard, The Story of My Misfortunes (c. 1132)


Quiz for Document 11.1 LaunchPad


Document 11.2 Scholarly Pursuits and Youthful Frolics: Royal Decrees of Special Privileges for Students and Student Letters (Twelfth–Early Thirteenth Centuries)


Quiz for Document 11.2 LaunchPad


Document 11.3 Courtly Love: Chrétien de Troyes, Lancelot: The Knight of the Cart (c. 1170s)


Quiz for Document 11.3 LaunchPad


Document 11.4 Early Bankers: Money Changers Window Panel, Chartres Cathedral (early thirteenth century)


Quiz for Document 11.4 LaunchPad


Document 11.5 Franciscan Piety: St. Francis and St. Clare of Assisi, Selected Writings (Thirteenth Century)


Quiz for Document 11.5 LaunchPad


Document 11.6 The Sack of Constantinople: Annals of Niketas Choniat?s (1204)


Quiz for Document 11.6 LaunchPad ?




Chapter 12. The Medieval Synthesis—and Its Cracks, 1215–1340


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Church’s Mission


Innocent III and the Fourth Lateran Council


Inquisition


Lay Piety


Jews as Outcasts


Reconciling This World and the Next


The Achievements and Failures of Scholasticism


New Syntheses in Writing and Music


Gothic Art


The Politics of Control


The Weakening of the Empire


Louis IX and a New Ideal of Kingship


The Birth of Representative Institutions


The Weakening of the Papacy


The Rise of the Signori


The Mongol Takeover


The Great Famine


Mapping the West: Europe, c. 1340?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 12 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Thomas Aquinas Writes about Sex


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: The Mongols: Instruments of God or Cruel Invaders?


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Inquisition


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 12.1 Reconciling Faith and Reason: Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae (1273)


Quiz for Document 12.1 LaunchPad


Document 12.2 A Female Mystic: Hadewijch of Brabant, Letters and Poems (1220–1240)


Quiz for Document 12.2 LaunchPad


Document 12.3 Defining Outsiders: Thomas of Monmouth, The Life and Martyrdom of St. William of Norwich (c. 1173)


Quiz for Document 12.3 LaunchPad


Document 12.4 Imagining Hell: Dante Alighieri, Divine Comedy (1313–1321)


Quiz for Document 12.4 LaunchPad


Document 12.5 Sources in Conversation: The New Power of Medieval States: Pope Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctam (1302) and King Philip IV of France, General Assembly of Paris (1303)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 12.6 Centering the World: Hereford World Map (c. 1290-1300)


Quiz for Document 12.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 13. Crisis and Renaissance, 1340–1492


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


Crisis: Disease, War, and Schism


The Black Death, 1347–1352


The Hundred Years’ War, 1337–1453


The Ottoman Conquest of Constantinople, 1453


The Great Schism, 1378–1417


The Renaissance: New Forms of Thought and Expression


Renaissance Humanism


The Arts


Consolidating Power


New Political Formations in Eastern Europe


Powerful States in Western Europe


Power in the Republics


The Tools of Power


Mapping the West: Europe, c. 1492?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 13 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Wat Tyler’s Rebellion (1381)


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Joan of Arc: Who Was "the Maid"?


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Renaissance


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 13.1 Demographic Catastrophe: The Black Death (Fourteenth Century)


Quiz for Document 13.1 LaunchPad


Document 13.2 Crisis and Change: Jean Froissart on the Jacquerie (1358)


Quiz for Document 13.2 LaunchPad


Document 13.3 Satirizing the Church: Geoffrey Chaucer, The Pardoner’s Prologue (1387–1400)


Quiz for Document 13.3 LaunchPad


Document 13.4 Preaching Reform: Jan Hus, Letters (1408–1415)


Quiz for Document 13.4 LaunchPad


Document 13.5 Extolling Humanism: Giovanni Rucellai and Leonardo Bruni, Florence in the Quattrocento (1427 and 1457)


Quiz for Document 13.5 LaunchPad


Document 13.6 Women’s Place in Renaissance Italy: Alessandra, Letters from a Widow and Matriarch of a Great Family (1450–1465)


