The Old Testament A Historical and Literary Introduction to the Hebrew Scriptures

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-12-01
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Lucidly written by a leading biblical scholar, this balanced, engaging, and up-to-date introduction to the Hebrew scriptures distills the best of current scholarship. Employing the narrative chronology of the Bible itself and the history of the ancient Near East as a framework, author MichaelD. Coogan covers all the books of the Hebrew Bible, along with the deuterocanonical books included in the Bible used by many Christians. He treats every book of the canon with careful attention to its historical context, its particular genre, and its distinctive features. Dealing in detail withancient Near Eastern sources and archaeological data, Coogan works from a primarily historical and critical methodology but also introduces readers to literary analysis and other interpretive strategies, especially current ones. The Old Testament: A Historical and Literary Introduction to the Hebrew Scriptures is enhanced by a glossary, timelines, photos, illustrations, maps, and a four-color insert on Jerusalem in biblical times. Strategically placed boxes address issues that often puzzle readers of the Bible,provide models of interpretation of particular texts, and discuss their significance for Judaism and Christianity. Each chapter includes key terms, questions for review and discussion, and suggestions for further reading. Providing a non-denominational and non-doctrinal treatment, The Old Testamentis accessible to students of all backgrounds. It offers a unique and captivating introduction to the Hebrew scriptures themselves and to how they have been--and can be--interpreted.

Table of Contents

Cosmic Origins
Creations. Genesis 1-3
The Book of Genesis
Genesis 1 and the Sabbath
Box 1.1 Chapter and Verse
Box 1.2 Genesis and Science
Box 1.3 The Sabbath in Jewish and Christian Tradition
The Second Account of Creation (Gen 2.4b-3.24)
Box 1.4 Myth and the Bible
Box 1.5 The Garden of Eden
Box 1.6 ""God"" and ""the Lord (God)""
Retrospect and Prospect
Box 1.7 Adam and Eve in Jewish and Christian Tradition
The Formation of the Pentateuch
The Traditional View
The Development of Modern Interpretation
A Summary of the Documentary Hypothesis
Challenges to the Documentary Hypothesis
The Formation of the Pentateuch
Other Strategies for Interpreting the Pentateuch
Retrospect and Prospect
Primeval History. Genesis 4-11
J (the Yahwist Source)
Box 3.1 Cain and Abel
Box 3.2 Noah's Drunkenness
Box 3.3 The Sons of God
Box 3.4 The Tower of Babel
P (the Priestly Source)
Box 3.5 The Table of Nations
Box 3.6 Enoch
The Flood
Retrospect and Prospect
National Origins
The Promised Land: Geography, History, and Ideology
Box 4.1 Timeline
Box 4.2 The Land of Israel in Jewish and Christian Tradition
Retrospect and Prospect
The Ancestors of Israel. Genesis 12-50
The Nature of the Narratives
Source Criticism
Box 5.1 Abram and Abraham, Sarai and Sarah
Box 5.2 The Binding of Isaac
Form Criticism
Box 5.3 Circumcision
Ancient Near Eastern Parallels
Box 5.4 The Ugaritic Texts
The Joseph Narrative
The Ancestors of Israel
Box 5.5 Abraham, Father of Believers
History and the Ancestors of Israel
The Religion of the Ancestors
Retrospect and Prospect
Escape From Egypt. Exodus 1-15
The Book of Exodus
Exodus 1-15
Box 6.1 Hebrew and Hebrews
Box 6.2 Legends of Rescue
Box 6.3 The Divine Name Yahweh
Box 6.4 The Hardening of the Pharaoh's Heart
Box 6.5 The Development of the Passover Celebration
The Exodus and History
The Exodus and the History of Religions
Retrospect and Prospect
