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Philosophy : The Basics,9780415327732

Philosophy : The Basics

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780415327732

ISBN10:
0415327733
Format:
Nonspecific Binding
Pub. Date:
7/1/2004
Publisher(s):
Routledge
List Price: $23.95

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What version or edition is this?
This is the 4th edition with a publication date of 7/1/2004.
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

Philosophy: The Basicsis the most successful short introduction to philosophy published in recent years. For the fourth edition, Warburton has added short sections to several chapters, revised others and brought the further reading sections up to date. New additions include sections on the environment, playing "God" in genetic science, Darwinian theory and free will, war, consciousness and the meaning of death and notion of an afterlife. This book is for anyone coming to philosophy for the first time. This fourth edition ofPhilosophy:The Basicswill be one of the first titles in the completeBasicsredesign (which includes a new cover design and new text design).

Author Biography

Nigel Warburton is Senior Lecturer at the Open University

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Introduction 1(1)
Philosophy and its history
2(1)
Why study philosophy?
3(2)
Is philosophy difficult?
5(1)
The limits of what philosophy can do
6(1)
How to use this book
6(1)
Further reading
7(2)
Internet resources
9(2)
God
11(28)
The Design Argument
12(1)
Criticisms of the Design Argument
13(2)
Fine Tuning
15(1)
Criticism of Fine Tuning
16(1)
The First Cause Argument
16(1)
Criticisms of the First Cause Argument
17(1)
The Ontological Argument
18(1)
Criticisms of the Ontological Argument
19(1)
Knowledge, proof and the existence of God
20(1)
The Problem of Evil
21(1)
Attempted solutions to the Problem of Evil
22(2)
The Free Will Defence
24(1)
Criticisms of the Free Will Defence
24(3)
The argument from miracles
27(1)
Hume on miracles
27(3)
The Gambler's Argument: Pascal's Wager
30(1)
Criticisms of the Gambler's Argument
31(1)
Non-realism about God
32(1)
Criticisms of non-realism about God
33(1)
Faith
33(2)
Death
35(1)
Criticism of Epicurus
36(1)
Would immortality be tedious?
36(1)
Criticism of the tedium of immortality
36(1)
Conclusion
37(1)
Further reading
37(2)
Right and wrong
39(28)
Duty-based theories
40(1)
Christian ethics
40(1)
Criticisms of Christian ethics
41(1)
Kantian ethics
42(4)
Criticisms of Kantian ethics
46(2)
Consequentialism
48(1)
Utilitarianism
48(1)
Criticisms of utilitarianism
49(3)
Negative utilitarianism
52(1)
Criticism of negative utilitarianism
53(1)
Rule utilitarianism
53(1)
Virtue theory
54(1)
Criticisms of virtue theory
55(1)
Applied ethics
56(3)
Ethics and meta-ethics
59(1)
Naturalism
59(1)
Criticisms of naturalism
60(2)
Moral relativism
62(1)
Criticisms of moral relativism
62(1)
Emotivism
63(1)
Criticisms of emotivism
64(1)
Conclusion
65(1)
Further reading
66(1)
Politics
67(25)
Equality
67(2)
Equal distribution of money
69(1)
Criticisms of equal distribution of money
69(2)
Equal opportunity in employment
71(1)
Reverse discrimination
72(1)
Criticisms of reverse discrimination
73(1)
Political equality: democracy
74(1)
Direct democracy
74(1)
Representative democracy
75(1)
Criticisms of democracy
75(2)
Freedom
77(1)
Negative freedom
77(1)
Criticisms of negative freedom
78(1)
Positive freedom
79(1)
Freedom of speech
80(1)
Criticisms of Mill on free speech
81(1)
Removing freedom: punishment
82(1)
Punishment as retribution
82(1)
Criticisms of retributivism
83(1)
Deterrence
83(1)
Criticisms of deterrence
84(1)
Protection of society
84(1)
Criticisms of protection of society
85(1)
Reform
85(1)
Criticisms of reform
86(1)
Civil disobedience
86(2)
Criticisms of civil disobedience
88(2)
Conclusion
90(1)
Further reading
90(2)
The external world
92(18)
Common-sense realism
92(1)
Scepticism about the evidence of the senses
93(1)
The Illusion Argument
93(1)
Criticisms of the Illusion Argument
94(1)
Could I be dreaming?
95(1)
Hallucination
96(2)
Memory and logic
98(1)
I think therefore I am
99(1)
Criticism of the Cogito
99(1)
Representative realism
99(2)
Criticisms of representative realism
101(1)
Idealism
102(1)
Criticisms of idealism
103(2)
Phenomenalism
105(1)
Criticisms of phenomenalism
106(1)
Causal realism
107(1)
Criticisms of causal realism
108(1)
Conclusion
109(1)
Further reading
109(1)
Science
110(17)
The simple view of scientific method
111(1)
Criticisms of the simple view
112(2)
The Problem of Induction
114(4)
Attempted solutions to the Problem of Induction
118(2)
Falsificationism: conjecture and refutation
120(2)
Criticisms of falsificationism
122(2)
Scientism
124(1)
Criticism of scientism
125(1)
Conclusion
125(1)
Further reading
125(2)
Mind
127(21)
Philosophy of mind and psychology
127(1)
The Mind/Body Problem
128(1)
Zombies
128(1)
Dualism
129(1)
Criticisms of dualism
130(2)
Dualism without interaction
132(1)
Physicalism
133(1)
Type-identity theory
134(1)
Criticisms of type-identity theory
135(2)
Token-identity theory
137(1)
Criticisms of token-identity theory
138(1)
Behaviourism
138(1)
Criticisms of behaviourism
139(3)
Functionalism
142(1)
Criticism of functionalism
143(1)
Other Minds
144(1)
The argument from analogy
144(1)
Criticisms of the argument from analogy
145(1)
Conclusion
146(1)
Further reading
146(2)
Art
148(17)
Can art be defined?
149(1)
The family resemblance view
149(1)
Criticisms of the family resemblance view
149(1)
The significant form theory
150(1)
Criticisms of the significant form theory
151(1)
The idealist theory
152(1)
Criticisms of the idealist theory
152(1)
The institutional theory
153(1)
Criticisms of the institutional theory
154(2)
Art criticism
156(1)
Anti-intentionalism
156(1)
Criticisms of anti-intentionalism
157(1)
Performance, interpretation, authenticity
158(1)
Historical authenticity in performance
159(1)
Criticisms of historical authenticity in performance
159(1)
Forgeries and artistic value
160(4)
Conclusion
164(1)
Further reading
164(1)
Index 165


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