Quiz for Document 13.6 LaunchPad


Document 13.7 Sources in Conversation: Artistic Innovation: Jan van Eyck, Arnolfini Double Portrait (1434) and Bartolommeo Fazio, On Famous Men (1456)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad



Chapter 14. Global Encounters and the Shock of the Reformation, 1492–1560


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Discovery of New Worlds


Portuguese Explorations


The Voyages of Columbus


A New Era in Slavery


Conquering the New World


The Columbian Exchange


The Protestant Reformation


The Invention of Printing


Popular Piety and Christian Humanism


Martin Luther’s Challenge


Protestantism Spreads and Divides


The Contested Church of England


Reshaping Society through Religion


Protestant Challenges to the Social Order


New Forms of Discipline


Catholic Renewal


Striving for Mastery


Courtiers and Princes


Dynastic Wars


Financing War


Divided Realms


Mapping the West: Reformation Europe, c. 1560


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 14 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Columbus Describes His First Voyage (1493)


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Martin Luther: Holy Man or Heretic?


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad ?


Terms of History: Protestant Reformation


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 14.1 Worlds Collide: Bernal Díaz del Castillo, The True History of the Conquest of New Spain (c. 1567)


Quiz for Document 14.1 LaunchPad


Document 14.2 Illustrating a Native Perspective: Lienzo de Tlaxcala (c. 1560)


Quiz for Document 14.2 LaunchPad


Document 14.3 Defending Native Humanity: Bartolomé de Las Casas, In Defense of the Indians (c. 1548–1550)


Quiz for Document 14.3 LaunchPad


Document 14.4 Scripture and Salvation: Martin Luther, Freedom of a Christian (1520)


Quiz for Document 14.4 LaunchPad


Document 14.5 Sources in Conversation: Reforming Christianity: John Calvin, Ordinances for the Regulation of Churches (1547), and Registers of Constitory of Geneva (1542–1543)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 14.6 Responding to Reformation: St. Ignatius of Loyola, A New Kind of Catholicism (1546, 1549, 1553)


Quiz for Document 14.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 15: Wars of Religion and the Clash of Worldviews, 1560–1648


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


Religious Conflicts Threaten State Power, 1560–1618


French Wars of Religion, 1562–1598


Dutch Revolt against Spain


Elizabeth I’s Defense of English Protestantism


The Clash of Faiths and Empires in Eastern Europe


The Thirty Years’ War, 1618–1648


Origins and Course of the War


The Effects of Constant Fighting


The Peace of Westphalia, 1648


Economic Crisis and Realignment


From Growth to Recession


Consequences for Daily Life


The Economic Balance of Power


The Rise of Science and a Scientific Worldview


The Scientific Revolution


The Natural Laws of Politics


The Arts in an Age of Crisis


Magic and Witchcraft


Mapping the West: The Religious Divisions of Europe, c. 1648?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 15 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Sentence Pronounced against Galileo (1633)


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Political Authority and Religion: What Happened When Subjects Held Different Beliefs?


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: The Scientific Revolution


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 15.1 Legislating Tolerance: Henry IV, Edict of Nantes (1598)


Quiz for Document 15.1 LaunchPad


Document 15.2 Barbarians All: Michel de Montaigne, Of Cannibals (1580s)


Quiz for Document 15.2 LaunchPad


Document 15.3 Defending Religious Liberty: Apology of the Bohemian Estates (May 25, 1618)


Quiz for Document 15.3 LaunchPad


Document 15.4 Codifying Poverty: City of Norwich Poor Rolls (1570)


Quiz for Document 15.4 LaunchPad


Document 15.5 The Scientific Challenge: Galileo, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina (1615)


Quiz for Document 15.5 LaunchPad


Document 15.6 Sources in Conversation: The Persecution of Witches: The Witch of Newbury (1643) and The Trial of Suzanne Gaudry (1652)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad



