Media, Crime, and Criminal Justice

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-08-03
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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MEDIA, CRIME, AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE is the definitive book on media and criminal justice. With the ever-increasing role of media in both reporting crime and shaping it into infotainment, the interplay between contemporary media and the criminal justice system is greater today than ever before. With impeccable scholarship, a direct and approachable style, and an engaging format complete with visual examples and a collection of sidebar material that complements the main discussions, author Ray Surette comprehensively surveys this interplay while emphasizing that people use media-provided knowledge to construct a picture of the world, and then act based on this constructed reality.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
Predators, Pictures, and Policyp. 1
Media and Criminal Justice: A Forced Marriagep. 1
The Blurring of Fact and Fictionp. 4
A Brief History of Crime-and-Justice Mediap. 5
Print Mediap. 6
Sound Mediap. 10
Visual Mediap. 11
New Mediap. 13
Types of Contentp. 15
Entertainmentp. 15
Advertisingp. 16
Newsp. 16
Infotainmentp. 19
Crime and Justice as a Mediated Experiencep. 24
Chapter Summaryp. 27
Writing Assignmentsp. 28
Suggested Readingsp. 28
Social Constructionismp. 29
The Social Construction of Crime and Justicep. 29
The Sources of Social Knowledgep. 30
Experienced Realityp. 31
Symbolic Realityp. 31
Socially Constructed Realityp. 32
The Social Construction Process and the Mediap. 32
The Concepts of Social Constructionismp. 34
Claims Makers and Claimsp. 34
Framesp. 37
Narrativesp. 41
Symbolic Crimesp. 42
Ownershipp. 43
The Social Construction Process in Actionp. 44
Social Construction of Road Ragep. 45
Reconstruction of Driving Under the Influencep. 45
Competing Constructions of the Arrest of Rodney Kingp. 46
Social Constructionism and Crime and Justicep. 48
Chapter Summaryp. 50
Writing Assignmentsp. 50
Suggested Readingsp. 51
Crime and Criminalityp. 52
Criminals, Crimes, and Criminalityp. 52
Criminalsp. 53
Predatory Criminalityp. 54
Crime Victimsp. 55
Crimesp. 57
White-Collar Crimep. 58
Criminological Theories and the Mediap. 61
Criminality in Today's Mediap. 64
Criminogenic Mediap. 66
Violent Media and Aggressionp. 67
Media and Criminal Behaviorp. 69
Copycat Crimep. 70
Media-Oriented Terrorismp. 77
Criminogenic infotainmentp. 79
Chapter Summaryp. 81
Writing Assignmentsp. 82
Suggested Readingsp. 82
Crime Fightersp. 84
Law Enforcement: A House Dividedp. 84
Media Constructs of Professional Soldiers in the War on Crimep. 86
Lampooned Policep. 86
G-Men and Police Proceduralp. 87
Copsp. 90
Police as Infotainment: "Who yon gonna call?"p. 92
Dusting for Saliva: The CSI Effect, Forensic Science, and Juror Expectationsp. 95
Police and the Mediap. 97
Media Constructs of Citizen Soldiers in the War on Crimep. 99
Private Investigatorsp. 99
Private Citizensp. 99
Professional Versus Citizen Crime Fightersp. 101
Chapter Summaryp. 103
Writing Assignmentsp. 104
Suggested Readingsp. 104
The Courtsp. 105
Media, Infotainment, and the Courtsp. 105
Courts, Attorneys, and Evidencep. 106
Crime-Fighting Attorneysp. 107
Female Attorneysp. 108
Media Trialsp. 109
Media Trial Effectsp. 110
Merging Judicial New with Entertainmentp. 114
Live Television in Courtroomsp. 117
Pretrial Publicity, Judicial Controls, and Accessp. 119
Pretrial Publicityp. 119
Judicial Mechanisms to Deal with Pretrial Publicityp. 121
Media Access to Government Informationp. 125
Reporters' Privilege and Shield Lawsp. 125
The Courts as Twenty-First-Century Entertainmentp. 126
Chapter Summaryp. 130
Writing Assignmentsp. 131
Suggested Readingsp. 131
Correctionsp. 132
Historical Perspectivep. 132
Sources of Correctional Knowledgep. 135
Prison Filmsp. 135
Correctional Television and Infotainmentp. 138
Corrections in the Newsp. 140
Corrections Portraits and Stereotypesp. 148
Prisonersp. 149
Correctional Institutionsp. 150
Correctional Officersp. 150
The Primitive "Lost World" of Correctionsp. 151
Chapter Summaryp. 153
Writing Assignmentsp. 153
Suggested Readingsp. 154
Crime Controlp. 155
Media and Crime Controlp. 155
Public Service Announcements Join the War on Crimep. 156
Victimization-reduction Adsp. 159
Citizen-cooperation Adsp. 160
Case Processing Using Media Technologyp. 163
Judicial System Usep. 163
Law Enforcement Usep. 165
Surveillancep. 166
History and Issuesp. 167
Benefits and Concerns of Increased Surveillancep. 171
Balancing Police Surveillance and Public Safetyp. 174
1984: An Icon before its Timep. 176
Chapter Summaryp. 178
Writing Assignmentsp. 178
Suggested Readingsp. 179
The Media and Criminal Justice Policyp. 180
Slaying Make-Believe Monstersp. 180
Media Crime-and-Justice Tenetsp. 181
The Backwards Lawp. 182
Media's Crime-and-Justice Ecologyp. 184
Immanent Justice Rules the Mediap. 186
Technology Enhances Crime Fightingp. 187
Real-World Crime and Justice Problemsp. 188
Criminal Justice Policy and Media Researchp. 189
Crime on the Public Agendap. 189
Beliefs and Attitudes about Crimep. 190
Crime-and-Justice Policiesp. 191
The Social Construction of Crime-and-Justice Policyp. 195
Chapter Summaryp. 198
Writing Assignmentsp. 199
Suggested Readingsp. 199
Media and Crime and Justice in the Twenty-First Centuryp. 200
Crime-and-Justice Media Messagesp. 200
Media Anticrime Effortsp. 202
Two Postulates of Media and Crime and Justicep. 204
Expanded Public Access to Criminal Justice Proceduresp. 206
Mediated Realityp. 207
The Future of Crime-and-Justice Realityp. 209
Spectaclesp. 209
Surveillancep. 211
Mediated Criminal Justicep. 213
What You Have Learnedp. 215
Chapter Summaryp. 217
Writing Assignmentsp. 218
Suggested Readingsp. 218
Glossaryp. 219
Notesp. 226
Referencesp. 247
Indexp. 269
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