The Multinational Companies and Domestic Firms in Europe Comparing Wages, Working Conditions and Industrial Relations

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-11-19
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

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Globalisation is one of the most heavily debated present-day phenomena and has been widely covered by books, papers and journal articles. Nevertheless, the reader is frequently left with nearly as many definitions of the subject as there are authors writing about it. Most analysts now agree that a common denominator is the increasing inter-connectedness of nations, people, and economies. After the Second World War, a number of major forces underpinned the spread of globalisation. These included the rapid development of information and communication technology (ICT), boosted relatively recently by the development of the Internet and the massive growth of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI). These factors cannot of course be separated from the increasing numbers and influence of multinational enterprises (MNEs) and the tide of economic liberalization that has swept through both developed and developing economies. Neither should we ignore changes in transport technologies. For many commentators though, FDI has been regarded as the main –albeit not the sole—mechanism for the international expansion of MNEs.
The Social Effects of Foreign Domestic Investment on Multinational Companies and Domestic Firms compares and contrasts wages, working conditions and industrial relations processes in multinational and domestic companies. Very little academic study has hitherto been devoted to the differences that may or may not exist between the wages and conditions that MNEs routinely offer compared to those of domestic companies with whom they compete. The analysis covers five sectors of the economy and 13 EU countries. This book is an effort to map the social effects of FDI in a number of EU member states, in relation to the prevailing patterns of internationalization. The need to examine critically the labour market and industrial relations aspects of recent waves of FDI is both timely and compelling.

Author Biography

Denis Gregory is an economist and Director of the Trade Union Research Unit in Oxford. For many years he taught international labour and trade union studies at Ruskin College, UK. He has participated in a variety of European Research projects and has written extensively in the fields of labour relations and work organisation. His research interests include collective bargaining, work organisation and dialogue based approaches to labour relations. He has acted as a consultant to trade unions in the motor industry and maritime sectors. He co-edited Strategic Unionism and Partnership: Boxing or Dancing 2004

Maarten van Klaveren is an economist and Researcher at the University of Amsterdam's Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AAIS), Netherlands. His research interests include low wage work. He is co-editor of Low Wage Work in the Netherlands (2008). He has written widely on mining, electronics, transport and textiles and clothing. Recently he has written on the development of Suriname, South Korea and South Africa. He co-authored Empowering Women in Work in Developing Countries (2012).

Kea Tijdens is a sociologist and Researcher at the University of Amsterdam's Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AAIS), Netherlands. She is also Professor of Women and Work at the Erasmus University of Rotterdam, Netherlands. She is the scientific coordinator of the Wage Indicator Web survey on wages and working conditions. She has co-ordinated several European research projects and has current research interests in women in the labour market, part time working and the gender pay gap. She co-authored Empowering Women in Work in Developing Countries (2012).

Table of Contents

1. The wage and employment effects of Foreign Direct Investment
2. The AIAS MNE Database and the WageIndicator survey
3. Metal and Electronics Manufacturing
4. The Retail Industry
5. Finance and Call Centres
6. Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
7. Transport and Telecom
8. A comparative analysis
Statistical Appendix
Technical Appendix

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