Chapter 16. Absolutism, Constitutionalism, and the Search for Order, 1640–1700


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


Louis XIV: Absolutism and Its Limits


The Fronde, 1648–1653


Court Culture as an Element of Absolutism


Enforcing Religious Orthodoxy


Extending State Authority at Home and Abroad


Constitutionalism in England


England Turned Upside Down, 1642–1660


Restoration and Revolution Again


Social Contract Theory: Hobbes and Locke


Outposts of Constitutionalism


The Dutch Republic


Freedom and Slavery in the New World


Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe


Poland-Lithuania Overwhelmed


Brandenburg-Prussia: Militaristic Absolutism


An Uneasy Balance: Austrian Habsburgs and Ottoman Turks


Russia: Setting the Foundations of Bureaucratic Absolutism


The Search for Order in Elite and Popular Culture


Freedom and Constraint in the Arts and Sciences


Women and Manners


Reforming Popular Culture


Mapping the West: Europe at the End of the Seventeenth Century


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 16 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Marie de Sévigné, Letter Describing the French Court (1675)


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: The English Civil War


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Absolutism


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 16.1 The Sun King: Louis de Rouvroy, Duke of Saint-Simon, Memoirs (1694–1723)


Quiz for Document 16.1 LaunchPad


Document 16.2 Sources in Conversation: Regime Change: The Trial of Charles I and The Confession of Richard Brandon the Hangman (1649)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 16.3 Civil War and Social Contract: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)


Quiz for Document 16.3 LaunchPad


Document 16.4 The Consent of the Governed: John Locke, The Second Treatise of Government (1690)


Quiz for Document 16.4 LaunchPad


Document 16.5 Opposing Serfdom: Ludwig Fabritius, The Revolt of Stenka Razin (1670)


Quiz for Document 16.5 LaunchPad


Document 16.6 Genre Painting: Pieter Bruegel the Younger, A Village Kermis (1628)


Quiz for Document 16.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 17. The Atlantic System and Its Consequences, 1700–1750


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Atlantic System and the World Economy


Slavery and the Atlantic System


World Trade and Settlement


The Birth of Consumer Society


New Social and Cultural Patterns


Agricultural Revolution


Social Life in the Cities


New Tastes in the Arts


Religious Revivals


Consolidation of the European State System


A New Power Alignment


British Rise and Dutch Decline


Russia’s Emergence as a European Power


Continuing Dynastic Struggles


The Power of Diplomacy and the Importance of Population


The Birth of the Enlightenment


Popularization of Science and Challenges to Religion


Travel Literature and the Challenge to Custom and Tradition


Raising the Woman Question


Mapping the West: Europe in 1750?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 17 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Montesquieu, Persian Letters: Letter 37 (1721)


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: The Consumer Revolution


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Progress


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 17.1 Captivity and Enslavement: Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano Written by Himself (1789)


Quiz for Document 17.1 LaunchPad


Document 17.2 Sources in Conversation A "Sober and Wholesome Drink": A Brief Description of the Excellent Vertues of That Sober and Wholesome Drink, Called Coffee (1674) and The Coffee House Mob (1710)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 17.3 A Domestic Drink: Richard Collins, "A Family at Tea" (c. 1726)


Quiz for Document 17.3 LaunchPad


Document 17.4 Westernizing Russian Culture: Peter I, Decrees and Statutes (1701–1723)


Quiz for Document 17.4 LaunchPad


Document 17.5 Early Enlightenment: Voltaire, Letters concerning the English Nation (1733)


Quiz for Document 17.5 LaunchPad


Document 17.6 Questioning Women’s Submission: Mary Astell, Reflections upon Marriage (1706)


Quiz for Document 17.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 18. The Promise of Enlightenment, 1750–1789


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Enlightenment at Its Height


Men and Women of the Republic of Letters


Conflicts with Church and State


The Individual and Society


Spreading the Enlightenment


The Limits of Reason: Roots of Romanticism and Religious Revival


Society and Culture in an Age of Enlightenment


The Nobility’s Reassertion of Privilege


The Middle Class and the Making of a New Elite


Life on the Margins


State Power in an Era of Reform


War and Diplomacy


State-Sponsored Reform


Limits of Reform


Rebellions against State Power


Food Riots and Peasant Uprisings


Public Opinion and Political Opposition


Revolution in North America


Mapping the West: Europe and the World, c. 1780


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 18 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Denis Diderot, "Encyclopedia" (1755)


