Multicriteria Decision Aid and Artificial Intelligence - Links, Theory and Applications

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-04-22
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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Presents recent advances in both models and systems for intelligent decision making. Organisations often face complex decisions requiring the assessment of large amounts of data. In recent years Multicriteria Decision Aid (MCDA) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques have been applied with considerable success to support decision making in a wide range of complex real-world problems. The integration of MCDA and AI provides new capabilities relating to the structuring of complex decision problems in static and distributed environments. These include the handling of massive data sets, the modelling of ill-structured information, the construction of advanced decision models, and the development of efficient computational optimization algorithms for problem solving. This book covers a rich set of topics, including intelligent decision support technologies, data mining models for decision making, evidential reasoning, evolutionary multiobjective optimization, fuzzy modelling, as well as applications in management and engineering. Multicriteria Decision Aid and Artificial Intelligence: Covers all of the recent advances in intelligent decision making. Includes a presentation of hybrid models and algorithms for preference modelling and optimisation problems. Provides illustrations of new intelligent technologies and architectures for decision making in static and distributed environments. Explores the general topics on preference modelling and learning, along with the coverage of the main techniques and methodologies and applications. Is written by experts in the field. This book provides an excellent reference tool for the increasing number of researchers and practitioners interested in the integration of MCDA and AI for the development of effective hybrid decision support methodologies and systems. Academics and post-graduate students in the fields of operational research, artificial intelligence and management science or decision analysis will also find this book beneficial.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Part One The Contributions of Intelligent Techniques in Multicriteria Decision Aiding

1 Computational Intelligence Techniques for Multicriteria Decision Aiding: An Overview

1.1 Introduction

1.2 The MCDA Paradigm

1.2.1 Modeling Process

1.2.2 Methodological Approaches

1.3 Computational Intelligence in MCDA

1.3.1 Statistical Learning and Data Mining

1.3.2 Fuzzy Modeling

1.3.3 Metaheuristics

1.4 Conclusions


2 Intelligent Decision Support Systems

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Fundamentals of Human Decision Making

2.3 Decision Support System

2.4 Intelligent Decision Support Systems

2.4.1 Artificial Neural Networks for Intelligent Decision Support

2.4.2 Fuzzy Logic for Intelligent Decision Support

2.4.3 Expert Systems for Intelligent Decision Support

2.4.4 Evolutionary Computing for Intelligent Decision Support

2.4.5 Intelligent Agents for Intelligent Decision Support

2.5 Evaluating Intelligent Decision Support Systems

2.5.1 Determining Evaluation Criteria

2.5.2 Multi-Criteria Model for IDSS Assessment

2.6 Summary and Future Trends


Part Two Intelligent Technologies for Decision Support and Preference Modeling

3 Designing Distributed Multi-Criteria Decision Support Systems for Complex and Uncertain Situations

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Example Applications

3.3 Key Challenges

3.4 Making Trade-offs: Multi-criteria Decision Analysis

3.4.1 Multi-attribute Decision Support

3.4.2 Making Trade-offs Under Uncertainty

3.5 Exploring the Future: Scenario-based Reasoning

3.6 Making Robust Decisions: Combining MCDA and SBR

3.6.1 Decisions Under Uncertainty: The Concept of Robustness

3.6.2 Combining Scenarios and MCDA

3.6.3 Collecting, Sharing and Processing Information: A Distributed Approach

3.6.4 Keeping Track of Future Developments: Constructing Comparable Scenarios

3.6.5 Respecting Constraints and Requirements: Scenario Management

3.6.6 Assisting Evaluation: Assessing Large Numbers of Scenarios

3.7 Discussion

3.8 Conclusion


4 Preference Representation with Ontologies

4.1 Introduction

4.1.1 Structure of the Chapter

4.2 Ontology-based Preference Models

4.3 Maintaining the User’s Profile up to Date

4.4 Decision Making Methods Exploiting the Preference Information Stored in Ontologies

4.4.1 Recommendation Based on Aggregation

4.4.2 Recommendation Based on Similarities

4.4.3 Recommendation Based on Rules

4.5 Discussion and Open Questions


Part Three Decision Models

5 Neural Networks in Multicriteria Decision Support

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Basic Concepts of Neural Networks

5.2.1 Neural Networks for Intelligent Decision Support

5.3 Basics in Multicriteria Decision Aid

5.3.1 MCDM Problems

5.3.2 Solutions of MCDM Problems

5.4 Neural Networks and Multicriteria Decision Support

5.4.1 Review of Neural Network Applications to MCDM Problems

5.4.2 Discussion

5.5 Summary and Conclusions


6 Rule-Based Approach to Multicriteria Ranking

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Problem Setting

6.3 Pairwise Comparison Table (PCT)

6.4 Rough Approximation of Outranking and Non-outranking Relations

6.5 Induction and Application of Decision Rules

6.6 Exploitation of Preference Graphs

6.7 Illustrative Example

6.8 Summary and Conclusions


7 About the Application of Evidence Theory in MultiCriteria Decision Aid

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Evidence Theory: Some Concepts

