Path to Zero: Dialogues on Nuclear Dangers

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2012-10-30
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Nuclear weapons are not a subject of intense public discussion and debate, but they should be. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were only the beginning; in recent times, nuclear annihilation at the hands of rogues and terrorists has become an even greater concern than the specter of nuclear war between superpowers. In a series of clear, calm, well-reasoned dialogues, longtime scholars and practitioners of peace Richard Falk and David Krieger probe key questions about our nuclear reality and dig beneath the surreal surface tranquility that has largely surrounded its existence. Although the authors agree on much, there are many areas where their thoughts diverge, including their assessment of the value of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and of President Obama's level of commitment to nuclear issues. They put forward new proposals and explore in the dialogues different ways to move ahead. They contend that a nuclear-free future is not a subject to be left only to experts-for the so-called experts have brought us to the brink of the nuclear precipice over and over again. Falk and Krieger believe that although none of us has the power to bring about global change alone, together we are immensely powerful-powerful enough to overcome the threats of the Nuclear Age and move us appreciably along the path to zero. Covers questions about living in the Nuclear Age including: How have we responded (or failed to respond) to these immensely powerful weapons? Are we capable of escaping their threat? Can civilization make the leap to survival in a world with thousands of nuclear weapons? Will humankind become the victim of its own cleverness? Will we recognize the nuclear dilemma that confronts us in the 21st century? Will we be able also to recognize our power, when acting together, to be a force for change? Will we act soon enough and forcefully enough to assure civilization's survival?

Author Biography

Richard Falk is Albert G. Milbank Professor of International Law and Practice Emeritus at Princeton and a research professor in Global and International Studies at the University of California-Santa Barbara. David Krieger is Co-Founder and President of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation in Santa Barbara and a Councilor on the World Future Council.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Key Reference Documentsp. xiii
Introductionp. xv
The Nuclear Agep. 1
The Challenge of the Nuclear Agep. 2
The Human Future Endangeredp. 3
A Hypothetical Opening to the Nuclear Agep. 5
Public Complacency and Despairp. 6
The Need to Raise Our Voicesp. 9
Lack of Cultural Attentionp. 11
Human Security versus National Securityp. 12
The Military-Industrial Complexp. 14
Peace Remains an Imperative of the Nuclear Agep. 17
Dimensions of the Nuclear Agep. 19
Nuclear Weapons Abolition: The Most Urgent Struggle of Our Timep. 21
Nuclear Deterrencep. 25
A Critique of Nuclear Deterrencep. 25
Beyond Deterrencep. 29
Opting for Nuclear Disarmamentp. 32
Why Does the United States Insist on Nuclear Deterrence?p. 33
The Relevance of Worldviewsp. 35
Finding Security without Nuclear Deterrencep. 38
Awakening Civil Societyp. 40
A Moral Perspectivep. 41
Nuclear Proliferationp. 43
Horizontal and Vertical Proliferationp. 44
Preventing Proliferation Is Not Sufficientp. 45
Losing tie U.S. Monopolyp. 46
The Geopolitics of Nonproliferation versus the Treaty Regimep. 47
A Material Breach of the Non-Proliferation Treatyp. 50
Is Arms Control Enough?p. 51
Double Standards: A Recipe for Failurep. 52
Renouncing the Non-Proliferation Treatyp. 54
Nuclear Energy as a Path to Proliferationp. 55
Antiproliferation Warfarep. 56
Israel's Nuclear Weaponsp. 57
Mobilizing the Publicp. 60
India and Pakistanp. 60
Delegitimizing the Nonproliferation Regimep. 62
Nuclear Arms Control and Nuclear Disarmamentp. 65
Managing Nuclear Threatsp. 66
The McCloy-Zorin Accordsp. 67
Toward Nuclear Disarmamentp. 68
Lack of Good Faithp. 70
Distinct Goals and Rationalesp. 71
The Need for Leadershipp. 73
Justifying the Need for Nuclear Arsenalsp. 74
Shifting the Mind-Setp. 75
New Approaches to Nuclear Disarmamentp. 78
Generating the Political Will for Changep. 81
Nuclear Weapons and Militarismp. 85
U.S. Leadership in Militarismp. 87
Beyond Nuclearismp. 89
The Need for a Moral Revolutionp. 91
Is Nuclear Disarmament Dangerous?p. 94
Who's Afraid of Nuclear Realists?p. 96
Breaking Down Walls of Complacencyp. 98
Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear Energyp. 101
The Weapons Dimension of Nuclear Energyp. 102
Virtual Nuclear Weapon Statesp. 105
Nuclear Energy after Fukushimap. 105
Nuclear Industry Has Not Gone Awayp. 107
Terrorism, Sabotage, and Acts of Warp. 108
Nuclear Power and Proliferation Risksp. 110
Cultural Hubris and Energy Demandsp. 113
The Manipulative Power of Spinp. 115
Misplaced Confidence in Technological Solutionsp. 117
Nuclear Technology and Catastrophic Riskp. 118
A Question of Valuesp. 120
Nuclear Weapons and International Lawp. 125
The Nuremberg Promisep. 126
The World Court Pronounces on the Legality of Nuclear Weaponsp. 127
Failure to Act on the ICJ's Opinionp. 130
Civil Society and the Enforcement of International Lawp. 132
International Law versus Deterrence Theoryp. 134
Mobilization and Motivationp. 135
An Unequal Treatyp. 142
The Need to Make International Law Visiblep. 144
Nuclear Weapons, Culture, and Moralityp. 147
A Culture of Militarismp. 147
Morality as a Justification for Militarismp. 151
Morality and Civil Society Engagementp. 154
Ending the Culture of Warp. 156
Learning the Wrong Lessons from Warp. 159
The Role of the Mediap. 160
The Systemic Nature of Militarism and Nuclearismp. 161
The Need for Moral Leadershipp. 164
Awakening the Public to the Real Costs of Militarism and Nuclearismp. 165
Nuclear Weapons and Democracyp. 167
Secrecy and Disinformationp. 167
The Failure of Democracy in the United Statesp. 170
The First Global Weapons and the Culture of Warp. 172
The National Security State and Democracyp. 174
A New Global Dialogue on Nuclearismp. 176
The Death of Democracy and Ethicsp. 177
Shocking the Public Awakep. 179
From Hiroshima to Fukushimap. 183
Obama Incrementalism?p. 186
The Path to Zerop. 191
Obstacles to Achieving a World Free of Nuclear Weaponsp. 191
The Need for U.S. Leadershipp. 193
What Would the United States Do if It Were Serious?p. 195
A No First Use Pledgep. 197
Summarizing Our Consensusp. 199
The Black Swanp. 200
Highlighting No First Usep. 201
Beyond No First Usep. 203
Regional Approaches to Nuclear Disarmamentp. 205
Youth as Critical Actorsp. 207
Revolutions of the Mindp. 207
Notesp. 211
Indexp. 215
About the Authorsp. 223
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