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Women and the Enlightenment


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Enlightenment


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 18.1 Rethinking Modern Civilization: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality among Men (1753)


Quiz for Document 18.1 LaunchPad


Document 18.2 An Enlightened Worker: Jacques-Louis Ménétra, Journal of My Life (1764–1802)


Quiz for Document 18.2 LaunchPad


Document 18.3 Reforming the Law: Cesare Beccaria, On Crimes and Punishments (1764)


Quiz for Document 18.3 LaunchPad


Document 18.4 Reforming Commerce: Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776)


Quiz for Document 18.4 LaunchPad


Document 18.5 Enlightened Monarchy: Frederick II, Political Testament (1752)


Quiz for Document 18.5 LaunchPad


Document 18.6 Sources in Conversation: Racism and the Enlightenment: David Hume, "Of National Characters" (1754), and Robert Hancock, "The Tea Party" (1756–1757)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad



Chapter 19. The Cataclysm of Revolution, 1789–1799


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Revolutionary Wave, 1787–1789


Protesters in the Low Countries and Poland


Origins of the French Revolution, 1787–1789


From Monarchy to Republic, 1789–1793


The Revolution of Rights and Reason


The End of Monarchy


Terror and Resistance


Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety


The Republic of Virtue, 1793–1794


Resisting the Revolution


The Fall of Robespierre and the End of the Terror


Revolution on the March


Arms and Conquests


Poland Extinguished, 1793–1795


Revolution in the Colonies


Worldwide Reactions to Revolutionary Change


Mapping the West: Europe in 1799


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 19 Review


Primary Source Analysis: The Rights of Minorities (1789)


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Perspectives on the French Revolution


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Revolution


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 19.1 Defining the Nation: Abbé Sieyès, What Is the Third Estate? (1789)


Quiz for Document 19.1 LaunchPad


Document 19.2 The People under the Old Regime: Political Cartoon (1815)


Quiz for Document 19.2 LaunchPad


Document 19.3 Establishing Rights: National Assembly, The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789)


Quiz for Document 19.3 LaunchPad


Document 19.4 Sources in Conversation: A Call for Women’s Inclusion: Olympe de Gouges, Declaration of the Rights of Woman (1791), and Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 19.5 Defending Terror: Maximilien Robespierre, Report on the Principles of Political Morality (1794)


Quiz for Document 19.5 LaunchPad


Document 19.6 Liberty for All?: Decree of General Liberty (August 29, 1793) and Bramante Lazzary, General Call to Local Insurgents (August 30, 1793)


Quiz for Document 19.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 20. Napoleon and the Revolutionary Legacy, 1800–1830


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte


A General Takes Over


From Republic to Empire


The New Paternalism: The Civil Code


Patronage of Science and Intellectual Life


"Europe Was at My Feet": Napoleon’s Conquests


The Grand Army and Its Victories, 1800–1807


The Impact of French Victories


From Russian Winter to Final Defeat, 1812–1815


The "Restoration" of Europe


The Congress of Vienna, 1814–1815


The Emergence of Conservatism


The Revival of Religion


Challenges to the Conservative Order


Romanticism


Political Revolts in the 1820s


Revolution and Reform, 1830–1832


Mapping the West: Europe in 1830?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 20 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Wordsworth’s Poetry (1798)


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Napoleon: For and Against


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Romanticism


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 20.1 Napoleon in Egypt: The Chronicle of Abd al-Rahman al-Jabartî (1798)


Quiz for Document 20.1 LaunchPad


Document 20.2 Codifying French Law: Napoleon Bonaparte, The Civil Code (1804)


Quiz for Document 20.2 LaunchPad


Document 20.3 The Conservative Order: Prince Klemens von Metternich, Results of the Congress at Laybach (1821)
Quiz for Document 20.3 LaunchPad


Document 20.4 Challenge to Autocracy: Peter Kakhovsky, The Decembrist Insurrection in Russia (1825)


Quiz for Document 20.4 LaunchPad


Document 20.5 Sources in Conversation: The Romantic Imagination: Joseph M. W. Turner, Transept of Tintern Abbey (c. 1794), and Wordsworth, "Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey" (1798)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 20.6 Musical Romanticism: Reviews of Beethoven’s Works (1799, 1812)


