The Path of Philosophy Truth, Wonder, and Distress

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-01-01
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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The Path of Philosophy introduces you to the study of philosophy through a compelling narrative in which the world's most important philosophers appear as characters. The text traces the history of western philosophy from its beginnings in ancient Greece to contemporary developments in the modern world. Threads running through the text demonstrate how philosophy is unique and distinct from religion and science, while at the same time showing how all three disciplines are interrelated. Exceptionally well written, and unusual in its cohesiveness, the text leaves you with a vivid picture of philosophy as a unique and spiritually important field of study.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introductionp. xix
Analytic and Continental Styles of Philosophizingp. xx
The Love of Wisdomp. xxiii
Religion, Science, and Philosophyp. xxiv
What Is Philosophy?p. xxv
Philosophy as Wondrous Distressp. xxvii
Myth, Science, Philosophy, and the Presocraticsp. 1
Mythic Thinkingp. 2
Presocratic Thinkingp. 6
The Milesian School: Thales and Anaximanderp. 6
Heraclitusp. 10
Parmenides and the Eleatic Schoolp. 12
The Atomist School: Democritus and Leucippusp. 15
From Mere Wonder to Wondrous Distressp. 18
Socratesp. 22
The Difficulty of Perspectivep. 22
Plato's Socratesp. 24
The Influence of Anaxagorasp. 24
Socrates' Inward Turnp. 26
The Socratic Methodp. 27
The Trial of Socratesp. 29
Xenophon's Socratesp. 31
Aristophanes' Socratesp. 35
The Wondrous Distress of Socratesp. 38
Platop. 42
Plato's Divergence from Socratesp. 43
The Divided Linep. 46
The Myth of the Cavep. 51
Plato's Perfect Republicp. 55
Plato and Artp. 58
Wonder and Distress in Platonic Thinkingp. 61
Aristotlep. 64
Aristotle's Break with Platop. 65
Aristotle and the Nature of Changep. 68
The Four Causesp. 70
Aristotle's Logicp. 74
The First Moverp. 76
Rationality, Emotion, and the Golden Meanp. 78
Aristotle's Philosophy of Artp. 80
Aristotle and Wondrous Distressp. 84
The Hellenistic Philosophersp. 89
The Decline of Greek Power and Hellenistic Negativityp. 91
Cynicismp. 93
Stoicismp. 96
Epicureanismp. 101
Skepticismp. 103
Suicide and Hellenistic Philosophyp. 106
Wonder and Distress in Hellenistic Philosophyp. 107
Medieval Philosophyp. 111
The Patriarch Abraham and the Convenant with Godp. 112
Jesusp. 113
Muhammadp. 116
St. Augustinep. 118
The Question of Evilp. 121
Islamic Contributions to Early Medieval Thoughtp. 124
Al-Kindi and Neoplatonismp. 124
Al-Farabip. 125
Avicennap. 126
Averroesp. 127
Christian a Priori and a Posteriori Arguments for God's Existencep. 127
St. Anselmp. 128
The Ontological Argumentp. 129
Criticisms of the Ontological Argumentp. 131
St. Thomas Aquinasp. 132
The Five Arguments for God's Existencep. 134
Criticisms of Aquinas' Five Argumentsp. 136
Wondrous Distress in Medieval Thoughtp. 139
RenÚ Descartes and the Transition from Medieval to Modern Thinkingp. 143
The Conflict between Science and Religion in the Early Modern Periodp. 145
Modern Developments in Astronomyp. 146
The Geocentric Model of the Universep. 147
The Heliocentric Model of the Universep. 151
RenÚ Descartesp. 157
The Cartesian Methodp. 158
Meditations on First Philosophyp. 159
p. 160
p. 163
p. 164
p. 168
p. 170
p. 172
Descartes and Wondrous Distressp. 173
Humep. 179
The Mind/Body Problemp. 180
"Solutions" to the Mind/Body Problemp. 180
Thomas Hobbes and Materialismp. 182
George Berkeley and Idealismp. 183
Arnold Geulincx, Nicholas Malebranche, and Occasionalismp. 184
