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Philosophy The Quest for Truth

by ;
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  • Edition: 11th
  • Format: Loose-leaf
  • Copyright: 2019-10-01
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Supplemental Materials

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Table of Contents

* = new readings in this section

Time Line

I. What Is Philosophy?
The Good of philosophy
Philosophical Terrain
Thinking Philosophically
Reasons and Arguments
Fallacious Reasoning
Identifying Arguments
Some Applications
Exercises in Critical Reasoning
Study and Discussion Questions
1. Plato: Socratic Wisdom
2. Plato: The Allegory of the Cave
3. John Locke: Of Enthusiasm and the Quest for Truth
4. Bertrand Russell: The Value of Philosophy
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reasoning

II. Philosophy of Religion
II.A. Is Belief in God Rationally Justified?
Arguments for the Existence of God
The Cosmological Argument
5. Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways
6. William Lane Craig: The Kalam Cosmological Argument and the Anthropic Principle
Paul Edwards: A Critique of the Cosmological Argument
The Teleological Argument
8. William Paley: The Watch and the Watchmaker
9. David Hume: A Critique of the Teleological Argument
The Ontological Argument
Pro et Contra
10. St. Anselm and Gaunilo: The Ontological Argument
11. William Rowe: An Analysis of the Ontological Argument
II.B. Why Is There Evil?
12. Fyodor Dostoevsky: Why Is There Evil?
13. B. C. Johnson: Why Doesn't God Intervene to Prevent Evil?
14. John Hick: There Is A Reason Why God Allows Evil
15. William L. Rowe: The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism
II.C. Is Faith Compatible with Reason?
16. Blaise Pascal: Yes, Faith is a Logical Bet
17. W.K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief
18. William James: The Will to Believe
19. Alvina Plantinga: Religious Belief without Evidence
*20. Michael Martin: Faith and Foundationilism
21. Soren Kierkegaard: Faith and Truth
22. Bertrand Russell: Can Religion Cure Our Troubles?
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading

III. Knowledge
III.A What Can We Know? Classical Theories of Knowledge
23. Rene Descartes: Cartesian Doubt and the Search for Foundational Knowledge
24: John Locke: The Empiricist Theory of Knowledge
25: George Berkeley: An Idealist Theory of Knowledge
26. David Hume: The Origin of Our ideas
27. G.E. Moore: Proof of an External World
II.B Truth, Rationality and Cognitive Relativism
28. Bertrand Russell: The Correspondence Theory of Truth
29. William James: The Pragmatic Theory of Truth
30. Richard Rorty: Dismantling Truth: Solidarity Versus Objectivity
31. Daniel Dennett: Postmodernism and Truth
III.C Feminist Perspectives on Knowledge
32. Eve Browning Cole: Philosophy and Feminist Criticism
33. Alison Ainley: Feminist Philosophy
III.D Induction
34. David Hume: Skeptical Doubts Concering the Operation of the Understanding
35. Wesley C. Salmon: The Problem of Induction
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading

IV. Philosophy of Mind: The Mind-Body Problem
IV.A What Am I? A Mind or a Body?
36. Rene Descartes: Substance Dualism
37. Gilbert Ryle: Exorcising Descartes' "Ghost in the Machine"
38. J.P. Moreland: A Contemporary Defense of Dualism
39. Paul Churchland: On Functionalism and Materialism
40. J.J. C. Smart: Sensations and Brain Processes
41. Thomas Nagel: What Is It Loke to Be a Bat?
42. Jerry A. Fodor: The Mind-Body Problem
43. David Chalmers: Property Dualism
44. John Searle: Minds, Brains, and Computers
45. Ned Block: Troubles with Functionalism
V.B Who Am I? Do We Have Personal Identity?
46. John Locke: Our Psychological Properties Define the Self
47. David Hume: We Have No Substantial Self with Which We Are Identicle
Key Terms 386
Suggestions for Further Reading

Freedom of the Will and Determinism
48. Baron D'Holbach: We Are Completely Determined
49. William James: The Dilemma of Determinism
50. Roderick M. Chisholm: Human Freedom and the Self
Pro et Contra
51. Harry Frankfurt: Freedom of the Will and the
Concept of a Person
52. David Hume: Liberty and Necessity
*53. W.T. Slace: Comapatibilism
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading

VI. Ethics
VI.A Are There Objective Moral Truths or Is Morality Relative?
54.Ruth Benedict: Morality is Relative
55. James Rachels: Morality is Not Relative
VI.B Ethics and Egoism: Why Should We Be Moral?
56. Plato: Why SHould I Be Moral? Gyge's Ring and Socrates' Dilemma
57. Louis P Pojman: Egoisn and Altruism: A Critique of Ayn Rand
58. Joel Feinberg: Psychological Egoism
VI.C Which Is the Correct Ethical Theory?
59. Immanuel Kant: The Moral Law
60. John Stuart Mill: Utilitariamism
61. Russ Shafer-Landau: Consequentialism: Its Difficulties
62. Aristotle: The Ethics of Virtue
63. Virginia Held: The Ethics of Care
64. Alison M. Jaggar: Feminist Ethics
65. Annette C Baier: The Need for More than Justice
66. Jean-Paul Sarte: Existentialist Ethics
67. James Rachels The Divine Command Theory
68. Thomas Nagel: Moral Luck
69. Susan Wolf: Moral Saints
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading

VII. Political Philosophy and Justice
VII.A What Is the Most Just Form of Government?
70. Robert Paul Wolff: In Defense of Anarchism
71: Thomas Hobbes: The Absolutist Answer: The Justification of the State Is the Security it Affords
72. John Locke: The Democratic Answer: The Justification of the State Is Its Promotion of Security and Natural Human Rights
73. John Stuart Mill: A Classical Liberal Answer: Government Must Promote Freedom
74. John Rawls: The Contemporary Liberal Answer
75. Robert Nozick: Against Liberalism
VII.B What Is Social Justice?
76. Martin Luther King, Jr: Nonviolence and Racial Justice
77. Susan Moller Okin: Justice, Gender, and the Family
78. Mary Wollstonecraft: A Vindication of the Rights of Women
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading

VIII. What Is the Meaning of Life?
79. Epicurus: Moderate Hedonism
80. Epicterus: Stoicism: Enchiridion
81. Albert Camus: Life is Absurd
82. Julian Baggini: Living Life Forwards
83. Louis P Pojman: Religion Gives Meaning to Life
84. Thomas Nagel: The Absurd
85. Richard Taylor: The Meaning of Life
86. Susan Wolf: Meaning in Life
Suggestions for Further Reading

IX. Contemporary Moral Problems
IX.A Is Abortion Morally Permissible?
87. Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral
88. Francis J. Beckwith: Arguments from Bodily Rights
89. Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
90. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion
91. Jane English: The Moderate Position: Beyond the Personhood Argument
IX.B Is the Death Penalty Morally Permissible?
92. Burton Leiser: The Death Penalty Is Permissible
93. Igor Promoratz: A Life for A Life
IX.C Who Is Racist?
94. Lawrence Blum: "Racism": Its Core meaning
95. Kwame Anthony Appiah: Racisms
IX.D Do We Have Obligations to the Poor and Hungry?
96. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality
97. Garrett Hardin: Living on a Lifeboat
Suggestions for Further Readong

The Truth about Philosophy Majors
How to Read and Write Philosophy Papers

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

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