Moral Reasoning A Text and Reader on Ethics and Contemporary Moral Issues

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2017-06-01
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Offering students an accessible, in-depth, and highly practical introduction to ethics, Moral Reasoning: A Text and Reader on Ethics and Contemporary Moral Issues covers argumentation and moral reasoning, various types of moral arguments, and theoretical issues that commonly arise in introductory ethics courses, including skepticism, subjectivism, relativism, religion, and normative theories. The book combines primary sources in moral theory and applied ethics with explanatory material, case studies, and pedagogical features to help students think critically about moral issues.

Visit www.oup.com/us/morrow for student and instructor resources.

Author Biography

David Morrow is a Visiting Fellow at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at George Mason University. He has also taught moral philosophy and critical thinking at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and at Hunter College. He is the coauthor, with Anthony Weston, of A Workbook for Arguments: A Complete Course in Critical Thinking, Second Edition (2015) and the author of numerous papers in applied ethics.

Table of Contents

A Note to Instructors
Part I. Reasoning about Moral and Non-Moral Issues
1. An Introduction to Arguments
2. Moral Arguments
Part II. Ways of Reasoning about Moral Issues
3. Reasoning with Obligations
4. Reasoning with Consequences
5. Reasoning with Virtues and Vices
6. Reasoning with Principles and Counterexamples
7. Reasoning by Analogy
8. Answering Moral Questions
Part III. Moral Theory and Moral Reasoning
9. Subjectivism, Relativism, and Moral Reasoning
10. Reasoning about Religion and Morality
11. Normative Theories, Part 1
12. Normative Theories, Part 2
Part IV. Appendices
Appendix 1. How to Write an Ethics Paper
Appendix 2. Additional Case Studies
Part V: Readings
Tips on Reading Philosophy
Moral Theory
Immanuel Kant, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (excerpts)
Jeremy Bentham, Principles of Morals and Legislation (excerpts)
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism (excerpts)
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (excerpts)
Stephanie Collins, "Care Ethics: Four Key Claims"
Mencius, Essential Mengzi (excerpts)
Kwasi Wiredu, "The Moral Foundations of an African Culture"
Moral Issues
Yolanda Estes, "Mutual Respect and Sexual Ethics"
Tom Dougherty, "Sex, Lies, and Consent"
Anne W. Eaton, "A Sensible Antiporn Feminism"
J. L. A. Garcia, "The Heart of Racism"
Laurence Thomas, "What Good Am I?"
Xiaofei Liu, "'No Fats, Femmes, or Asians'"
Mary Anne Warren, "On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion"
Don Marquis, "Why Abortion Is Immoral"
Judith Jarvis Thomson, "A Defense of Abortion"
Susan M. Wolf, "Physician-Assisted Suicide"
James Rachels, "Active and Passive Euthanasia"
Ronald Muson, "The Wrongness of Euthanasia"
Capital Punishment
Ernest van den Haag, "The Ultimate Punishment"
Stephen Nathanson, "An Eye for an Eye"
Thaddeus Metz, "African Values and Capital Punishment"
Henry Shue, "Torture"
Alan Dershowitz, "The Case for Torturing the Ticking Time Bomb Suspect"
Jeff McMahan, "Torture in Principle and in Practice"
Jeff McMahan, "The Ethics of Killing in War"
Cheryl Abbate, "Assuming Risk: A Critical Analysis of a Soldier's Duty to Prevent Collateral Casualties"
Bradley J. Strawser, "Moral Predators: The Duty to Employ Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles"
Peter Singer, "All Animals Are Equal"
Bonnie Steinbock, "Speciesism and the Idea of Equality"
Alastair Norcross, "Puppies, Pigs, and People"
Global Poverty
Onora Nell, "Lifeboat Earth"
Peter Singer, "Famine, Affluence, and Morality"
Fiona Woollard, "Saving Strangers: What Does Morality Demand?"
Climate Change
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, "It's Not My Fault"
John Broome, "Morality and Climate Change"
Sarah Krakoff, "Parenting the Planet"

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

The Used, Rental and eBook copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

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