Gottfried Leibniz, Baruch Spinoza, and Monismp. 185
David Hume and the Empiricist Rejection of Cartesian Metaphysicsp. 189
John Lockep. 189
The Good-Natured Humep. 191
An Inquiry concerning Human Understandingp. 193
Impressions, Simple Ideas, and Complex Ideasp. 194
Relations of Ideas and Matters of Factp. 196
The Ideas of God and the Selfp. 199
Hume's Skeptical Empiricismp. 200
An Inquiry concerning the Principles of Moralsp. 202
Utilityp. 203
Hume and Wondrous Distressp. 206
Kant's Transcendental Idealismp. 211
Totalizers versus Criticsp. 212
The Awakening of Kantp. 214
The Critique of Pure Reasonp. 216
The Phenomenal and Noumenal Worldsp. 217
The a Priori Intuitions of Time and Spacep. 218
The Categories of the Understandingp. 220
Transcendental Idealism and the Impossibility of Metaphysicsp. 224
The Regulative Function of Transcendental Ideasp. 226
The Critique of Practical Reasonp. 227
The Good Willp. 228
Hypothetical versus Categorical Imperativep. 228
The Critique of Judgmentp. 232
Beautyp. 233
Sublimityp. 235
Kant's Wondrous Distressp. 236
Hegel and the Manifestations of Geistp. 239
The Difficulty of Hegel's Philosophyp. 241
Hegel's Vision of Unityp. 243
The Phenomenology of Spiritp. 247
Lordship and Bondagep. 248
Stoicism, Skepticism, and the Unhappy Consciousnessp. 250
Dialectical Logicp. 252
The Abstract Sidep. 254
The Dialectical Sidep. 254
The Speculative Sidep. 255
Absolute Knowingp. 256
The Doctrine of Beingp. 257
Godp. 259
Hegel's Influencep. 261
Right, Center, and Left Hegelianismp. 261
Ludwig Feuerbachp. 262
Max Stimerp. 263
Karl Marxp. 265
Wondrous Distress in Hegelian Philosophyp. 267
Happiness, Suffering, and Pessimism in Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, and Millp. 272
S°ren Kierkegaard: The Knight of Faithp. 275
The Sickness Unto Deathp. 277
Fear and Tremblingp. 279
Schopenhauer's Synthesis of Plato, Kant, and Hinduismp. 282
Piercing the Veil of the Thing-in-Itselfp. 285
The Willp. 287
Anxiety, Suffering, and Distressp. 289
Friedrich Nietzsche and Positive Nihilismp. 294
The Will to Powerp. 295
The Superman and the Death of Godp. 297
Beyond Good and Evil: Nietzsche contra Utilitarianismp. 301
The Greatest Happiness Principlep. 301
Wonder and Distress in Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, and Millp. 304
Common Sense and Anglo-American Philosophyp. 311
The Reaction against Hegelp. 312
William Jamesp. 313
Pragmatismp. 315
The Tender- and the Tough-Mindedp. 316
The Pragmatic Methodp. 317
The Pragmatic Theory of Truthp. 320
Religionp. 323
Bertrand Russellp. 327
Russell's Rejection of Hegelp. 328
Logical Atomismp. 329
Epistemologyp. 334
Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Descriptionp. 338
The Role of Philosophyp. 340
Ludwig Wittgensteinp. 341
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicusp. 342
Philosophical Investigationsp. 346
Wondrous Distress in Anglo-American Philosophyp. 349
Existentialism and the Return to Beingp. 355
Nationalism, Imperialism, Technology, and Warp. 356
Nihilism and the Decline of Civilizationp. 357
Friedrich Nietzschep. 357
Oswald Spenglerp. 358
Totalitarianismp. 360
The Muselmannp. 361
Martin Heideggerp. 362
The Question of Beingp. 362
Daseinp. 364
Being-toward-Deathp. 366
Inauthenticity and Technological Thinkingp. 367
Authenticityp. 369
Heidegger and Nazismp. 370
Jean-Paul Sartrep. 374
Being-in-Itself and Being-for-Itselfp. 374
Freedom and Bad Faithp. 376
Simone de Beauvoirp. 378
The Second Sexp. 378
Othernessp. 381
Women and Biologyp. 382
Wondrous Distress in Existentialismp. 385
Conclusion: Philosophy and Wondrous Distressp. 392
Glossaryp. 401
Bibliographyp. 421
Indexp. 427
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