From Egypt To Sinai. Exodus 16-24
Incidents on the Journey
Box 7.1 Manna
At Sinai
Excursus on Covenant
Box 7.2 The Location of Sinai
Box 7.3 Excerpt from a Hittite Suzerainty Treaty
The Ten Commandments
The Ratification of the Covenant
Retrospect and Prospect
Box 7.4 The Status and Numbering of the Ten Commandments
Law and Ritual. Exodus 20.22-23.33 and 25-40
Law in the Ancient Near East
Box 8.1 Excerpt from the Code of Hammurapi
The Covenant Code (Ex 20.22-23.33)
The Ark, the Tabernacle, and the Priestly Vestments and Ordination
Box 8.2 ""An Eye for an Eye""
The Golden Calf
Box 8.3 Forty Days and Forty Nights
The Ritual Decalogue
Box 8.4 An Ancient Hebrew Agricultural Calendar
Retrospect and Prospect
Ritual and Holiness. Leviticus
The Book of Leviticus
Sacrifices (Lev 1-7)
The Consecration Ceremonies and Their Aftermath (Lev 8-10)
Purity and Impurity (Lev 11-15)
The Day of Atonement
The Holiness Code
Box 9.1 Anointing
Box 9.2 Capital Punishment
Excursus on Women in Israelite Ritual and Law
The Ethics of Leviticus
Retrospect and Prospect
In the Wilderness. Numbers
The Book of Numbers
Preparations for the Journey
Law, Ritual, and Purity
The Chronology and Geography of the Wanderings
Rebellions in the Wilderness
Box 10.1 The Rebellions of the Israelites in Christian and Muslim Scriptures
Box 10.2 Miriam
Box 10.3 The Amalekites
Opposition on the Journey
Box 10.4 Excerpt from the Deir Alla Texts
Preparations for the Entry into the Land
Retrospect and Prospect
The End of the Journey to the Promised Land. Deuteronomy
The Book of Deuteronomy
Box 11.1 The Shema
The Origins of Deuteronomy
Box 11.2 Parallel Curses in the Treaties of Esarhaddon and in Deuteronomy
The Deuteronomic School
Excursus on the Character and Personality of Moses
Box 11.3 The Meanings of ""Torah""
Retrospect and Prospect
Joshua and the Conquest of the Land of Canaan. Joshua
The Former Prophets
The Deuteronomistic History
The Book of Joshua
Box 12.1 Parallels between Deuteronomy 27 and Joshua 8
Box 12.2 Shechem in Biblical Tradition
Box 12.3 Circumcision a Second Time?
Retrospect and Prospect
The Emergence of Israel in the Land of Canaan. Judges and Ruth
The Book of Judges
Box 13.1 The Moabites and the Ammonites
Box 13.2 The Song of Deborah
Box 13.3 The Philistines
History and the Israelite Confederation
The Book of Ruth
Retrospect and Prospect
Kings and Prophets
The Establishment of the Monarchy. 1 Samuel
The Book(s) of Samuel
Box 14.1 Samuel in Other Traditions
Box 14.2 Positive Assessments of Saul
Retrospect and Prospect
The Reign of David. 2 Samuel, 1 Kings 1-2, and Psalm 132
Box 15.1 David's Compositions
Box 15.2 Jerusalem
Retrospect and Prospect
Box 15.3 Psalm 132
The Reign of Solomon. 1 Kings 1-11 and Psalm 89
The Books of Kings
Kings 1-11
Box 16.1 Solomon in Later Tradition
Box 16.2 The ""Royal Psalms""
Excursus: The Ideology of the Davidic Monarchy
Box 16.3 The Psalms of Zion
Box 16.4 The Royal Ideology in Later Traditions
Retrospect and Prospect
The Divided Kingdoms of Israel and Judah From the Late Tenth to the Early Eighth Centuries Bce. 1 Kings 12-2 Kings 14
Box 17.1 Chronology of Kings of Israel and Judah Late Tenth to Mid-Eighth Centuries BCE
Institutions and Society
Excursus on Prophecy
Box 17.2 Prophets in Later Traditions
The Legends of Elijah and Elisha
Box 17.3 Elijah in Later Tradition
Retrospect and Prospect
The Northern Kingdom of Israel in the Eighth Century BCE. 2 Kings 14-17, Amos, and Hosea
Box 18.1 Chronology of the Eighth Century BCE
Prophetic Books and ""Classical"" Prophecy
Box 18.2 The Day of the Lord
Box 18.3 Prophetic Attacks on Rituals
Box 18.4 Marriage in Ancient Israel
Box 18.5 God as Parent: Father or Mother?
