The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-03-21
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Thinking and reasoning, long the academic province of philosophy, have over the past century emerged as core topics of empirical investigation and theoretical analysis in the modern fields of cognitive psychology, cognitive science, and cognitive neuroscience. Formerly seen as too complicated and amorphous to be included in early textbooks on the science of cognition, the study of thinking and reasoning has since taken off, brancing off in a distinct direction from the field from which it originated. The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoningis a comprehensive and authoritative handbook covering all the core topics of the field of thinking and reasoning. Written by the foremost experts from cognitive psychology, cognitive science, and cognitive neuroscience, individual chapters summarize basic concepts and findings for a major topic, sketch its history, and give a sense of the directions in which research is currently heading. Chapters include introductions to foundational issues and methods of study in the field, as well as treatment of specific types of thinking and reasoning and their application in a broad range of fields including business, education, law, medicine, music, and science. The volume will be of interest to scholars and students working in developmental, social and clinical psychology, philosophy, economics, artificial intelligence, education, and linguistics.

Author Biography

Keith J. Holyoak, Ph.D., is a Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Robert G. Morrison, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Loyola University Chicago.

Table of Contents

Thinking and Reasoning: A Reader's Guide
General Approaches to Thinking and Reasoning
Normative Systems: Logic, Probability, and Rational Choice
Bayesian Inference
Knowledge Representation
Computational Modeling of Higher Cognition
Neural Substrate of Thinking
Mental Function as Genetic Expression: Emerging Insights from Cognitive Neurogenetics
Deductive, Inductive and Abductive Reasoning
Dual-process Theories of Reasoning: Facts and fallacies
Inference in Mental Models
Concepts and Categories: Memory, Meaning, and Metaphysics
Causal Learning and Inference
Analogy and Relational Reasoning
Explanation and Abductive Inference
Rational Argument
Judgment and Decision Making
Decision Making
Judgment Heuristics
Cognitive Hierarchies and Emotions in Behavioral Game Theory
Moral Judgment
Motivated Thinking
Problem Solving, Intelligence, and Creative Thinking
Problem Solving
On the Distinction between Rationality and Intelligence: Implications for Understanding Individual Differences in Reasoning
Cognition and the Creation of Ideas
Ontogeny, Phylogeny, Language and Culture
Development of Thinking in Children
The Human Enigma
Language and Thought
Thinking in Society and Culture
Modes of Thinking
Mathematical Cognition
Visuospatial Thinking
Gesture in Thought
Impact of Aging on Thinking
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Thought Disorder in Schizophrenia
Thinking in Practice
Scientific Thinking and Reasoning
Legal Reasoning
Barbara A. Spellman and Fred Schauer
Thinking in Business
Musical Thought
Learning to Think: Cognitive Mechanisms of Knowledge Transfer
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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