7.2.1 Knowledge Model

7.2.2 Combination

7.2.3 Decision Making

7.3 New Concepts in Evidence Theory for MCDA

7.3.1 First Belief Dominance

7.3.2 RBBD Concept

7.4 Multicriteria Methods modeled by Evidence Theory

7.4.1 Evidential Reasoning Approach

7.4.2 DS/AHP

7.4.3 DISSET

7.4.4 A Choice Model Inspired by ELECTRE I

7.4.5 A Ranking Model Inspired by Xu et al.’s Method

7.5 Discussion

7.6 Conclusion


Part Four Multiobjective Optimization

8 Interactive Approaches Applied to Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithms

8.1 Introduction

8.1.1 Methods Analyzed in this Chapter

8.2 Basic Concepts and Notation

8.2.1 Multiobjective Optimization Problems

8.2.2 Classical Interactive Methods

8.3 MOEAs Based on Reference Point Methods

8.3.1 A Weighted Distance Metric

8.3.2 Light Beam Search Combined with NSGA-II

8.3.3 Controlling the Accuracy of the Pareto Front Approximation

8.3.4 Light Beam Search Combined with PSO

8.3.5 A Preference Relation Based on a Weighted Distance Metric

8.3.6 The Chebyshev Preference Relation

8.4 MOEAs Based on Value Function Methods

8.4.1 Progressive Approximation of a Value Function

8.4.2 Value Function by Ordinal Regression

8.5 Miscellaneous Methods

8.5.1 Desirability Functions

8.6 Conclusions and Future Work


9 Generalized DEA and Computational Intelligence in Multiple Criteria Decision Making

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Generalized Data Envelopment Analysis

9.2.1 Basic DEA Models: CCR, BCC and FDH Models

9.2.2 GDEA Model

9.3 Generation of Pareto Optimal Solutions using Generalized DEA and Computational Intelligence

9.3.1 GDEA in Fitness Evaluation

9.3.2 GDEA in Deciding the Parameters of Multi-objective PSO

9.3.3 Expected Improvement for Multi-objective Optimization Using GDEA

9.4 Summary


10 Fuzzy Multiobjective Optimization

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Solution Concepts for Multiobjective Programming

10.3 Interactive Multiobjective Linear Programming

10.4 Fuzzy Multiobjective Linear Programming

10.5 Interactive Fuzzy Multiobjective Linear Programming

10.6 Interactive Fuzzy Multiobjective Linear Programming with Fuzzy Parameters

10.7 Interactive Fuzzy Stochastic Multiobjective Linear Programming

10.8 Related Works and Applications


Part Five Applications in Management and Engineering

11 MCDA & Agents: Supporting Effective Resource Federation in Virtual Organizations

11.1 Introduction

11.2 The Intuition of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid in Multi-agent Systems

11.3 Resource Federation Applied

11.3.1 Describing the Problem in a Cloud Computing Context

11.3.2 Problem Modeling

11.3.3 Assessing Agents’ Value Function for Resource Federation

11.4 An Illustrative Example

11.5 Conclusions


12 Fuzzy AHP Using Type II Fuzzy Sets: An Application to Warehouse Location Selection

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Multicriteria Selection

12.2.1 The ELECTRE (Élimination Et Choix Traduisant la Réalité) Method

12.2.2 PROMETHEE (Preference Ranking Organization Method for Enrichment Evaluations)

12.2.3 TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Situation)

12.2.4 The WSM (Weighted Sum Model) Method

12.2.5 MAUT (Multi-attribute Utility Theory)

12.2.6 AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process)

12.3 Literature Review on Fuzzy AHP

12.4 Buckley’s Type-1 Fuzzy AHP

12.5 Type-2 Fuzzy Sets

12.6 Type-2 Fuzzy AHP

12.7 An Application: Warehouse Location Selection

12.8 Conclusion


13 Applying Genetic Algorithms to Optimize Energy Efficiency in Buildings

13.1 Introduction

13.2 State-of-the-Art Review

13.3 An Example Case Study

13.3.1 Basic Principles and Problem Definition

13.3.2 Decision Variables

13.3.3 Decision Criteria

13.3.4 Decision Model

13.4 Development and Application of a Genetic Algorithm for the Example Case Study

13.4.1 Development of the Genetic Algorithm

13.4.2 Application of the Genetic Algorithm, Analysis of Results and Discussion

13.5 Conclusions


14 Nature-Inspired Intelligence for Pareto Optimality Analysis in Portfolio Optimization

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Literature Review

14.3 Methodological Issues

14.4 Pareto Optimal Sets in Portfolio Optimization

14.4.1 Pareto Efficiency

14.4.2 Mathematical Formulation of the Portfolio Optimization Problem

14.5 Computational Results

14.5.1 Experimental Setup

14.5.2 Efficient Frontier

14.6 Conclusion



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