Multicultural Psychology : Understanding Our Diverse Communities

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-12-07
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Multicultural Psychology: Understanding Our Diverse Communities, Third Edition, combines quantitative and qualitative research with anecdotal material to examine an array of multicultural issues and capture the richness of diverse cultures. The text focuses on such compelling topics as differences in worldviews, communication, racial and cultural identity development, racism, and immigration. Other issues covered in the text include gender, sexuality, age, and ability. The authors provide a strong, vivid, and personal voice to the text, richly populating it with anecdotes from themselves, their students, and other contributors, and using them as central points around which to build their case for multicultural issues based on science. FEATURES: -Providesnarrative, first person accountsby people of all ages and cultures to illustrate the points discussed in the text -Combinesquantitative and qualitative research with anecdotal materialto examine an array of multicultural issues and capture the richness of diverse cultures NEW TO THIS EDITION: -Addresses the election of the first ethnic minority President of the United States in history -Cites more than200 new publications not found in the previous edition -Includes more than fifty new reactions from students -Extended Chapter Seven contains Latino as well as Asian/Philipino identity development, and also includes a new section on "affliliative identities" -Other sections have been replaced or added, such as "The Four F Reactions" on exposure to cultural differences and culturally specific therapies

Table of Contents

About the Authors
What Is Multicultural Psychology?
What is Multicultural Psychology?
Narrow and Broad Definitions of Culture
Culture and Worldview
What Is Race?
Multicultural Psychology versus Cross-Cultural Psychology
Why Do We Need the Field of Multicultural Psychology?
Multiculturalism as the Fourth Force Understanding the Cultural Context of Behavior
The Biopsychosocial Model
The Basic Tenets of Multicultural Theory Historical Background
Dubious Beginnings We Begin to Define Ourselves
Gender Differences Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Issues
The Rise of Multiculturalism
Multicultural Issues Involving Research and Testing
Research Methods in Psychology
The General Research Model
The White Standard Internal versus External Validity
Quantitative Versus Qualitative Research
Quantitative Approaches Qualitative Approaches
Equivalence of Measures
Qualitative Approaches and Gender Qualitative Approaches and Older Populations
Experimental Designs Psychological Testing
Intelligence Testing
Intelligence, Context, and Older Adults Alternative Conceptions of Intelligence Personality and Diagnostic Testing
Cultural Differences in Worldviews
Different Perspectives for Looking at Cultures
Imposing a Worldview
Understanding Differences from Within
Male and Female Perspectives
Well-Meaning Clashes
Individualism Versus Collectivism
The Individual and Society
Guilt versus Shame Face
Giving and Social Support
Value Orientation and Worldviews
Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck's Value Orientation
Model Derald Wing Sue's Worldview Model
Ethnic Minority Worldview
Worldview of Women
Worldview of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Individuals
Cultural Differences in Communication
Cultural Rules Nonverbal Aspects of Language
High Versus Low-Context Communication
Direct versus Indirect Communication
Ethnic Minority Patterns of Communication
African Americans
Latinos/as American-Indians
Communication Patterns of the Elderly
Gender Differences in Communication
Bilingual Communication
Cognitive Consequences of Bilingualism
Social Consequences of Bilingualism
Immigrants, Refugees, and the Acculturation Process
Immigrants and Refugees
Common Experiences of Immigrants and Refugees
Language Barriers
Support Networks
Family Hierarchies
New Family Roles
"Old" and "New" Immigrants
Models of Acculturation
Acculturation of Immigrants
Acculturation of Ethnic Minority Populations
The Migration Process
Ecological Context and Fit
Sterotyping, Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism
Categorizations of Race and Ethnicity
Stereotype Threat
The Development of Negative Stereotypes
Overt versus Covert Racism
The Response to Hurricane Katrina: A Case of Covert, Unintentional Racism?
Aversive Racism Racial
White Privilege
Cultural Identity Development
A Model of Personal Identity
Racial Identity Development
African American Identity Development
White Identity Development
Chicano/Latino Identity Development
Brief Overview of Asian American/Pilipino
American Identity Development
Multiracial Identity Development
Gay/Lesbian Identity Development
Racial and Cultural Identity Development
Model Other Identities
A Critique of the Stage Models
Multiple Layering of Identities
Culture and Health
Health and Health Behaviors
Health Disparities Defined
Causes of Health Disparities
Structural Barriers
Access to the Health Care System
Differential Treatment
Mistrust of the Health Care System
Why Should We Care?
Bringing About Change
Sickle Cell Anemia
A Case Study
Culture and Mental Health
Culture and Diagnosis
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
A Classification System
Culture and the Expression of Symptoms
Cultural Group Differences and Mental Health
The Epidemiologic Catchment Area Project (ECA)
National Comorbidity Survey (NCS)
The Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Studies (CPES)
Ethnic/Racial Groups Not Well Represented in the Large Epidemiological Studies
Critique of the Epidemiologic Studies
Conclusions from Existing Data
Gender Differences
Culture-Bound Syndromes
Eating Disorders: An American Culture-Bound Syndrome?
Culture and the Treatment of Mental Disorders
Underutilization of Mental Health Services
Barriers to Treatment
Culture-Bound Values as Barriers
Class-Bound Values as Barriers
Language as a Barrier
Experience with Racism
Culturally Sensitive Therapeutic Approaches
The Training of Mental Health Professionals: Multicultural Competence
Cultural Matching
Culture-Specific Therapies
Example of a Culture-Specific Approach: African-Centered Psychology
Treatment Issues and Strategies for Sexual Minorities
Where Do We Go From Here? Building Multicultural Competence
How to Increase Your Multicultural Competence
The Multicultural Competencies
Awareness of Your Own Cultural Attitudes
The Four F Reactions
The Five D's of Difference
The Three S's of Similarity
Examining Your Biases, Prejudices, and Stereotypes
Learning about Your Own Culture
Understanding Other Worldviews
Learning Key Historical Events
Becoming Aware of Sociopolitical Issues
Knowing Basic Values and Beliefs
Understanding Cultural Practices
Knowing the Dynamics of Racism, Discrimination, and Stereotyping
Development of Culturally Appropriate Interpersonal Skills
Education and Training
Experience and Practice
Saying "I Don't Know" and Asking Questions
Being an Ally
An Attitude of Discovery and Courage
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