9781319056773

Patterns for College Writing, Brief Second Edition

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319056773

  • ISBN10:

    1319056776

  • Edition: 14th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2017-09-29
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Table of Contents

Preface


Thematic Guide to the Contents



Introduction: How to Use This Book



Henry Louis Gates Jr., "Whatís in a Name?"



Responding to an Essay?


 


PART ONE: THE WRITING PROCESS


1 Reading to Write: Becoming a Critical Reader



Understanding Critical Reading



Brent Staples, Cutting and Pasting: A Senior Thesis by (Insert Name)


*Moises Naim, The YouTube Effect


Brent Staples, Cutting and Pasting: A Senior Thesis by (Insert Name) (with sample annotations)



2 Invention



Understanding Your Assignment


Setting Limits


Moving from Subject to Topic


Finding Something to Say


Grouping Ideas


Understanding Thesis and Support


Developing a Thesis



3 Arrangement



Recognizing a Pattern


Understanding the Parts of the Essay


Constructing a Formal Outline



4 Drafting and Revising



Writing Your First Draft


Revising Your Essay


Points for Special Attention: First Draft


Points for Special Attention: Second Draft


Laura Bobnak, The Price of Silence (Student Essay)



5 Editing and Proofreading



Editing for Grammar


Editing for Punctuation


Editing for Sentence Style and Word Choice


Proofreading Your Essay


Checking Your Paperís Format


 


Part Two: Readings for Writers


6 Narration



What Is Narration?


Using Narration


Planning a Narrative Essay


Developing a Thesis Statement


Including Enough Detail


Varying Sentence Structure


Maintaining Clear Narrative Order


Structuring a Narrative Essay


Revising a Narrative Essay


REVISION CHECKLIST: Narration


Editing a Narrative Essay


GRAMMAR IN CONTEXT: Avoiding Run-ons


EDITING CHECKLIST: Narration


A Student Writer: Narration




Tiffany Forte, My Field of Dreams (Student Essay)



Points for Special Attention


Focus on Revision


A Student Writer: Literacy Narrative




Erica Sarno, Becoming a Writer (Student Essay)



Points for Special Attention


Focus on Revision


PEER EDITING WORKSHEET: Narration


Visual Text: Marjane Satrapi, From Persepolis II (Graphic Fiction)


*Ocean Vuong, Surrendering


Martin Gansberg, Thirty-Eight Who Saw Murder Didnít Call the Police


George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant


Writing Assignments for Narration


Collaborative Activity for Narration



7 Description



What is Description?


Using Description


Checklist: Using Visuals Effectively


Planning a Descriptive Essay


Structuring a Descriptive Essay


Revising a Descriptive Essay


Revision Checklist: Description


Editing a Description Essay


Grammar in Context: Avoiding Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers


Editing Checklist: Description


A Student Writer: Objective Description




Mallory Cogan, My Grandfatherís Globe (Student Essay)



A Student Writer: Subjective Description




Mary Lim, The Valley of Windmills (Student Essay)



Peer-Editing Worksheet: Description


Visual Text: Ansel Adams, Jeffrey Pine--Sentinel Dome (Photograph)


Bich Minh Nguyen, Goodbye to My Twinkie Days


Suzanne Berne, Ground Zero


*Marina Keegan, Stability in Motion


Heather Rogers, The Hidden Life of Garbage



8 Exemplification



What Is Exemplification?


Using Exemplification


Planning an Exemplification Essay


Structuring an Exemplification Essay


Revising an Exemplification Essay


Revision Checklist: Exemplification


Editing an Exemplification Essay


Grammar in Context: Using Commas in a Series


Editing Checklist: Exemplification


A Student Writer: Exemplification


Kristy Bredin, Job Application Letter (Student Essay)


A Student Writer: Exemplification


Grace Ku, Midnight (Student Essay)


Peer-Editing Worksheet: Exemplification


Visual Texts: Four Tattoos: Charles Thatcher, "Alisha, Loretta,"; Carrie Williams, "Positive Outlook"; Anthony Bradshaw, "Bar Code"; Guido Koppes, "Owl"


*Zeynep Tufekci, Why the Post Office Makes America Great


Judith Ortiz Cofer, The Myth of the Latin Woman: I Just Met a Girl Named Maria


Brent Staples, Just Walk On By: A Black Man Ponders His Power to Alter Public Space



9 Process



What Is Process?


Using Process


Planning a Process Essay


Structuring a Process Essay


Revising a Process Essay


Revision Checklist: Process


Editing a Process Essay


Grammar in Context: Avoiding Unnecessary Shifts


Editing Checklist: Process


A Student Writer: Instructions




Eric McGlade, The Search (Student Essay)



A Student Writer: Process Explanation




Melany Hunt, Medium Ash Brown (Student Essay)



Peer Editing Worksheet: Process


Visual Text: Piranha Plastics, What Happens to Plastic that is Recycled by Us? (Infographic)


Malcolm X, My First Conk


*Joshua Piven and David Borgenicht, How to Build a Monster from Spare Parts


Jessica Mitford, The Embalming of Mr. Jones




10 Cause and Effect




What Is Cause and Effect?