Quiz for Document 20.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 21. Industrialization and Social Ferment, 1830–1850


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Industrial Revolution


Roots of Industrialization


Engines of Change


Urbanization and Its Consequences


Agricultural Perils and Prosperity


Reforming the Social Order


Cultural Responses to the Social Question


The Varieties of Social Reform


Abuses and Reforms Overseas


Ideologies and Political Movements


The Spell of Nationalism


Liberalism in Economics and Politics


Socialism and the Early Labor Movement


The Revolutions of 1848


The Hungry Forties


Another French Revolution


Nationalist Revolution in Italy


Revolt and Reaction in Central Europe


Aftermath to 1848: Reimposing Authority


Mapping the West: Europe in 1850


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 21 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Marx and Engels, The Communist Manifesto (1848)


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: The Effects of Industrialization


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Socialism


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 21.1 Establishing New Work Habits: Factory Rules in Berlin (1844)


Quiz for Document 21.1 LaunchPad


Document 21.2 New Rules for the Middle Class: Sarah Stickney Ellis, Characteristics of the Women of England (1839)


Quiz for Document 21.2 LaunchPad
Document 21.3 Sources in Conversation: The Division of Labor: Testimony Gathered by Ashley’s Mines Commission (1842) and Punch Magazine, "Capital and Labour" (1843)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 21.4 What Is the Proletariat?: Friedrich Engels, Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith (1847)


Quiz for Document 21.4 LaunchPad


Document 21.5 The Promise of Emigration: Gottfried Menzel, The United States of North America, With Special Reference to German Emigration (1853)


Quiz for Document 21.5 LaunchPad


Document 21.6 Demanding Political Freedom: Address by the Hungarian Parliament (March 14, 1848) and Demands of the Hungarian People (March 15, 1848)


Quiz for Document 21.6 LaunchPad


Document 21.7 Imperialism and Opium: Commissioner Lin, Letter to Queen Victoria (1839)


Quiz for Document 21.7 LaunchPad



Chapter 22. Politics and Culture of the Nation-State, 1850–1870


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The End of the Concert of Europe


Napoleon III and the Quest for French Glory


The Crimean War, 1853–1856: Turning Point in European Affairs


Reform in Russia


War and Nation Building


Cavour, Garibaldi, and the Process of Italian Unification


Bismarck and the Realpolitik of German Unification


Francis Joseph and the Creation of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy


Political Stability through Gradual Reform in Great Britain


Nation Building in North America


Nation Building through Social Order


Bringing Order to the Cities


Expanding Government Bureaucracy


Schooling and Professionalizing Society


Spreading National Power and Order beyond the West


Contesting the Nation-State’s Order at Home


The Culture of Social Order


The Arts Confront Social Reality


Religion and National Order


From the Natural Sciences to Social Science


Mapping the West: Europe and the Mediterranean, 1871


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 22 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Mrs. Seacole: The Other Florence Nightingale


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: The Nation-State in the Mid-Nineteenth Century


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Nationalism


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 22.1 Ending Serfdom in Russia: Peter Kropótkin, Memoirs of a Revolutionist (1861)


Quiz for Document 22.1 LaunchPad


Document 22.2 Fighting for Italian Nationalism: Camillo di Cavour, Letter to King Victor Emmanuel (July 24, 1858)


Quiz for Document 22.2 LaunchPad


Document 22.3 Realpolitik and Otto von Bismarck: Rudolf von Ihering, Two Letters (1866)


Quiz for Document 22.3 LaunchPad


Document 22.4 Social Evolution: Herbert Spencer, Progress: Its Law and Cause (1857)


Quiz for Document 22.4 LaunchPad


Document 22.5 Sources in Conversation: The Science of Man: Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man (1871), and Figaro’s London Sketch Book of Celebrities (1874)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad



