9780199239368

Offences and Defences Selected Essays in the Philosophy of Criminal Law

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780199239368

  • ISBN10:

    0199239363

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-01-30
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

John Gardner's writings on the theory of criminal law have had a significant impact on the way that this subject is understood by academic lawyers and philosophers. This book collects together a thematic selection of his most widely read and widely cited pieces. Theoretical writings on the criminal law have often been dominated by a preoccupation with the justification of criminal punishment. This work is different. Although it discusses the legitimacy of criminal punishment it proceeds on the footing that the criminal law does many important things apartfrom punishing people. In particular, Gardner argues that the criminal law provides an important forum for people to explain themselves. Such a forum would be important, argues Gardner, even if criminal punishment were to be abolished.John Gardner tackles persistent and troublesome questions about the philosophical foundations of the criminal law. Which wrongs are suitable to be crimes and why? What are the conditions of criminal responsibility, and how do they relate to the conditions of moral responsibility? What does it taketo be complicit in another's wrongdoing? Should crimes ever be excused, and if so on what basis? How, if at all, should the criminal law adapt to conditions of social and cultural diversity?The issues raised in these essays have a significance extending beyond the law. What does it mean to be a responsible agent, and why does it matter? Is my moral character only or mostly my own business? Is there a difference between being reasonable and being rational? These and many other moralproblems lurk in the background of the criminal law, and the pieces in this book bring them into the foreground.

Author Biography


John Gardner is Professor of Jurisprudence at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of University College, Oxford. He has held visiting positions at Yale Law School, Columbia Law School, the Australian National University, the University of Texas, and Princeton University. He serves on the editorial boards of several journals including the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies and the Journal of International Criminal Justice. Qualified as a Barrister in England & Wales, he has been a Bencher of the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple since 2003.

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements
The Wrongness of Rape
Rationality and the Rule of Law in Offences against the Person
Complicity and Causality
In Defence of Defences
Justifications and Reasons
The Gist of Excuses
Fletcher on Offences and Defences
Provocation and Pluralism
The Mark of Responsibility
The Functions and Justifications of Criminal Law and Punishment
Crime: in Proportion and in Perspective
Reply to Critics
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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