The New Urban Sociology

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-07-27
  • Publisher: Westview Pr

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Organized around an integrated paradigm-the sociospatial perspective-this breakthrough text considers the role played by social factors such as race, class, gender, lifestyle, economics, culture, and politics on the development of metropolitan areas. By moving beyond the traditional city/suburb dichotomy, the authorsrs" unique focus on the continuously changing nature of metropolitan regions makes the material more relevant to studentsrs" personal experiences, and the cohesive conceptual framework engages studentsrs" critical thinking skills. It integrates the social ecological with the political economy paradigm through a fresh theoretical approach emphasizing the importance of space to social life and real estate to the economy and urban development. Fully revised throughout, this edition features a new chapter on metropolitan social policy and expanded discussions of international regions, key concepts, and the effect of the economic crisis on housing markets, public policy, and urban development. Concise and accessible, this book offers students a brief, intelligible history of urban life from its origins to the industrial period, as well as a clear, sophisticated summary of urban social theory.

Author Biography

Mark Gottdiener is professor of sociology at SUNY-Buffalo and the author of numerous books, including The Theming of America; Las Vegas: The Social Production of an All-American City; New Forms of Consumption: Consumer, Culture, and Commodification; Postmodern Semiotics; and The Social Production of Urban Space.
Ray Hutchison is professor of sociology and chair of urban and regional studies at the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay. He is series editor of Research in Urban Sociology and senior editor of the forthcoming three-volume Encyclopedia of Urban Studies.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Fourth Editionp. xiii
The New Urban Sociologyp. 1
Urban Regionsp. 1
Defining the Metropolitan Regionp. 6
Megacities Around the Worldp. 9
A New Approach to Urban Sociologyp. 13
Global Capitalism and the Metropolisp. 13
Supply-Side Factors in Urban Developmentp. 15
The Importance of Culture in Metropolitan Lifep. 17
The Sociospatial Approachp. 19
Key Conceptsp. 21
Discussion Questionsp. 21
The Origins of Urban Lifep. 23
Ancient Urbanizationp. 28
Classical Citiesp. 30
Urbanization After AD 1000p. 33
The Medieval Order and the Renaissance Cityp. 38
Capitalism and the Rise of the Industrial Cityp. 41
Key Conceptsp. 47
Important Namesp. 47
Discussion Questionsp. 48
The Rise of Urban Sociologyp. 49
Georg Simmel on the Cityp. 52
Louis Wirth Urbanism as a Way of Lifep. 55
The Chicago School of Urban Sociologyp. 58
From Human Ecology to Urban Ecologyp. 69
Conclusionp. 72
Key Conceptsp. 73
Important Namesp. 73
Discussion Questionsp. 74
Contemporary Urban Sociologyp. 75
Political Economy and the City: Classic Approachesp. 76
The Revival of Urban Political Economyp. 80
Class Conflict Theories: Gordon, Storper, and Walkerp. 82
Capital Accumulation Theoryp. 84
Approaches by Urban Sociologists: The Growth Machine vs. the Sociospatial Perspectivep. 86
Real Estate and Government Interventionp. 89
Semiotics and Urban Culturep. 93
The Global Economyp. 95
Summary: The Sociospatial Perspectivep. 97
Key Conceptsp. 98
Discussion Questionsp. 98
Urbanization in the United Statesp. 99
The Stages of Urban Growthp. 99
The Colonial Period: 1630 to 1812p. 101
The Era of Industrial Expansion: 1812 to 1920p. 105
The Rise of the Metropolis: 1920 to 1960p. 114
Key Conceptsp. 122
Discussion Questionsp. 122
Suburbanization, Globalization, and the Emergence of the Multicentered Regionp. 123
Deindustrialization and Globalization: Processes That Have Changed Both Cities and Suburbs Since the 1960sp. 130
Globalization and Uneven Developmentp. 131
How Deindustrialization and Globalization Affected Suburbsp. 133
Beyond Suburbia: The Emergence of the Multinucleated Regionp. 138
Recent Trends in Metropolitan Regionsp. 141
The Shift to the Sun Beltp. 144
Key Conceptsp. 153
Discussion Questionsp. 154
People and Lifestyles in the Metropolis: Urban and Suburban Culturep. 155
Class Differences and Spatial Locationp. 156
Women, Gender Roles, and Spacep. 165
The City as a Special Place: Nightlife, Urban Culture, and Regeneration of Downtownsp. 171
Urban Culture and City Revitalizationp. 172
Ethnicity and Immigrationp. 176
Conclusion: Ethnic and Cultural Diversity Across the Metropolisp. 182
Key Conceptsp. 183
Discussion Questionsp. 184
Minority Settlement Patterns, Neighborhoods, and Communities in the Multicentered Metro Regionp. 185
Voluntary and Involuntary Movements of Minoritiesp. 185
Neighborhoods and Communityp. 194
The Difference Between Neighborhood and Communityp. 200
New Forms of Communityp. 202
Social Networks as Communities Without Proximityp. 205
Summaryp. 206
Key Conceptsp. 207
Discussion Questionsp. 207
Metropolitan Problems: Racism, Poverty, Crime, Housing, and Fiscal Crisisp. 209
The Sociospatial Approach to Social Problemsp. 210
Racism and Povertyp. 211
Increasing Income Inequality, Unemployment, and Povertyp. 221
The Housing Crisis and Society's Failure to Provide Adequate Affordable Housingp. 222
Homelessnessp. 227
Crimep. 229
The Fiscal Crisis and Public Service Problemsp. 239
Summaryp. 241
Key Conceptsp. 242
Discussion Questionsp. 243
Urbanization in the Developed Nationsp. 245
Western Europep. 248
Eastern Europep. 265
Japanp. 271
Summaryp. 276
Key Conceptsp. 278
Discussion Questionsp. 278
Globalization and Urbanization in the Developing Worldp. 279
Changing Perspectives on Urbanizationp. 283
The Demographic Transitionp. 287
Primate City Development Patternsp. 289
Shantytown Developmentp. 290
The Informal Economy and Coping Strategiesp. 294
Urban Social Movements and Politicsp. 295
Patterns of Urbanizationp. 297
Summaryp. 317
Key Conceptsp. 318
Discussion Questionsp. 318
Metropolitan Planning and Environmental Issuesp. 321
Sprawlp. 323
A Short History of Metropolitan Planningp. 326
The Sociology of Land-Use Planningp. 329
Utopian Schemes: Howard, Le Corbusier, and Wrightp. 332
Planning Critics: Jacobs and Krierp. 336
Other Trends in Planning Todayp. 338
Summary of Planning Issuesp. 340
Environmental Issuesp. 341
Key Conceptsp. 348
Important Namesp. 348
Discussion Questionsp. 348
Metropolitan Social Policyp. 349
The Tragedy of the Commonsp. 350
Uneven Development and Policy: Redistributive Programsp. 352
Urban and Metropolitan Policyp. 355
Privatism and Issues of Social Justicep. 363
Urban Policy: The Political Debatep. 367
Regional Governancep. 369
Key Conceptsp. 372
Discussion Questionsp. 372
The Future of Urban Sociologyp. 375
Understanding Our New Urban Worldp. 376
Urban Structure and Urban Culturep. 388
The Future of the Cityp. 390
The Future of the Urban Inquiryp. 393
Key Conceptsp. 395
Important Namesp. 395
Discussion Questionsp. 395
Bibliographyp. 397
Indexp. 425
About the Authorsp. 435
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