Chapter 23: Empire, Industry, and Everyday Life, 1870–1890


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The New Imperialism


The Scramble for Africa — North and South


Acquiring Territory in Asia


Japan’s Imperial Agenda


The Paradoxes of Imperialism


The Industry of Empire


Industrial Innovation


Facing Economic Crisis


Revolution in Business Practices


Imperial Society and Culture


The "Best Circles" and the Expanding Middle Class


Working People’s Strategies


National Fitness: Reform, Sports, and Leisure


Artistic Responses to Empire and Industry


The Birth of Mass Politics


Workers, Politics, and Protest


Expanding Political Participation in Western Europe


Power Politics in Central and Eastern Europe


Mapping the West: The West and the World, c. 1890?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 23 Review


Primary Source Analysis: An African King Describes His Government


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Experiences of Migration


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Home Rule


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 23.1 Defending Conquest: Jules Ferry, Speech before the French National Assembly (1883)


Quiz for Document 23.1 LaunchPad


Document 23.2 Subverting Empire: Imperial Federation Map of the World (1886)


Quiz for Document 23.2 LaunchPad


Document 23.3 Resisting Imperialism: Ndansi Kumalo, His Story (1890s)


Quiz for Document 23.3 LaunchPad


Document 23.4 Global Competition: Ernest Edwin Williams, Made in Germany (1896)


Quiz for Document 23.4 LaunchPad


Document 23.5 The Advance of Unionism: Margaret Bondfield, A Life’s Work (1948)


Quiz for Document 23.5 LaunchPad


Document 23.6 Sources in Conversation: Artistic Expression: Edgar Degas, Notebooks (1863–1884)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad



Chapter 24. Modernity and the Road to War, 1890–1914


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


Public Debate over Private Life


Population Pressure


Reforming Marriage


New Women, New Men, and the Politics of Sexual Identity


Sciences of the Modern Self


Modernity and the Revolt in Ideas


The Opposition to Positivism


The Revolution in Science


Modern Art


The Revolt in Music and Dance


Growing Tensions in Mass Politics


The Expanding Power of Labor


Rights for Women and the Battle for Suffrage


Liberalism Tested


Anti-Semitism, Nationalism, and Zionism in Mass Politics


European Imperialism Challenged


The Trials of Empire


The Russian Empire Threatened


Growing Resistance to Colonial Domination


Roads to War


Competing Alliances and Clashing Ambitions


The Race to Arms


1914: War Erupts


Mapping the West: Europe at the Outbreak of World War I, August 1914


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 24 Review


Primary Source Analysis: ""Going to Battle" (A Turkish Poem)


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: Debating the Revolt in Art, Ideas, and Lifestyles


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Modern


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 24.1 The Idealized Family: Sir Francis Galton, "Eugenics: Its Definition, Scope, and Aims" (1904), and International Eugenics Conference Poster (c. 1921)


Quiz for Document 24.1 LaunchPad


Document 24.2 Tapping the Human Psyche: Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams (1900)


Quiz for Document 24.2 LaunchPad


Document 24.3 The Dreyfus Affair: Émile Zola, "J’accuse!" (January 13, 1898)


Quiz for Document 24.3 LaunchPad


Document 24.4 Militant Suffrage: Emmeline Pankhurst, Speech from the Dock (1908)


Quiz for Document 24.4 LaunchPad


Document 24.5 Sources in Conversation: Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism: Rudyard Kipling, The White Man’s Burden and Editorial from the San Francisco Call (1899)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 24.6 Exalting War: Heinrich von Treitschke, Place of Warfare in the State (1897–1898), and Henri Massis and Alfred de Tarde, The Young People of Today (1912)


Quiz for Document 24.6 LaunchPad



Chapter 25. World War I and Its Aftermath, 1914–1929


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Great War, 1914–1918


Blueprints for War


The Battlefronts


The Home Front


Protest, Revolution, and War’s End, 1917–1918


War Protest


Revolution in Russia


Ending the War, 1918


The Search for Peace in an Era of Revolution


Europe in Turmoil


The Paris Peace Conference, 1919–1920


Economic and Diplomatic Consequences of the Peace


A Decade of Recovery: Europe in the 1920s


Changes in the Political Landscape


Reconstructing the Economy


Restoring Society


Mass Culture and the Rise of Modern Dictators


Culture for the Masses


Cultural Debates over the Future


The Communist Utopia


Fascism on the March in Italy


Mapping the West: Europe and the World in 1929?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 25 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Memory and Battlefield Tourism


Quiz for Primary Source Analysis LaunchPad


Contrasting Views: The Middle East at the End of World War I: Freedom or Subjugation?