Using Cause and Effect


Planning a Cause-and-Effect Essay


Structuring a Cause-and-Effect Essay


Revising a Cause-and-Effect Essay


Revision Checklist: Cause and Effect


Editing a Cause-and-Effect Essay


Grammar in Context: Avoiding "The reason is because"; Using Affect and Effect Correctly


Editing Checklist: Cause and Effect


A Student Writer: Cause and Effect





Evelyn Pellicane, The Irish Famine, 1845Ė1849 (Student Essay)



Peer-Editing Worksheet: Cause and Effect


Visual Text: Jeffrey Coolidge, Rube Goldberg Machine (Photo)


*Josh Barro, Why Stealing Cars Went Out of Fashion


Maggie Koerth-Baker, Why Rational People Buy into Conspiracy Theories


Linda M. Hasselstrom, A Peaceful Woman Explains Why She Carries a Gun



11 Comparison and Contrast



What Is Comparison and Contrast?


Using Comparison and Contrast


Planning a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay


Structuring a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay


Revising a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay


Revision Checklist: Comparison and Contrast


Editing a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay


Grammar in Context: Using Parallelism


Editing Checklist: Comparison and Contrast


A Student Writer: Subject-by-Subject Comparison




Mark Cotharn, Brains versus Brawn (Student Essay)



A Student Writer: Point-by-Point Comparison




Maria Tecson, A Comparison of Two Web Sites on Attention Deficit Disorder (Student Essay)



Peer-Editing Worksheet: Comparison and Contrast


Visual Texts: Auguste Rodin, The Kiss, and Robert Indiana, LOVE (Sculptures)


Bruce Catton, Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts


Deborah Tannen, Sex, Lies, and Conversation


*Isabel Wilkerson, Emmett Till and Tamir Rice, Sons of the Great Migration



12 Classification and Division



What Is Classification and Division?


Using Classification and Division


Planning a Classification-and-Division Essay


Checklist: Establishing Categories


Structuring a Classification-and-Division Essay


Revising a Classification-and-Division Essay


Revision Checklist: Classification and Division


Editing a Classification-and-Division Essay


Grammar in Context: Using a Colon to Introduce Your Categories


Editing Checklist: Classification and Division


Same Student Writer: Classification and Division




Josie Martinez, What I Learned (and Didnít Learn) in College (Student Essay)



Peer-Editing Worksheet: Classification and Division


*Visual Text: Coffee Types (Chart)


*Olga Khazan, The Three Types of Happiness


Carolyn Foster Segal, The Dog Ate My Flash Drive, and Other Tales of Woe


Stephanie Ericsson, The Ways We Lie



13 Definition



What Is Definition?


Using Definition


Planning a Definition Essay


Structuring a Definition Essay


Revising a Definition Essay


Revision Checklist: Definition


Editing a Definition Essay


Grammar in Context: Avoiding is when and is where


Editing Checklist: Definition


A Student Writer: Definition




Ajoy Mahtab, The Untouchable (Student Essay)



Peer-Editing Worksheet: Definition


Visual Text: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Census 2010 Form (Questionnaire)


Judy Brady, I Want a Wife


Josť Antonio Burciaga, Tortillas


*Richard Posner, On Plagiarism



14 Argumentation



What Is Argumentation?



Understanding Argumentation and Persuasion


Planning an Argumentative Essay


Checklist: Guidelines for Using Rogerian Argument


Using Deductive and Inductive Arguments


Structuring an Argumentative Essay


Revising an Argumentative Essay


Revision Checklist: Argumentation


Editing an Argumentative Essay


Grammar in Context: Using Coordinating and Subordinating Conjunctions


Editing Checklist: Argumentation


A Student Writer: Argumentation



Marta Ramos, An Argument against Study Drugs (Student Essay)


Peer-Editing Worksheet: Argumentation


Visual Text: StopTextsStopWreck.org, You Donít Want Them Responding to Your Text (Ad)


Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence


Martin Luther King Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail


*DEBATE: Should Public Colleges Be Free?


*Aaron Bady, Public Universities Should be Free


*Matt Bruenig, The Case Against Free College



*CASEBOOK: Do College Students Need Trigger Warnings?


*Michael Bloomberg and Charles Koch, Why Free Speech Matters on Campus



*Aaron R. Hanlon, The "Free Speech" Charade


*Jennifer Medina, Warning: The Literary Canon Could Make Students Squirm


*Soraya Chemally, Whatís Really Important about "Trigger Warnings"



15 Combining the Patterns



Structuring an Essay by Combining the Patterns


Combining the Patterns: Revising and Editing


Grammar in Context: Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns


A Student Writer: Combining the Patterns




Michael Huu Truong, The Park (Student Essay)



Peer-Editing Worksheet: Combining the Patterns


Lars Eighner, On Dumpster Diving


*Donald Kagan, On Patriotism


Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal




PART THREE:
Working with Sources


16 Finding and Evaluating Sources



Finding Information in the Library


Finding Information on the Internet


Evaluating Sources



17 Integrating Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism



Paraphrasing


Summarizing


Quoting


Integrating Source Material into Your Writing


Synthesizing


Avoiding Plagiarism



18 Documenting Sources: MLA



Parenthetical References in the Text


The Works-Cited List


Philip Lau, The Limitations of Wikipedia (Student Essay in MLA Style)



Appendix: Documenting Sources: APA


Using Parenthetical References


Examples of APA Citations


Philip Lau, The Limitations of Wikipedia (Student Essay in APA Style)



Glossary


Index

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