Observing and Recording the Behavior of Young Children

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-06-01
  • Publisher: Teachers College Pr
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With more than 120,000 copies in print, this classic text has been widely acclaimed as a highly effective tool to help teachers better understand children's behavior. The thoroughly revised and updated Fifth Edition outlines methods for record-keeping that provide a realistic picture of each child's interactions and experiences in the classroom. Numerous examples of teachers' observations of children from birth to age 8 enrich this work and make it accessible, practical, and enjoyable to read. Based on the latest thinking in the field, the new Fifth Edition is an even more valuable resource for pre- and inservice educators of young children. New features include updated observations that reflect the diverse population in contemporary classrooms, recent research on language and children with special needs, and a total revision of the chapter that relates thinking to Piagetian theory, with more relevant descriptions of the processes of assimilation and accommodation

Author Biography

Nancy Gropper is Coordinator of Instructional Support, Department of General Education at Bank Street Graduate School of Education.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Fifth Editionp. ix
Getting Startedp. 1
Why Records?p. 1
Keeping Recordsp. 6
Language as a Tool in Recordingp. 10
Importance of the Environmentp. 13
Recording a Child's Behavior During Routinesp. 15
Organizing the Informationp. 15
The Meaning of Routines to Young Childrenp. 19
Recording Eating Behaviorp. 21
Recording Toileting Behaviorp. 24
Recording Behavior at Nap Timep. 26
Recording Behavior During Transitionsp. 28
Patterns of Behaviorp. 29
Recording a Child's Use of Materialsp. 34
The Meaning of Materials to Young Childrenp. 34
What to Observep. 40
Records of Use of Materialsp. 42
How the Child Does Whatp. 43
Records Illustrating Detailp. 46
Interpretation-The Last Dimensionp. 49
Patterns of Behaviorp. 49
Recording Children's Behavior with One Anotherp. 53
How Children Learn to Socializep. 53
Do We Really See What Is Going On?p. 57
What to Observep. 59
Patterns of Behavior: Summary of a Child's Response to Other Childrenp. 65
Group Membershipp. 67
Recording Children's Behavior in Dramatic Playp. 70
Capacity for Symbolic Representationp. 72
A Framework for Recording Dramatic Playp. 77
Focusing on Dramatic Rolesp. 81
Social Aspects of Dramatic Playp. 87
Patterns of Behaviorp. 94
Recording the Child's Relationships with Adults and in Adult-Directed Activitiesp. 96
Teachers Observe Themselvesp. 96
Recording a Child's Interaction with an Adultp. 97
Gaining Information About a Child's Larger Social Worldp. 102
Recording a Child in Teacher-Directed Group Activitiesp. 104
Patterns of Behaviorp. 107
Clues to Cognitive Functioning: Developmental Approachp. 110
How Do Children Learn?p. 110
Developmental Approach to Thinking in Early Childhoodp. 112
How Can We Know a Child's Approach to Thinking?p. 116
Clues to Cognitive Functioning: Individual Approachp. 128
Idiosyncratic Approach to Thinkingp. 128
How Much Does a Child Know?p. 138
Observing Children Develop the Power to Thinkp. 142
Forming Generalizationsp. 142
Ability to Differentiatep. 143
Ability to Perceive Similarities and Differencesp. 144
Ability to Draw Analogiesp. 144
Ability to Perceive Cause and Effectp. 145
Time Orientationp. 146
Ability to Classifyp. 147
Perceiving Patternsp. 148
Understanding Spatial Relationshipsp. 149
Recording Children's Developing Language and Emerging Literacyp. 152
Language and Culturep. 152
Recording Children's Use of Languagep. 154
Observing Speech Patternsp. 164
Observing Emergent Literacyp. 170
Observing and Recording the Behavior of Infants and Toddlersp. 172
Making Sense of What You Seep. 172
The Value of Recordingp. 173
Timep. 174
What to Observep. 175
Recording the Behavior of Children for Whom There Are Special Concernsp. 205
Sensory Reactivity and Self-Regulationp. 207
General Impressionp. 223
Patterns-Summary-and Interpretationp. 225
Patternsp. 225
Features of the Final Summaryp. 228
Interpretationp. 233
Final Summaryp. 235
Referencesp. 239
Indexp. 245
About the Authorsp. 253
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