Quiz for Contrasting Views LaunchPad


Terms of History: Fascism


Quiz for Terms of History LaunchPad


LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 25.1 The Horrors of War: Fritz Franke and Siegfried Sassoon, Two Soldiers’ Views (1914–1918)


Quiz for Document 25.1 LaunchPad


Document 25.2 Mobilizing for Total War: L. Doriat, Women on the Home Front (1917)


Quiz for Document 25.2 LaunchPad


Document 25.3 Sources in Conversation: Revolutionary Marxism Defended: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, The State and Revolution (1917), and "He Who Does Not Work Does Not Eat" Plate (1921)


Quiz for Sources in Conversation LaunchPad


Document 25.4 Establishing Fascism in Italy: Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism (1932)


Quiz for Document 25.4 LaunchPad


Document 25.5 A New Form of Anti-Semitism: Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf (1925)


Quiz for Document 25.5 LaunchPad



Chapter 26. The Great Depression and World War II, 1929–1945


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Great Depression


Economic Disaster Strikes


Social Effects of the Depression


The Great Depression beyond the West


Totalitarian Triumph


The Rise of Stalinism


Hitler’s Rise to Power


The Nazification of German Politics


Nazi Racism


Democracies on the Defensive


Confronting the Economic Crisis


Cultural Visions in Hard Times


The Road to Global War


A Surge in Global Imperialism


The Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939


Hitler’s Conquest of Central Europe, 1938–1939


World War II, 1939–1945


The German Onslaught


War Expands: The Pacific and Beyond


The War against Civilians


Societies at War


From Resistance to Allied Victory


An Uneasy Postwar Settlement


Mapping the West: Europe at War’s End, 1945?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 26 Review


Primary Source Analysis: A Family Copes with Unemployment


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Contrasting Views: Nazism and Hitler: For and Against


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Terms of History: Civil Disobedience


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LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 26.1 Collectivizing Farming: Antonina Solovieva, Sent by the Komsomol (1930s)


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Document 26.2 Socialist Nationalism: Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Propaganda Pamphlet (1930)


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Document 26.3 Sources in Conversation: The Spanish Civil War: Eyewitness Accounts of the Bombing of Guernica and Pablo Picasso, Guernica (1937)


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Document 26.4 Seeking a Diplomatic Solution: Neville Chamberlain, Speech on the Munich Crisis (1938)


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Document 26.5 The Final Solution: Sam Bankhalter and Hinda Kibort, Memories of the Holocaust (1938–1945)


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Document 26.6 Atomic Catastrophe: Michihiko Hachiya, Hiroshima Diary (August 7, 1945)


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Chapter 27. The Cold War and the Remaking of Europe, 1945–1960s


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


World Politics Transformed


Chaos in Europe


New Superpowers: The United States and the Soviet Union


Origins of the Cold War


The Division of Germany


Political and Economic Recovery in Europe


Dealing with Nazism


Rebirth of the West


The Welfare State: Common Ground East and West


Recovery in the East


Decolonization in a Cold War Climate


The End of Empire in Asia


The Struggle for Identity in the Middle East


New Nations in Africa


Newcomers Arrive in Europe


Daily Life and Culture in the Shadow of Nuclear War


Restoring "Western" Values


Cold War Consumerism and Shifting Gender Norms


The Culture of Cold War


The Atomic Brink


Mapping the West: The Cold War World, c. 1960


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 27 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Torture in Algeria


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Contrasting Views: Decolonization in Africa


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Terms of History: Welfare State


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LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 27.1 Stalin and the Western Threat: The Formation of the Communist Information Bureau (Cominform) (1947)


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Document 27.2 Truman and the Soviet Threat: National Security Council, Paper Number 68 (1950)


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Document 27.3 Throwing Off Colonialism: Ho Chi Minh, Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Vietnam (1945)


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Document 27.4 The Psychology of Colonialism: Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth (1961)