Retrospect and Prospect
The Kingdom of Judah in the Eighth and Early Seventh Centuries BCE. 2 Kings 15-20, 2 Chronicles 29-32, Isaiah 1-39, and Micah
Box 19.1 Chronology of the Eighth and Seventh Centuries BCE
The Reign of Hezekiah
Box 19.2 Isaiah in Later Tradition
The Siege of Jerusalem in 734 BCE
Box 19.3 The Identity of Immanuel
Box 19.4 Sennacherib's Third Campaign (701 BCE) according to the Assyrian Annals
The Assyrian Invasion of Judah in 701 BCE
Box 19.5 Hezekiah's Tunnel
Box 19.6 The King from Bethlehem
Retrospect and Prospect
Judah in the Seventh Century Bce: The End of Assyrian Domination. 2 Kings 21-23, 2 Chronicles 33-35, Zephaniah, Nahum, and the Prayer of Manasseh
Box 20.1 Chronology of the Seventh Century BCE
The Reign of Manasseh
Box 20.2 Ashurbanipal's Library
The Reign of Josiah
The Book of Zephaniah
Box 20.3 Megiddo and Armageddon
The Book of Nahum
Retrospect and Prospect
The Fall of Jerusalem. 2 Kings 23.31-25.30, 2 Chronicles 36, Habakkuk, Jeremiah, and the Letter of Jeremiah
Box 21.1 Chronology of the Late Seventh and Early Sixth Centuries BCE
Box 21.2 Throne Names of Kings of Judah
The Book of Habakkuk
Box 21.3 Jeremiah in Postbiblical Tradition
Box 21.4 Parallels between Psalms and Jeremiah's Confessions
Box 21.5 Jeremiah and the History of Bookmaking
Retrospect and Prospect
Exile and Return
After The Fall: Jews in Judah and Babylon. Lamentations, Psalm 137, Obadiah, and Ezekiel
The Book of Lamentations
Box 22.1 Acrostic Poems
The Jews in Babylonia
Box 22.2 Nebuchadrezzar's Wonders
Psalm 137
Box 22.3 Yahweh as Violent Spouse
Box 22.4 Leadership in the Restored Community
Box 22.5 Gog of Magog
Retrospect and Prospect
Return From Exile. Ezra 1-2 and Isaiah 34-35 and 40-55
Box 23.1 Chronology of the Sixth Century BCE
The Priestly Source of the Pentateuch
The Exilic Edition of the Deuteronomistic History
Isaiah 40-55
Box 23.2 The Development of Monotheism
Box 23.3 Female Images of God
Retrospect and Prospect
Reconstruction and Consolidation
The Early Restoration. Ezra 3-6, 1 Esdras, Haggai, Zechariah 1-8, and Isaiah 56-66
Ezra 3-6
Box 24.1 Aramaic
Box 24.2 The Books of Esdras
The Book of Haggai
Zechariah 1-8
Isaiah 56-66
Retrospect and Prospect
Judah in the Fifth Century BCE. Ezra 7-10, Nehemiah, Isaiah 24-27, Zechariah 9-14, Joel, Malachi, and 2 Esdras
Box 25.1 Chronology of the Late Sixth to the Late Fourth Centuries BCE
The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Box 25.2 The Elephantine Papyri
Apocalyptic Literature
The ""Isaiah Apocalypse"" (Isa 24-27)
Zechariah 9-14
The Book of Joel
The Book of Malachi
Box 25.3 Second Esdras
Retrospect and Prospect
History Rewritten. 1-2 Chronicles
The Books of Chronicles
Box 26.1 Samaria and the Samaritans
Box 26.2 Arrangement of the Genealogies of the Sons of Jacob (the Tribes of Israel)
Box 26.3 Comparison of 2 Samuel 24.1-9 and 1 Chronicles 21.1-7
Retrospect and Prospect
The Consolidation of Traditions. Psalms and Proverbs
The Book of Psalms
Box 27.1 Parallelism
Box 27.2 The Forms of the Psalms
Box 27.3 Form-critical Analysis of Psalm 3
Excursus on Music in Ancient Israel
Wisdom Literature
Box 27.4 Ahiqar and Proverbs
The Book of Proverbs
Retrospect and Prospect
Controversy and Challenge
Dissidents and Lovers. Job, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Solomon
The Book of Job
Box 28.1 The Satan
Box 28.2 ""I Know That My Redeemer Liveth""
Box 28.3 Behemoth and Leviathan
Box 28.4 Job's Wife and Daughters
Box 28.5 Job in Later Tradition
The Book of Ecclesiastes
Excursus on the Development of Beliefs in Life after Death in Ancient Israel
The Song of Solomon
Retrospect and Prospect
Encounters with the Greeks. 1-2 Maccabees, Baruch, Sirach, The Wisdom of Solomon, and 4 Maccabees
Box 29.1 Tables of Rulers
Box 29.2 The Dead Sea Scrolls
Box 29.3 Hanukkah
The Wisdom of Jesus, Son of Sirach (also known as Ben Sira and Ecclesiasticus)
Box 29.4 Different Views of Immortality in the Hebrew and Greek Texts of Ben Sira
The Wisdom of Solomon
Box 29.5 Contrasts in the Divine Treatment of the Egyptians and the Israelites during the Exodus
Retrospect and Prospect
Box 29.6 4 Maccabees
HEROES UNDER FOREIGN RULERS. Jonah, Esther, Additions to Esther, Judith, Tobit, 3 Maccabees, Daniel, and Additions to Daniel
The Book of Jonah
The Book of Esther
Box 30.1 The Festival of Purim
The Book of Judith
Box 30.2 Widows
The Book of Tobit
Box 30.3 Angels and Demons
The Book of Daniel
Box 30.4 ""Son of Man""
Box 30.5 Outline of the Visions of Successive Kingdoms in the Book of Daniel
Retrospect and Prospect
Appendix: The Canons of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament
Chronological Chart
General Bibliography
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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