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Document 27.5 Sources in Conversation: The Condition of Modern Women: Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex (1949) and Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique (1963)


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Document 27.6 Cold War Anxieties: "How You Can Survive Fallout": Life Magazine Cover and Letter from President John F. Kennedy (1961)


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Chapter 28. Postindustrial Society and the End of the Cold War Order, 1960s–1989


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


The Revolution in Technology


The Information Age: Television and Computers


The Space Age


The Nuclear Age


Revolutions in Biology and Reproductive Technology


Postindustrial Society and Culture


Multinational Corporations


The New Worker


The Boom in Education and Research


Changing Family Life and the Generation Gap


Art, Ideas, and Religion in a Technocratic Society


Protesting Cold War Conditions


Cracks in the Cold War Order


The Growth of Citizen Activism


1968: Year of Crisis


The Testing of Superpower Domination and the End of the Cold War


A Changing Balance of World Power


The Western Bloc Meets Challenges with Reform


Collapse of Communism in the Soviet Bloc


Mapping the West: The Collapse of Communism in Europe, 1989–1990?


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 28 Review


Primary Source Analysis: A Citizen’s Experience of Gorbachev’s Reforms


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Contrasting Views: Feminist Debates


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Terms of History: Neo-liberalism


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LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 28.1 Prague Spring: Josef Smrkovský, What Lies Ahead (February 9, 1968)


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Document 28.2 A Revolutionary Time: Student Voices of Protest (1968)


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Document 28.3 Children Fleeing from a Napalm Attack in South Vietnam: Nick Ut, Photograph (June 8, 1972) and Vanity Fair Interview (2015)


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Document 28.4 The Rising Power of OPEC: U.S. Embassy, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Ban on Oil Shipments to the United States (October 23, 1973)


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Document 28.5 Facing Terrorism: Jacques Chirac, New French Antiterrorist Laws (September 14, 1986)


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Document 28.6 Sources in Conversation: Glasnost and the Soviet Press: Nina Andreyeva, Polemics, and Pravda Editorial, Principles of Perestroika (1988)


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Chapter 29: A New Globalism, 1989 to the Present


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad


Collapse of the Soviet Union and Its Aftermath


The Breakup of Yugoslavia


The Soviet Union Comes Apart


Toward a Market Economy


International Politics and the New Russia


The Nation-State in a Global Age


Europe Looks beyond the Nation-State


Globalizing Cities and Fragmenting Nations


Global Organizations


An Interconnected World’s New Challenges


The Earth and Its People Threatened


Population, Health, and Disease


North versus South?


Radical Islam Meets the West


The Promise and Problems of a World Economy


Global Culture and Society in the Twenty-First Century


Redefining the West: The Impact of Global Migration


Global Networks and Social Change


A New Global Culture?


Mapping the West: The World’s Top Fifteen Economies as of 2017


Map Quiz LaunchPad


Conclusion


Chapter 29 Review


Primary Source Analysis: Václav Havel, "Czechoslovakia Is Returning to Europe"


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Contrasting Views: The Dutch Debate Globalization, Muslim Immigrants, and Turkey’s Admission to the EU


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Terms of History: Globalization


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LearningCurve LaunchPad


Summative Quiz LaunchPad



Documents from Sources of The Making of the West LaunchPad


Document 29.1 Sources in Conversation: Ethnic Cleansing: The Diary of Zlata Filipovi? (March 5, 1992–June 29, 1992), and Aida Šehovi?, ŠTO TE NEMA (Why are you not here?) (2017)


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Document 29.2 An End to Apartheid: The African National Congress, Introductory Statement to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (August 19, 1996)


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Document 29.3 Changing Global Economies: World Bank, World Development Indicators (2010)


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Document 29.4 Combating Climate Change: European Commission, "Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: The Road from Paris" (2016), and Reactions to the Paris Climate Agreement


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Document 29.5 Nationalism and the EU: Paresh Nath, European Nationalism Cartoon (2017)


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Document 29.6 Remembering European History: Tony Judt, "What Have We Learned, If Anything?" (2008)


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Rewards Program

Reviews for The Making of the West, Combined Volume (9781319103446)